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102 Construction Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

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Construction is a vast field that encompasses various aspects, ranging from building structures to project management. If you are studying construction or related disciplines, you may find yourself in need of essay topics to explore and analyze. To assist you in your academic journey, we have compiled 102 construction essay topic ideas and examples. Whether you need to write a research paper, argumentative essay, or any other type of construction-related essay, these topics will provide you with ample inspiration.

  • The impact of climate change on construction practices.
  • The role of sustainable materials in green building.
  • The challenges of implementing Building Information Modeling (BIM) in construction projects.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of prefabricated construction methods.
  • The impact of robotics and automation on construction industry jobs.
  • The importance of safety regulations in the construction industry.
  • The impact of COVID-19 on the construction industry.
  • The role of construction project management software in improving efficiency.
  • The ethical considerations in construction project bidding processes.
  • The role of architects in the construction industry.
  • The future of construction: exploring innovative technologies.
  • The impact of urbanization on construction practices.
  • The challenges of managing construction projects in developing countries.
  • The role of government regulations in sustainable construction practices.
  • The use of drones in construction site monitoring and surveying.
  • The impact of globalization on the construction industry.
  • The importance of effective communication in construction projects.
  • The challenges of constructing earthquake-resistant buildings.
  • The role of construction industry apprenticeships in fostering skilled workers.
  • The impact of social media on construction marketing strategies.
  • The use of virtual reality (VR) in architectural design and visualization.
  • The role of construction industry trade unions in protecting workers' rights.
  • The challenges of implementing green building certification systems.
  • The impact of Building Energy Management Systems (BEMS) on energy efficiency in buildings.
  • The role of construction waste management in sustainable construction practices.
  • The challenges of managing construction projects with limited resources.
  • The importance of risk management in construction projects.
  • The impact of cultural diversity on construction project teams.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of public-private partnerships in construction projects.
  • The role of construction industry associations in promoting professionalism.
  • The challenges of incorporating renewable energy sources in construction projects.
  • The impact of artificial intelligence (AI) in construction site monitoring.
  • The importance of quality control in construction projects.
  • The role of Building Control in ensuring compliance with regulations.
  • The challenges of constructing environmentally friendly infrastructure.
  • The impact of population growth on urban construction.
  • The role of Building Performance Evaluation (BPE) in assessing building performance.
  • The importance of sustainable water management in construction projects.
  • The challenges of constructing in remote and harsh environments.
  • The impact of modular construction on affordable housing.
  • The role of construction industry certifications in career development.
  • The challenges of integrating renewable energy systems in existing buildings.
  • The importance of inclusive design in construction projects.
  • The impact of cultural heritage preservation on construction practices.
  • The role of construction industry research and development in innovation.
  • The challenges of managing construction projects with tight deadlines.
  • The importance of stakeholder engagement in construction projects.
  • The impact of building codes on construction practices.
  • The role of construction industry training programs in addressing skills shortages.
  • The challenges of sustainable transportation infrastructure construction.
  • The impact of Building Performance Simulation (BPS) on energy-efficient design.
  • The importance of construction project risk assessment and mitigation.
  • The role of construction industry collaborations in fostering innovation.
  • The challenges of sustainable materials sourcing in construction projects.
  • The impact of building envelope design on energy performance.
  • The role of construction industry standards in ensuring quality.
  • The importance of effective project scheduling in construction management.
  • The challenges of constructing in areas prone to natural disasters.
  • The impact of building information exchange platforms on project coordination.
  • The role of construction industry mentorship programs in developing future leaders.
  • The challenges of integrating smart technologies in buildings.
  • The importance of construction project cost estimation and control.
  • The impact of construction site waste management on environmental sustainability.
  • The role of construction industry collaboration platforms in streamlining communication.
  • The challenges of constructing tall buildings and skyscrapers.
  • The importance of construction project documentation and record-keeping.
  • The impact of mass timber construction on sustainable building practices.
  • The role of construction industry professional ethics in decision-making.
  • The challenges of constructing in areas with limited infrastructure.
  • The importance of building information handover in facility management.
  • The impact of construction industry mergers and acquisitions on competition.
  • The role of construction industry insurance in risk management.
  • The challenges of constructing in areas with extreme climates.
  • The importance of construction project procurement strategies.
  • The impact of 3D printing in construction.
  • The role of construction industry research centers in advancing knowledge.
  • The challenges of constructing in historic and heritage sites.
  • The importance of construction project quality assurance and control.
  • The impact of off-site construction on project timelines.
  • The role of construction industry digitalization in improving productivity.
  • The challenges of constructing sustainable healthcare facilities.
  • The importance of value engineering in construction projects.
  • The impact of construction industry globalization on labor rights.
  • The role of construction industry sustainability certifications in market differentiation.
  • The challenges of constructing in areas with limited access to resources.
  • The importance of construction project dispute resolution mechanisms.
  • The impact of construction site noise pollution on worker health.
  • The role of construction industry software in project collaboration.
  • The challenges of constructing in areas with unstable soil conditions.
  • The importance of construction project change management.
  • The impact of construction industry gender diversity on organizational performance.
  • The role of construction industry professional associations in knowledge sharing.
  • The challenges of constructing sustainable educational facilities.
  • The importance of construction project value management.
  • The impact of construction site safety culture on accident prevention.
  • The role of construction industry sustainability reports in corporate social responsibility.
  • The challenges of constructing in areas with limited access to utilities.
  • The importance of construction project procurement ethics.
  • The impact of construction industry workforce aging on skills shortages.
  • The role of construction industry innovation hubs in fostering creativity.
  • The challenges of constructing sustainable sports facilities.
  • The importance of construction project lessons learned and knowledge transfer.

These 102 construction essay topics cover a wide range of subjects within the field. Whether you are interested in sustainability, technology, project management, or any other aspect of construction, you are sure to find a topic that piques your interest. Remember to conduct thorough research and analyze different perspectives to develop a well-rounded essay. Good luck with your construction-related academic endeavors!

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Architecture Essays 101: How to be an effective writer

  • Updated: October 25, 2023

The world of architecture stands at a fascinating crossroads of creativity and academia. As architects cultivate ideas to shape the physical world around us, we are also tasked with articulating these concepts through words.

Architecture essays, thus, serves as a bridge between the visual and the textual, allowing for a comprehensive exploration of architectural ideas and their implications.

The ability to articulate thoughts, analyses, and observations on design and theory is as crucial as creating the designs themselves. An architectural essay is not just about presenting information but about conveying an understanding of spaces, structures, and the stories they tell.

Whether you’re delving into the nuances of a specific architectural movement , analyzing the design of a historic monument, or predicting the future of sustainable design, the written word becomes a powerful tool to express intricate ideas.

This guide provides a comprehensive roadmap for crafting insightful architectural essays, ensuring that your perspectives on this multifaceted discipline are communicated effectively and engagingly.

Architecture Essays

Understanding the Unique Nature of Architecture Essay s

Architecture sits on a unique line between the aesthetic and the analytical, where designs are appreciated not only for their aesthetic appeal but also for their functionality and historical relevance.

An architecture essay isn’t just a manifestation of this intricate blend; it’s a testament to it. Aspiring architects or students of architecture must grasp the singular characteristics of this type of essay to truly succeed.

Embracing Creativity

When one imagines essays, the mind typically conjures up dense blocks of text. However, an architecture essay allows, and even demands, a flair of creativity.

Visual representations, be it in the form of diagrams , sketches , or photographs , aren’t just supplementary; they can form the core of your argument.

For instance, if you’re discussing the evolution of skyscraper designs , a chronological array of sketches can provide an insightful, immediate overview that words might struggle to convey.

Recognizing and capitalizing on this visual component can elevate the impact of your essay.

Theoretical Foundations

Yet, relying solely on creative illustrations won’t suffice. The foundation of every solid architecture essay is a strong understanding of architectural theories, principles , and historical contexts. Whether you’re analyzing the gothic cathedrals of Europe or the minimalist homes of Japan, delving deep into the why and how of their designs is crucial.

How did the social, economic, and technological conditions of the time influence these structures?

…How do they compare with contemporary designs?

Theoretical exploration provides depth to your essay, grounding your observations and opinions in recognized knowledge and pre-existing debates.

Furthermore, case studies play an essential role in these essays.

Instead of making sweeping statements, anchor your points in specific examples. Discussing the sustainability features of a particular building or the ergonomic design of another offers tangible evidence to support your arguments.

Blending the Two

The magic of an architecture essay lies in seamlessly weaving the creative with the theoretical.

While you showcase a building’s design through visuals, delve into its history, purpose, and societal implications with your words. This blend not only offers a holistic understanding of architectural marvels but also caters to a broad audience, ensuring your essay is both engaging and enlightening.

In conclusion, understanding the unique blend of design elements and theoretical discussion in an architecture essay sets the foundation for an impactful piece.

It’s about striking a balance between showing and telling, between the artist’s sketches and the academic’s observations. With this understanding, you’re better equipped to venture into the exciting world of architectural essay writing.

Choosing the Right Topic

Architectural essays stand apart in their blend of technical knowledge, aesthetic sense, and historical context. The topic you choose not only sets the tone for your essay but can also significantly affect the enthusiasm and rigor with which you approach the writing.

Here’s a comprehensive guide to selecting the right topic for your architecture essay:

Find your Golden Nugget:

  • Personal Resonance: Your topic should excite you. Think about the architectural designs, movements, or theories that have made an impact on you. Perhaps it’s a specific building you’ve always admired or an architectural trend you’ve noticed emerging in your city.
  • Uncharted Territory: Exploring less-known or under-discussed areas can give you a unique perspective and make your essay stand out. Instead of writing another essay on Roman architecture, consider focusing on the influence of Roman architecture on contemporary design or even on a specific region.

Researching Broadly:

  • Diversify Your Sources: From books and academic journals to documentaries and interviews, use varied materials to spark ideas. Often, an unrelated article can lead to a unique essay topic.
  • Current Trends and Issues: Look at contemporary architecture magazines , websites , and blogs to gauge what’s relevant and debated in today’s architectural world. It might inspire you to contribute to the discussion or even challenge some prevailing ideas.

Connecting with Design Projects:

  • Personal Projects: If you’ve been involved in a design project, whether at school or professionally, consider exploring themes or challenges you encountered. This adds personal anecdotes and insights which enrich the essay.
  • Case Studies: Instead of going broad, consider going deep. Dive into a single building or architect’s work. Analyzing one subject in-depth can offer nuanced perspectives and help demonstrate your analytical skills.

Feasibility of Research:

  • Availability of Resources: While choosing an obscure topic can make your essay unique, ensure you have enough resources or primary research opportunities to support your arguments.
  • Scope: The topic should be neither too broad nor too narrow. It should allow for in-depth exploration within the word limit of the essay. For instance, “Modern Architecture” is too broad, but “The Influence of Bauhaus on Modern Apartment Design in Berlin between 1950-1970” is more focused.

Finding the right topic is a journey, and sometimes it requires a few wrong turns before you hit the right path. Stay curious, be patient, and remember that the best topics are those that marry your personal passion with academic rigor. Your enthusiasm will shine through in your writing, making the essay engaging and impactful.

Architecture Essays

Organizational Tools and Systems for an Effective Architecture Essay

Writing an essay on architecture is a blend of creative expression and meticulous research. As you delve deep into topics, theories, and case studies, it becomes imperative to keep your resources organized and accessible.

This section introduces you to a set of tools and systems tailored for architectural essay writing.

Using Digital Aids

  • Notion: This versatile tool provides a workspace that integrates note-taking, database creation, and task management. For an architecture essay, you can create separate pages for your outline, research, and drafts. The use of templates can streamline the writing process and help in maintaining a structured approach.
  • MyBib: Citing resources is a crucial part of essay writing. MyBib acts as a lifesaver by generating citations in various styles (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) and organizing them for easy access. Make sure to cross-check and ensure accuracy.
  • Evernote: This tool allows you to clip web pages, articles, or images that inspire or contribute to your essay. You can annotate, highlight, and categorize your findings in different notebooks.

Systematic Research

  • Organizing Findings: Develop a system where each finding, whether it’s a quote, image, or data point, has its source attached. Use color-coding or tags to denote different topics or relevance levels.
  • Note Galleries: Convert your key points into visual cards. This technique can be especially helpful in architectural essays, where visual concepts may be central to your argument.
  • Sorting by Source Type: Separate your research into categories like academic journals, books, articles, and interviews. This will make it easier when referencing or looking for a particular kind of information.

Strategies for Effective Literature Review

  • Skimming vs. In-depth Reading: Not every source needs a detailed read. Learn to differentiate between foundational texts that require in-depth understanding and those where skimming for key ideas is sufficient.
  • Note-making Techniques: Adopt methods like the Cornell Note-taking System, mind mapping, or bullet journaling, depending on what suits your thought process best. These methods help in breaking down complex ideas into manageable chunks.
  • Staying Updated: The world of architecture is evolving. Ensure you’re not missing any recent papers, articles, or developments related to your topic. Setting up Google Scholar alerts or RSS feeds can be beneficial.

