Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Contributions and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi

500+ words essay on mahatma gandhi.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Mahatma Gandhi was a great patriotic Indian, if not the greatest. He was a man of an unbelievably great personality. He certainly does not need anyone like me praising him. Furthermore, his efforts for Indian independence are unparalleled. Most noteworthy, there would have been a significant delay in independence without him. Consequently, the British because of his pressure left India in 1947. In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi, we will see his contribution and legacy.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Contributions of Mahatma Gandhi

First of all, Mahatma Gandhi was a notable public figure. His role in social and political reform was instrumental. Above all, he rid the society of these social evils. Hence, many oppressed people felt great relief because of his efforts. Gandhi became a famous international figure because of these efforts. Furthermore, he became the topic of discussion in many international media outlets.

Mahatma Gandhi made significant contributions to environmental sustainability. Most noteworthy, he said that each person should consume according to his needs. The main question that he raised was “How much should a person consume?”. Gandhi certainly put forward this question.

Furthermore, this model of sustainability by Gandhi holds huge relevance in current India. This is because currently, India has a very high population . There has been the promotion of renewable energy and small-scale irrigation systems. This was due to Gandhiji’s campaigns against excessive industrial development.

Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence is probably his most important contribution. This philosophy of non-violence is known as Ahimsa. Most noteworthy, Gandhiji’s aim was to seek independence without violence. He decided to quit the Non-cooperation movement after the Chauri-Chaura incident . This was due to the violence at the Chauri Chaura incident. Consequently, many became upset at this decision. However, Gandhi was relentless in his philosophy of Ahimsa.

Secularism is yet another contribution of Gandhi. His belief was that no religion should have a monopoly on the truth. Mahatma Gandhi certainly encouraged friendship between different religions.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi has influenced many international leaders around the world. His struggle certainly became an inspiration for leaders. Such leaders are Martin Luther King Jr., James Beve, and James Lawson. Furthermore, Gandhi influenced Nelson Mandela for his freedom struggle. Also, Lanza del Vasto came to India to live with Gandhi.

mahatma gandhi essay in simple words

The awards given to Mahatma Gandhi are too many to discuss. Probably only a few nations remain which have not awarded Mahatma Gandhi.

In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest political icons ever. Most noteworthy, Indians revere by describing him as the “father of the nation”. His name will certainly remain immortal for all generations.

Essay Topics on Famous Leaders

  • Mahatma Gandhi
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  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Martin Luther King

FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi

Q.1 Why Mahatma Gandhi decided to stop Non-cooperation movement?

A.1 Mahatma Gandhi decided to stop the Non-cooperation movement. This was due to the infamous Chauri-Chaura incident. There was significant violence at this incident. Furthermore, Gandhiji was strictly against any kind of violence.

Q.2 Name any two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi?

A.2 Two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi are Martin Luther King Jr and Nelson Mandela.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – 200, 400, 600 Words

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essay on mahatma gandhi

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi was a proponent of non-violence and truth, earning him the title of a truth messenger. Coming from a well-to-do family, he was known by his full name, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Although he was a reserved and diligent student, he ventured to England for legal studies and later became a barrister upon his return to India, practising law in the Bombay High Court.  

However, Gandhi’s true calling lay beyond the legal profession. During his time in South Africa , he allied with the locals and initiated the non-violent Satyagraha movement , aimed at challenging the oppression imposed by Europeans . Eventually, he returned to India and took a leading role in the struggle for India’s independence from British rule. 

Deeply moved by the suffering of his fellow Indians, he launched the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement, advocating non-violent resistance against the British.  

We have provided some essays on Mahatma Gandhi below that will be useful for speech delivery, essay writing, or speech-providing competitions. After reading these essays on Babu, you will get knowledge about his life and beliefs, his teachings, the role he played in the independence movement and why he is regarded as the most revered leader in the world.

This Blog Includes:

Essay on mahatma gandhi (200 words), birth and childhood , marriage and education, civil rights movement in africa, role of mahatma gandhi in india’s freedom struggle , accomplishments, demise .

Also Read: English Essay Topics

Also Read: How to Write an Essay in English

Also Read: Speech on Republic Day for Class 12th

Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, struggled and gave up things he valued to free India from British oppression. All throughout his life, he was guided by nonviolent beliefs. 

One of the greatest political figures in history, Mahatma Gandhi is revered and held in the highest regard in India as the “father of the nation.” His legacy will live on forever, inspiring future generations with his words and example.

Bapu struggled greatly and gave up a lot of his personal possessions in his quest to free India from British tyranny, but he never wavered from his nonviolent beliefs. 

His legal career took him to South Africa, where he fought against racial injustice. He married Kasturba at the age of thirteen and continued his schooling in London.  

Gandhi used nonviolence in a number of movements during India’s war for independence, including the Champaran and Kheda agitations, the Non-cooperation Movement, the Salt March, and the Quit India Movement . His influence was felt all around the world, motivating figures like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King Jr .  

Gandhi made contributions to secularism, environmental sustainability, and social transformation. His legacy is firmly based on his nonviolence (Ahimsa) ideology. On January 30, 1948, he was murdered, yet his influence lives on, earning him the title of renowned “Father of the Nation and Bapu” in India’s history.

Also Read: Essay on Peer Pressure

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (400 Words)

Mahatma Gandhi stands as one of the greatest political icons in history, with Indians holding him in the highest esteem and revering him as the “father of the nation.” His name and teachings will undoubtedly remain immortal, continuing to inspire generations to come.

Throughout his efforts, Mahatma Gandhi endured great hardship and made significant personal sacrifices in his mission to liberate India from British rule, all while steadfastly adhering to non-violent principles. 

Let’s dive deeper into his life: 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, which is now part of the state of Gujarat, India. 

His father, Karamchand Gandhi, held the position of Chief Minister (diwan) in Porbandar during that period. Gandhi’s mother, Putlibai, was a deeply devout and charitable woman. 

As a young boy, Gandhi embodied his mother’s qualities, inheriting her strong values, ethical principles, and spirit of self-sacrifice.

At the tender age of 13, Mohandas entered into marriage with Kasturba Makanji. In 1888, they welcomed a baby boy before he set sail for London to pursue further studies. In 1893, he ventured to South Africa to continue his law practice, where he encountered severe racial discrimination imposed by the British. 

A significant incident that profoundly impacted the young Gandhi was when he was forcibly evicted from a first-class train compartment solely due to his race and skin color.

Having endured discrimination and humiliation due to his race and color, Gandhi made a resolute pledge to combat and confront racial discrimination against immigrants in South Africa. In 1894, he established the Natal Indian Congress and embarked on a relentless crusade against racial prejudice. Gandhi passionately advocated for the civil rights of immigrants in South Africa, devoting approximately two decades to this endeavor.

Mahatma Gandhi’s influence has reached far and wide, touching the lives of numerous international leaders across the globe. Leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. , James Bevel, and James Lawson found inspiration in his struggle and adopted his principles. Nelson Mandela, in his quest for freedom, was also deeply influenced by Gandhi’s teachings, while Lanza del Vasto even chose to reside in India to be close to him.  

The impact of Mahatma Gandhi’s legacy is evident in the recognition he received from the United Nations. They have honored him by designating 2nd October as the “International Day of Nonviolence.” Additionally, many countries observe 30th January as the School Day of Nonviolence and Peace to commemorate his ideals.  

Throughout his life, Mahatma Gandhi received numerous awards and accolades, making his contribution widely acknowledged. Almost every nation has bestowed honors upon him, with only a few exceptions. 

Also Read: Essay on Education System

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (600 Words)

Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, advocated for truth and non-violence, giving him the moniker “truth messenger.” He was referred to by his full name, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and he came from a wealthy family.

Let’s dive deep into the life of Mahatma Gandhi in this essay. 

The significance of non-violence in India’s freedom struggle gained prominence with the involvement of Mahatma Gandhi. While there were parallel violent movements against British rule, the peaceful nature of non-violence made it a powerful way to demand complete independence. 

Mahatma Gandhi utilized non-violence in every movement against the British government, and some of the most notable non-violent movements were as follows:  

Champaran and Kheda Agitations

In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against the British-imposed indigo cultivation and fixed pricing, leading to the acceptance of farmers’ demands. Similarly, in 1918, he led peaceful protests against the British administration for tax relief during a famine in the Kheda region, resulting in the suspension of revenue collection.  

Non-cooperation Movement

Sparked by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and harsh British policies in 1920, this movement promoted the boycott of British products and services. Indians withdrew from British-run institutions and civil services, significantly affecting British administration without resorting to violence.  

Salt Satyagraha or Salt March

In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi led the famous 26-day non-violent march to Dandi, Gujarat, protesting the salt monopoly imposed by the British. Breaking the salt laws and promoting local salt production, the Salt March gained international attention and strengthened the foundation of Independent India.  

Quit India Movement

Launched on August 8, 1942, the Quit India Movement demanded the British to leave India. Despite being in the midst of World War II, the non-violent civil disobedience movement intensified the pressure on the British government and paved the way for India’s eventual independence.  

These non-violent movements, led by Mahatma Gandhi, wielded the power of truth and non-violence as their weapons against British rule. The effectiveness of non-violence garnered international attention and exposed the oppressive policies of the British government to the world.

Mahatma Gandhi, a man on a mission, not only played a crucial role in India’s fight for independence but also made significant contributions to eradicate various social evils. His accomplishments can be summarized as follows:

Champion Against Racial Discrimination in South Africa

Witnessing the racial discrimination in South Africa deeply affected Mahatma Gandhi, motivating him to take a stand against it. He courageously challenged the law that denied voting rights to non-European individuals and became a prominent civil rights activist fighting for the rights of immigrants in South Africa.

The Icon of India’s Freedom Struggle

As a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement, Mahatma Gandhi adopted a liberal approach, advocating peaceful and nonviolent protests against British rule. His leadership in movements like the Champaran Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt March, and Quit India Movement garnered global attention and shook the foundation of British rule in India.

Eradicating Social Evils

Gandhi Ji dedicated himself to rooting out various social evils prevalent in society at that time. He initiated campaigns to ensure equal rights for the untouchables and uplift their status in society. Additionally, he championed women’s empowerment, promoted education, and vehemently opposed child marriage, leaving a lasting impact on Indian society.

After India gained independence in 1947, Mahatma Gandhi’s life came to a tragic end when he was assassinated by a Hindu activist named Nathuram Godse on January 30, 1948. 

Throughout his life, he devoted himself to the service of the motherland, leaving a profound impact on the nation. His teachings and actions illuminated our path to true freedom from British rule. 

Also Read: Essay On Subhash Chandra Bose

A. Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Gandhiji or Bapu, emerged as a prominent leader during India’s struggle for independence from British rule. He firmly advocated non-violence, civil disobedience, and passive resistance as effective means to achieve social and political transformation.  

A. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a town located in present-day Gujarat, India.  

A. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.  

A. Gandhi played a pivotal role in India’s freedom struggle, leading various non-violent movements and campaigns against British rule, including the Non-Cooperation Movement, Salt Satyagraha, and Quit India Movement. 

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Abhishek Kumar Jha is a seasoned content writer specializing in providing education news updates for various media outlets. With a strong background in journalism, he has garnered significant experience in delivering accurate and informative content related to Indian exam updates. Notably, Abhishek has contributed his expertise to renowned news websites such as Firstpost and News18. Abhishek holds a Post Graduation Diploma in English Journalism from the prestigious Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), Dhenkanal, where he honed his skills in news reporting and writing. His educational background combined with his practical experience has equipped him with the necessary tools to deliver high-quality and engaging content in the field of education journalism.

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Mahatma Gandhi Essay for Students in English - 100, 200, 500 Words Essay

English Icon

Gandhiji was a great believer in ahimsa, or nonviolence, and pursued the path of Satya vachan, or truthfulness. He was a humble person who taught the people of India to be simple and self-sufficient. People from all walks of life adored and admired him.

100 Words Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is known as the Mahatma for his outstanding deeds and excellence throughout his life. He was a renowned freedom warrior and non-violent campaigner who lived his life following nonviolence while pushing India to independence from British control.

He was only 18 years old while studying law in England. Later, he travelled to the British colony of South Africa to practise law, where he was distinguished from the light-skinned population due to his black skin. That is why he became a political activist to effect good change in such inequitable legislation.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay for Students in English - 100, 200, 500 Words Essay

Later, he returned to India and launched a formidable and nonviolent struggle to achieve India's independence. In 1930, he led the Salt March (Namak Satyagrah, Salt Satyagrah, or Dandi March). He motivated many Indians to fight for their freedom from British tyranny.

200 Words Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbander, India, was a prominent Indian leader who led India in its fight for freedom from British control. He finished his education in India before moving to England to study law. He began assisting the people of India who had been humiliated and abused by British rule. To combat British oppression, Gandhi chose the path of non-violence.

Campaigns | Gandhi was ridiculed several times, yet he persisted in his nonviolent campaign for India's independence. He was a renowned leader of the Indian independence movement who fought hard for India's freedom. After returning to India, he initiated independence campaigns such as non-cooperation, civil disobedience, and, subsequently, the Quit India Movement, all of which successfully contributed to India's independence.

Struggle For Freedom | As a impactful freedom fighter, Gandhi was jailed and imprisoned several times, yet he persisted in battling against British tyranny for Indian justice. He was a firm believer in nonviolence and the solidarity of people of all faiths, which he upheld throughout his campaign for independence. After several struggles with many Indians, he and other freedom fighters were eventually successful in establishing India as an independent country on August 15, 1947. Later, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist, on January 30' 1948.

500 Words Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

In India, Mahatma Gandhi is known as "Bapu" or "Rastrapita." Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is his full name. And, like the title conferred upon him, his sacrifices for the country and attempts to make his principles a reality are a source of immense pride for Indians worldwide.

Gandhi’s Childhood

Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, on October 2, 1869. He grew up in a Hindu home and mainly ate vegetarian meals. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was the Dewan of Porbandar State. He was the first to launch a peaceful protest movement in South Africa, distinguishing him from other demonstrators. Mahatma Gandhi also coined Satyagraha, a nonviolent method of fighting injustice.

Gandhi’s Principles

Gandhi was well-known for his strict discipline. He was a man of ethics, principles, and discipline who continues to inspire and encourage young people worldwide. He was always preaching the value of self-discipline in life. He thought it would aid in achieving larger aims, which he also used to promote his Ahimsa ideas. As he demonstrated in his life, rigorous discipline can help us accomplish any objective if we attempt to stay and commit ourselves to it. These characteristics made him a man with a great spirit and justified his transformation from Gandhi to Mahatma.