Organizing your research and using tools efficiently will not only streamline your writing process but will also enhance the quality of your essay. As you progress, you’ll discover what techniques and tools work best for you.

The key is to maintain consistency and always be open to trying out new methods to improve your workflow and efficiency.

Writing Techniques and Tips for an Architecture Essay

An architecture essay, while deeply rooted in academic rigor, is also a canvas for innovative ideas, design critiques, and a reflection of the architectural zeitgeist. Here’s a deep dive into techniques and tips that can elevate your essay from merely informative to truly compelling.

Learning from Others

  • Read Before You Write: Before diving into your own writing, spend some time exploring essays written by others. Understand the flow, the structure, the narrative techniques, and how they tie their thoughts cohesively.
  • Inspirational Sources: Journals, academic papers, architecture magazines, and opinion pieces offer a wealth of writing styles. Notice how varied perspectives bring life to similar topics.

Using Jargon Judiciously

  • Maintain Clarity: While it’s tempting to use specialized terminology extensively, remember your essay should be accessible to a broader audience. Use technical terms when necessary, but ensure they’re explained or inferred.
  • Balancing Act: Maintain a balance between academic writing and creative expression. Let the jargon complement your narrative rather than overshadowing your message.

Avoiding Common Pitfalls

  • Plagiarism – The Silent Offender: Always give credit where credit is due. Even if you feel you’ve paraphrased sufficiently, ensure your sources are adequately referenced. Utilize plagiarism check tools to ensure originality.
  • Stay Focused: It’s easy to get lost in the vast world of architecture. Ensure your writing stays on topic, refraining from veering too far from your central theme.
  • Conciseness: While detailed elaboration can be insightful, verbosity can drown your main points. Be succinct where necessary.

Craft a Compelling Introduction and Conclusion

  • First Impressions: Your introduction should provide context, state the purpose of your essay, and capture the reader’s interest. Think of it as the blueprint of a building – it should give an idea of what to expect.
  • Tying it All Together: Your conclusion should summarize your main points, reflect on the implications of your findings, and perhaps even propose further areas of study or exploration.

Use Active Voice

  • Direct and Dynamic: Active voice makes your writing sound more direct and lively. Instead of writing, “The design was critiqued by several architects,” try “Several architects critiqued the design.”

Personalize your Narrative

  • Your Unique Voice: Architecture, at its core, is about human experiences and spaces. Infuse your writing with personal observations, experiences, or reflections where relevant. This personal touch can make your essay stand out.

Revise, Revise, Revise

  • The First Draft is Rarely the Final: Writing is a process. Once you’ve penned down your initial thoughts, revisit them. Refine the flow, enhance clarity, and ensure your argument is both cogent and captivating.

Remember, an architecture essay is both a testament to your academic understanding and a reflection of your perspective on architectural phenomena. Treat it as a synthesis of research, observation, creativity, and structured argumentation, and you’ll craft an essay that resonates.

Incorporating Sources Seamlessly

In architectural essays, as with most academic endeavors, sources form the backbone of your assertions and claims. They lend credibility to your arguments and showcase your understanding of the topic at hand. But it’s not just about listing references.

It’s about weaving them into your essay so seamlessly that your reader not only comprehends your point but also recognizes the strong foundation on which your arguments stand. Here’s how you can incorporate sources effectively:

Effective Quotation:

  • Blend with the Narrative: Direct quotations should feel like a natural extension of your writing. For instance, instead of abruptly inserting a quote, use lead-ins like, “As architect Jane Smith argues, ‘…'”
  • Use Sparingly: While direct quotes can validate a point, over-relying on them can overshadow your voice. Use them to emphasize pivotal points and always ensure you contextualize their significance.
  • Adapting Quotes: Occasionally, for the sake of flow, you might need to change a word or phrase in a quote. If you do, denote changes with square brackets, e.g., “[The building] stands as a testament to modern design.”

Referencing Techniques:

  • Parenthetical Citations: Most academic essays utilize parenthetical (or in-text) citations, where a brief reference (usually the author’s surname and the publication year) is provided within the text itself.
  • Footnotes and Endnotes: Some referencing styles prefer notes, which can provide additional context or information without interrupting the flow of the essay.
  • Consistency is Key: Stick to one referencing style throughout your essay, whether it’s APA, MLA, Chicago, or any other format.

Using Notes Effectively:

  • Annotate as You Go: When reading, jot down insights or connections you make in the margins or in your note-taking app. This will help you incorporate sources in a way that feels relevant and organic.
  • Maintain a Bibliography: Keeping a running list of all the sources you encounter will make the final citation process smoother. With tools like Zotero or MyBib, you can auto-generate and manage bibliographies with ease.
  • Critical Analysis over Summary: While it’s vital to understand and convey the main points of a source, it’s equally crucial to critique, interpret, or discuss its relevance in the context of your essay.

Remember, the objective of referencing isn’t just to show that you’ve done the reading or to avoid accusations of plagiarism. It’s about building on the work of others to create your unique narrative and perspective.

Always strive for a balance, where your voice remains at the forefront, but is consistently and credibly supported by your sources.

Architecture Essays

Designing Your Essay

Architecture is an intricate tapestry of creativity, precision, and innovation. Just as a building’s design can make or break its appeal, the visual presentation of your essay plays a pivotal role in how it’s received.

Below are steps and strategies to ensure your architecture essay isn’t just a treatise of words but also a feast for the eyes.

Visual Aesthetics: More Than Just Words

  • Whitespace and Balance: Much like in architecture, the empty spaces in your essay—the margins, line spacing, and breaks between paragraphs—matter. Whitespace can make your essay appear more organized and readable.
  • Fonts and Typography: Choose a font that is both legible and evocative of your essay’s tone. A serif font like Times New Roman may offer a traditional, academic feel, while sans-serif fonts like Arial or Calibri lend a modern touch. However, always adhere to submission guidelines if provided.
  • Use of Imagery: If allowed, incorporating relevant images, charts, or diagrams can enhance understanding and add a visual flair to your essay. Make sure to caption them properly and ensure they’re of high resolution.

Relevance to Topic: Visuals That Complement Content

  • Thematic Design: Ensure any design elements—be they color schemes, borders, or footers—tie back to your essay’s topic or the architectural theme you’re discussing.
  • Visual Examples: If you’re discussing a specific architectural movement or an iconic building, consider incorporating relevant images, sketches, or blueprints to give readers a visual point of reference.

Examples of Unique Design Ideas

  • Sidebars and Callouts: Much like how modern buildings might feature a unique design element that stands out, sidebars or callouts can be used to highlight crucial points, quotes, or tangential information.
  • Integrated Infographics: For essays discussing data, trends, or historical timelines, infographics can be an innovative way to present information. They synthesize complex data into digestible visual formats.
  • Annotations: If you’re critiquing or discussing a specific image, annotations can be helpful. They allow you to pinpoint and elaborate on specific elements within the image directly.

Consistency is Key

  • Maintain a Theme: Just as in architectural design, maintaining a consistent visual theme throughout your essay creates harmony and cohesion. This could be in the form of consistent font usage, header designs, or color schemes.
  • Captions and References: Any visual aid, be it a photograph, illustration, or chart, should be captioned consistently and sourced correctly to avoid plagiarism.

In the realm of architectural essays, the saying “ form follows function ” is equally valid. Your design choices should not just be aesthetic adornments but should serve to enhance understanding, readability, and engagement.

By taking the time to thoughtfully design your essay, you are not only showcasing your architectural insights but also your keen eye for design, thereby leaving a lasting impression on your readers.

Finalizing Your Essay

Finalizing an architecture essay is a task that demands a meticulous approach. The difference between an average essay and an outstanding one often lies in the refinement process. Here, we explore the steps to ensure that your essay is in its best possible form before submission.


  • Grammar and Syntax Checks: Always use tools like Grammarly or Microsoft Word’s spellchecker, but remember, they aren’t infallible. After an initial electronic check, read the essay aloud. This can help in catching awkward phrasing and any overlooked errors.
  • Consistency in Language and Style: Ensure that you maintain a uniform style and tone throughout. If you begin with UK English, for instance, stick with it till the end.
  • Flow and Coherence: The essay should have a logical progression. Each paragraph should lead seamlessly into the next, with clear transitions.

Feedback Loop:

  • Peer Reviews: Having classmates or colleagues read your essay can provide fresh perspectives. They might catch unclear sections or points of potential expansion that you might have missed.
  • Expert Feedback: If possible, seek feedback from instructors or professionals in the field. Their insights can greatly enhance the quality of your content.
  • Acting on Feedback: Merely receiving feedback isn’t enough. Be prepared to make revisions, even if it means letting go of sections you’re fond of, for the overall improvement of the essay.

Aligning with University Requirements:

  • Formatting: Adhere strictly to the specified format. Whether it’s APA, Chicago, or MLA, make sure your citations, font, spacing, and margins are in line with the guidelines.
  • Word Count: Most institutions will have a stipulated word count. Ensure you’re within the limit. If you’re over, refine your content; if you’re under, see if there are essential points you might have missed.
  • Supplementary Materials: For architecture essays, you might need to attach diagrams, sketches, or photographs. Ensure these are clear, relevant, and properly labeled.
  • Referencing: Properly cite all your sources. Any claim or statement that isn’t common knowledge needs to be attributed to its source. Also, ensure that your bibliography or reference list is comprehensive and formatted correctly.

Final Read-through:

  • After making all the changes, set your essay aside for a day or two, if time permits. Come back with fresh eyes and do one last read-through. This distance can often help you catch any remaining issues.

Finalizing your architecture essay is as vital as the initial stages of research and drafting. The care you take in refining and polishing your work reflects your commitment to excellence. When you’ve gone through these finalization steps, you can submit your essay confidently, knowing you’ve given it your best shot.

To Sum Up…

Writing an architecture essay is a unique challenge that requires a balance of creativity, critical thinking, and academic rigor. The process demands not just a deep understanding of architectural theories and case studies but also an ability to express these complex ideas clearly and compellingly.

Throughout this article, we have explored various facets of crafting an excellent architecture essay, from choosing a resonant topic and conducting thorough research to employing effective writing techniques and incorporating sources seamlessly.

The visual aspect of an architecture essay cannot be overlooked. As architects blend functionality with aesthetics in their designs, so too must students intertwine informative content with visual appeal in their essays. This is an opportunity to showcase not only your understanding of the subject matter but also your creativity and attention to detail.

Remember, a well-designed essay speaks volumes about your passion for architecture and your dedication to the discipline.

As we wrap up this guide, it is crucial to emphasize the importance of meticulous proofreading and seeking feedback. These final steps are vital in ensuring that your essay is free from errors and that your arguments are coherent and compelling.

Engaging in a feedback loop with peers, mentors, or advisors can provide valuable insights and help to refine your work further.

Additionally, always ensure that your essay aligns with the specific requirements set forth by your university or institution. Pay attention to details like font styles, referencing methods, and formatting guidelines.

These elements, while seemingly minor, play a significant role in creating a polished and professional final product.

Keep practicing, keep learning, and remember that each essay is a stepping stone toward mastering the art of architectural writing.

FAQs about Architecture Essays

Do architecture students have to write essays.

Yes, architecture students often have to write essays as part of their academic curriculum. While architecture is a field that heavily involves visual and practical skills, essays and written assignments play a crucial role in helping students develop their critical thinking, research, and analytical skills.

While hands-on design work and practical projects are integral parts of an architectural education, essays play a crucial role in developing the theoretical, analytical, and communication skills necessary for success in the field.

By writing essays, architecture students learn to think critically, research effectively, and communicate their ideas clearly, laying a strong foundation for their future careers.

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construction , the techniques and industry involved in the assembly and erection of structures, primarily those used to provide shelter.

Construction is an ancient human activity. It began with the purely functional need for a controlled environment to moderate the effects of climate . Constructed shelters were one means by which human beings were able to adapt themselves to a wide variety of climates and become a global species.

Human shelters were at first very simple and perhaps lasted only a few days or months. Over time, however, even temporary structures evolved into such highly refined forms as the igloo . Gradually more durable structures began to appear, particularly after the advent of agriculture , when people began to stay in one place for long periods. The first shelters were dwellings, but later other functions, such as food storage and ceremony, were housed in separate buildings. Some structures began to have symbolic as well as functional value, marking the beginning of the distinction between architecture and building.

The history of building is marked by a number of trends. One is the increasing durability of the materials used. Early building materials were perishable, such as leaves, branches, and animal hides . Later, more durable natural materials—such as clay, stone, and timber—and, finally, synthetic materials—such as brick , concrete , metals, and plastics —were used. Another is a quest for buildings of ever greater height and span; this was made possible by the development of stronger materials and by knowledge of how materials behave and how to exploit them to greater advantage. A third major trend involves the degree of control exercised over the interior environment of buildings: increasingly precise regulation of air temperature, light and sound levels, humidity , odours, air speed, and other factors that affect human comfort has been possible. Yet another trend is the change in energy available to the construction process, starting with human muscle power and developing toward the powerful machinery used today.

The present state of construction is complex. There is a wide range of building products and systems which are aimed primarily at groups of building types or markets. The design process for buildings is highly organized and draws upon research establishments that study material properties and performance, code officials who adopt and enforce safety standards, and design professionals who determine user needs and design a building to meet those needs. The construction process is also highly organized; it includes the manufacturers of building products and systems, the craftsmen who assemble them on the building site, the contractors who employ and coordinate the work of the craftsmen, and consultants who specialize in such aspects as construction management, quality control, and insurance .

Construction today is a significant part of industrial culture , a manifestation of its diversity and complexity and a measure of its mastery of natural forces, which can produce a widely varied built environment to serve the diverse needs of society. This article first traces the history of construction, then surveys its development at the present time. For treatment of the aesthetic considerations of building design, see architecture . For further treatment of historical development, see art and architecture, Anatolian ; art and architecture, Arabian ; art and architecture, Egyptian ; art and architecture, Iranian ; art and architecture, Mesopotamian ; art and architecture, Syro-Palestinian ; architecture, African ; art and architecture, Oceanic ; architecture, Western ; arts, Central Asian ; arts, East Asian ; arts, Islamic ; arts, Native American ; arts, South Asian ; arts, Southeast Asian .

The history of construction

The hunter-gatherers of the late Stone Age, who moved about a wide area in search of food, built the earliest temporary shelters that appear in the archaeological record. Excavations at a number of sites in Europe dated to before 12,000 bce show circular rings of stones that are believed to have formed part of such shelters. They may have braced crude huts made of wooden poles or have weighted down the walls of tents made of animal skins, presumably supported by central poles.

A tent illustrates the basic elements of environmental control that are the concern of construction. The tent creates a membrane to shed rain and snow; cold water on the human skin absorbs body heat. The membrane reduces wind speed as well; air over the human skin also promotes heat loss. It controls heat transfer by keeping out the hot rays of the sun and confining heated air in cold weather . It also blocks out light and provides visual privacy. The membrane must be supported against the forces of gravity and wind; a structure is necessary. Membranes of hides are strong in tension (stresses imposed by stretching forces), but poles must be added to take compression (stresses imposed by compacting forces). Indeed, much of the history of construction is the search for more sophisticated solutions to the same basic problems that the tent was set out to solve. The tent has continued in use to the present. The Saudi Arabian goats’ hair tent, the Mongolian yurt with its collapsible wooden frame and felt coverings, and the American Indian tepee with its multiple pole supports and double membrane are more refined and elegant descendants of the crude shelters of the early hunter-gatherers.

The agricultural revolution , dated to about 10,000 bce , gave a major impetus to construction. People no longer traveled in search of game or followed their herds but stayed in one place to tend their fields. Dwellings began to be more permanent. Archaeological records are scanty, but in the Middle East are found the remains of whole villages of round dwellings called tholoi , whose walls are made of packed clay ; all traces of roofs have disappeared. In Europe tholoi were built of dry-laid stone with domed roofs; there are still surviving examples (of more recent construction) of these beehive structures in the Alps. In later Middle Eastern tholoi a rectangular antechamber or entrance hall appeared, attached to the main circular chamber—the first examples of the rectangular plan form in building. Still later the circular form was dropped in favour of the rectangle as dwellings were divided into more rooms and more dwellings were placed together in settlements. The tholoi marked an important step in the search for durability; they were the beginning of masonry construction.

Evidence of composite construction of clay and wood , the so-called wattle-and-daub method, is also found in Europe and the Middle East. The walls were made of small saplings or reeds, which were easy to cut with stone tools. They were driven into the ground, tied together laterally with vegetable fibres, and then plastered over with wet clay to give added rigidity and weatherproofing. The roofs have not survived, but the structures were probably covered with crude thatch or bundled reeds. Both round and rectangular forms are found, usually with central hearths.

Heavier timber buildings also appeared in Neolithic (New Stone Age) cultures , although the difficulties of cutting large trees with stone tools limited the use of sizable timbers to frames. These frames were usually rectangular in plan, with a central row of columns to support a ridgepole and matching rows of columns along the long walls; rafters were run from the ridgepole to the wall beams. The lateral stability of the frame was achieved by burying the columns deep in the ground; the ridgepole and rafters were then tied to the columns with vegetable fibres. The usual roofing material was thatch : dried grasses or reeds tied together in small bundles , which in turn were tied in an overlapping pattern to the light wooden poles that spanned between the rafters. Horizontal thatched roofs leak rain badly, but, if they are placed at the proper angle, the rainwater runs off before it has time to soak through. Primitive builders soon determined the roof pitch that would shed the water but not the thatch. Many types of infill were used in the walls of these frame houses, including clay, wattle and daub , tree bark (favoured by American Woodland Indians), and thatch. In Polynesia and Indonesia , where such houses are still built, they are raised above the ground on stilts for security and dryness; the roofing is often made of leaves and the walls are largely open to allow air movement for natural cooling. Another variation of the frame was found in Egypt and the Middle East, where timbers were substituted for bundles of reeds.

Essays on Building


for architecture by architects

How to Write a Killer Architecture Essay | The Complete Guide

Anton Giuroiu

Essay writing can be quite a stressful task for any student!

But then, they are vital for giving a boost to your academic career. Especially if you’re pursuing architecture, these essays show your expertise in a particular subject along with your skills to neatly craft and present it on paper.

So, what goes into an impressive architectural essay ? What are the things you need to keep in mind while writing one?

Read along as we guide you through the essential aspects of a well-crafted architecture essay that can create an impact on the readers, and help with your academic career. 

The broad scope of architecture

To a lot of people, architecture is a field of study and career path related to designing buildings and other landscapes. But architecture is actually much broader than that. It refers to any structure that a human being designs and constructs to fill space.

This might include designing commercial and residential spaces, landscapes, green design, urban design, industrial architecture, and so on. Each of these has anthropological, psychological, and historical aspects that give them prominence and make them stand out from the rest.

So, when you write an academic essay on architecture, you must make sure that you choose a specific niche and touch along these aspects through academic approaches . This makes your piece much more credible and makes up for an exciting read.

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Getting started on your essay

Perhaps, having a head-start to your piece is the most difficult part of all because you might be confused as to where to start.

At this point in time, you must be looking at certain sources on the internet or browsing books as to how to begin with your essay. This is a good thing because you’ve at least taken the initiative to work on your essay. The internet is full of websites that can help you with comprehensive learning sources, which in turn would aid you in crafting your academic paper.

Now, let us reiterate once more the fact that architecture is certainly a broad field. So, when you’re asked to write an essay, make sure you narrow down the scope of the subject. And that’s going to be your first step.

You might wonder how to go about it. Many professional academic writers advise students to zero in on a topic that can be elaborated on the basis of geographical location, time period, and style. Focussing on these aspects will give your essay the much-needed informational structure.

Ask yourself the big question, based on your interest. Then narrow it down to smaller topics by scoping out possibilities. This might require a little research. For example, if you are looking for some specific architectural structure or an architect in relation to your big question, more questions might pop up in your mind. This could pave the way for the final question you might want to find answers to and base your research paper on.

After deciding on a particular topic, you must thoroughly research it so that your essay makes for an intriguing read. You can make use of resources from the internet, books , encyclopedias from libraries, previous research papers, and several other sources to get the information that goes into your essay.

Also, make sure that you can find a good amount of information on your topic before you commit yourself to writing the essay. Many topics might look promising and easy at first, but might not actually have information worth going into a research paper. Keep switching the focus between the question and the research work to ensure that the information gained is relevant.

You must even include the aesthetics of the building in your topic, keeping in mind the historical context. Moreover, you can also critique various essays written by professionals on the said topic.

After you make notes for basic research, analyze the information collected based on visual, historical, and textual aspects. This helps you keep your essay factual, precise, and free of errors.

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Essay planning

Once done with the research, the student must plan the structure of the essay. Needless to say, the style of the essay must be chosen strategically. Unless specified otherwise, many research essays and papers related to architecture follow an analytical style. Here, the students are advised to state facts based on the research work.

Also, when practicing writing essays, it is suggested to use a persuasive style as it lets you put forward a case and argue about a certain style of architecture. This helps the students effectively present their papers and master the essay writing style.

Then, the facts collected must be structured into paragraphs, which form the body of the essay. For that, you must choose the facts that you think must go into the essay and describe them in a sentence or two, ideally.

As you finish the planning phase, you are all set to start working on your architecture essay.

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Writing your essay

Drafting is, of course, the most essential part of writing your essay. Prepping your information and structuring it acts like a support system for this part.

When you begin working on your essay, you must note that you should start with the introduction. This must be written in the form of a paragraph, and should not be longer than five sentences. It must be crisp, yet interesting enough to appeal to the readers.

Usually, the introductory paragraph is the one part that gives an opportunity for the writer of the essay to create an impact on the reader. So, the stronger your introductory point, the better the impression you make on your markers.

Paraphrasing is another thing that you should follow to make your essay relevant from the beginning to the end. Also, keep track of the essay’s style and the overall effect you want to create on the reader.

Once you’re sure of the introduction, start working on the paragraphs. The planning part comes in handy here as you already made notes as to what goes into the body of the essay.

To write effective body paragraphs, you must start by stating one point/fact from your research. This is the opening of your paragraph and should not be more than one sentence. Now, you must support this statement with relevant information to persuade the reader. Also, note that these supportive arguments must prove your thesis statement as a whole.

A small tip to make your essay stand out from the rest is to put your original thoughts into the essay, rather than just referring to your research materials. This creates a good impression on the writer in the minds of the readers.

The academic discipline in architecture provides you with a scope to include original thoughts, remarks, or arguments in the essay to attract evaluators and readers and enable them to read the essay with more interest. Now, this is one of the most essential skills an academic writer must possess.

The body of your architectural essay should reflect your ability as a writer to create academically relevant and coherent content and come up with a well-structured essay. An ideal academic essay ensures that those readers stay focused on the thesis statement throughout while paying attention to the detailed research executed by the writer in the form of arguments.

Students also must observe that the evaluators usually set the essay questions based on issues or topics that are mostly straightforward. He might as well delve into subjects that are more specific or of a technical nature.

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Last but not least, in order to master writing an architectural essay, it’s not enough to just research well. Plan thoroughly or structure and write your essay in a well-crafted way. The concluding paragraph of your essay is as important as the rest of it, as it stresses the point you’re trying to make for one last time. And if done well, could linger in your readers’ minds for quite a while.

So, if you’re learning how to write an architectural essay, it is necessary that you give particular attention to writing the conclusion to the essay and restate your thesis strongly. An excellent conclusion summarises the best and most significant ones among the points you have argued throughout the body in one final paragraph.

It also gives you a chance to add your own thoughts, ideas remarks along with a strong emotional appeal so that your readers are deeply involved in, and impacted by your essay.

A solid conclusion is a fitting follow-up to a thought-provoking start and the main section that’s both precise and persuasive. So make sure you end your essay with an ending that’s as powerful as the start.

Anton Giuroiu

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Essays on Construction

This paper is based on an experiment of establishing the consistency, density, and compressive strength of concrete. The experiment involves casting of 12 sets of concrete cubes to with three different water to cement ratios. Therefore, four sets of cubes are prepared using one W/C ratio. The essence of making...

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The work explains the process followed in the construction of a building. The steps are discussed from the basement plan to the last step that shows the final structure obtained. The steps include; basement plan, ground floor, tower plan, elevation, and sections respectively. Basement Plan Artificial lighting is installed in all areas...

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Construction management is the service provider to the project developers and bears the responsibility to oversee the entire work from the beginning to the end. The types of services offered by the construction management include the designing and building projects.  The primary role construction management is to control cost time...

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The Construction Challenges The construction of concrete buildings in areas with structural challenges is difficult. Thus, the ongoing report incorporates theoretical applications of building and construction technology to help address the inadequacies presented by the area selected for construction. Inadequate analysis and investment into a construction site might compromise the structural...

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Construction work can be defined as any work done in connection to alteration, maintenance, construction, commissioning, conversion, repair, renovation, dismantling, demolition or decommissioning of a structure or even preparation of a building site (Global Voices). There is nothing more rewarding to construction managers than seeing their projects getting completed (Safe...

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Construction Industry is a very diverse industry that includes a wide range of activities. Some of these activities include mining, quarrying, manufacturing and the supplying of products, constructing of infrastructures, and forestry. Studies have shown that this industry comprises of more than 9% of the GDP of most developed nations...

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As an Assistant Estimator, you have been asked by the Senior Estimator to price the Groundworks on the project, the details of which are given on the extract from the Bills of Quantities. You also been asked to price the Preliminaries as well. You are required to provide the following:- •A...

Unit 1: Design Principles and Application for Construction and the Built Environment Feasibility Study Report Background Information             This report entails the preparation of a feasibility study for developing a speculative office project as commissioned by a client. The project, which involves redeveloping an existing stone-clad building, is located in a city center....

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In order to establish the integrity of multi-storey buildings, three key design philosophies are used: permissible stress; load factor; and limit state approach. The approaches are important as they facilitate the attainment of serviceability, economy, safety and functionality conditions. The approaches are elaborated further below. Permissible stress method             Bhavikatti (2010) notes...