Contribution To Freedom Struggle

Mahatma Gandhi's impact on numerous societal concerns cannot be overstated.

Khadi Movement | Mahatma Gandhi launched the 'Khadi Movement' to promote using natural fibres such as khadi and jute. The Khadi Movement was part of the larger "Non-cooperation Movement," which supported the use of Indian goods and discouraged foreign goods.

Agriculture | Mahatma Gandhi was a major advocate of agriculture and encouraged people to work in agriculture.

Self- Sufficiency | He urged Indians to engage in physical labour and advised them to gather resources to live a simple life and become self-sufficient. He began weaving cotton clothing with Charkha to avoid using foreign goods and encouraged the use of Swadeshi items among Indians.

Untouchablity | During his detention in the Yerwada Jail, where he fasted against the age-old scourge of 'untouchability' in society, he tremendously aided the community's upliftment in the modern day. He also promoted education, hygiene, health, and equality in society.

Secularism | Gandhi made yet another contribution: secularism. He held that no religion should have a monopoly on truth. Mahatma Gandhi promoted inter-religious friendship.

Campaigns Gandhi Led

During the Indian Independence fight, Gandhi suffered and was imprisoned multiple times with his supporters, but independence for his country remained his primary desire. Even after being imprisoned, he never returned to the path of violence. He led various liberation movements and founded the "Quit India Movement." The Quit India Campaign was a huge success. Mahatma Gandhi was a crucial contributor to India's freedom from British domination. In 1930, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Civil Disobedience Movement. It was a behaviour that entailed refusing to obey any oppressive instructions or regulations. As a result, this tactic and its enforcers were subjected to severe violence and cruelty.

Gandhi’s death was the most devastating blow to the causes of peace and democracy. His demise left a massive void in the life of the country.

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Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

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Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

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A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Fashion Blogger

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Photographer

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Copy Writer

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Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Travel Journalist

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Videographer

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A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

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Procurement manager.

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ITSM Manager

Information security manager.

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  • Mahatma Gandhi Essay

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Important Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students in English

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, often called the 'Father of the Nation' , was a leader who fought for India's freedom from British rule. He believed in non-violence. Every year on October 2nd, Mahatma Gandhi's birthday is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti to honor his efforts in freeing India.

English Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Rabindranath Tagore was the first to call Gandhiji 'Mahatma,' which means 'Great Soul' in Sanskrit. His wise ideas and beliefs led people to respect and call him 'Mahatma Gandhi.' His dedication to the country and efforts to turn his ideas into reality make Indians around the world very proud of him .

According to Mahatma Gandhi’s biography, he was born on October 2, 1869 , in Porbandar, a coastal town in the present-day Indian state of Gujarat. He grew up in a Hindu family and ate basic vegetarian meals. His dad, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was an important leader in Porbandar State. In South Africa, he was the first to lead a peaceful protest movement, setting him apart from other demonstrators. Mahatma Gandhi also introduced the idea of Satyagraha, a nonviolent approach to opposing unfairness. He devoted 20 years of his life to battling discrimination in South Africa.

His idea of 'Ahimsa,' which means not hurting anyone, was widely admired and followed by many influential people worldwide. He became an indomitable figure who couldn't be defeated in any situation. Mahatma Gandhi initiated the 'Khadi Movement' to encourage the use of fabrics like khadi or jute. This movement was a crucial part of the larger 'Non-co-operation Movement,' which advocated for Indian goods and discouraged foreign ones. Gandhi strongly supported agriculture and encouraged people to engage in farming. He inspired Indians to embrace manual labor and emphasized self-reliance, urging them to provide for their needs and lead simple lives. He began weaving cotton clothes using the Charkha to reduce dependence on foreign goods and promote Swadeshi products among Indians.

During the fight for India's freedom, Gandhiji faced imprisonment several times along with his followers, but his main goal was always the freedom of his motherland. Even when he was in prison, he never chose the path of violence.

Mahatma Gandhi made significant contributions to various social issues. His efforts against 'untouchability' while he was in Yerwada Jail, where he went on a hunger strike against this ancient social evil, greatly helped uplift the oppressed community in modern times. He also emphasized the importance of education, cleanliness, health, and equality in society.

These qualities defined him as a person with a great soul and justified his transformation from Gandhi to Mahatma. He led many freedom movements, including the "Quit India Movement," which was highly successful. His death was a huge loss to the forces of peace and democracy, leaving a significant void in the nation's life.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a prominent Indian nationalist leader, significantly influenced Mahatma Gandhi's political ideology and leadership approach. Gandhi considered him his political teacher.

Mahatma Gandhi played a crucial role in India's fight for freedom from British rule. His life was dedicated to serving his country and its people, and he became an international symbol of Indian leadership. Even today, he continues to inspire and motivate young people worldwide with his values and principles.

Gandhi Ji was known for his strong sense of discipline. He emphasized the importance of self-discipline in achieving significant goals, a principle he applied in promoting his philosophy of Ahimsa (non-violence). Through his own life, he demonstrated that rigorous discipline can lead to the realization of any objective, provided we remain committed and dedicated. These qualities established him as a revered and respected leader whose influence extends far beyond his lifetime. His ideals continue to resonate not only in India but also around the world.

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FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi Essay

1. What were the different movements that Gandhi started in order to bring Independence to India?

In order to bring freedom, Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement in 1919, the non-cooperation movement in 1921, and Civil Disobedience movement in 1930 and Quit India movement in 1942.

2. Who killed Mahatma Gandhi?

A young man named Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi when he was going to attend an evening prayer meeting.

3. Why is Gandhi known as the ‘Father of the Nation’?

Mahatma Gandhi is known as the ‘Father of the Nation’ because he laid the true foundation of independent India with his noble ideals and supreme sacrifice.

4. How do we commemorate Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution for our Nation?

His birthday on 2 nd October is celebrated as a National Holiday across the nation in order to commemorate his great contributions and sacrifices for the country’s independence.

5. What are the things we should learn from Mahatma Gandhi? 

There are various things one can learn from Gandhiji. The principles that he followed and preached his entire generation and for generations to come are commendable. He believed in ‘Ahimsa’ and taught people how any war in the world can be won through non-violence. To simply state one can learn the following principles from Gandhiji - 

Nonviolence, 

Respect for elders,

English Compositions

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

In today’s session, you will learn to write short essays on the life of the father of our nation, Mahatma Gandhi. I’ll try to adopt a very simplistic approach to writing these short essays for a better understanding of all kinds of students. 

Feature image of Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 100 Words

Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Nation, was one of the greatest political leaders of India. His original name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhiji was born on 2nd October 1869, in Porbandar, in Gujrat. Brought up by Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai, Mohandas grew up to be quite honest and truthful. His autobiography, My Experiments with Truth gives details of his childhood and adult life.

Gandhiji studied law and went to South Africa as a barrister, where he fought for the independence of Africa. Returning back to India he engaged in its freedom movement against the British and formed The Indian National Congress along with other influential personalities. Gandhi was assassinated on 30th January 1948 during his prayers. 

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 200 Words

Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, played a significant role in the Indian freedom movement against the British rule in India that reigned for over 200 years. As one of the greatest leaders of India, he struggled for our freedom, not through bloodshed, but through non-violence or Ahimsa. It was the greatest achievement of Gandhiji to teach the Indians the way to peace and non-violence. 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar in Gujrat, His parents, Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai were extremely religious and devoted to family and God. From the very childhood, Gandhi was diligent in his studies and successfully attained his education. During his secondary level, he was married off to Kasturba Gandhi. Gandhiji studied law and went to South Africa as a barrister. But receiving tremendous racial hatred by the British, he decided to fight against this suffering. He fought for its independence and soon returned to India.

He became the leader of the nation by his motives of Ahimsa and Satyagraha. He conducted several movements against the British Raj and formed the Indian National Congress with other leaders. Through non-violence, he achieved India’s freedom. However, he could not support the partition. Due to philosophical works, Rabindranath named him the Mahatma. Gandhiji was assassinated by Nathuram Godse during his prayers on 30th January 1948.

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 400 Words

The Bapu of India, whom Tagore conferred the title Mahatma for his deep insights towards life and God, Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest leaders of India. Using the ways of Ahimsa or non-violence, he showed how without bloodshed getting freedom is possible, He preached and practised the ways of Satyagraha or embracing nothing but the Truth. 

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar in Gujrat.His father Karamchand Gandhi was a government official, while his mother Putlibai was a religious woman. Gandhiji in his childhood was greatly influenced by his parents. He grew up to be pious and sacred towards all living beings. After shifting to Rajkot with his after, he received his primary education there. During his secondary level, his family settled his marriage with Kasturba.

Mohandas was a diligent student and attained his degrees easily. Even in his school life, he never once took evil means to pass any examination. Once he stole some gold from his brother’s bracelet. But later realizing the theft he directly confessed it to his father. The forgiveness of his father changed his soul. All this enabled him to be a better person.

Gandhiji soon became a barrister and went to South Africa to study law. But receiving racial hatred on his way in the train by a British officer, he decided to stay there and fight for human rights. He learned about the ill-treatment of the Africans and Indians and involved himself entirely in it. Giving Africa its independence he returned to India and fought for its independence against British rule. He built the Sabarmati Ashram that soon became the centre of the revolution.

He founded the Ahimsa or non-violence to fight against them. He conducted several movements like the Non-Cooperation movement, The Dandi Salt March, the Civil Disobedience Movement and observed fasts to speed up the national struggle. His ways gave inspiration to all Indians. He was associated with Jawaharlal Nehru, Sarojini Naidu, Vallavbhai Patel in the formation of the Indian National Congress. Gandhiji initiated the boycott of foreign goods and the usage of indigenous products. 

During the Quit India movement, he united all by the slogan Do or Die. Soon India achieved freedom under his leadership. Although he could not accept the partition. On 30th October 1948, during his prayer, he was murdered by Nathuram Godse at gunpoint. Jawaharlal Nehru, upon his death, said, ‘’The light has gone out of our lives and it is darkness everywhere.’’ 

In this session above, I have tried to discuss almost every aspect of Mahatma Gandhi’s life within limited words. Hopefully, now you have a holistic idea about writing short essays on his life. If you still have any doubts regarding this session, kindly let me know through the comment section below. Keep browsing our website to read more such short essays on various important topics. 

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi In English for Students and Children

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Key Points To Remember When Writing An Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

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Mahatma Gandhi is a popular historical figure. He is known as the father of our nation and is well-regarded by all the citizens of the country and people worldwide. Most Indian children are familiar with Gandhiji and learn about his contribution to the Indian freedom struggle in school. Students may be asked to write an essay on Gandhiji as a class exercise or for a test or competition. For this assignment, they will need to learn and remember facts about his life and how he fought for India’s independence. This may sound challenging for some children, but with guidance, they will be able to write this essay on their own. Here is an essay on Mahatma Gandhi for classes 1, 2 and 3 that will help school children with their assignments.

Writing an essay includes preparation and strategies. To begin with an essay, we need to understand the topic of the essay. When we are aware of the topic of the essay, we can write the essay easily. Whether you are planning to write a small essay, a long essay, or just a few lines about Mahatma Gandhi, gathering information firsthand will help you a lot. You begin your essay by giving an introduction of Mahatma Gandhi, his place of birth, his life and about his personal life. Next, you can talk about his professional life, his studies and achievements, and what contributions he made to the nation’s independence. Finally, you can conclude the essay with how his life teachings inspire today’s generations and how you can still use those teachings in today’s life and influence others.

The essay about Mahatma Gandhi is slightly different from essays on general topics. For these kinds of topics, children need to remember accurate facts and weave a good narrative. If you are looking for good facts and figures in the form of some lines on Mahatma Gandhi, then the following is for you. Here are some important points to remember:

Before starting the essay, it is important to remember facts such as names, places, events and dates accurately.

For short essays, stick to facts about Gandhi and do not dive deep into any specific topics.

For longer essays, start the introduction about the importance of the man in Indian history.

Talk about his early life and work and transition to the ideology of Gandhiji.

Finally, end the essay with his impact on the nation and how he inspired people.

Children of lower primary classes may be asked to write a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi. They can start by jotting down the facts they remember about him and writing them in simple sentences. Students will have to memorise a few dates and facts to be able to write this essay. Below are the top ten factual lines about Mahatma Gandhi that will help you write a perfect essay on Gandhiji, the national personality:

Mahatma Gandhi is well-known as a freedom fighter and the father of our nation. He is popularly called Bapu.

He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat on October 2, 1869.

His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, and his mother’s name was Putlibai Gandhi.

Gandhiji was married to Kasturba Kapadia.

He went to London to pursue his higher education.

He worked in South Africa as a civil rights activist and fought against racial discrimination.

In 1915 he started the Indian National Congress party.

Gandhiji was a firm believer in ahimsa , which means non-violence, and followed the path of satya vachan, which means being truthful.

As a leader of the freedom struggle, he began his first anti-British movement in 1917.

He was shot to death on January 30, 1948.

Before we begin with an essay in 100 or 200 words, we should first practice with paragraph writing. This is why we bring you a short paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi. Let’s look at the paragraph on this national personality.

Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, is one of India’s most iconic historical figures. He has several monikers, such as ‘the Father of the Nation’, ‘Bapu’ , ‘Mahatma’, ‘Rashtrapita’ , and many more. Gandhiji is popular for his non-violence (Ahimsa) and civil disobedience philosophy. He is also known for his simplicity, truthfulness, and dedication to social justice. Lakhs of people joined Mahatma Gandhi in his journey to free India from the colonial rule. He and his supporters organised movements like the Dandi March (Salt March) and the Quit India Movement, which eventually led to India’s independence in 1947. He was assassinated on January 30, 1948, but his principles and message endure as a beacon of hope and unity.

When asked to write a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi, students can list the highlights they remember about Gandhiji’s life and weave them into a paragraph. Here is a sample essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 200 words:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is the most popular historical figure in the nation. He was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, on October 2, 1869. His family was affluent, and he had a good reputation as a quiet-natured boy. He went to London for his higher education, where he studied law and became a Barrister. He practised law at the Bombay High Court upon his return to India.

Gandhiji later moved to South Africa to work but soon lost interest in law. Instead, he joined hands with the natives there to start satyagraha – a non-violent protest against the oppression of the Europeans. He soon returned to India and joined the struggle for independence from British rule.

He was a simple man who taught simplicity and self-reliance to the people in India. He encouraged them to boycott foreign goods and make their own swadeshi goods. He was loved and respected by people of all communities.

As a freedom fighter, Gandhi was a man of firm conviction. During his freedom struggle, the British had put him in jail several times, where he endured extreme hardships. To honour his role in the freedom struggle, his birthday is observed as a national holiday to pay homage to him and all others who stood with him.