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Building construction is a rewarding, significant but complex process. The construction project usually begins with a concept and ends in a structure that might house people for many years. Nevertheless, the planning stage of the construction projects needs an orderly and well-planned assembly of all the needed resources. Articulation of...

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In recent years, most construction of buildings is conducted using both the ancient and modern methods. Buildings existed from long ago history which were constructed mainly for reasons of shelter provision. However, modern buildings have undergone revolutionary changes including the use of various types of construction materials such as timber,...

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The building process and factors that inform it The building process is informed by numerous factors that include the suitability of the materials, the nature and number of structural components, and the skills set possessed by the construction managers and engineers. The principal roles of this report are the examination of...

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Essay Samples on Construction

Underground construction practices and their impact on health and safety.

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Engineering Mistakes That Led To The 1907 Quebec Bridge Collapse

A Considerable number of failures emanating from engineering errors act as a catalyst for change in standards of practice and hence formulate chances of creating better ethical practices for the profession. When evaluating ethics in engineering, it is important to distinguish between ethics of engineering...

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A Visit to the Timber Roof Construction Company

Introduction We had visited Holzbau Hess Company that work with timber for roof construction at prosperita in Windhoek, on Thursday the 28th February 2019.The reason is for us students to learn different construction methods, materials that are used to construct roof structure etc. In term...

Political Premises of Panama Canal Construction

With a troubled and problematic past, Panama and the United States did not end their feud after the finalized construction of the Panama Canal. The sovereignty of the United States over the middle of Panama’s territory and the canal caused numerous social, economic, and political...

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Opportunities And Challenges In Construction Industry In Canada And Ontario

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Best topics on Construction

1. Underground Construction Practices And Their Impact On Health And Safety

2. Engineering Mistakes That Led To The 1907 Quebec Bridge Collapse

3. Green Building Construction Technology’S Effects On Jamaican Construction Industry

4. A Visit to the Timber Roof Construction Company

5. Political Premises of Panama Canal Construction

6. Opportunities And Challenges In Construction Industry In Canada And Ontario

7. Challenges Faced By Modular Industry

8. Method-Case Study: Design Build Contractor Selection

9. The Rich History Of Malbork Castle

10. What Is A Bim (Building Information Modeling)?

11. Silica Based Additives In The Packing Of Cement Mortars

12. Relation Of Engineering Failures To The Siltation History Of Reservoirs

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Did you get tasked with an essay on construction work and stalled at the very beginning? We might help you out. Looking through this selection of free construction essay examples is a sure-fire way to boost your creativity and self-confidence. Various topics covered will spark your enthusiasm; different types of papers presented will throw light on distinctions in their structure; diverse formats used will exemplify the usage of APA, MLA, and Chicago citation styles. Altogether, this should get your writing process off dead center.

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173 Construction Research Topics & Essay Examples

Are you looking for current construction research topics? StudyCorgi has compiled a list of research topics in the construction industry for you! Here, you’ll find hot topics in construction management, safety, building materials, technology, and other construction-related civil engineering ideas. Feel free to use these titles for your essays, presentations, research papers, projects, or even as a starting point in your dissertation research.

🏆 Best Construction Topics for Research Papers

✍️ construction essay topics for college, 👍 good construction research topics & essay examples, 🌶️ hot construction topics, 🎓 most interesting construction essay examples, 💡 current construction article topics, 📌 easy construction essay topics.