A long essay on Gandhi requires students to know and remember several details on his life and write them with a good narrative. Writing a Mahatma Gandhi essay in English in 500 words and more is not a difficult task. Here is a sample essay for class 3 students on Mahatma Gandhi:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also called Mahatma Gandhi, is the father of our nation. He was a freedom fighter, national leader, and social reformer who worked tirelessly to make India independent. Famous poet Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of Mahatma. In Sanskrit, ‘Mahatma’ means ‘Great Soul’. He was given this name for his non-violent approach to the freedom movement, contributions to social reform, and convictions to lead a simple life. Since his time, Gandhiji and his philosophy have inspired all social reform movements.

Birth And Childhood

Mahatma Gandhi, aka Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born on 2 October 1869 in the small town of Porbandar, Gujarat. His father, Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi, was the Diwan of Porbandar and Rajkot and also a court official in Porbandar. Born to a religious woman, Putlibai Gandhi, Mahatma Gandhi became one of the top representatives in India’s struggle for independence from British colonial rule, known for his philosophy of non-violence (Ahimsa) and civil disobedience.

Marriage And Education

Gandhiji was raised with simplicity, although he was from an affluent family. He was a firm believer in non-violence, which was reflected in his approach to anything he did. Gandhiji went to England in 1888 to study law and become a barrister. After Gandhiji moved to Africa as a lawyer, he soon quit his profession to join the local people in their struggle against European oppression. He spent 20 years fighting discrimination in South Africa before returning to India.

Contribution To India’s Independence

The people who followed him loved his ideology of ‘ Ahimsa ‘ or non-violence. He realised early on that there was a great force in the philosophy of non-violence at a mass level for the freedom movement. He believed in self-reliance and made his own clothes, which started the ‘ Khadi movement’. He urged Indians to boycott foreign products and make their own instead to increase self-reliance. The British put him in jail many times because of his strong stand.

His efforts, combined with the sacrifices of all freedom fighters, were successful, and India gained independence. Mahatma Gandhi and his non-violent approach have been appreciated throughout history, and he became a global role model. His legacy extends beyond India’s borders, inspiring movements for civil rights, freedom, and social change worldwide. Bapu’s teachings and practices continue to be a model of inspiration for those advocating peace, justice, and human rights. He will continue to inspire people everywhere to build a better and more just world for generations to come.

Mahatma Gandhi led several successful campaigns and movements in his time to achieve independence from the colonial government, Let’s talk about some of the major movements of Gandhiji in detail:

1. Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha (1917 – 1918)

Gandhi’s early Satyagrahas (non-violent resistance) in Champaran and Kheda addressed issues faced by indigo and cotton farmers, respectively. Due to meagre agriculture production and crop failure due to unfavourable weather along with high taxation, the situation of farmers deteriorated drastically. Along with farmers and several supporters, Mahatma Gandhi started protests and strikes that eventually led to the British noting the farmers’ demands and doing what was needful for them.

2. Khilafat Movement (1919)

Mahatma Gandhi supported the Khilafat Movement, started by Ali brothers in Turkey against the unfair treatment of Turkey after the First World War, which aimed to protect the Ottoman Empire’s caliphate. He presided over the All India Conference in Delhi and even returned the awards he achieved in the British Empire’s South Africa. He came to the limelight of many Indians for his doings against the British empire, which eventually strengthened his position as a national leader.

3. Non-Cooperation Movement (1920)

The Civil Disobedience Movement aimed to fight unjust laws peacefully with the assistance from the Congress. Under the leadership of Gandhiji, several Indians refused to obey certain British laws and pay taxes. People began boycotting British goods and services, which resulted in mass arrests and heightened global awareness. However, after the Chauri Chaura incident with the killing of 23 police officers, Gandhiji put a stop to the movement.

4. Civil-Disobedience Movement (1930)

The Non-Cooperation Movement aimed at the boycotting of British institutions, schools, and goods by Indians. Several students dropped out of college, and many government employees quit their British jobs. People also boycotted imported clothing, refused to pay taxes, held protests, etc. Millions of people supported and participated in this movement, and it marked a turning point in India’s fight for independence.

5. Quit India Movement (1942)

The Quit India Movement in 1942 finally demanded to put an immediate end to British rule in India. Gandhiji started this movement on August 8, 1942, during World War II, calling it “Quit India”. Because of this movement, several representatives of the Indian National Congress were arrested by the British government, eventually leading to widespread protests and strikes. In the end, the British government decided to surrender control to India and exit from India.

Writing about Mahatma Gandhi in a school essay is an important assignment for children. Being one of India’s most regarded historical personalities, it is beneficial for them to learn about his life and role in India’s freedom struggle for academics and as a proud citizen of the country. This topic is more factual, so students will have to write based on their knowledge rather than their feelings or imagination. In this essay, children will learn how to memorise facts and write a composition on them for exams and assignments. They will learn how to weave a good story about a person in history and explain the relevance to the present.

Here are some facts about Mahatma Gandhi that will surely help your kids:

Although Mahatma Gandhiji’s real name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, people across the nation address him as ‘Bapu’ in Gujarati, as it is entitled as the ‘Father of the Nation.’

Before fighting for India’s independence, Mahatma Gandhi worked as a barrister.

Albert Einstein admired Gandhiji very much. After Bapu’s death, the scientist quotes, ‘Generations to come will scarce believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth.’

Gandhiji followed a simplistic life and wore hand-spun khadi cloth.

Mahatma Gandhi had four children – Manilal, Harilal, Devdas, and Ramdas.

There are several roads and streets named in honour of Gandhiji.

In 1930, Bapu was accredited with the Time Magazine Man of the Year.

To date, Indian currency notes bear the photo monogram of Mahatma Gandhi.

Inspired by Gandhiji’s non-violence philosophy, Martin Luther fought for civil rights peacefully in the United States.

On January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was tragically assassinated by a man named Nathuram Godse.

1. How did Gandhi’s Philosophy Influence Other Leaders?

Gandhiji’s philosophy of non-violence (Ahimsa) and peaceful protests have a profound influence on leaders across the world. Martin Luther King Jr. Adopted Gandhiji’s principles to fight against racial segregation and discrimination peacefully in the United States. Similarly, Nelson Mandela from South Africa took inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi’s principles to seek justice against apartheid and racial oppression. Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi took Gandhi’s non-violence philosophy as a role model for her campaign for democratic reforms and human rights. Other world leaders who took inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi include Desmond Tutu (South Africa), Lech Wałęsa (Poland), Cesar Chavez (USA), and more.

2. How can Gandhi’s Ideals be Applied in Today’s World?

Children can adopt the philosophies of non-violence (ahimsa), truthfulness (satya), self-discipline (tapasya), and service to others (seva) from Gandhiji. Children can learn to always speak the truth, be kind to people, and always lend a helping hand to people in need.

3. What are Some Famous Books Written by Mahatma Gandhi?

‘ My Experiments With Truth’ is a renowned autobiography penned by Mahatma Gandhi. Other popular books written by him include ‘The Young India’, ‘Hind Swaraj’, and India of My Dreams.’

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5 Best Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English: The Great Soul of India

Tired of searching  for Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English ? Here are 5 Best Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in the English language. This article covers 10 lines 150, 200, and 300 & 500 words essay on the great soul of India, Mahatma Gandhi. I hope you will like the essays we mentioned below. So, without any further discussion, let’s start this article. You Can also download this article as PDF to use it later.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 10 Lines:

  • Imagine a man who fought for freedom without raising a fist.
  • That was Mahatma Gandhi, called “Great Soul” for his gentle ways.
  • Born in India, he saw unfairness towards his people.
  • But instead of anger, Gandhi used love and peace.
  • He led marches, refused to buy British goods, and even went hungry to protest.
  • His message of “Satyagraha,” meaning “truth force,” inspired millions.
  • Together, they spun their own clothes, made their own salt, and stood strong against injustice.
  • Slowly, like a river changing its course, India gained freedom.
  • Gandhi’s spirit of peace still flows, reminding us that even the smallest voice, raised in kindness, can change the world.
  • Today, we remember Mahatma Gandhi as a hero who showed us that even the smallest voice can make a big difference.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 150 Words:

Mahatma Gandhi wasn’t a warrior with a sword, but a weaver of freedom with a spinning wheel. Born in 1869, he witnessed injustice in India and South Africa, birthing Satyagraha – nonviolent resistance fueled by truth.

His protests, marches, and boycotts, often met with brutality, never wavered from ahimsa (nonviolence). He spun his own cloth, defying British dominance over textiles, and spun a nation towards independence in 1947.

Gandhi’s legacy echoes beyond India’s borders. He became a global beacon of peace, inspiring civil rights movements around the world. His influence on figures like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela solidified his place as a timeless icon.

Gandhi’s life whispers a powerful truth: even the mightiest can be humbled by unwavering commitment to truth, nonviolence, and the pursuit of justice. His spinning wheel continues to spin, a symbol of his timeless legacy, urging us to weave a world of peace and equality, one gentle thread at a time.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 200 Words:

Mahatma Gandhi, India’s “soul force,” stands apart from history’s warriors. Born Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1869, he witnessed the sting of British injustice in India and South Africa. This ignited a fiery resolve to fight for freedom, not with weapons, but with a revolutionary tool: Satyagraha, the “force of truth.”

Satyagraha, meaning “holding onto truth,” became Gandhi’s unwavering shield. He led peaceful protests, marches, and hunger strikes, refusing to bend to unjust laws with unyielding determination. In a simple dhoti, spinning his own cloth, he challenged an empire, captivating the world with his message of love and resistance.

Gandhi’s non-violent campaigns, like the Salt March and Quit India movement, rattled the foundations of British rule. His unwavering commitment to truth, even in the face of imprisonment and violence, inspired millions to join the fight. His influence echoed across borders, igniting civil rights movements from Martin Luther King Jr. in America to Nelson Mandela in South Africa.

Beyond political liberation, Gandhi championed social reforms. He fought against untouchability, advocating for equality and dignity for all. He promoted self-reliance through spinning khadi, the handwoven cloth symbolizing India’s economic independence.

Though silenced in 1948, Gandhi’s spirit lives on. His voice for peace and justice continues to resonate, reminding us that true power lies not in brute force, but in the unwavering pursuit of truth and non-violence.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 300 Words:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, affectionately known as Mahatma, was more than just a leader; he was a revolutionary who redefined the very meaning of resistance and political struggle. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, his life and legacy continue to inspire millions across the globe.

Embracing Satyagraha:

Gandhi’s early experiences in South Africa, where he witnessed racial discrimination firsthand, shaped his philosophy of non-violent resistance, which he termed Satyagraha. This principle, rooted in truth and non-violence, became the cornerstone of his fight against British colonialism in India. From leading non-cooperation movements to organizing peaceful protests like the Salt March, Gandhi challenged the might of the British Empire with unwavering conviction and moral force.

Championing Swaraj:

Gandhi’s vision for India was not merely independence, but Swaraj, a concept encompassing self-rule and social justice. He believed in empowering the masses, particularly the marginalized communities, and advocated for equality, religious tolerance, and economic self-sufficiency. His call for Khadi, the spinning of cotton yarn and the wearing of handwoven cloth, aimed not only to boycott British goods but also to revive traditional Indian industries and empower rural communities.

Beyond Borders:

Gandhi’s influence transcended the borders of India. His message of non-violence resonated with civil rights movements around the world, inspiring leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela. He remains a symbol of hope and resilience, a testament to the power of peaceful resistance in the face of oppression.

A Legacy for All:

Though assassinated in 1948, Gandhi’s legacy continues to guide us. His principles of non-violence, truth, and equality offer timeless solutions to the challenges of our times. In a world grappling with conflict and division, Gandhi’s life and teachings serve as a beacon of hope, reminding us that even the most formidable walls can crumble in the face of unwavering determination and unwavering moral conviction.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 500 Words:

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, affectionately known as Mahatma (“Great-souled”), transcended the boundaries of a mere political leader to become an icon of non-violent revolution and social justice. Born in 1869 in British-ruled India, Gandhi’s life was a testament to the power of truth, non-violence (Satyagraha), and unwavering commitment to his principles. His legacy continues to resonate across the globe, inspiring movements for freedom and equality even today.

Early Life and Seeds of Satyagraha:

Gandhi’s early life instilled in him the values of simplicity, truth, and non-violence. Witnessing racial discrimination in South Africa during his legal practice ignited his passion for social justice. He developed Satyagraha, a philosophy of resistance based on civil disobedience and non-cooperation with unjust laws. This revolutionary approach, devoid of violence or hatred, challenged the very foundations of colonial rule.

Leading India’s Freedom Struggle:

Returning to India in 1915, Gandhi found his nation reeling under British subjugation. He mobilized the masses through non-violent campaigns like the Salt March and the Quit India Movement. His message of Swadeshi (self-reliance) and Ahimsa (non-harming) resonated with millions, uniting Hindus and Muslims alike in a common cause. Gandhi’s strategic use of hunger strikes and civil disobedience drew international attention, exposing the brutality of British rule and garnering support for India’s independence.

Beyond Political Freedom:

Gandhi’s vision extended beyond political liberation. He championed the rights of marginalized communities, including the “untouchables” (Dalits). His advocacy for social justice challenged deeply ingrained caste hierarchies and paved the way for a more equitable society. He also promoted self-sufficiency through spinning khadi (handwoven cloth) and emphasized the importance of education and sanitation.

Legacy and Global Impact:

Gandhi’s success in leading India to independence in 1947 marked a turning point in global history. His non-violent methods inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world, from Martin Luther King Jr.’s fight for racial equality in the United States to Nelson Mandela’s struggle against apartheid in South Africa. Gandhi’s principles continue to be relevant in contemporary struggles for justice and human rights, offering a powerful alternative to violence and oppression.

Conclusion:

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and legacy stand as a testament to the power of non-violent resistance. His unwavering commitment to truth, justice, and equality continues to inspire generations to fight for a better world. In a world often marred by conflict and division, Gandhi’s message of peace and non-violence offers a beacon of hope, reminding us that even the most entrenched systems of oppression can be overcome through the strength of our convictions and the courage to stand up for what is right.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students in English [500+ Words]

December 10, 2020 by Sandeep

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi:  The entire life of Mahatma Gandhi belonged to truthiness, vegetarianism, simplicity, non-violence, and faith in god. During his life, he had been an inspiration to many national and international leaders. He trusted in truth and never took the assistance of fakeness or lie to accomplish their tasks. In India, a public holiday is declared on 2nd October ( Gandhi Jayanti ) to honour him. Also, to mark his sacrifice for his nation, his image has engraved on the Indian currency notes. Below we have provided Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English, written in easy and simple words for class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 school students.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English

Mahatma Gandhi was a man of power, honesty, sacrifices, and simplicity. He was a patriotic personality. His life was unbelievable. He never liked others’ appreciation. His efforts to protect India are unparalleled. Only with his efforts, the British left India in 1947. Mohandas Gandhi is another name of Mahatma Gandhi. Even he is also famous as ‘Father of Nation.’ He was born on 2nd October in the year 1869 in the state of Porbandar, Gujarat. He was the youngest among the three sons of Karamchand Gandhi.

Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai Gandhi were his parents. His mother was the fourth wife of his father, Karamchand Gandhi. His father became the prime minister of states like Rajkot, Vankaner, and Porbandar. His parents have three sons. When Mahatma Gandhi became 13 in age, he got married to Kasturba Makhanji. After his marriage, he completed his education. Then, he went to London to pursue a degree in law. After this, he practiced as a lawyer. He also started to read the scriptures of Bhagavad Gita that had an immense influence on his life.

During his childhood, he was massively influenced by the tales of Harischandra and Shravana that taught him about the significance of affection and truth. Moreover, his parents raise him as a vegetarian; however, during his stay in London, he started eating meat. Once Gandhiji came back to India after finishing his study in law, he started finding a job as a lawyer. He had to do a lot of struggle to find the right job. Lastly, he got an invitation from South Africa by a wealthy merchant to work as a lawyer. That proposal was a turning point in his life.

During his job in South Africa, he witnessed racial discrimination. Once he faced several humiliations, he decided to raise his voice. Then, he became an activist to find cases in favor of Indians. At that time, he also established the Natal Indian Congress in 1894. Besides, he was also influenced by Satyagraha, which means the devotion of truth. Even, he started non-violent protests in 1906. Also, he stood for civil rights in favor of South Africa. Movements started by Mahatma Gandhi in favour of India are

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

Khilafat Movement: This movement was run from 1919-1924. It was a revolt by the nationalists and the Indian Muslims. This movement was started to pressure the British Government to preserve the authority of the Ottoman Sultan as the Islamic Caliph. The leadership of this movement comprised Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali, who had been newspaper editors in Delhi in those days. Maulana Mahmud ul-Hasan, Abdul Kalam Azad, Maulana Abdul Bari were also some of the leaders of this movement. During this movement, Mahatma Gandhi even got the support of the Muslims to fight against the British to make Indian independence. This movement was crucial as it reflected Hindu-Muslim cooperation. Finally, in the year 1921, this movement was suppressed by the British Government.

Non-cooperation Movement: To provide the Indian a self-government, Mahatma Gandhi took a step where he organized a non-cooperation movement from 1920-1922. This non-violent movement was also known as Swaraj. The commencement of this non-cooperation movement was the outcry over the Jallianwalla Bagh massacre in the year 1919. In Jallianwalla Bagh (in Amritsar, Punjab), the British government had killed hundreds of Indians who were gathered for peaceful assembly in a lawn. The complete garden becomes a ground of cruel massacre. General Dyer, who was responsible for that act, was not taken to task. Being a part of this movement, Indians boycott the Indian government and also refuses to pay taxes.

Salt Satyagraha: When the British government in India started levying excess taxes or excise duty on salt, then the Mahatma Gandhi began to historic Salt Satyagraha to break this law. For this, Gandhi Ji marched to the coastal village of Dandi to break the salt law. During his march, he used to visit different communities to teach about the need for social reforms. This march was last long for 24 days. After viewing this, the British government arrested the people from Indian National Congress who were involved in this march. When the government got pressurized for the arrests as of several outbreaks of civil disobedience, then they released the arrested leaders.

Quit India Movement: Bharat Chodo Andolan is another name of the Quit India Movement that was launched on 8th August 1942 by the All India Congress Committee. As the name suggests, this movement was started to end up the British rule from India. Mahatma Gandhi started this movement at Gowalia Tank Maidan, where he taught the Indians to “Do or Die.” Even those leaders who got arrested during this movement which took a step back. The protest was a mix of violent and non-violent demonstrations. The fact is, the British did not want to leave India in pressure or with this movement. Before leaving, they wanted the war only. Finally, in 1945, the British revealed that they would send a planned withdrawal from the country.

Mahatma Gandhi was not in favor of dividing India. But he was agreed to keep harmony. Moreover, Gandhiji initiated his fast to make sure of the harmony between the two countries. Besides, Pakistan was granted with payment according to the Partition Council agreement. On 30th January 1948, with the bullets of Nathuram Godse, Mahatma Gandhi succumbed. Nathuram Godse was from the group of Hindu radicals who trusted that India became weakened as of the partition payment made to Pakistan.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Essay | Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students and Children in English

Mahatma Gandhi Essay: It wouldn’t be difficult for anyone to identify the great yet humble personality of Mahatma Gandhi. The man who faced one of the world’s biggest superpowers, the British Raj with daunting courage and perseverance through his principle of non-violence, was indeed a force to reckon with. – The Angel of ‘Ahimsa’

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Long and Short Essays on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids and Students in English

Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the topic of ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ in both long and short form. The first essay is a long essay on Mahatma Gandhi of 400-500 words. This long essay about Mahatma Gandhi is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi of 150-200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.

Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 500 Words in English

Below we have given a long essay on Mahatma Gandhi of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869, at Porbandar, a small town on the Western coast of India, which was then one of the many tiny states in Kathiawar. He was born in a middle class family of Vaishya caste. His grandfather had risen to become the Prime Minister of Porbandar and was succeeded by his son Karamchand who was the father of Mohandas. Putlibai, Mohandas’s mother was a saintly character, gentle and devout and left a deep impression on her son’s mind. She was Karam Chand’s fourth wife, the first three having died in childbirth. Mohandas went to an elementary school in Porbandar, where he found it difficult to master the multiplication tables. He had two brothers and a sister and was youngest of all.

He was seven when his family moved to Rajkot. There he attended a primary school and later joined a high school. Though conscientious, he was a ‘mediocre student’ and was excessively shy and timid. The stories of Shravan and Raja Harishchandra had a great impact on him. While he was still in high school, he was married, at the age of 13, to Kasturba who was also of the same age. A friend of the family suggested that if the young Gandhi hoped to take his father’s place in the state service, he had better become a barrister, which he could do in England in 3 years. Gandhi jumped at the idea. The mother’s objection to his going abroad was overcome by the son’s solemn vow not to touch wine, women and meat.

Gandhi went to Bombay to take the ship for England. In Bombay, the people of his caste, who looked upon crossing the ocean as contamination, threatened to excommunicate him if he persisted in going abroad. But Gandhi was adamant and was thus, formally excommunicated by his caste. Undeterred, he sailed on 4th September, 1888, for Southampton at the age of 18.

Having passed his examination, Gandhi was called to the Bar on 10th June, 1891 and sailed for India two days later. When he reached Bombay, he learnt to his profound sorrow that his mother had died. The news had been deliberately kept back from him to spare him from the shock in a distant land.

An offer from Dada Abdulla and Co. to proceed to South Africa on their behalf to instruct their counsel in a lawsuit, was a God-sent opportunity to young Gandhi, Gandhi jumped at it and sailed for South Africa in April 1893. It was in South Africa that this shy timid youth of 24, inexperienced, unaided, alone, came into clash with forces that obliged him to tap his hidden moral resources and turn misfortunes into creative spiritual experiences. After about a week’s stay in Durban, Gandhi left for Pretoria, the capital of the Transvaal, where his presence was needed in connection with a lawsuit.

A first class ticket was purchased for him by his client. When the train reached Maritzburg, the capital of Natal, at about 9 pm, a white passenger who boarded the train objected to the presence of a coloured man in the compartment and Gandhi was ordered by a railway official to shift to a third class. When he refused to do so, a constable pushed him out and his luggage was taken away by the railway authorities. It was winter and bitterly cold. This was the turning point in Gandhi’s life.

He extended his stay in South Africa to protest against the bill that denied Indians the right to vote. In 1910s, he established the Tolstoy farm for peaceful resistance. After the rights of the blacks were restored, Gandhi was hailed as a hero.

In January 1915, he finally returned to India, Mahatma, with no possessions and with only one ambition to serve his people.

At the end of his year’s wanderings, Gandhi settled down on the bank of the river Sabarmati, on the outskirts of Ahmedabad, where he founded an Ashram in May 1915. He called it the ‘Satyagraha Ashram.’ The inmates, about 25 men and women, took the vows of truth, ahimsa, celibacy, non-stealing, non-possession and control of the palate and dedicated themselves to the service of the people.

It was the Rowlatt Act with its denial of civil liberties which finally brought Gandhi into active Indian politics. From 1919 to his death in 1948 he occupied the centre stage of the Indian politics and was the hero of the great historical drama which

culminated in the independence of our country. Like a magician, Gandhi roused a storm of enthusiasm in the country with his call for non-cooperation. He began the campaign by returning to the Viceroy, the medals and decorations he had received from the government for his war services and humanitarian works.

The anti-climax came suddenly in February 1922. An outbreak of mob violence in Chauri-Chaura shocked and pained Gandhi that he refused to continue the campaign and undertook a fast for five days to amne for a crime committed by others in a state of mob hysteria.

On 12th March, 1930, after having duly informed the Viceroy, Gandhi, followed by 78 members of his ashram, both men and women, began his historic 24 day march to the sea beach at Dandi to break the law which had deprived the poor man of his right to make his own salt. The rest is history how a single man shook the foundations of the British Empire and how at his single call the entire nation rose from slumbers to fight for their rights unanimously, forgetting all their differences. In 1942, he launched the Quit India Movement with the slogan ‘Do or Die’.

“An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.” -Gandhiji

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 200 Words in English

Below we have given a short essay on Mahatma Gandhi is for Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. This short essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 6 and below.

On 15th August, 1947, India was partitioned and became free. Gandhi declined to attend the celebrations in the capital and went to Calcutta where communal riots were still raging. And then, on the day of independence, a miracle happened. A year old riot stopped as if by magic and Hindus and Muslims began to fraternise with one another. Gandhi spent the day in fast and prayer.

Unfortunately the communal frenzy broke loose again on 31 st August, and while he was staying in a Muslim house, the safety of his own life was threatened. On the following day, he went on a fast which was ‘to end if and only if sanity returns to Calcutta’. The effect was magical. Those who had indulged in loot, arson and murder amidst shouts of glee, came and knelt beside him and begged for forgiveness.

On 4th September, the leaders of all communities in the city brought him a signed pledge that Calcutta would see no more of such outrages. Then, Gandhi broke the fast. Calcutta kept the pledge even when many other cities were plunged in violence in the wake of partition. On 30th January 1948, ten days after the bomb incident, Gandhi hurriedly went up the few steps of the prayer ground in the large park of the Birla House. He had been delayed due to a meeting with the Deputy Prime Minister, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and was late by a few minutes.

He loved punctuality and was worried that he had kept the congregation waiting. ‘I am late by ten minutes, he murmured. ‘I should have been here at the stroke of five’. He raised his hands and touched the palms together to greet the crowd that was waiting. Everyone returned the greeting. Many came forward wanting to touch his feet.

They were not allowed to do so, as Gandhi was already late. But a young Hindu from Poona forced his way forward and while seeming to do obeisance fired three point blank shots from a small automatic pistol aimed at the heart. Gandhi fell, his lips uttering the name of God (Hey Ram). Before medical aid could arrive the heart had ceased to beat-the heart that had beat only in love for humanity had ‘stopped’. Thus, died the Mahatma, at the hands of one of his own people, to the eternal glory of what he had lived for and to the eternal shame of those who failed to understand that he was the best representative of the religion for which he suffered martyrdom.

The nation’s feeling was best expressed by Prime Minister Nehru when with a trembling voice and a heart full of grief, he gave the news to the people on the radio.

“The light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere”.

He was fondly called ‘Bapu’ and is the Father of the Nation. His birthday is a national holiday. His image appears on Indian currency notes. His death day is observed as Martyr’s day. For some, he was a saint or ‘fakir’, some called him a ‘leader’ and some a politician. But, he was in reality an extraordinary soul in an ordinary mortal’s body. That’s why he was called ‘Mahatma’.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay Word Meanings for Simple Understanding

  • Bespectacled – wearing eyeglasses
  • Agile – quick and well-coordinated in movement
  • Daunting – to lessen the courage of, dishearten
  • Conscientious – careful and painstaking, meticulous
  • Docile – obedient
  • Excommunicate – to exclude or expel from membership or participation in any group, association, etc
  • Undeterred – persevering with something despite setbacks
  • Profound – intense
  • Intrigue – a plot of crafty dealing
  • Lawsuit – a case in a court of law involving a claim, complaint, etc., by one party against another, suit at law
  • Intelligentsia – intellectuals considered as a group or class, especially as a cultural, social, or political elite
  • Palate – the sense of taste
  • Atone – to make amends for an offense or crime
  • Fraternise – to associate in a fraternal or friendly way
  • Arson – the act of intentionally or recklessly setting fire to another’s property or to one’s own property for some improper reason
  • Congregation – a gathered or assembled body
  • Obeisance – deference or homage

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students and Children in 1500+ Words

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students and Children in 1500+ Words

In this article, read an inspirational essay on Mahatma Gandhi, The father of Nation. This essay on Bapu is for students and children of different classes. It includes his life history, early life, principles, leadership works, and more.

Table of Contents

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students and Children (1500+ Words)

India is a land of great women and men who have done such ideal works for the country that Indians will always remember. Many great men surrendered their bodies, minds, and wealth to our freedom struggle.

Mahatma Gandhi was one of such great men. Mahatma Gandhi was an era man towards whom the whole world has a feeling of respect.

Childhood and Education

This great man was born on the 2nd of October 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was the Diwan of Rajkot and mother Putlibai was a straightforward woman with a religious temperament. The impression of Mata’s character on Mohandas’s personality was visible.

After completing his primary education in Porbandar and passing the matriculation examination from Rajkot, he went to England for advocacy. He was advocated on return after layer study. He had to go to South Africa during a trial. Seeing the plight of Indians there, they were unfortunate.

The national spirit awakened in him, and he got engaged in the service of Indians. Gandhi started the Satyagraha movements against the devious policy and inhuman behavior of the British. He led the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement.

Principles of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji made Satyagraha his primary weapon to show opposition to the British. Gandhi started the Satyagraha movements against the devious policy and inhuman behavior of the British in front of the non-violent weapons.