  • The Social Construction of Gender
  • The Social Construction of Gender Roles
  • Stakeholder Management in Construction Projects
  • Assessing Learning and Test Construction
  • Childhood: The Concept of Social Construction
  • Postmodern Feminism and Its Theory of Gender as Social Construction
  • Construction of Wembley’s Stadium: Project Management Methodologies
  • Wood as a Construction Material: History, Properties, Use Today, wood is still a common material in the building of boats and houses. The use of wood in the construction of the frames of a majority of domestic houses is also common.
  • Environmental Impact of the Football Stadium Construction The construction of Football Stadium in the district of Tipner, Portsmouth, UK is a great challenge for the site’s environments and ecological situation.
  • Renata SA Construction Company’s Project Management Renata SA is one of the prominent construction companies based in the European Union. It is proficient in handling both private and public construction projects.
  • Social Construction of Gender and Sexual Dichotomy Gender is usually divided into two sexes, namely male and female, in modern society. Traditionally, gender is determined by various physiological features, such as genitalia.
  • A Business Plan for a Home Construction Company This paper is a personal business plan for a small company constructing various buildings for disadvantaged individuals, it will also discuss the key strategies for its foundation.
  • Risk Management in Healthcare Construction Projects A risk is any occurrence that has the potential to alter the progress of a project significantly. A risk may be positive or negative.
  • Top Ten Construction Site Hazards. In the construction industry, the laborers and site workers are liable to face innumerable dangers and risks of health and safety each day.
  • Concrete as a Construction Material Concrete is one of the most widely used construction materials on Earth, so a more detailed analysis of concrete was taken to realize its pros and cons for construction purposes.
  • Motivation and Performance in UAE Construction Industry One of the most important revelations in the research was that workers and managers in the UAE construction industry were not motivated.
  • Social Construction of Serial Killers Serial killing is a homicide category occurring when an offender murders more than three victims unknown to the criminal.
  • Fundamentals of Building Construction Foundations are the basis for any construction object, and it is essential for any project to determine the most fitting type of foundation.
  • Construction Waste Management Managing construction waste is often a difficult process because its poor implementation could lead to unintended consequences for contractors, clients, and the public.
  • Construction of Fertilizer Blending Plants in Nigeria: Cost and Schedule Impact Delving deeper into the development of the project under analysis, one will realize that a unique impediment was encountered as OCP Africa started expanding its services.
  • The Social Construction of Aging The social construction of age states that aging occurs because people explain in their mind and physical stages that the body changes are the aging symptoms.
  • Speech Defending the Construction of Bicycle Lanes The purpose of my appeal to the city authorities and the local community is to build bicycle lanes and to create new bicycle routes.
  • Engineering, Procurement and Construction Strategy Saudi Arabia boasts one of the largest oil and gas reserves in the world. The resource is characterized by high price fluctuations that impact the government’s budget.
  • Project for the Construction of a New Cottage Town The project is devoted to the building of the new cottage town in the country and is aimed at the satisfaction of citizens’ needs and providing them with a new wonderful way of life.
  • Authentic Leadership in the Construction Industry This paper seeks to examine the concept of authentic leadership and why it can become the best option for improving management and supervision in the construction industry.
  • Investment Strategy: Construction of Portfolio The report selects four best-performing equities based on evaluation taste from ten promising stocks listed in New York Stock Exchange.
  • Dubai Construction Cost and Its Political Factors This research paper determines how political factors affect the construction industry in Dubai and what can be done to lower these costs.
  • Construction Project Management and Communication As a project manager, I will communicate with the necessary stakeholders and develop a construction project for the client who purchased the property five years ago.
  • Societal and Gender Construction Affecting Incidents of Domestic Violence The paper intends to explore how societal and gender construction can affect the incidences of domestic violence.
  • Economic Environment for a Construction Firm The construction industry is plagued by a lot of difficulties in the UK and other parts of the world. This study mainly focuses on economic conditions affecting construction firms.
  • Family, Work, and Social Construction of Intimacy The paper examines various aspects of family life and the real problems of families. The work-family relationship may sometimes result in work-family conflict.
  • Silver Fiddle Construction Project Risk Management When it comes to defining the key risks associated with the project one must point to the fact that the project is very costly and requires a substantial amount of time.
  • Use of Modern Construction Materials Concrete is an architectural material composed of a strong, noncorrosive particle material called aggregates, typically sand and pebbles.
  • Construction and Operation of the London Eye The current assignment examines the construction and operation processes of the London Eye and provides a comprehensive analysis of the project.
  • Drug Dependency: Construction of a Rehabilitation Center Creating a program that would act as a foundation to help drug addicts recover from drug usage would help lessen drug dependency.
  • GPS Surveying and Laser Total Station Surveying Within Construction This essay intends to establish the main differences between GPS surveying and Laser total station surveying within the construction and single out their respective applications.
  • Construction Management and Law in United Kingdom: An Analysis The essay discusses the current legal requirements for constructing a building in the UK and details various legal procedures involved in handling the building projects in the UK.
  • Shortage of Skilled Workers in Middle East Construction Industry The construction industry in the Middle East has been facing the risk of rising labour costs and labour shortages, which in turn is squeezing up the smaller contractors.
  • R&B Construction Company: Organizational Culture One of the essential factors in an organization’s success is its culture which are the values, beliefs, and visions that unite an organization.
  • The Social Construction of Reality SOLO taxonomy should be considered a valuable analytical instrument in terms of application to the complex challenges of the modern era.
  • Development Plan at Olive Construction Company Olive Construction Company was founded in 2019 to tap into the booming construction industry in Miami Dade County.
  • Evaluating Performance of Public Construction Projects in Abuja, Nigeria The purpose of the paper is to provide an in-depth inquiry into the need for a stakeholder performance evaluation framework for public construction projects in Abuja Nigeria.
  • Tunnel Design and Construction The paper concerns the many significant advances in technology that have facilitated tremendous growth in the tunneling industry.
  • Construction Industry Disputes in the UAE There is still very little literature in the UAE on the negotiation strategies and how the same impacts on the outcomes in the dispute resolution.
  • Risk Management of Construction Megaprojects Long-term projects can be considered an integral part of the modern world. At the same time, the management of projects is a complex task because of many issues and obstacles.
  • Canadian Housing and Construction Statistics Growth for housing starts, completions, and under construction was negatively affected by the economic downturn in 2008 with only 187,923 units registered.
  • Soil Mechanics in Construction Engineering Soil mechanics is a relatively new discipline in civil engineering, which entails the study of the engineering properties of soil relative to the design of various engineering structures.
  • Saudi Marine Construction Projects and Risks The Saudi Arabian marine construction works revolve around the establishment of ports and harbors. The ports must be constructed to facilitate tourist arrival.
  • Lobby Café Construction Project Evaluation The report aimed to analyze three aspects of the Lobby Café Construction project: external factors, stakeholder analysis, and assessment of corporate social responsibility.
  • The Construction Management Position Observation Construction projects constantly need modifications, and in this sense, construction management is the key to the stability of the entire procedure.
  • Achieving Success in Construction Project Management The effective implementation of construction programs depends on many factors, among which the management of construction organizations can be identified.
  • Social Construction of Race and Gender in the United States and Brazil Being able to categorize the general population into specific groups based on certain characteristics is vital for understanding how people see themselves and others.
  • Role of Tribes in the Construction of Identity Sine tribes create a sense of belonging by reinforcing the significance of the marker of social hierarchy and the importance of compliance with set traditions.
  • Construction Materials and Building Codes Platform framing system is commonly used in the building industry because the building that is made using this method is always durable and have high structural integrity.
  • Construction Companies and Ethics Many construction companies do not have an ethical program at all. It is important that people in the company undergo training in order to understand the ethical standards that have been set.
  • Generational Differences in Galliford Try Construction Industry The study illuminates how various challenges affect the company and aligns them with theories such as transformational, authentic, servant leadership and leader-member exchange (LMX).
  • Construction Company’s Operational Risk Management This work presents an operational risk assessment connected to standard masonry techniques and procedures in the development of five-story apartment blocks.
  • Social Construction of Technologies: Tablet Computer This paper is aimed at discussing the development of such a technology as the tablet computer. In particular, it is necessary to apply such a concept as social construction.
  • “The Construction of Homosexuality” a Book by David Greenberg The book, The Construction of Homosexuality by David Greenberg presents the reflection of the author on historical timeline of the struggle by homosexuals to get their rights.
  • Construction Project Implementation There are many variations of construction project implementation, the most common are Design-Bid-Build and Multiple Prome Contracts.
  • Enhancing Construction Safety Through ASTM Standards and Technology This text discusses the importance of construction safety, focusing on ASTM standards and technological advancements.
  • Construction Management at Risk: A New Hospital in Baton Rouge Construction management at risk is the most appropriate project delivery method for the health organization’s plan to build a new hospital in Baton Rouge.
  • R. G. Letourneau’s Contributions to the Construction Industry Field The paper states that LeTourneau made tremendous contributions to the construction industry field. His legacy has been a foundation of modern scholars.
  • Construction Safety and Its Importance Construction safety is important because working together, the owner and the contractor secure the high quality of work and enhance the general well-being of employees.
  • WestProp Development Ltd.’s Construction Projects WestProp Development Ltd has shown interest in developing 25 North Row W1K6DJ buildings for mixed purposes in Mayfair, London.
  • Aspects of Social Construction The paper states that social construction examines how people learn about their surroundings and the world in general, which influences some changes.
  • Construction: Characteristics and Reliability of Piles and Props The construction requires a solid and water-resistant system. The secant pile wall provides this opportunity and increased alignment flexibility in construction
  • Why to Learn Construction and Engineering Skills Basic construction and engineering skills can enable a person to successfully engage in the work of their own house and be able to start a new technical career.
  • Towards Green Construction: Timber as Material Timber appears to be a beneficial option for the construction of a variety of buildings. Its cost efficiency is evident in the construction process.
  • The Aircraft Runways Construction The construction of aircraft runways must be constructed by individual runway design, based on the direction of the winds and aeronautical paths, and immediate terrain.
  • Construction of Knowledge in Society Knowledge is constructed by society facing informational cascades and being disinformed. As a result, people lose confidence in particular institutions.
  • Civil Rights Movement and Construction of US Racism Racism is associated with slurs, Islamophobia, police brutality, and Donald Trump. This list signals that racism today is a more insidious, politicized form of discrimination.
  • The Influence of the Gospel on the Construction of the Christian Worldview The paper considers the essentials of the Gospel that influence the construction of the Christian worldview and form a behavioral framework.
  • Progressivism and Its Role in American Social Construction Progressivism arose as political development, its center thought was that administration played a significant part in monetary guidelines and colonial government assistance.
  • Social Construction of Gender. Sociology in Modules Sociobiology entails the scientific study of social behavior’s biological bases among humans and even animals. It assumes that such behavior arises from the evolution.
  • Power Suburbs and the Construction of Race by Nicolaides & Wiese Becky M. Nicolaides and Andrew Wiese discuss suburbanization and its effects on racial segregation in postwar America.
  • Foodmart vs. Masterpiece Construction Dispute: Contract Formation The subcontracting of Masterpiece construction in the renovation of Foodmart’s Main Street store is valid and the former has the right to delegate its duties of the contract.
  • Construction Management: Organizations, Cash Flow & Controls on Site This paper discusses organizations, cash flow, and controls on-site: types of organizations, project cash flows, certification programs, cost control as a management tool.
  • Water Cooling Tower Construction Site’s Problems The paper highlights three major problems at the construction site. They are security, scheduling, and safety problems.
  • Critical Path Method in Construction Practice The critical path method has a significant role to play in managing resources on construction projects by relating time and money.
  • The Deployment of WLAN (WI-FI) on Open Area Construction Projects This paper sets out to illustrate that implementation of mobile communication technologies in the construction industry is not only technologically and economically feasible.
  • Race: Genetic or Social Construction One of the most challenging questions the community faces today is the following: whether races were created by nature or society or not.
  • Construction of the Sense of Meaning and Identity The most contributing factors to the construction of human sense of meaning and identity are relational processes between person and group, as well as different social processes.
  • A New Building Construction Project Analysis The management of AXBC PLC needs to allot more time for constructing a new building as the analysis has clearly shown that the management may be overly optimistic.
  • Gender Construction and Heterosexism Homophobia, or the aversion for people who have same-sex preferences, are categorized under personal, interpersonal, institutional and societal.
  • The Study of the Construction Methods for Firefighters The study of the construction methods allows the fire officers to predict the effects of the demolition and possible way to preserve the construction in a better condition.
  • Construction Law. Negligence, Tort and Duty of Care The cases Chapman v. Hearse and Voli v IngleWoodshire Council are both legal cases that were tried in the High Court of Australia in the years 1961 and 1963 respectively.
  • Shortage of Skilled Workers and Its Impacts in Middle East Construction Industry Presently there is a huge shortage of structural and civil engineers, project managers, safety managers, on-site supervisors and tradesman, like welders and fitters.
  • Construction. The Hines Group and Babcock & Brown The Hines Group and Babcock & Brown provide the highest standards of security of workers and the best organization of the material delivery, storage, and usage.
  • The Construction Industry in Australia. The construction industry in Australia commands some significant linkages with other key sectors, and this has led to its major impact on the economy.
  • The Range of Regulations Applicable to Health and Safety in Construction The regulatory systems have done more good than bad in the general growth of safety conditions for workers in the European Union.
  • Carillion Construction Company’s Story of Decline This report analyses the Carillion company’s performance, identifies some causes for its decline, and discusses the roles of the directors and auditors in it.
  • Sexual Orientation as a Social Construction and Reality Even if sexual orientation, gender roles, and sex are all socially constructed, it does not mean that they are not real.
  • “Uncoupling: The Social Construction of Divorce” by Robboy et al. This paper aims to analyze the article “Uncoupling: The Social Construction of Divorce” by Robboy et al. and summarize the main ideas from it.
  • Ethics: Tellico Dam Construction vs. Snail Darter Fish The argument against the Tellico dam construction concerns the role of the snail darter in the ecological system of the Little Mississippi River.
  • Poverty and Homelessness: Dimensions and Constructions With the growth of the economy and the failure of employment, the number of people living in poverty and without shelter increases.
  • Race as a Social Construction in the US The idea of the social construction of race is the basis on which modern theory refutes the initial assumptions used to justify the American practice of slavery.
  • Cultural Rift in the UAE Construction Industry This paper will explore cultural differences and organizational cultures in the UAE. It will also explore ways of harmonizing the two to minimize conflicts.
  • Portfolio Construction: Choosing a Suitable Investment Option Investing in trustworthy and promising ventures so that the specified goal can be achieved can be viewed as the secondary objective of the project.
  • Gray Construction Company’s Business Communication Gray Construction is a family-owned construction company that, by utilizing the system of open forums, tries to increase the success of business-related communications.
  • Schedule Delay Analysis in Construction Projects Within a construction environment, it is rather common that both the contractor and employer are worried about the time for performance.
  • Intermediate Institutions and Technology Transfer in Developing Countries: Construction Industry in Ghana
  • Building for the Future: The Potential Importance of the Construction Industry in Welsh Economic Development Policy
  • Global Construction Equipment Market Industry Analysis
  • Waste Processing Plants Construction in Saudi Arabia
  • Investigation Into Waste Management on Construction Sites in South Western Nigeria
  • Waste Processing Plants Construction in India
  • Improving Health and Safety on Construction in Romania
  • Channel Tunnel Construction: Project Management
  • Indonesia Residential Construction: Market Update
  • Improving Higher Education for Construction Management
  • Worker’s Attitudes Towards Safety in the Construction Field
  • Case Studies About Australian Construction Firms
  • Chinese Culture and Successful Implementation of Partnering in Singapore’s Construction Industry
  • Iowa River Bridge Steel Method Construction
  • Civil Engineering: Bridge Construction Issues
  • Good Research Paper About Planning of Construction of Tall Buildings
  • Transforming Municipal Solid Waste Into Construction Materials
  • Chemical and Pharmaceutical Plants Construction in India to 2019
  • Building Information Modelling Analysis Construction
  • Ethical Case Study Bhopal Disaster Construction
  • Global Market for Agricultural and Construction Equipment
  • Ireland Industrial Construction: Market Update
  • Incorporating the Lean Cell Process Into Repair Stations Construction
  • Environmental Impacts From Dam Construction
  • Improving Construction Site Safety
  • Internet Marketing Strategy for Small Construction Firms
  • Cdm Baseline Construction for Vietnam National Electricity Grid
  • Analyzing the Malaysian Construction Industry
  • Building Plan Commission, Construction, and Alterations
  • Commercial Bank Lending Practices and the Development of Black-Owned Construction Companies
  • Industry Research- Construction, Homebuilding
  • Housing Demand and Residential Construction in Thailand
  • Establishing Quantitative Indicators for Measuring the Partnering Performance of Construction Projects in Hong Kong
  • Establishing the Association Between Collaborative Working and Construction Project Performance Based on Client and Contractor Perceptions
  • Institutional Capacity for Climate Change Responses: An Examination of Construction and Pathways in Mexico City and Santiago
  • Innovative Construction Technology for Affordable Mass Housing in Tanzania, East Africa
  • Collaboration Environments for Small and Medium-Sized Architecture, Engineering and Construction Enterprises
  • Total Quality Management and the Learning Organization: A Dialogue for Change in Construction
  • Client-Led Strategies for Construction Supply Chain Improvement
  • Indian Construction Industry and Risk Assessment Construction
  • Analyzing the Drivers for Early Contractor Involvement Adoption by Construction Clients
  • International Construction: Floor Packaging Method
  • How Dilation Was Used in the Construction of the Pyramids of Egypt
  • Workplace Injuries and Fatalities in the UK Industry Construction
  • Close Entanglements: Aligning the Construction and Finance Industries
  • Interaction Between the Economic Growth and the Construction Industry
  • Germany’s Construction Industry: Stabilization on the Horizon
  • Welfare Facilities During Construction Work
  • The Ethical Issue, or Issues, Affecting the Construction Industry Today
  • Whether the Construction Industry Is the Pillar Industry in Hong Kong?
  • United Kingdom Residential Construction: Market Update
  • Issues, Problems and Risks in Construction Projects and Ways of Mitigating Them
  • Good Faith and Co-operation Under Construction Contracts in UK
  • Health and Safety Considerations for the Construction
  • Worker Flows, Entry and Productivity in the New Zealand Construction Industry
  • Building Methods and Policies That Govern the Construction
  • Building Construction Types for People in the Fire Service Field
  • Ziggurats Their Construction and Uses in Ancient Mesopotamia Irrigation Systems
  • Greece Industrial Construction: Market Update
  • Business E-solutions for Small Construction Companies
  • Architect E.j Lennox’s American Courthouse Construction
  • Houston and the Global Market for Engineering and Construction
  • Waste Minimizing and Recycling in Construction
  • Understanding the Divergence Between Output and Employment in the UK Construction Industry
  • Information Technology and the Construction Contractor
  • Capital Structure and Return on Capital Employed of Construction Companies in Nigeria
  • Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Sharing, and Innovation Performance: Evidence From the Chinese Construction Industry
  • Workflow Software for Building and Construction Companies
  • German Construction Industry: New Residential Construction at Cyclical Peak – Public Construction Gaining Ground
  • Transaction-Related Issues and Construction Project Performance
  • Chinese Urban Residential Construction to 2040
  • Work Health and Safety, Competitive Advantage, and Organisational Performance in Small Construction Firms

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StudyCorgi. (2021, September 9). 173 Construction Research Topics & Essay Examples. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/construction-essay-topics/

"173 Construction Research Topics & Essay Examples." StudyCorgi , 9 Sept. 2021, studycorgi.com/ideas/construction-essay-topics/.

StudyCorgi . (2021) '173 Construction Research Topics & Essay Examples'. 9 September.

1. StudyCorgi . "173 Construction Research Topics & Essay Examples." September 9, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/construction-essay-topics/.


StudyCorgi . "173 Construction Research Topics & Essay Examples." September 9, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/construction-essay-topics/.

StudyCorgi . 2021. "173 Construction Research Topics & Essay Examples." September 9, 2021. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/construction-essay-topics/.

These essay examples and topics on Construction were carefully selected by the StudyCorgi editorial team. They meet our highest standards in terms of grammar, punctuation, style, and fact accuracy. Please ensure you properly reference the materials if you’re using them to write your assignment.

This essay topic collection was updated on December 27, 2023 .

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Construction Essay Examples

Construction - Free Essay Examples and Topic Ideas

Construction is the process of building or assembling physical structures, such as buildings, bridges, roads, and other infrastructures. It involves the use of various tools, equipment, and materials, and requires skilled labor and careful planning. Construction projects may range from small renovations to large-scale developments, and can take months or even years to complete. Throughout the construction process, safety and quality are key considerations, and various regulations and standards must be followed to ensure that the final product meets the necessary requirements.

  • 📘 Free essay examples for your ideas about Construction
  • 🏆 Best Essay Topics on Construction
  • ⚡ Simple & Construction Easy Topics
  • 🎓 Good Research Topics about Construction
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  • Slavery and social construction of motherhood
  • Causes of Delay and Time Overeun in Project Execution
  • Real Estate and Construction Businesses
  • Current Approaches to The Construction of Biomimetic Cellular Structures
  • The Social Construction of Race, Ethnicity, Class, and Gender
  • Rolling Hills Overview
  • Green Roof in Toronto
  • Safety on a construction site
  • The Construction Industry
  • Construction Management Homework
  • Civil engineering design Construction and Maintance
  • The concept of sustainable construction
  • Social Construction
  • Lean construction
  • Sustainable Construction: Methods and Benefits
  • “Social Construction of Reality”
  • Construction Contract Administration
  • An architect in construction plays an important role and responsible for visual
  • The Advantages of Green Technology in Construction
  • Science and materials in construction and the built in environment
  • Project Management in Construction Process
  • The Social Construction of Gender and Sexuality
  • Impairment is a physical fact, but disability is a social construction
  • Implications of minimum wages: the perspective of the construction industry
  • What normality and social construction is and how it works?
  • Language Issues in Dynamic and Formal Equivalence
  • Bouygues Construction
  • The construction of financial supervision system under Greek debt crisis
  • Total Rewards System in the Construction Industry
  • The design, construction, maintenance and operation of train suspension
  • Problems And Barrier To Implement Of Osha 1994 Construction Essay
  • Zain Development Construction Est. Overview
  • Strict vs. Loose construction
  • Construction Management Safety Program Safe Driving
  • Research Paper on Use of Plastic Wastes for Road Construction
  • Partnering, PPP, PFI in construction

FAQ about Construction


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Paragraph on Construction

Students are often asked to write a paragraph on Construction in their schools. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 200-word, and 250-word paragraphs on the topic.