He led the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement. British bow down in front of Gandhiji’s high command and truth and left India. Thus our country became Independent on the 15th of August 1947.

Other Work of Gandhi Ji

Gandhiji saved the untouchables and named him ‘Harijan.’ He strived to eliminate differences in language, caste, and religion, emphasized the use of indigenous goods.

He taught to spin yarn, observe all religions with respect and adopt truth, non-violence in life. Gandhiji gave the message of peace to the world.

Gandhiji ruled the hearts of the people of India with a feeling of love and brotherhood. They wanted to establish Ramrajya in the country. After India’s independence, the country was divided into two parts – India and Pakistan. He was despondent about this.

It was India’s misfortune we could not get the guidance of this leader for much longer after attaining independence. Gandhiji’s life was ended on the 30th of January 1948 by the bullet of a person named Nathuram Godse.

A visionary, epoch-eater went from India’s midst. Today Gandhiji is not with us, but we will always remember his ideal principles. His name will remain immortal.

Leadership of Mahatma Gandhi

All India from north to south or east to west was united under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi. His appeal to the Indian masses, especially to the poor class, witnessed no leader.

People from all social groups at the time; gather in Millions on one call by Mahatma Gandhi or Bapu (as he was fondly known in India), forgetting about religious and caste differences.

His strict observance of the policy of non-violence and Satyagraha won him recognition from around the world. He had and still has many supporters in South Africa, where he fought for the citizenship rights of native African residents and Indian residents.

His contribution to the Indian fight for freedom was unprecedented, and it is still believed that only thanks to his policy of non-violence and Satyagraha, India achieved independence on the 15th of August 1947.

The Initial Life Story of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was the youngest son of Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi (1822-1885) and Putlibai (1844-1891). Although he had only primary education, Karamchand was known for his skills and hard work and served as Diwan of the princely state of Porbandar (Gujarat).

In 1874 Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi went to Rajkot to serve as an adviser to Maharaja in Rajkot. In 1876, he was appointed Diwan of Rajkot. The initial Gandhiji training took place in Porbandar.

He was an average student who won the award but was very shy and introverted. Gandhiji was strongly inspired by the stories of Shravana Kumar and Satyavadi Raja Harish Chandra, which played an essential role in shaping his career and goals.

Mahatma Gandhi was also profoundly influenced by his Mother Putlibai, who was an ardent devotee, beginning her work with prayer. She is also known for maintaining two to three uninterrupted posts per week.

Gandhiji married Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia at the age of 13, and then at age of14 in May 1883. Their first son died early. He survived only a few days. They had four sons, Harilal (1888), Manilal (1892), Ramdas (1897) and Devdas (1900).

Gandhi Ji graduated from college in Ahmedabad in November 1887 and enrolled in college at Samaldas College Bhavnagar, but dropped out to join his family in Porbandar.

A graduate of law from London

Mavji Dave Joshiji, a brahmana, and friend of the Gandhi family suggested Mahatma Gandhi go to London to obtain a degree from the Inner Temple in London.

Although Gandhiji willingly agreed, his mother Putlibai was adamant not sending him to London, fearing that he would go for alcohol and meat. However, it gradually subsided when Gandhiji gave the word to refrain from alcohol, meat, and women.

At the age of 22, June 1891, Gandhiji returned to India and started layer practice.

Lawyer practice by Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhiji left London for India on June 1891. He practiced as a lawyer in Mumbai for a short time, but he failed because he could not interrogate witnesses.

He then returned to Rajkot, where he prepared petitions for trial parties to earn modestly, but was forced to stop working because of a conflict with a British officer.

A civil rights activist in South Africa (1893–1914)

During his apprenticeship in Rajkot, a wealthy Muslim merchant from Kathiawar, Dada Abdullah, approached Gandhi Ji.

Abdullah ran a successful forwarding business in South Africa and needed a lawyer, preferably from the Kathiawar region, to handle the case in South Africa. Gandhiji asked about his salary and found it satisfactory. In 1893 he went to Johannesburg (South Africa).

Upon arriving in South Africa, Gandhiji witnessed racial discrimination based on skin color. He was thrown out from the first-class compartment of the train he boarded and protested, sitting at the station all night, shaking with cold, but refusing to board another train.

He could board the next day, but the incident impressed him profoundly and sowed the seeds of civil rights movements in South Africa and India.

The case in which Gandhi Ji went to Africa ended in 1894. The Indian merchant community organized a fair well for Gandhiji and was persuaded to extend his stay to legally assist buyers and workers, as most were not well educated and barely read or wrote in English. With the trust and responsibility given to him by the Indian community, Mahatma Gandhi agreed to stay there.

During his stay in South Africa, he fought for the civil rights of the Natal Indians, demanding for them equal status as white people. He fought discrimination in travel, hotels, and other public places. Gandhiji founded the Native Indian Congress in 1894, for promoting equivalent human rights in South Africa for Indians.

Later, he also struggled for the voting rights of the indigenous people of Africa and led many protests for the “right to vote.” Gandhi Ji was proclaimed a national hero when black Africans gained the right to vote in 1894, and many statues of Mahatma Gandhi can still be seen in South Africa.

Indian Independence Movement (1915–1947):

Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915 and was furious at the crowded politics of the British Empire. He fought for unfair tax laws applied to Indians by the British government, strictly following his policy of non-violence and civil disobedience. The Honorary Mahatma (Great Soul) was first handed over to him by Rabindranath Tagore on the 6th of March 1915.

Gandhiji beat up an essential role during World War I, appealing to Indian youth to enlist in the army for defense. Mahatma Gandhi assumed the leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1931. He organized protests against oppressive politics and unfair tax regulations of the British Empire.

Some are Champaran’s excitement, Kher’s excitement, the Khilafat movement, and the non-cooperative movements are some of the significant moves he led. He led the Dandi march, protesting against taxes charged by the British administration on salt production by the Indians in the coastal city of Dandi (Gujarat).

The Dandi march was aimed at producing salt from seawater, as was commonly practiced by Indians, especially coastal regions, to meet their salt needs. The Dandi march lasted 25 days from the 12th of March 1930. To the 6th of April 1930, the British rulers finally bowed to the protests.

Besides Salt Satyagraha he also organized many protests against the British Empire, such as the Swadeshi Movement, the Quit India Movement, and various others, leading India to the path of total independence or “Purna Swaraj” or Self-Governance.

‘Gave us freedom, without a shield and a sword Saint of Sabarmati, you did fantastically. ‘

It is popularly saying about Gandhiji:

Post-Independence

Because of the division of India and Pakistan, millions of people were crossing borders in hope to ensure the security of the religious majority. Massive mass riots followed, and millions from both sides lost their lives.

While other national leaders celebrated independence , Gandhi traveled to distant places in Punjab and Bengal, encouraging people to resort to peace and non-violence.

Death of the Father of the Nation – Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi had many fast strikes during the Independence Movement. One of his last was the demand for money from the newly created Pakistan, as agreed by the Indian government.

The Indian government paid Pakistan 25 crowns out of 75 crowns but refused to pay the remaining amount after the Pakistani army attacked Jammu and Kashmir.

The Indian government believed that Pakistani forces would use the money against India. However, Gandhiji was against the decision, stating this would mean a return to an agreement between them.

He sat on the fast until his death or until his demands were met. He was shot dead by Hindu radical Nathuram Godse in 1948, who thought Gandhi’s support of Pakistan was anti-Indian.

Conclusion:

Throughout his life, Mahatma Gandhi fought for civil rights, strictly followed the principles of nonviolence and civil disobedience.

He was the most exceptional leader of Indian descent who fought for the civil rights of Indians and the indigenous people of South Africa when he was in South Africa and played a vital role in the Indian independence movement.

His appeal to the masses brought him names such as Mahatma, Bapu and was proclaimed Father of the Nation. His birthday on the 2nd of October is celebrated as a national holiday in India and International Day against violence around the world.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi [100, 150, 200, 300, 500 Words]

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English: In this article, you are going to read short and long essays on Mahatma Gandhi in English (100, 150, 200-250, 300, and 500 words). This article will be also helpful for you If you are looking for a speech on Mahatma Gandhi or Paragraph on Mahatma Gandhi in English. We’ve written this article for students of all classes (nursery to class 12). So, let’s get started.

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Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 100 Words

Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest leaders of our country. He was born in Porbandar, India, on October 2, 1869. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Dewan and his mother Putlibai was a pious lady. Gandhiji went to England to become a barrister. In 1893 he went to South Africa and worked for the rights of our people.

He returned to India in 1915 and joined the freedom struggle. He started many political movements like Non-cooperation movement, Salt Satyagraha, Quit India Movement to fight against the British. Gandhiji worked for the ending of the caste system and the establishment of Hindu-Muslim unity. He was killed by Nathuram Godse On January 30, 1948.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 150 Words

Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader. His full name was Mohandas and Gandhi. He was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar. His father was a Diwan. He was an average student. He went to England and returned as a barrister.

In South Africa, Gandhiji saw the bad condition of the Indians. There he raised his voice against it and organised a movement.

In India, he started the non-cooperation and Satyagraha movements to fight against the British Government. He went to jail many times. He wanted Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1947, he got freedom for us.

Gandhiji was a great social reformer. He worked for Dalits and lower-class people. He lived a very simple life. He wanted peace. He believed in Ahimsa.

On January 30, 1948, he was shot dead. We call him ‘Bapu’ out of love and respect. He is the Father of the Nation.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English

Also Read: 10 Lines on Mahatma Gandhi

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 200-250 Words

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, freedom activist, and politician. Gandhiji was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar, Gujarat. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the Chief Minister (diwan) of Porbandar state. His mother Putlibai was a religious woman.

He went to England to study law at the age of 18 years. After his return to India, he started a practice as a lawyer in the Bombay High Court. He went to South Africa and started practicing law. There he protested against the injustice and harsh treatment of the white people towards the native Africans and Indians.

He returned to India in 1915 and started to take interest in politics. Mahatma Gandhi used the ideals of truth and non-violence as weapons to fight against British colonial rule. He worked for the upliftment of Harijans. He fought against untouchability and worked for Hindu-Muslim unity.

Through his freedom movements like Non-cooperation movement, Khilafat movement, and civil disobedience movement he fought for freedom against the British imperialists. 1942, he launched the Quit India movement to end the British rule. At last, India got freedom in 1947 at his initiative.

People affectionately call him ‘Bapu’ and the ‘Father of the Nation’. He was shot dead in 1948 by the Hindu fanatic Nathuram Godse.  Gandhiji’s life is a true inspiration for all of us.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 300 Words

Mahatma Gandhi was born at Porbandar in Gujarat on 2nd October, 1869. His father was the Diwan of the State. His name was Karam Chand Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi. His mother’s name was Putali Bai. Mahatma Gandhi went to school first at Porbandar then at Rajkot. Even as a child, Mahatma never told a lie. He passed his Matric examination at the age of 18.

Mohan Das was married to Kasturba at the age of thirteen. Mahatma Gandhi was sent to England to study law and became a Barrister. He lived a very simple life even in England. After getting his law degree, he returned to India.

Mr. Gandhi started his law practice. He went to South Africa in the course of a law suit. He saw the condition of the Indians living there. They were treated very badly by the white men. They were not allowed to travel in 1st class on the trains, also not allowed to enter certain localities, clubs, and so on. Once when Gandhiji was travelling in the 1st class compartment of the train, he was beaten and thrown out of the train. Then Mahatma decided to unite all Indians and started the Non-violence and Satyagrah Movement. In no time, the Movement picked up.

Mahatma Gandhi returned to India and joined Indian National Congress. He started the Non-violence, Non-cooperation Movements here also. He travelled all over India, especially the rural India to see the conditions of the poor.

Mahatma Gandhi started Satyagrah Movement to oppose the Rowlatt Act and there was the shoot-out at Jalian-Wala-Bagh. The Act was drawn after many people were killed. He then started the Salt Satyagraha and Quit India Movements. And finally, Gandhiji won freedom for us. India became free on 15th August, 1947. He is called as “Father of the Nation”. Unfortunately, Gandhiji was shot on 30 January 1948 by a Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse.

Also Read: Gandhi Jayanti Speech 10 Lines

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 500 Words

Introduction:.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi was a politician, social activist, writer, and leader of the Indian national movement. He is a figure known all over the world. His name is a household word in India, rather, in all the world round. His creed of non-violence has placed him on the same par with Buddha, Sri Chaitanya, and Jesus Christ.

Family & Education:

Mahatma Gandhi was born in the small town of Porbandar in the Kathiwad state on October 2, 1869. His father Karamchand Gandhi was the prime minister of Rajkot State and his mother Putlibai was a pious lady. Her influence shaped the future life of Mahatma Gandhi.

He was sent to school at a very early age, but he was not a very bright student. After his Matriculation Examination, he went to England to study law and returned home as a barrister. He began to practice law in Bombay but he was not very successful.

Life in South Africa:

In 1893 Gandhiji went to South Africa in connection with a case. He found his own countrymen treated with contempt by the whites. Gandhiji started satyagraha against this color hated. It was a non-violent protest, yet hundreds were beaten up and thousands were sent to jail. But Gandhiji did not buzz an inch from his faith in truth and non-violence and at last, he succeeded in his mission. He was awarded the title of Mahatma.

Fight for India’s Independence:

In 1915 Gandhiji came back to India after twenty long years in South Africa. He joined the Indian National congress and championed the cause of India’s freedom movement. He asked people to unite for the cause of freedom. He used the weapons of truth and non-violence to fight against the mighty British.

The horrible massacre at Jalianwalabag in Punjab touched him and he resolved to face the brute force of the British Government with moral force. In 1920 he launched the Non-cooperation movement to oppose British rule in India.

He led the famous Dandi March on 12th March 1930. This march was meant to break the salt law. And as a result of this, the British rule in India had already started shaking and he had to go to London for a Round Table Conference in 1931. But this Conference proved abortive and the country was about to give a death blow to the foreign rule.

In 1942 Gandhiji launched his final bout for freedom. He started the ‘Quit India’ movement. At last, the British Government had to quit India in 1947, and India was declared a free country on August 15, 1947.

Social Works:

Mahatma Gandhi was a social activist who fought against the evils of society. He found the Satyagraha Ashram on the banks of the Sabarmati river in Gujarat. He preached against untouchability and worked for Hindu-Muslim unity. He fought tirelessly for the rights of Harijans.