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Paragraph on Construction in 100 Words

Construction is like building a big puzzle. It’s when people work together to make a new building, like a house or a school. First, they make a plan, just like you would do before you start a puzzle. Then, they gather all the pieces they need, like bricks, wood, and metal. After that, they start building, putting each piece where it needs to go. This takes a lot of time and hard work, but in the end, they have a new building that people can use and enjoy. So, construction is all about teamwork and making something new from many pieces.

Paragraph on Construction in 200 Words

Construction is like building a big puzzle. Imagine you are playing with your blocks, stacking them one on top of the other to make a tall tower. In real life, construction is the same, but bigger. It is the process of making buildings, bridges, and roads using different materials like bricks, cement, and metal. It starts with a plan or a drawing, just like when you sketch a picture before painting it. After the plan, workers come with their tools to start building. They dig the ground, pour concrete, and put bricks together. It’s like baking a cake, you need to follow the recipe step by step. But instead of an oven, they use big machines like cranes and bulldozers. These machines help them lift heavy things and make their work easier. Safety is very important in construction. Workers wear helmets, gloves, and special clothes to protect themselves. Just like you wear a helmet while riding a bicycle. After many days of hard work, the building is finally ready. The construction process is fun to watch, just like seeing your tower of blocks getting taller and taller.

Paragraph on Construction in 250 Words

Construction is an important process that involves creating or building infrastructure. It starts with planning, followed by designing, and finally, building. There are many people involved in construction, including project managers, engineers, and builders, who all work together to bring a building or structure to life. This process happens in several stages, and each stage is crucial to ensure the final product is strong and safe. The first step is to plan and design the structure. Engineers, architects, and planners use their knowledge and skills to draft blueprints that detail the structure’s design, dimensions, and materials. After the design is complete, the next step is to prepare the construction site. This involves clearing the land, digging foundations, and setting up scaffolding. The third step is to build the structure, which includes laying down the foundation, erecting walls, and putting up the roof. Lastly, finishing touches are added like painting, installing windows, and doors, setting up electricity, and plumbing. These steps are carefully monitored to maintain safety and quality. Construction is not just about building structures; it’s about creating homes, offices, schools, and hospitals that provide shelter, comfort, and safety. It’s a field that requires skill, precision, and teamwork, and plays a significant role in community development and economic growth.

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essay of construction of building


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Identification of impeding factors in utilising prefabrication during lifecycle of construction projects: an extensive literature review.

essay of construction of building

1. Introduction

1.1. an overview of prefabrication in construction, 1.2. significance of the research direction, 1.3. purpose and scope of literature review, 2. literature review, 2.1. definition and types of prefabrication, 2.2. advantages of prefabrication in construction, 2.3. importance of lifecycle analysis, 2.4. motivation for adopting prefabrication, 2.5. hindrances of utilising prefabrication.

  • The intricacies involved in managing stakeholders.

2.6. External Environment of Using Modular Constructions

2.7. the gap analysis of previous research, 3. research methodology, 3.1. research flow and search strategies, 3.2. inclusion and exclusion criteria for studies, 3.3. information extraction and analysis process, 4. research findings, 5. discussion, 6. conclusions, author contributions, data availability statement, acknowledgments, conflicts of interest.

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  • Zhang, Y. Research on the application of prefabricated building system under the background of rural revitalization. Fresenius Environ. Bull. 2021 , 30 , 8917. [ Google Scholar ]
  • Herbert, G.; Herbert, G. Pioneers of Prefabrication: The British Contribution in the Nineteenth Century ; Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, MA, USA, 1978; Volume 19. [ Google Scholar ]
  • Lasner, M.G. Architecture’s Progressive Imperative: Housing Betterment in the 19th and 20th Centuries. Archit. Des. 2018 , 88 , 14–21. [ Google Scholar ] [ CrossRef ]
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Click here to enlarge figure

Study AreasResearchers and ReferenceImpeding Factors of Using Prefabrication
WorldwideTam et al. [ ] The process of familiarising with established methods
Modular designs display limited adaptability to modification
Wuni and Shen [ ]The understanding of construction-related information
The particular situations that are unique to the industry
Insufficient project funding
The emergence of technical deficiencies
Wuni, Shen, and Mahmud [ ]The intricacy involved in effectively managing stakeholders
Transportation delays of components
Escalation of initial budgets
Inadequate governmental assistance
Ham and Raymond [ ]Building industry awareness and culture
Stakeholder cooperation methods
Tsz et al. [ ]Transportation network capacity
Chourasia, Singhal, and Manivannan [ ]Insufficient anti-seismic performance tests
Inadequate practice of joint connections and building project designs
Zhao et al. [ ]Schedule issues and related organizational management risks
Chen [ ]Transportation delays and related issues
Lack of sufficient practice in modular construction
Technical limitations to different project types
Han, Wang, and Kang [ ]Customer preference and other stakeholder management issues
Laovisutthichai, Lu, and Xue [ ]Design simplification of building structure
Limited and immobilised dimension
Zolghadr, Gharaie, and Naderpajouh [ ]Economic justifiability
Acceptance of prefabricated buildings
Gan et al. [ ]Practical market demand
Higher project initial cost
Concerns regarding the aesthetic performance of modular buildings
EuropeMartin et al. [ ]Attitudinal resistance to using prefabrication buildings
Lawson, Ogden, and Bergin [ ]The logistical organisation and coordination of the panels
Pan and Sidwell [ ]The exorbitant expenses associated with transportation
Martin et al. [ ]Uncertainty of bid price
Resistance to transition from traditional approach to prefabrication
Pan, Parker, and Pan [ ]Problematic interfaces and relevant design issues
Ineffective management, organisation, and communication
Ribeiro, Arantes, and Cruz [ ]Low levels of research and development
Inadequate accredited authorities to certify the modular panels
The industrial resistance to change in construction approaches
Agha et al. [ ]Exorbitant land costs
Insufficient available land
Extra transportation expenditures
Feldmann, Birkel, and Hartmann [ ]Attitudinal acceptance of the building industry and market
Agapiou [ ]Cost-related requirements
Supplying capacity of modular construction suppliers
End-users preference for building project types
AmericaFard et al. [ ]Potential hazards regarding the transfer of structural component
Polat [ ]Insufficient ability of experts specialised in modular systems
Regner [ ]The changing awareness of adopting prefabrication buildings
Increasing knowledge of applying the modular building approach
Cruz, Grau, and Bilec [ ]Budgets and timeline constraints
Unclear regulations and requirements
Conflicts on current industrial specifications
Paliwal et al. [ ]The issues of logistical transportation and supply chain management
ChileOrtega, Mesa, and Alarcón [ ]Insufficient governmental assistance
Inadequate value chain integration in the initial stage of a project
Difficult stakeholder management
Resistance to new building technology
AustraliaKhalfan and Maqsood [ ]The absence of effective leadership
A possible shortage of modular manufacturers
Governmental provision of incentives is deemed inadequate
Zhang et al. [ ]Inadequate standardisation of local modular constructions
Insufficiently skilled labours
Imperfect connection design
Insufficient automated manufacturing systems
Accessibility of construction site
New ZealandShahzad et al. [ ]Conflicts between building designs and practical construction
Escalation of initial budgets
Supply chain management issues
Acceptance level of using prefabrication in building projects
Nesarnobari, Shahzad, and Jelodar [ ]Misconception on modular construction
Lack of required skills
Ineffective communication management
Lack of adjustable designs based on the site situation
Need for governmental support.
ChinaZhang et al. [ ]The inadequacy of shortage areas
Challenges with implementing changes in design and planning
Gan et al. [ ]Insufficient modular expertise is a notable limitation
The prevalence of traditional methods
Hong et al. [ ]The increased cost intensity associated with prefabrication
The level of maturity exhibited by the domestic market
Jiang et al. [ , ]Complex stakeholder engagement
The implementation of industry guidelines and regulations
Luo et al. [ ]Inadequate management of prefabrication systems
Inadequate quality control
The building standards are incomplete
Mao et al. [ ]Insufficient governmental assistance
The upfront expenses are substantial
Be accustomed to utilising conventional construction methods
Wu et al. [ ]The standardisation of local policies and market practices
The perspective of businesses
The building exhibits technical deficiencies
Xiahou et al. [ ]The metamorphosis of conventional industry
Zhai, Reed, and Mills [ ]Uncertainties on the structural reliability
Social desire and market availability
Chiang et al. [ ]Poor water resistance of buildings
Greater proficiency requirements for labour
The rising prices of conveyance
Jaillon and Poon [ ]Design conflicts that arise among stakeholders
Luo et al. [ ]The management of intricate supply chains
Sun et al. [ ]Room for improvement in industrial regulation and standards
Insufficient publicity on prefabrication technology
Wang et al. [ ]Relevant building standards still need to be improved
Escalation of initial budgets
Supply chain management issues
Deficiency of using information technology
Conflicts of using different Management modes appropriately
Zhou et al. [ ]Complex stakeholder management
Inadequate practical skills
Demands on manufacturing capacity of modular panels
SingaporeHwang, Shan, and Looi [ ]The design and planning necessitate elevated standards
The intricate project management coordination
Xu, Zayed, and Niu [ ]The provision of governmental assistance
The formulation of policies by the state
MalaysiaAmin et al. [ ]The absence of specialised knowledge or skills
The adjusting phases in marketplaces
The expanding caseload
Al-Aidrous et al. [ ]Financial consideration and anxiety
Inadequate policy support
Technical and design limitations
Management-related concerns
PakistanPervez et al. [ ]Inadequate capacity for manufacturing modular components
Conflicts between the design and construction
Inadequate practical experience and skills
LebanonHamzeh et al. [ ]The underdeveloped techniques for prefabrication
KoreaLee and Kim [ ]The upfront expenses are high
The ability of corporations to use modules
Shin et al. [ ]Technological acceptance level
South AfricanKenny et al. [ ]Inadequate understanding of modular buildings
Aesthetic attraction and appreciation
Product flexibility and beliefs
LibyaAmmari and Roosli [ ]Supply chain management issues
Governmental support and interventions
Financial burden
EgyptAli et al. [ ]The awareness of overall sustainable success
Ali et al. [ ]Conflicts between the design and construction
Increasing initial expenditure
Transportation delays of modular panels
Acceptance level of innovative building approach
Ibrahim, Hamdy, and Badawy [ ]Policy barrier factors
Attitudinal acceptance of the innovative building approach
Ali et al. [ ]Attitudinal resistance to using prefabrication buildings
Lack of relevant knowledge and technical deficiency
NigeriaAkinradewo et al. [ ]Stakeholders’ concern about value management
Building industrial practices need to be improved
Bello et al. [ ]Governmental provision of incentives is deemed inadequate
The absence of specialised knowledge or skills
Inadequate capacity for producing modular panels
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Zhou, Z.; Syamsunur, D.; Wang, L.; Nugraheni, F. Identification of Impeding Factors in Utilising Prefabrication during Lifecycle of Construction Projects: An Extensive Literature Review. Buildings 2024 , 14 , 1764. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14061764

Zhou Z, Syamsunur D, Wang L, Nugraheni F. Identification of Impeding Factors in Utilising Prefabrication during Lifecycle of Construction Projects: An Extensive Literature Review. Buildings . 2024; 14(6):1764. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14061764

Zhou, Zhenquan, Deprizon Syamsunur, Lanxin Wang, and Fitri Nugraheni. 2024. "Identification of Impeding Factors in Utilising Prefabrication during Lifecycle of Construction Projects: An Extensive Literature Review" Buildings 14, no. 6: 1764. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings14061764

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129 Building Essay Topic Ideas & Examples

🏆 best building topic ideas & essay examples, 👍 good essay topics on building, 📌 interesting topics to write about building, ✍️ building essay topics for college.