Conclusion:

Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation was a generous, god-loving, and peace-loving person. But unfortunately, he was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948 at the age of 78. To commemorate Gandhiji’s birth anniversary Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every year on October 2. Gandhiji’s teachings and ideologies will continue to enlighten and encourage us in the future.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English for Children and Students

mahatma gandhi essay in simple words

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English: Mahatma Gandhi was an influential political leader in India who is best known for leading the country’s nonviolent resistance movement against British colonialism. After studying law in England, Gandhi returned to India and became a prominent leader of the Indian National Congress. He advocated for India’s independence from British rule and promoted a philosophy of non-violent resistance. Gandhi was arrested numerous times by the British authorities, but he continued to lead protests and campaigns against British rule. In 1947, India finally achieved independence, and Gandhi played a key role in the country’s transition to democracy. He was assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu extremist.

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Below, we have provided simple essays on Mahatma Gandhi , a person who would always live in the heart of the Indian people. Every kid and child of India knows him by the name of Bapu, or Father of the Nation. Using the following Mahatma Gandhi essay, you can help your kids, and school-going children perform better in school during any competition or exam.

Long and Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English

Below are short and long essays on Mahatma Gandhi in English for your information and knowledge.

The essays have been written in simple yet effective English so that you can quickly grasp and present the information whenever needed.

After going through these Mahatma Gandhi essays, you will learn about the life and ideals of Mahatma Gandhi, the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, what role he played in the freedom struggle, and why is he the most respected leader in the world over; how his birthday is celebrated, etc.

The information given in the essays will be helpful in speech giving, essay writing, or speech-providing competition on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti.

Also Read: Independence Day Speech for Students

Mahatma Gandhi Essay 1 (100 words)

Mahatma Gandhi is famous in India as “Bapu” or “Rastrapita.” His full name of him is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who led India as a leader of nationalism against British rule. He was born on the 2 nd of October in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India.

He died on the 30 th of January in 1948. M.K. Gandhi was assassinated by the Hindu activist Nathuram Godse, who was hanged later as a punishment by the government of India. Rabindranath Tagore has given him another name, “Martyr of the Nation,” since 1948.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay 2 (150 words)

Mahatma Gandhi is called Mahatma because of his great works and greatness throughout his life. He was a great freedom fighter and non-violent activist who always followed non-violence throughout his life while leading India to independence from British rule.

He was born on the 2 nd of October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat, India. He was just 18 years old while studying law in England. Later he went to the British colony of South Africa to practice his law, where he got differentiated from the light skin people because of being a dark skin person. That’s why he decided to become a political activist to make some positive changes in such unfair laws.

Later he returned to India and started a powerful and non-violent movement to make India an independent country. He was the one who led the Salt March (Namak Satyagrah or Salt Satyagrah or Dandi March) in 1930. He inspired many Indians to work against British rule for their independence.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay 3 (200 words)

Mahatma Gandhi was an outstanding personality in India who still inspires the people in the country and abroad through his legacy of greatness, idealness, and dignified life. Bapu was born in a Hindu family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India, on the 2 nd of October in 1869. The 2 nd of October was the great day for India when Bapu took birth. He paid an incredible and unforgettable role in the independence of India from British rule. The full name of the Bapu is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He went to England for his law study just after passing his matriculation examination. Later he returned to India as a lawyer in 1890.

After he arrived in India, he started helping Indian people facing various problems from British rule. He started a Satyagraha movement against the British government to help Indians. Other significant movements initiated by the Bapu for the independence of India are the Non-cooperation movement in 1920, the Civil Dis the obedience movement in 1930, and the Quit India movement in 1942. All the movements had shaken the British rule in India and inspired many everyday Indian citizens to fight for freedom.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay 4 (250 words)

Bapu, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born 1869 on the 2 nd of October at Porbander in Gujarat, India. Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian who led India in the independence movement against British rule. He completed his schooling in India and went to England for further study of law. He returned to India as a lawyer and started practicing law. He started helping the people of India who were humiliated and insulted by British rule.

He started the non-violence independence movement to fight against the injustice of Britishers. He was insulted many times but continued his non-violent struggle for the Independence of India. After his return to India, he joined Indian National Congress as a member. He was the great leader of the Indian independence movement who struggled a lot for the freedom of India. As a member of the Indian National Congress, he started independence movements like Non-Cooperation, Civil Disobedience, and later Quit India Movement, which became successful a day and helped India get freedom.

As a great freedom fighter, he got arrested and sent to jail many times, but he continued fighting against British rule for the justice of Indians. He was a great believer in non-violence and unity of people of all religions, which he followed through his struggle for independence. After many battles with many Indians, he finally became successful in making India an independent country on the 15 th of August in 1947. Later he was assassinated in 1948 on the 30 th of January by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu activist.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay 5 (300 words)

Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who spent his whole life in a struggle for the independence of India. He was born in an Indian Hindu family on the 2 nd of October in 1869 in Porbander, Gujarat. He lived his whole as a leader of the Indian people. His whole life story is a great inspiration for us. He is called the Bapu or Rashtrapita as he spent his life fighting against British rule for our freedom of us. While fighting with Britishers, he took the help of his great weapons like non-violence and Satyagraha movements to achieve independence. He was arrested and sent to jail many times but never discouraged himself and continued fighting for national freedom.

He is the birth father of our nation who used all his power to make us free from British rule. He understood the power of unity in people (from different castes, religions, communities, races, ages, or gender), which he used throughout his independence movement. Finally, he forced Britishers to quit India forever through his mass movements on the 15 th of August in 1947. Since 1947, India’s 15th of August has been celebrated as Independence Day th of August has been celebrated as Independence Day in India.

He could not continue his life after the independence of India in 1947 as he was assassinated by one of the Hindu activists, Nathuram Godse, in 1948 on the 30 th of January. He was a great personality who served his whole life till death for the motherland. He enlightened our life with the true light of freedom from British rule. He proved that everything is possible with the non-violence and unity of people. Even after dying many years ago, he is still alive in the heart of every Indian as a “Father of the Nation and Bapu.”

Mahatma Gandhi Essay 6 (400 words)

Mahatma Gandhi is well known as the “Father of the Nation or Bapu” because of his most significant contributions toward our country’s independence. He was the one who believed in the non-violence and unity of the people and brought spirituality to Indian politics. He worked hard the remove the untouchability in the Indian society , upliftment of the backward classes in India, raised his voice to develop villages for social development, and inspired Indian people to use swadeshi goods and other social issues. He brought familiar people in front to participate in the national movement and encouraged them to fight for their actual freedom.

He was one of the persons who converted people’s dream of independence into truth day through his noble ideals and supreme sacrifices. He is remembered for his wondrous works and primary virtues such as non-violence, truth, love, and fraternity. He was not born as excellent, but he made himself great through his hard struggles and work. The life of King Harischandra highly influenced him from the play titled Raja Harischandra. After schooling, he completed his law degree in England and began his career as a lawyer. He faced many difficulties in his life but continued walking as a great leader.

He started many mass movements like the Non-cooperation movement in 1920, the civil disobedience movement in 1930, and finally the Quit India Movement in 1942, throughout the way to independence of India. After many struggles and work, the British Government finally granted independence to India. He was a straightforward person who worked to remove the color barrier and caste barrier. He also worked hard to remove the untouchability in the Indian society and named untouchables as “Harijan” means the people of God.

He was a great social reformer and Indian freedom fighter who died a day after completing his aim of life. He inspired Indian people for the manual labour and said that arrange all the resource ownself for living a simple life and becoming self-dependent. He started weaving cotton clothes through the use of Charakha in order to avoid the use of videshi goods and promote the use of Swadeshi goods among Indians.

He was a strong supporter of the agriculture and motivated people to do agriculture works. He was a spiritual man who brought spirituality to the Indian politics. He died in 1948 on 30 th of January and his body was cremated at Raj Ghat, New Delhi. 30 th of January is celebrated every year as the Martyr Day in India in order to pay homage to him.

Essay on Non-violence of Mahatma Gandhi – Essay 7 (800 Words)

Introduction

Non-violence or ‘ahimsa’ is a practice of not hurting anyone intentionally or unintentionally. It is the practice professed by great saints like Gautam Buddha and Mahaveer. Mahatma Gandhi was one of the pioneer personalities to practice non-violence. He used non-violence as a weapon to fight the armed forces of the British Empire and helped us to get independence without lifting a single weapon.

Role of Non-violence in Indian Freedom Struggle

The role of non-violence in the Indian freedom struggle became prominent after the involvement of Mahatma Gandhi. There were many violent freedom struggles going on concurrently in the country and the importance of these cannot be neglected either. There were many sacrifices made by our freedom fighters battling against the British rule. But non-violence was a protest which was done in a very peaceful manner and was a great way to demand for the complete independence. Mahatma Gandhi used non-violence in every movement against British rule. The most important non-violence movements of Mahatma Gandhi which helped to shake the foundation of the British government are as follows.

  • Champaran and Kheda Agitations

In 1917 the farmers of Champaran were forced by the Britishers to grow indigo and again sell them at very cheap fixed prices. Mahatma Gandhi organized a non-violent protest against this practice and Britishers were forced to accept the demand of the farmers.

Kheda village was hit by floods in 1918 and created a major famine in the region. The Britishers were not ready to provide any concessions or relief in the taxes. Gandhiji organized a non-cooperation movement and led peaceful protests against the British administration for many months. Ultimately the administration was forced to provide relief in taxes and temporarily suspended the collection of revenue.

  • Non-cooperation Movement

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre and the harsh British policies lead to the Non-cooperation movement in 1920. It was the non-violence protest against the British rule. Gandhiji believed that the main reason of the Britishers flourishing in India is the support they are getting from Indians. He pleaded to boycott the use of British products and promoted the use of ‘Swadeshi’ products. Indians denied working for the Britishers and withdrew themselves from the British schools, civil services, government jobs etc. People started resigning from the prominent posts which highly affected the British administration. The Non-Cooperation movement shook the foundation of the British rule and all these without a single use of any weapon. The power of non-violence was more evident in the non-cooperation movement.

  • Salt Satyagrah or Salt March

Salt March or the ‘Namak Satyagrah’ was the non-violence movement led by Mahatma Gandhi against the salt monopoly of the Britishers. Britishers imposed a heavy taxation on the salt produce which affected the local salt production. Gandhiji started the 26 days non-violence march to Dandi village, Gujarat protesting against the salt monopoly of the British government. The Dandi march was started on 12 th March 1930 from Sabarmati Ashram and ended on 06 th April 1930 at Dandi, breaking the salt laws of the British government and starting the local production of salt. The Salt March was a non violent movement which got the international attention and which helped to concrete the foundation of Independent India.

  • Quit India Movement

After the successful movement of the Salt March, the foundation of British government shook completely. Quit India Movement was launched by Mahatma Gandhi on 8 th August 1942 which demanded the Britishers to quit India. It was the time of World War II when Britain was already in war with Germany and the Quit India Movement acted as a fuel in the fire. There was a mass non-violent civil disobedience launched across the country and Indians also demanded their separation from World War II. The effect of Quit India Movement was so intense that British government agreed to provide complete independence to India once the war gets over. The Quit India Movement was a final nail in the coffin of the British rule in India.

These movements led by Mahatma Gandhi were completely Non-violent and did not use any weapon. The power of truth and non-violence were the weapons used to fight the British rule. The effect of non-violence was so intense that it gained the immediate attention of the international community towards the Indian independence struggle. It helped to reveal the harsh policies and acts of the British rule to the international audience.

Mahatma Gandhi always believed that weapons are not the only answer for any problem; in fact they created more problems than they solved. It is a tool which spreads hatred, fear and anger. Non-violence is one of the best methods by which we can fight with much powerful enemies, without holding a single weapon. Apart from the independence struggle; there are many incidents of modern times which exhibited the importance of non-violence and how it helped in bringing changes in the society and all that without spilling a single drop of blood. Hope the day is not very far when there will be no violence and every conflict and dispute will be solved through peaceful dialogues without harming anyone and shedding blood and this would be a greatest tribute to Mahatma Gandhi.

Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – Essay 8 (1100 Words)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aka ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ was one of the great sons of Indian soil who rose to become a great soul and gave major contribution in the great Indian freedom struggle against the British rule in India. He was a man of ideologies and a man with great patience and courage. His non-violence movements involved peaceful protests and non-cooperation with the British rule. These movements had a long term effects on the Britishers and it also helped India to grab the eye balls of global leaders and attracted the attention on the international platforms.

Family and Life of Mahatma Gandhi

  • Birth and Childhood

Mahatma Gandhi was born as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on 02 nd October, 1869 at Porbandar (which is in the current state of Gujarat). His father Karamchand Gandhi was working as the Chief Minister (diwan) of Porbandar at that time. His mother Putlibai was a very devotional and generous lady. Young Gandhi was a reflection of his mother and inherited high values, ethics and the feeling of sacrifice from her.

  • Marriage and Education

Mohandas was married to Kasturba Makanji at a very young age of 13. In 1888, they were blessed with a baby boy and after which he sailed to London for higher studies. In 1893, he went to South Africa to continue his practice of law where he faced strong racial discrimination by the Britishers. The major incident which completely changed the young Gandhi was when he was forcibly removed from the first class compartment of a train due to his race and color.

  • Civil Rights Movement in Africa

After the discrimination and embracement faced by Gandhi due to his race and color, he vowed to fight and challenge the racial discrimination of immigrants in South Africa. He formed Natal Indian Congress in 1894 and started fighting against racial discrimination. He fought for the civil rights of the immigrants in South Africa and spent around 21 years there.

  • Mahatma Gandhi in the Indian Freedom Struggle

Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and joined Indian National Congress and started to raise voice against the British rule in India and demanded the complete independence or ‘Purn Swaraj’ for India. He started many non-violent movements and protests against Britishers and was also imprisoned various times in his long quest of freedom. His campaigns were completely non-violent without the involvement of any force or weapons. His ideology of ‘ahimsa’ meaning not to injure anyone was highly appreciated and was also followed by many great personalities around the globe.

Why was Gandhi called Mahatma?

‘Mahatma’ is a Sanskrit word which means ‘great soul’. It is said that it was Rabindranth Tagore who first used ‘Mahatma’ for Gandhi. It was because of the great thoughts and ideologies of Gandhi which made people honour him by calling ‘Mahatma Gandhi’. The great feeling of sacrifice, love and help he showed throughout his life was a matter of great respect for each citizen of India.

Mahatma Gandhi showed a lifelong compassion towards the people affected with leprosy. He used to nurse the wounds of people with leprosy and take proper care of them. In the times when people used to ignore and discriminate people with leprosy, the humanitarian compassion of Gandhi towards them made him a person with great feelings and a person with great soul justifying himself as Mahatma.

Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution on various social issues could never be ignored. His campaign against untouchability during his imprisonment in the Yerwada Jail where he went on fast against the age old evil of untouchability in the society had highly helped the upliftment of the community in the modern era. Apart from this, he also advocated the importance of education, cleanliness, health and equality in the society. All these qualities made him a man with great soul and justify his journey from Gandhi to Mahatma.

What are Gandhi’s accomplishments?

Mahatma Gandhi was a man with mission who not only fought for the country’s independence but also gave his valuable contribution in uprooting various evils of the society. The accomplishments of Mahatma Gandhi is summarized below:

  • Fought against Racial Discrimination in South Africa

The racial discrimination in South Africa shocked Mahatma Gandhi and he vowed to fight against it. He challenged the law which denied the voting rights of the people not belonging to the European region. He continued to fight for the civil rights of the immigrants in South Africa and became a prominent face of a civil right activist.

  • Face of the Indian Freedom Struggle

Mahatma Gandhi was the liberal face of independence struggle. He challenged the British rule in India through his peaceful and non-violent protests. The Champaran Satyagrah, Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt March, Quit India Movement etc are just the few non-violent movements led by him which shook the foundation of the Britishers in India and grabbed the attention of the global audience to the Indian freedom struggle.

  • Uprooting the Evils of Society

Gandhi Ji also worked on uprooting various social evils in the society which prevailed at that time. He launched many campaigns to provide equal rights to the untouchables and improve their status in the society. He also worked on the women empowerment, education and opposed child marriage which had a long term effect on the Indian society.

What was Gandhi famous for?

Mahatma Gandhi was one of the great personalities of India. He was a man with simplicity and great ideologies. His non-violent way to fight a much powerful enemy without the use of a weapon or shedding a single drop of blood surprised the whole world. His patience, courage and disciplined life made him popular and attracted people from every corners of the world.

He was the man who majorly contributed in the independence of India from the British rule. He devoted his whole life for the country and its people. He was the face of the Indian leadership on international platform. He was the man with ethics, values and discipline which inspires the young generation around the globe even in the modern era.

Gandhi Ji was also famous for his strict discipline. He always professed the importance of self discipline in life. He believed that it helps to achieve bigger goals and the graces of ahimsa could only be achieved through hard discipline.

These qualities of the great leader made him famous not only in India but also across the world and inspired global personalities like Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King.

Mahatma Gandhi helped India to fulfill her dream of achieving ‘Purna Swaraj’ or complete independence and gave the country a global recognition. Though he left this world on 30 th January, 1948, but his ideologies and thoughts still prevail in the minds of his followers and act as a guiding light to lead their lives. He proved that everything is possible in the world if you have a strong will, courage and determination.

Get More Information About Mahatma Gandhi and his involvement

FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi

Who is Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi was an influential political leader in India who is best known for leading the country's non-violent resistance movement against British colonialism.

Write Mahatma Gandhi essay in english?

Mahatma Gandhi was a man with mission who not only fought for the country’s independence but also gave his valuable contribution in uprooting various evils of the society.

When is Gandhi Jayanti?

The birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti. It is on 2nd October.

Who was Kasturba?

Kasturba was Gandhi's wife. He was married to Kasturba at a very young age of 13.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

Freedom is the need of every living thing on this earth. However, this freedom does not come free of cost. We feel proud to say that our country India is an independent country but when we say this, we also remember the story behind this freedom. This freedom cost us millions lives and thousands of struggles. Many people fought tirelessly to make India an independent country. Moreover, when we talk about India’s independence movement, the first name that strikes our mind is “Mahatma Gandhi”. Every child of India is well aware of this name. So, to discover more about this famous personality, let us discuss Mahatma Gandhi in detail.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English

Here, we are presenting long and short essays on Mahatma Gandhi in English for students under word limits of 100 – 150 Words, 200 – 250 words, and 500 – 600 words. This topic is useful for students of classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 in English. These provided essays will also be helpful for students to write essay, speech, or paragraphs on this topic.

10 Lines Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (100 – 120 Words)

1) Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, was an Indian political leader.

2) His mother was Putlibai and father was Karamchand Gandhi.

3) He played a vital role in India’s struggle for independence against British rule.

4) He led several peaceful protests and movements, including the famous Salt March.

5) His beliefs and teachings inspired many other civil rights leaders around the world.

6) He was imprisoned numerous times for his protests against violence and injustice.

7) Gandhi was against the British rule and he worked hard to get India’s freedom.

8) Gandhi is widely known for his philosophy of nonviolence and civil disobedience.

9) He was shot on 30 January 1948 at 5:17 pm by Nathuram Godse.

10) Gandhi inspires people worldwide to fight for peace, justice, and equality.

Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (250 – 300 Words)

Introduction

Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most important people in India’s movement for independence. Mahatma Gandhi, Gandhi ji, father of the nation, bapu, etc are the various names of our beloved freedom fighter Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi: The Father of the Nation

Mahatma Gandhi was born in Porbandar, Gujarat on 2 nd October 1869 to Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. Mahatma Gandhi was an Indian writer, politician, lawyer, and social worker. Gandhi is often called the “Father of the Nation” in India, because his tireless efforts and selfless fight for freedom made him an advocate of the oppressed people. He supported civil resistance that didn’t involve violence and promoted the idea of Satyagraha, which means “the force of truth.”

Role of Gandhi in Independence Movement

Gandhi’s contribution to the Indian independence movement cannot be overstated. He believed that India could only achieve true freedom through non-violence and civil disobedience. In 1919, Gandhi called for a nationwide strike in protest against the Rowlatt Act. This led to widespread protests and marked the beginning of Gandhi’s mass civil disobedience campaigns. Gandhi organized several significant movements such as the Salt March in 1930. These movements got the attention and support of most Indians and were a key part of getting the country independence.

Gandhi’s ability to lead and his unwavering dedication to his cause have made him a true freedom fighter. His strategy of using nonviolence and civil disobedience to win freedom is still a great example of how peaceful resistance can change politics. As we remember and honor the “Father of the Nation,” let’s try to live by his values of truth, nonviolence, and social justice to make the world a better place for everyone.

Long Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (500 Words)

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was an important leader in India’s fight for freedom. Gandhi was not only a political leader but also a great thinker and philosopher. His nonviolent approach to fighting injustice inspired individuals and movements around the world and continues to be remembered as a symbol of peace and resistance.

Mahatma Gandhi: Early Life

Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat to Karamchand Gandhi and Putlibai. In May 1883, Mohandas, who was 13 at the time, got married to Kasturba devi, who was 14. He received his formal education in India and later studied law in London. Gandhi faced discrimination during his time in South Africa, which became a turning point in his life. This experience prompted him to fight for justice and equality, not only for Indians but for all oppressed people. When he got back to India, he became a well-known leader of the Indian National Congress.

Principles or Ideology of Gandhi Ji

Gandhi’s thought was based on the ideas of nonviolence, truth, and not caring about yourself. He thought that Satyagraha, a movement of nonviolent protest, could bring about social and political change. Gandhi was sure that violence leads to more violence and that kindness and understanding are the only ways to solve problems without violence. His ideas highlighted the value of being kind, forgiving, and loving to one’s enemies.

Contributions of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi’s contributions to the Indian independence movement were immense. He played a pivotal role in organizing mass protests, strikes, and boycotts against British rule. The Salt March, which he led in 1930, is widely regarded as one of his most significant accomplishments. This act of civil disobedience sparked international attention and brought the Indian independence movement to the forefront. Other than this, Gandhi ji also led Champaran and Kheda Agitations, Non-cooperation Movement, Quit India Movement, etc. He was also an advocate for women’s rights. He believed in gender equality and fought against social norms that oppressed women.

Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi’s idea of nonviolent resistance inspired leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela to fight for human rights and equality. Truth and sincerity are still seen as important values for people who want to live in a fair and peaceful society. However, we lost this gem on 30 January 1948. Nathuram Godse, an extremist Hindu, shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi. The news of his death was felt all throughout the world. In India, 2 nd October is seen as Gandhi Jayanti and is a national holiday.

Mahatma Gandhi’s effect on the world cannot be overestimated. His peaceful way of fighting for freedom not only led to India’s independence but also changed the course of history for oppressed people all over the world. Gandhi’s ideas and teachings continue to inspire people and groups that work for peace, justice, and equality. Mahatma Gandhi will always be remembered as a sign of hope and courage in the face of hardship.

I hope the above provided essay on Mahatma Gandhi will be helpful in understanding his contribution for this country.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions on Mahatma Gandhi

Ans. Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi, a spiritual leader known as the “Great Soul of India,” when he was 78 years old. “Hey Ram” were the last words Mahatma Gandhi spoke before he died from the gunshot.

Ans. On January 30, 1948, after a prayer gathering in New Delhi, Mahatma Gandhi was killed, he was 78 years old. At point-blank range, three bullets were shot into his chest and stomach.

Ans. Satyagraha was the most important tool Mahatma Gandhi used to fight the British and free India. The concept of Satyagraha was created by Mahatma Gandhi. It is a form of civil protest that doesn’t use violence.

Ans. “Mahatma,” which means “great soul,” was a name that people used to call Gandhi. Rabindranath Tagore, a poet and philosopher from Bengal, gave him this title.

Ans. Mahatma Gandhi hasn’t won either the Bharat Ratna or the Nobel Prize, but he was named 5 times for the Nobel Peace Prize between 1937 and 1948. The Court said that Gandhi Ji and the things he did will live on forever. Any award, including the Bharat Ratna, will hurt his reputation.

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Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi, is widely regarded as a pivotal figure in the Indian independence movement. His nonviolent method of political and social change was instrumental in the Independence of India from British rule. For his contributions to independence, he is regarded as the Father of India. 

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi’s teachings on moral behaviour, self-discipline, and spirituality continue to inspire people all over the world. He is regarded as a symbol of peace, and his ideas continue to influence India’s social and political landscape. Due to his immense popularity and contributions to Indian politics and society, students are often required to write a Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi Essay as a part of their school curriculum. Hence, we have provided in this article a Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi to help you write your own Mahatma Gandhi Essay.

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 200 Words

A Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 200 words is as follows

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was the person who fought against British rule so that Indi can be free and independent. For the work and efforts he had done, he is given the title of Father of the Nation. Gandhi was born in Gujarat when the British were ruling Indians. He went on to study Law in England and worked for some years in South Africa. But due to the discrimination he faced and his devotion to uplifting the downtrodden, he returned to India and joined the national movement for independence and the Indian National Congress.

Gandhi completely changed the nature of the Indian Independence Movement and the Congress Party. He started to peacefully resist the laws and rules of the British Government, beginning with Champaran Satyagraha. He launched the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920 to spread the feeling and passion of nationalism amongst the people. His main teaching is that of nonviolence, and that non-violent methods can achieve more than violent methods. Gandhi also cared about the poor people and worked for their betterment. Despite being a popular public figure, he lived an extremely simple life. For these reasons, he is respected all around the world

Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 500 Words

A Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi is as follows

Few people have had an impact on Indian society as deep as Mahatma Gandhi has. The India that we live in today is shaped by his ideas, philosophy, spirituality and morality to a large extent. His main teaching, that of non-violence, has inspired many people around the world to fight against various social injustices. Also, due to his impact on our country, India is known as the Land of Gandhi. 

Gandhi was born in Porbandar in 1869 and was the youngest of four children of his parents. Gandhi studied law in England and later practised in South Africa, where he witnessed racial inequalities and prejudice against the Indian community. This experience moulded his perspectives on social equality and helped inspire him to devote his life to fighting injustice.

He was committed to fighting for the people of India and ending the tyrannical British colonial rule. Throughout his life, he led numerous peaceful demonstrations and civil disobedience movements, including the famous Salt March, also known as the Dandi March of 1930, which was a watershed moment in the independence movement in India.

Gandhi’s ideas span a wide scope. His idea of Satyagraha (truth force) emphasized the non-violent method of resistance against oppression. His Satyagraha movement was founded on nonviolent, civil disobedience, and peaceful demonstration. Gandhi strongly believed that non-violent and peaceful resistance was a useful weapon for accomplishing change in society and politics, and he used it effectively during India’s independence struggle. As per him, Satyagraha was not merely a political strategy, but a way of life.

Gandhi’s concept of Swaraj emphasises self-rule or self-governance. It is founded on the notion that people and communities should govern themselves without intervention from outside forces. Swaraj, according to Gandhi, signifies not only political independence but also economic and social independence. He believed that true Swaraj could be realised only when people and communities are self-sufficient and free of exploitation from outside as well as from within.

Gandhi was concerned about the upliftment of the poor and the downtrodden, especially those residing in the village. Gandhi emphasised the significance of the development of the village economy as the bedrock of Indian society. He did believe that a decentralised economic system based on small-scale and locally owned businesses could create jobs and raise the living standards of rural communities.

Gandhi also advocated for self-reliance and self-sufficiency. He promoted the usage of indigenous and locally-made products and the weaving and spinning of khadi (a type of hand-spun cloth) to promote economic self-reliance and autonomy. Gandhi believed strongly in the enormous power of education and saw it as the key to social reform in India. He founded a number of educational institutions, including Gujarat Vidyapith.

Gandhi’s teachings and ideas still inspire people all over the world to struggle for justice and equality, as well as to strive for a more sustainable and peaceful future. His teachings on Non-violent resistance, Civil disobedience, Interfaith harmony, Self-reliance, and Environmentalism have brought about a huge change in societies and politics of countries around the world.

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Best Mahatma Gandhi Essay for Kids

Mahatma Gandhi essay in English for kids provided here is provided to them as a sample to write a brief description of any famous Indian personality. Essay writing on a famous personality requires ample knowledge on the topic in comparison to other kinds of essay writing tasks. 

An essay on a famous personality primarily focuses on the person’s struggles, sacrifices, success, achievements and their messages for society. So, when a kid wants to write an essay on a famous personality like Mahatma Gandhi, he/she should do complete research about that person and understand how to write about the legend in simple words.

This essay about Mahatma Gandhi would enrich their knowledge about the famous personality whom they should look up to for inspiration. This would enable them to write a wonderful essay on this interesting topic. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s explore!

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Mahatma gandhi essay in english.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay

Mahatma Gandhi, a follower of non-violence and a messenger of truth, was born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and he belonged to an affluent family. He was a good student with a shy nature. As he grew up, he went to England to study law and soon became a barrister. When he returned to India, he began practising law at the Bombay High Court.

Thereafter, he went to South Africa to practise law. However, he was not interested in the legal profession. He joined hands with the natives of that region and started a non-violent movement called Satyagraha, in order to fight against the oppression of the Europeans. Soon, he returned to India and joined the struggle for India’s Independence against the British.