  • ✅ Simple & Easy Building Essay Titles
  • 🔍 Good Research Topics about Building
  • 💡 Most Interesting Building Topics to Write about
  • The Plan for Hotel Building: Project Management The scope of the industry is closely associated with accommodation, and the scope of the project requires the proper observation of all the aspects and terms, required for the comfortable accommodation.
  • Scottish Parliament Building: Project Failure Before the opening of the new Scottish Parliament Building, the General Assembly Hall of the Church of Scotland accommodates the debating chamber and committee rooms of the Scottish Parliament.
  • The Saint Paul’s Cathedral Building Hence, the design and construction of Saint Paul’s Cathedral was to be accomplished in a manner that reflected the status of the city of London.
  • Architecture of the Gherkin Building The design of the structure made the use of intertwining materials in order to improve its stability and strength. The shape of the structure was designed to prevent the wind from negatively affecting the building.
  • Yacoubian Building Film Analysis Hatim, a successful journalist of a French language daily newspaper is also another main character in the film. Azam was a shoeblack who later turned to be one of the wealthiest men in Egypt.
  • Audi Car Dealership: Building and Construction Description Other issues discussed include: Site selection for the building Role of the building and the challenges encountered during the entire process of coming up with the wonderful structure Relationship between design, materials used and structural […]
  • Enhancing the Building Rating System in Australia (Green Star) Sustainable building: Sustainable building is a concept in that instills minimalistic environmental impacts through sustained and documented principles in the building, construction, and architectural industry.
  • Context and Building in Architecture The discussion would include an understanding of what a disintegrated meaning of context would imply to the architectural space and an examination of the importance of the understanding of local cultural values in architecture because […]
  • Building a Residential House – Risk Management Plan Critical risks are those risks that have the potential to bring the project to a halt or cause the project to be terminated due to associated costs.
  • Building Material – Timber One analyses the environmental feasibility of a material on the basis of the effect it has on the environment during manufacture, construction of the facility and energy use after constructing the house.
  • A Project Plan for Building a State of the Art Office and Warehouse The clients support the location of the new headquarters because the facilities will be close to the airport, enhancing the logistics involved in transferring the goods from the point of arrival to the point of […]
  • Empire State Building Structural Analysis With Comparisons It was constructed in 1931and stood as the tallest building in the world until 1971 when World Trade Center was constructed although; it reclaimed the tallest building in the world in 2001 after the destruction […]
  • Lloyd’s Building At the time when the construction of the Lloyd’s Building started, the British government was in the process of bringing about some major changes in the government policies, mainly pertaining to the labor class.
  • Building Systems and the Building Codes Under substructure, there are different structural systems that are employed depending on the size of the building, type of building, use of the building, bearing capacity of the ground, topography among many other factors that […]
  • Design and Building Briefs of Stadium These factors define the safety of the construction, suitability of the object for the entire landscape as well as demand for the object within the population.
  • Ayasofya Building: Enriching Istanbul’s Culture From the time of its dedication in 360 until 1453, Ayasofya served as a Greek Cathedral with an exception of the period between 1261 and 1453 when it was used as a Roman Catholic Cathedral […]
  • Building Systems for Interior Designers Problems of ensuring effective coordination of all units of the construction system are directly related to the level of development of communications, the need to maintain a constant exchange of information.
  • School Project and Design: Building a Six-Story Boarding School Apartment When initiating a project, there is the need to hasten the process of starting the project, which includes planning for the available resources. Therefore, the project will have to identify the best quality materials in […]
  • Harvard Graduate Center Building and Its Structure The most interesting aspect of architectural design in the Graduate Center structure is the consistency that Gropius observed in creation of the illusion of continuity to connect the dormitories and the modern style student center2.
  • Forum of Trajan and Roman City Building Techniques The Forum of Trajan building architecture forms the structure of Roman city building construction/ The Forum of Trajan in Rome, built at the commencement of the second century AD, is one of the most remarkable […]
  • The BMW Central Building: Location and Structure Before the erection of the structure, the plant had three disjointed houses, which assumed an important position in the construction process of the company. The BMW Central Building is located in Leipzig, Germany.
  • Building Design and Construction Methods This means that the ground where construction is intended to be put up must be strong enough to bear the weight of the building.
  • Chrysler Building in New York City Description of the Work The correct name of this artwork is the “Chrysler Building”. According to Stravitz, “the Chrysler Building presents the best of Art Deco architecture”.
  • Fallingwater Building Interior and Exterior A building that amazingly combines the elements of Feng Shui, the Chinese philosophy of harmony, and the designing solutions, which serve as the characteristics of the Western esthetics, Fallingwater is one of the most famous […]
  • Analyzing Melbourne’s Singer Building: Construction Insights The building for analysis is known as Singer building-Building 22. The analysis of the structure helped in establishing the usability and efficiency of the structure under different circumstances.
  • The Building Systems for Interior Designers Project The vertical conveyance of a building is the system of elevators, escalators, and stairs that allow for the movement of people and goods between levels of the building.
  • Building Materials and Technologies in Construction As shown in the figure below, the inconsiderate use of modern materials aggravated the damp problem in that particular building. During the visit, the team investigated the owners of the building to understand how the […]
  • An Elemental Cost Plan for the Student Residential Building For the current assignment, it is crucial to assess the quantity factors of the relevant elements of the construction project in London to adjust the cost plan for the Sheffield project.
  • The Building of the Georgia State Capitol and the Sidney Lanier Bridge Centered space is defined as the arrangement of things around the building, and living space is the feeling of the thing’s positioning within the environment.
  • Construction Procurement in Industrialised Building System At the very beginning, the authors of the article began with the definitions and background of the term procurement in the construction industry.
  • Sports Chapel Building Strategy To summarize, the justification for designing a plan is that it will help achieve the more important goal of expanding participation in sports and physical activity.
  • Silver Oak Winery in Alexander Valley: The Building Systems Coordination Pattern The Silver Oak winery in Alexander valley is an exceptional example of high-quality coordination between fire prevention, electricity, and plumbing building systems, with efficiently implemented interior design methods to overcome possible conflicts.
  • Guy’s Hospital Building and Its Context Stuart notes that “the initial building at the Guy’s Hospital was a courtyard facing St Thomas street, with a hall in the Eastside, care wards, counting houses, a matrons houses, a surgeon’s house and a […]
  • Building a School in the Polluted Environment The extent to which the former occupant of the site polluted the environment is astonishing. The deposited chemicals have led to the loss of non-human life in addition to threatening the biodiversity of the neighboring […]
  • Building Mall Within the University City of Sharjah The proposal to build a big shopping mall in the University City of Sharjah is part of the plans of the government of the UAE to increase infrastructural development in the learning institutions that can […]
  • Modern Warehouses Design and Building Issues In modern-day warehouses, there is also a need for the companies to ensure they adopt a warehouse design that is flexible and allows for an easy expansion of the company. In some locations, there is […]
  • Tarmac: Building the City of the Future Thus, the identification of the areas in which the infrastructure of the future cities is going to is going to develop, as well as the analysis of the factors that will shape its evolution, can […]
  • Minimization of New Building Carbon Footprint The project benefits will be on the way that Green Star rating scheme will be enhanced in order to promote leadership in the development of sustainable building stock in Australia.
  • Building Energy Assessment and Rating Tools Houses are rated prior to building them or after building them and the rating depends on the dwelling’s plan; the erection of its roof, walls, windows and floor; and the direction of its windows relative […]
  • Conducting CODCD Building in Sydney University Project The basic focus of the proposed project is to support systems and develops capacities. The proposed project is to be located within the city.
  • Positive and Negative Aspects of Acoustics: 30 the Bond Building The building services manager of 30 The Bond Building was the first respondent to be interviewed in order to get his view of the acoustic environment of the building.
  • Translation From Drawing to Building This argumentative research paper attempts to explore the significance of drawing in the field of architecture in the periods from the ancient era to the present times.
  • Electrical Engineering Building Uses Wind Energy The purpose of this fact-finding mission was to determine an appropriate type and rating of the wind turbine based on three factors: the average wind data at UNSW; the peak power demand for the EE […]
  • Common Questions About the Building Regulations Current building regulations and the need for planning permission will be evaluated for the standard house and terrace. It is not required to apply for permission if the garage is to be built around the […]
  • Complex Foundations: The Inland Revenue Building The displacement piling method is ideal for this location because of the soil texture and the kind of roofing used for the building.
  • Melbourne’s Space: Federal Square and NGV Building On the other hand, the roof is more pronounced at the Atrium and alters the space from its sensational winter garden look to something more of a greenhouse that is made of glass.
  • Building Assessment Performance The Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Methodology is the pioneer and one of the leading environmental assessment tools in the world.
  • History of the Capitol Building A detailed review of the architects involved in the design and construction of the Capitol Building shows the contributions they made and the approach they used to design and construct the building as shown in […]
  • Diagnostic Investigation of Existing Reinforced Concrete Building This is in addition to the fact that the integrity the reinforced concrete buildings depreciate overtime due to exposure to different environments.
  • Implementing Quality Assurance on Building Projects Some things that are evaluated by the auditors can lead to the achievement of positive outcomes by the implementation of these quality assurance systems.
  • Building Techniques for the Handicapped In this model, the physical condition of the individual is viewed to be only a fraction of the predicament. Accessibility design is a universal idea tracing its roots with the Disability Movement and presumes that […]
  • Does New Technology Hinders Creativity in Building Design? While new technology is held by many as being the primary hindrance to creativity in building design, Emmitt proposes that there are other factors such as legislation and the environment which are indeed the root […]
  • The Bauhaus Building by Walter Gropius: Architectural Concepts People that came to the presentation of the Building and inauguration of Walter Gropius saw a tremendous cube made of light, glass, and regular forms which became a distinctive feature of the Modern design.
  • Domestic Building Internal & External Design Section B provides the internal part of the building that discusses the installation of the electrical part and other internal features of the building.
  • The Dior Building: Representation and Metaphor Dior building is one of the most splendid and designer houses in the world belonging to the fashion guru Christian Dior.
  • Is There a Way to Create More Human Interface to Building Through Computing? As many of us perceive that digital architecture is a faction, however, it is a way that helps us know and understand and bonds various efforts to develop the benefits of computers in architecture, moreover […]
  • Building Works in Saudi Arabia To solve this, it is vital that all the people involved in the project fully understand the end product that is expected by the owner of the construction.
  • Duration Overruns in Construction Projects of Saudi Academic Campuses The objective of this paper is to examine the issue of duration overrun using the example of Saudi Arabia and the perspectives of project stakeholders.
  • Building Suburbia by Hayden Dolores The Levittown project does not seem to address the issues outlined in the “Building Suburbia” connected to social roles and ethnic diversity.
  • Building a New Athletic Facility With this, one can establish the project scope, determine the budget for the project, and estimate the project duration. Here, the consultant will help define the user requirements, define the project scope, and come up […]
  • Report on Inspection of Building The framework of steel reveals that the steel truss is subject to compression in the event of fire while the steel bolt has the risk of heat conduction to the wood and eventually destroying it […]
  • Finishing Materials for Small Low-Cost Housing Building Development There are some ways in which concrete walls and floors can be treated to match the architectural characteristics of the building.
  • Construction of a New Building for Newton University As a result of the construction of software and hardware laboratories which will be equipped with modern teaching and research equipment will be a plus to the already established ICT standards of Newton University.
  • Green Building Design Management The concert of service and product design involves environmentally friendly technologies and effective use of natural resources and materials. It influences allocation of resources, design of the building an selection of materials and technologies.
  • Building a Sanctuary for Endangered Species It is proposed that the power generation in the island would utilize solar and wind resources with the intention of complying with environmental standards and establishing a pollution free green way of living on the […]
  • Suez Canal Brief History: From Building to Modern Times After the arrival of the British, they took control of the Suez Canal which was the major source of income to Egypt. The British knew that it would be hard for them to retain the […]
  • United Kingdom Building Fires According to the report, the number of deaths as a result of fire incidence across the United Kingdom was reported to be five hundred and eight in 2004 representing a slight reduction in the number […]
  • Operations Management vs. Green Building (GB) Introduction Green Building and Operations Management Importance and Role of Operations Management Conclusion Green building depends upon effective management process and resource allocation.
  • Covington Building Supply: Market Position The main concern of a bank when it credits a company is the ability that this last has to repay the debt.
  • Effects of Economy to Home Building Industry According to a study, the reason why there is a scale pattern in the home building is because of greater access to capital and the kind of economic environment that is experienced.
  • Building Campus Housing Near School Off student, housing has become a pressing need as more and more students join college and the campus housing is insufficient to house the students.
  • Building Studies. Risk Assessment and Management Environmental degradation is causing a lot of harm to the buildings being constructed in the current era, and there is a dire need of involving a hazard alleviation sector while undergoing a developmental project.
  • Lightening Solution for a Green Building Now better is the efficiency of electricity to light conversion, lesser is the electrical energy wasted and lesser is the amount of fossil fuel burnt and greenhouse gases produced to get the same amount of […]
  • Green Building Leeds Certification – Childcare Center These provide regulations for the design of the facility, the infrastructure required, the size required and the specific services to be provided by the child care facility.
  • Resilience Building Against Natural Disasters in the Caribbean The objectives of this research are the need to investigate the current practices of construction in the British Virgin Islands to determine the levels of resilience that the buildings in the region have.
  • Sustainability and Building Information Modelling The purpose of this report is to discuss the role of such concepts as sustainability and Building Information Modelling in changing practices used in the building sector of the United Kingdom and globally.
  • Architect, General Building Contractor and Civil Engineer My configuration is ISTP, and I think that the selected occupations are a good fit for my personality as they demand specific features and qualities that I possess.
  • The Building of Salk Institute in La Jolla This decision preconditioned the future of the whole project and contributed to the appearance of the unique view of the Salk Institute that is now recognized as an outstanding example of modern art.
  • Building Reuse and Its Environmental Value Therefore, in Boston, one of the main approaches in support of retrofitting existing buildings can be the identification of the first targets and soliciting the opinions of the population about the importance of the chosen […]
  • Intelligent Building Capabilities in Healthcare The possible security and privacy concerns that the medical facility must put into consideration before venturing into the plan include: While the doctors may be monitoring and snooping about the patients’ vital symptoms in their […]
  • Building Structure Issues in Tall Edifices It further compares the structure of the buildings created in the past and present. The paper analyzes the problem in tall buildings and then discusses the rectification of those problems.
  • Building Information Modeling in the UK Transportation The study focused on examining the relevance of Building Information Modeling in transportation projects and the key drivers and barriers to the implementation of BIM in transportation infrastructure projects.
  • Abu Dhabi Queens School Building Project Abu Dhabi Queens school project is a project of the Abu Dhabi group of schools which is a private company with a wide range of investments mainly in the education sector.
  • Al Qir Shopping Centre Building Project The Al Qir shopping center project is a project for the current year in the Mall investments and is aimed at diversifying their business in fulfillment of the company’s growth strategy enshrined in the company’s […]
  • Modernity in Traditional Islamic Building Design The bifurcation of scholarly opinions on the place of modernity in traditional Islamic building design is a testament to the complexity of the issue.
  • Waste Management: Building Information Modeling The amount of waste generated in construction and demolition processes is enormous and is considered the largest portion of global waste.
  • Building Information Modelling: Canaletto London Project Among the main advantages of the residence, the project description lists being situated by the water in a prestigious part of London as well as the quality of apartments proposed and the service provided.
  • Building Information Modelling’ System In particular, the building project under review is the Flood Alleviation Project, which is designed to protect the city of Leeds from floodwaters.
  • Green Building and Green Practices Promotions One of the aspects of LCA is life cycle costing, which evaluates the financial cost of the design and maintenance of the building and is important for estimating the expenses associated with green buildings’ characteristics.
  • Green Building: The Impact of Humanity on the Environment A growing awareness of humanity’s impact on the environment resulted in the emergence of regulations and evaluation systems across the world. Green Globes is online-based and requires a design team and a project manager for […]
  • Green Building Programs Assessment Each of the initiatives evaluates the impact that buildings have on the environment as well as the way these buildings were built and how they can be disposed of in the future. The main objective […]
  • Building Information Modeling in Dubai Municipality The goal of the project is to outline the use of Building Information Modeling in the construction industry and to identify the benefits expected in the case of Dubai Municipality.
  • Australian Green Building Innovation and Ethics The field has a direct impact on the quality of life and the environment. The concepts to be discussed include the origins of the project, its impacts, and how the innovation addresses sustainability concerns.
  • Tea House Building and Functioning in China The following project aims to detail the main factors connected with launching a successful tea house project including the location of the facility, the decoration patterns, the tea serving ceremony, and the organization of cultural […]
  • Ethical Dilemma: Swimming Pool Building This is evident when the contractor conducts the private work of the mayor without any delay, as well as the birthday gift that the contractor advances to the mayor as a friend.
  • Toyota Company’s Building Services Therefore, it is evident that building services, in this case, do not represent the principal focus of the company’s activity, but serve to be a support service that the company provides.
  • The White House Building The White House is the formal home and workplace of the President of U.S. The design of the building is superbly symmetric on the wings.
  • House of Quality: Steps and Parts of Building A house of quality is a model built to show the relationship between the needs of a customer and the capabilities of a firm’s product.
  • Green Building Codes and Standards The building industry in the United States is not spared when it comes to the question of embracing the green paradigm in building and construction.
  • Building Consrtuction for Fire Protection The parts are the path of travel to an exit, the exit itself, and the exit discharge that is also referred to as the path to a safe assembly point.
  • The Empire State Building Architecture Most people believe that the construction of this building was fastened because the owners and constructors wanted it to be the tallest in New York.
  • Limestone Mineral in Tuynhuys Building The interior of the building was fabricated with limestone blocks from this island in the Atlantic Ocean. The limestone used in the interior finishing of the Tuynhuys building came from the Tristan da Cunha Island.
  • China National Building Material Company’s and ABC Supply’ Merger However, the success of the merger will be determined by the extent to which the management teams analyze and understand the United States and China’s cultures and values.
  • Administration of Building Development in Tempe, AZ In the course of the discussion, the following issues have been considered: Re-painting of the community art property; Designing the landscape plan; Getting the public approval for the re-painting of the property; Considering the possibility […]
  • Organizational and Capacity Building The deputy director is the head of a department tasked with enhancing capacity building in the organization. The best outcome of capacity building is improved social fabric and impact in the organization.
  • Nation-State Building in Southern Sudan According to Ashamu, the cornerstone to political development currently witnessed in Southern Sudan entails the involvement of the OLS in tripartite agreements with other two important actors, viz.the Southern Sudanese government, which is commonly known […]
  • Property Management of a Company Headquarters Building, Dubai As mentioned earlier the building cost “X” Company a fortune to make it the way it is now, therefore, it was necessary for the team managing it to maintain the quality of the building and […]
  • Integrating Building Information Management (BIM) Into Construction Supply Chain Management The events are part of the whole production process, starting with the inception of the facility and all materials involved, to the end users and products delivered at the last phase.
  • Refurbishment of the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne The study will be ultimately used to support the use of readily available resources and technologies for the improvement of one of the world’s heritage sites so as to tap in to emerging market trends […]
  • World Heritage Sites: Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens Currently, the building is in the process of being restored to the theme that was there in the 20th century. The Royal Exhibition Building is the building and the Carlton garden is the site in […]
  • Green Building in the Boston Area On the whole, this project illustrates how innovative technologies and creative decisions of the architects can improve the sustainability of buildings.
  • Yacoubian Building by Alaa Al-Aswany First, the reader is introduced to Hatim as he is walking into Chez Nous, a famous club occupying one of the larger rooms in the lower floor of the Yacoubian building.
  • Design Documentation Process The leader should be dedicated and have the capacity to encourage all the other members to contribute to the process. The next step involves picking a technology to be used in the documentation process.
  • World Heritage: The Royal Exhibition Building & Carlton Gardens Some of the objectives that were set are to conserve and protect the world heritage value of the sites, to incorporate the protection of the site into a complete planning program and to ensure that […]
  • The Plan for a Two-Story Office Building in Colorado That Houses 50 Employees The understanding of the various forms of disasters that the building is vulnerable to is critical to the developer of the facility.
  • Building the Transcontinental Railroad: “Nothing like It in the World” by Stephen Ambrose Mainly, the book discusses the workers especially the Irish and Chinese, who assisted in the construction of the railroad along the United State.
  • High-Rise Buildings and Risk Evaluation In this case, the height of the building starts from the lowest ground level a fire truck can access outside the building to the floor of the highest story human can occupy.
  • The Perfect Machine: Building the Palomar Telescope On the other hand, the impact of the war resulted in the stopping of the building of the telescope by drawing of the labor force as well as resources.
  • The Role of Building Design in Building Construction These procedures require the collaboration of the team of designers and architects as well as the owner of the building at all the phases of the project.
  • Concept of Sustainable Buildings in the Modern Day Building Industry The nature of energy for use in a building is dependent on a number of factors such as the landscape and orientation of the land on which the building has been constructed.
  • Building the Largest Wind Farm in Europe: Whitelee, Glasgow Initial assessment is focused on the finances, suitability of location, the modern, latest technology on the design and the community around the area of the construction site.
  • Queen Victoria Building The symbols on the left side of the first panel symbolize architecture and the Sidney City Council whereas Ipoh Gardens Berhad, the company that renovated the building is represented on the third panel by letters […]
  • Solow Building and the Red Object 9 This will be done by elaborating a brief history of the building and identifying some of the functions of the offices within the building and the activities taking place in the same.
  • Green Building in the United Arab Emirates Consequently, the government in the United Arab Emirates resolved for the implementation of better and advanced construction strategies that would ensure energy was conserved therefore providing a solution to the increased rate of pollution that […]
  • The Estidama Project: Towards a Sustainable Building Design It is the purpose of this essay to offer a critical summary of the two articles, in the process bringing into fore issues that are relevant to the Estidama Project.
  • The U.S. Capitol Building The architecture of the building portrays Greco-Roman influence as the Capitol was meant to symbolize the idea of democracy, which is connected with Greece, and the idea of power, which is associated with the Roman […]
  • Building Design Process: What to Consider? In this case the buildings which are put up need to meet certain standards which are in line with the expectations of environmental sustainability as well as ensure that the quality of the building is […]
  • Inspection of the Inn’s Building and Its Compound In addition, the inn needs to prepare plans to repair the windows and the roof of the building within the same period.
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Guest Essay

Saudi Arabia’s Thoroughly Iconic, Unsustainable City in the Desert

A pair of photographs, one of a rock face next to a green field, the other of a glass skyscraper.

By Philip Oldfield

Dr. Oldfield is the head of the School of the Built Environment at the University of New South Wales in Australia.

It may not feel like it, but we’re likely experiencing the largest construction booms in history. According to one estimate , the world will build the equivalent of a New York City every month from 2020 to 2060.

Even this may not be enough to meet the growing demand for housing. The United Nations estimates 96,000 affordable units should be built a day to house the three billion people who will need them by 2030.

Many countries facing explosive population growth are creating entirely new cities that combine environmental ambition with striking architecture. Egypt is constructing a capital east of Cairo for 6.5 million residents featuring Africa’s tallest skyscraper. To take the pressure off Greater Jakarta’s 30 million residents squeezed by rising seas, Indonesia is building a new capital on the island of Borneo .

Perhaps most famous of all is Saudi Arabia’s NEOM, which includes a mountain ski resort, a floating logistics hub and a city known as “the Line” with two parallel skyscrapers connected by walkways that will stretch across a desert and mountains. Though the government recently scaled back the first phase of construction, it has allocated billions of dollars for the project, which could one day house some nine million people. The ultimate statement of ambition, wealth and technological advancement, the city is planned to be about 655 feet wide, 1,640 feet high and some 106 miles long — a distance about eight times the length of Manhattan Island.

The Line offers a hedonistic vision of city living. In renderings, families picnic on sky bridges above canyon-esque atria. Lush greenery cascades from skyscrapers stretching out to the horizon as far as the eye can see. And the project promises a version of urban sustainability most cities can only dream of: no roads, cars or greenhouse gas emissions from transport or electricity.

But the Line, for all its chutzpah, should not be our model for sustainable city living. There are far better ways to build, informed by everything we already know about materials and design. The cities of the future should experiment with architecture, but in service of making spaces more livable and sustainable, not simply iconic.

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USACE ECB 2024-4 2024 USACE Engineering and Construction Awards - Awardees-- Category: For Information  

This Engineering and Construction Bulletin (ECB) provides a listing of the awardees for the 2024 Award Programs sponsored by the Engineering and Construction (E&C) Communities of Practice (CoP) and the Chief of Engineers Award of Excellence Program (AEP).

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Prepare for building inflation to surge again

Michael Bleby

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Rising wages, increased demand for materials and workers from housing, health, energy and defence projects and a transition to lower-carbon alternatives is driving inflation higher again in infrastructure, a new Oxford Economics Australia report says.

Cost escalation that soared as much as 10 per cent year-on-year in sectors such as roads and ports amid post-pandemic global pressures had come off but was now again picking up due to increasing domestic demand, even as consumer inflation was likely to remain subdued, the report says.

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Global economy holding steady  , gradual acceleration in global construction activity , read this year’s report to access data and insights across 91 global construction markets, further information.

Neil Bullen

Our research shows global real estate emerging from a challenging period of inflationary pressure, volatility and disruption. However, our industry is now returning to strength as pricing pressures ease, build costs stabilise and confidence rises.

Our International construction market survey explores how the construction industry is performing, the challenges it faces and its future outlook. Now in its fifteenth year, the report brings together data, insights and experience for more than 91 global construction markets.

  • 91 global markets
  • 42 countries
  • 14 asset types

There are causes for optimism with consumer price inflation expected to fall across the globe this year, energy and commodity costs easing and the expectation of lower interest rates from central banks. 

Healthy investment is continuing in key sectors on a global scale, such as in industrial manufacturing, data centres , healthcare and life sciences , which will help to keep the wheels of growth turning. 

But with elections taking place in a number of major markets this year, this could throw up considerable uncertainties around future policies on funding, permit streamlining, supply of skills and international cooperation. Renewed volatility risks reigniting inflationary pressures. 

Against an uncertain political and economic backdrop, global construction presents a mixed picture. Despite the challenges, most markets have maintained steady activity levels over the past year, with indications that pipelines are now growing as investment confidence slowly starts to return. 

The rate of escalation in construction costs is showing signs of easing at the global level. On average, construction cost inflation is projected to settle to 3.3 percent globally this year, with all regions anticipating lower inflation compared with 2023. As build costs stabilise, this is increasing the viability of new projects. 

Construction labour costs have averaged a 4.6 percent rise globally over the past year, slightly below the levels observed between 2022 and 2023. Despite slowing escalation, 79 percent of international real estate markets report skills shortages as fresh investment drives up activity as markets emerge from a period of economic difficulty. Ongoing labour availability challenges could put hurdles in the way of construction price inflation falling. 

International Construction Market Survey 2024

Access the International construction market survey 2024

International construction market survey research team e: [email protected]

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