Seeing the miserable plight of his fellow Indian brothers and sisters, he started the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement to revolt against British rule in India. He underwent a lot of suffering and made sacrifices to uproot the British from the Indian soil. He had a non-violent approach towards India’s fight for freedom from British rule.

Mahatma Gandhi was a noble soul who believed in simplicity. He propagated the use of Swadeshi (domestic) goods among the people and boycotted the use of foreign items. He was a secular preacher and treated people of different communities with equal respect. He used to wear simple clothes and encouraged the use of handspun fibres such as jute and khadi made with the help of the spinning wheel.

He was a man of strong conviction and played a crucial role in the struggle for India’s Independence. He was imprisoned several times but his love for India’s freedom remained his cherished goal. His birthday, 2nd October, is celebrated as ‘Gandhi Jayanti’, to offer homage to the veteran for his significant role in social and political reform towards India’s struggle for Independence. He is fondly remembered as the “Father of the Nation” in India for his undying efforts towards India’s fight for freedom.

10 Lines Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Kids

  • Mahatma Gandhi is famous as the father of the nation in India.
  • He was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat.
  • His father was Karamchand Gandhi, and his mother was Putlibai Gandhi.
  • Gandhi married Kasturba Makhangi Kapadia in 1883.
  • In the year 1888, he went to London to pursue his higher education.
  • Gandhi fought against racial discrimination and was a civil rights activist in South Africa.
  • Later, in 1915 he started the Indian National Congress party (INC).
  • He believed that ‘Ahimsa’ (not harming anyone) would win us freedom and also followed another principle of ‘Satya Vachan’ (Speaking the Truth).
  • In 1917, he began his first anti-British movement.
  • He was assassinated on 30th January 1948.

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Essay On Mahatma Gandhi In 1000+ Words

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Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Hello, My Dear Friends, Jai Hind , In this Essay on Mahatma Gandhi we will read about his journey from Mohandas to Mahatma Gandhi in detail. So…

Let’s Start…

Gandhi Ji was born in Porbandar (Gujarat), on 2 Oct 1869. He was the son of Putli Bai and Karamchand Gandhi.

The father of Mahatma Gandhi became the Deewaans of the state. he gets services mainly from Porbandar and Rajkot. at this time, Gandhi Ji got married to Kasturba.

In 1888, Gandhi Ji goes to London and follows the Anglicised approach.

In 1889, Eventually, Gandhi Ji studies towards religion. it is also known as the enlightenment phase of Mahatma Gandhi’s life.

In 1891, he completes his education and comes back to India and practiced in the High court. he does a lot of struggle but finally, they don’t get any case, so he shifts from Bombay to Rajkot.

The first time, In 1893 Gandhiji was gone to South Africa. he was called by Gujarati businessman Dada Abdullah to settle some issues as a lawyer.

In South Africa, Gandhi landed in a place called Durban. Durban is a port of Africa.

On 7th June 1893, during traveling from the train the incident of racism Gandhiji takes place in South Africa.

In 1894, the Natal Indian Congress was the first body that was established by Gandhi Ji. And he was the first Indian Person who enrolled at the African supreme court.

In 1896, he come back to Rajkot and published “The Green Pamphlet” which shows the conditions of the Indian Community in South Africa.

In 1897, Gandhi Ji sails back to South Africa and participate in the Boer war (between French and British).

In 1899, he has established the ambulance corps and he was also awarded by medal by the British.

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In 1901 Gandhiji sails back to India. In Dec of this year, he attends the congress Calcutta session and raises Indian issues in South Africa.

In 1902, he come in contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Gokhale was also known as the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi.

during this time he was called back to South Africa, due to the anti-Asiatic act(It is a form of ID Card which is required to carry by the Indian community).

In 1903, he established a transversal British India association in South Africa and started to publish a newspaper called Indian opinion.

In 1904, Mahatma Gandhi read john Ruskin’s book called Unto this last.

And he established phoenix Indian Settlement and also published an article called a guide to health.

In 1905, when the participation of Bengal took place then mahatma Gandhi criticized Lord Curzon as a part of Indian opinion(Newspaper). And said Curzon was wrong, the Bengali people had the right to the determination whether they want to divide or not.

In 1906, this phase is known as the transformation phase of Mahatma Gandhi. since now he is disinterested in worldly possessions and adopts the Brahmacharya vow and decides that He will protest the British by passive resistance oath.

During 1907-1908, he writes a series of 8 articles in Gujarati on “ethical religion”. at this time ‘Satyagrah’ was used instead of ‘Passive resistance’.

In 1909, Gandhiji sails to England, in this time Gandhiji writes to ‘Tolstoy’ on passive resistance and Tolstoy personally replied to Mahatma Gandhi on the basis of this reply Gandhiji established ‘Tolstoy Farm’. It says that it was the

ashram system was established by Gandhi when they came back to India.

The period of (1911-14) is very much important because Gandhi Ji started so many ‘Satyagraha.

In 1912, Gopal Krishna Gokhale visits south Africa with mahatma Gandhi and at this time. Gandhi Ji gives up the western dress.

During 1913-14, two main Satyagrah is started by Mahatma Gandhi.

one of them is against the supreme court judgment in South Africa. the supreme court of South Africa says that any marriage which is not according to the Christian rituals is nullifying.

and the second one is that Gandhiji starts satyagraha against poll taX (3 pounds) indentured laborers and also protest against inter-state migration.

In Jan 1915 Gandhi reaches Indian and this day is called India Pravasi Bhartiya divas.it is celebrated every two years.

In May 1915, Gandhi Ji makes Asharam on Ahmedabad, and later it was shifted to Sabarmati (1917).

During (1915-16) Gandhi visits the whole of India called ‘Bharat Darshan’.

In april 1917, he started Champaran satyagrah.

In 1918, Gandhiji started Champaran Satyagraha(mill worker) and Kheda Satyagraha (peasant).

On 6 April 1919, he started Rowlett satyagraha, the Rowlett Satyagrah is also known as ‘Himalayan Blunder.

The massacre of Jallianwala bagh happened on 13 April 1919.

In 1920, he started the khilafat movement. during this period, Gandhiji established Gujarat Vidyapeeth.

In 1921, Bal Gangadhar Tilak was dead at the time of the Non-cooperation movement. Gandhiji formed a fund called Tilak Swaraj Fund.

During the Non-Cooperation movement, Gandhiji visits Madurai (Tamilnadu) and discards their full clothes.

In 1922, the Chauri-Chaura incident take place in Gorakhpur(UP), Gandhiji was arrested and sent to jail(Yerwada) Pune, for six years.

In 1924, Gandhiji was released from jail due to ill health. during this period Gandhiji was the president of the congress at the Belgaum session (1924).

In 1925, Gandhiji started published its 2nd newspaper called ‘Young India’ in which he talked about 7 sins. at this time he also established the All India Spinners Association.

In 1928, he encouraged Anti Simon Protest.

In 1929, during the Lahore session of congress gives slogans of Purna swaraj.

On 12th March 1930, Gandhiji started salt satyagraha and on 6th April 1930, he has broken the salt law.

In March 1931, the meeting held between Gandhiji and viceroy Irwin in Delhi called the Gandhi-Irwin pact. it is also known as the Delhi pact.

In Sep-Nov 1931, Gandhiji attend second round table conference

In Jan 1932, the civil disobedience movement (2.0) start due to communal awards. for its Gandhiji fasting in jail. later on, the pact between Gandhiji and Bhimrao Ambedkar was called Poona Pact.

In 1936, Gandhiji settle the Sevagram ashram in central India (Wardha).

In 1939, Gandhiji fasts in Rajkot against their own princely state.

In 1940-42, Gandhiji criticized Cripps’s mission said that it is a post-dated cheque.

On 8th-9th Aug 1942, he started Quit India Movement.

The leader of the Indian National Army (INA) Subashchandra Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as a ‘Bapu’ on the radio.

And the title of ‘Mahatma’ was given by Rabindranath Tagore to Gandhiji.

In Aug 1942, Gandhiji writes ‘around me is utter darkness.

During this period the riots in the whole of India become increases mainly in Bengal.

In Sep 1947, Gandhiji against fasting in Calcutta, and the riots become stopped because of his appeal. it is also known as the ‘Calcutta Miracle’.

On 12th Jan 1948, Fasting leads to the establishment of the Central Peace Committee called peace pledge.

On 20 January(10 days before his death) a person named Madan Lal throws a Bomb on Gandhiji During prayer at Birlahouse.

On 30th June 1948, in the morning Gandhiji said that Congress renamed Congress Seva Sangh. But, Unfortunately at evening prayer, he was assassinated on way…. by Nathuram Godse.

Later on, the thought of Nathuram Godse was published as a book called ‘May it Please Your Honour’.

At last, Nathuram Godse was hanged at Ambala jail.

If you have any queries regarding the Essay on Mahatma Gandhi , so please mention it in the comment section.

Finally, Thanks For Reading “ Essay On Mahatma Gandhi “.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

essay on mahatma gandhi

Here we have shared the Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in detail so you can use it in your exam or assignment of 150, 250, 400, 500, or 1000 words.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 150-250 words

Essay on mahatma gandhi in 300-400 words, essay on mahatma gandhi in 500-1000 words.

Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was a prominent leader in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, Gandhi played a pivotal role in shaping India’s history and inspiring movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Gandhi advocated for nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience as powerful tools to challenge injustice and oppression. He promoted the principles of truth, nonviolence, and peaceful coexistence. Through his leadership, he mobilized millions of Indians in the fight for independence, employing methods such as boycotts, protests, and fasting.

Gandhi’s philosophy of Satyagraha, or truth force, emphasized the power of love, compassion, and moral courage in bringing about social and political change. His commitment to social equality, religious harmony, and the upliftment of the marginalized sections of society continues to inspire generations.

Gandhi’s influence extended beyond India’s struggle for independence. He became an iconic figure and a source of inspiration for civil rights movements and leaders worldwide. His principles of nonviolence, justice, and equality remain relevant in today’s world, where peaceful resistance and social justice continue to be essential aspirations.

In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings have left an indelible impact on India and the world. His unwavering commitment to nonviolence, truth, and social justice continues to inspire people to strive for a better, more equitable world. Gandhi’s legacy serves as a reminder that even in the face of adversity, change can be achieved through peaceful means and the power of moral conviction.

Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, was a renowned leader and a key figure in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. Fondly known as the “Father of the Nation,” Gandhi left an indelible mark on the world with his philosophy of nonviolence and principles of truth, justice, and equality.

Gandhi’s journey as a leader began in South Africa, where he fought against racial discrimination faced by the Indian community. It was during this time that he developed his concept of Satyagraha, a nonviolent method of resistance that emphasized the power of truth and moral courage. Gandhi firmly believed in nonviolence as a means to achieve social and political change, and he employed it effectively throughout his life.

In India, Gandhi played a pivotal role in leading the Indian National Congress and mobilizing the masses in the fight against British colonial rule. He led numerous campaigns, including the famous Salt March in 1930, where he and his followers marched to the Arabian Sea to produce salt in defiance of the British monopoly. His emphasis on nonviolent resistance, civil disobedience, and peaceful protests inspired millions of Indians to join the struggle for independence.

Beyond India’s fight for freedom, Gandhi’s influence transcended borders. His philosophy of nonviolence inspired movements and leaders around the world, including Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, and Aung San Suu Kyi. Gandhi’s teachings emphasized the power of love, compassion, and moral courage in bringing about lasting change. He believed in the unity of all humanity and the importance of harmonious coexistence.

Gandhi’s principles of truth, nonviolence, and social justice remain relevant in today’s world. His emphasis on simplicity, self-reliance, and communal harmony serve as guiding principles for addressing contemporary challenges such as inequality, conflict, and environmental degradation.

In conclusion, Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings continue to resonate with people across the globe. His philosophy of nonviolence, his unwavering commitment to truth and justice, and his emphasis on the upliftment of the marginalized are a testament to his visionary leadership. Gandhi’s legacy is a reminder that change can be achieved through peaceful means and the power of moral conviction. His ideals inspire us to strive for a more just, compassionate, and equitable world.

Title: Mahatma Gandhi – The Father of Indian Independence and Champion of Nonviolence

Introduction :

Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, was a visionary leader and a prominent figure in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. Fondly referred to as the “Father of the Nation,” Gandhi left an indelible mark on the world with his philosophy of nonviolence and principles of truth, justice, and equality. This essay delves into the life, teachings, and impact of Mahatma Gandhi, highlighting his role as a transformative leader and his enduring legacy as a symbol of peace, nonviolence, and social change.

Early Life and Formative Years

Mahatma Gandhi was born into a middle-class family and received his education in law in London. However, it was during his years in South Africa, where he practiced law, that he encountered racial discrimination and injustice faced by the Indian community. These experiences deeply influenced Gandhi’s outlook and ignited his commitment to fight against oppression and injustice.

Philosophy of Nonviolence and Satyagraha

Gandhi developed a unique philosophy of nonviolence, which he termed Satyagraha or truth force. He believed that nonviolence was not a sign of weakness but a powerful force capable of bringing about profound social and political change. Gandhi advocated for peaceful resistance to injustice, using methods such as civil disobedience, fasting, and peaceful protests to challenge oppressive systems. He firmly believed that by embracing nonviolence, individuals and societies could achieve lasting transformation and justice.

Leadership in the Indian Independence Movement

Gandhi emerged as a prominent leader in the Indian National Congress and spearheaded the struggle for independence from British rule. He emphasized the importance of Swaraj, or self-rule, and called for the empowerment of the Indian masses. Gandhi organized numerous campaigns and movements, including the famous Salt March in 1930, where he and his followers walked 240 miles to the Arabian Sea to protest the British monopoly on salt production. Through his leadership, Gandhi mobilized millions of Indians, cutting across lines of caste, religion, and socio-economic backgrounds, in the fight for freedom.

Principles of Truth and Simplicity

Gandhi’s teachings were rooted in the principles of truth and simplicity. He emphasized the importance of leading an honest and authentic life and believed that truth could conquer any adversity. Gandhi practiced what he preached, adopting a simple lifestyle, wearing homespun cloth (khadi) to promote self-sufficiency, and advocating for economic self-reliance.

Legacy and Impact

Mahatma Gandhi’s impact extended far beyond India’s struggle for independence. His philosophy of nonviolence inspired civil rights movements and leaders around the world, including Martin Luther King Jr., Nelson Mandela, and Aung San Suu Kyi. Gandhi’s commitment to truth, justice, and equality continues to inspire individuals and communities in their pursuit of social change. His principles of nonviolence and peaceful resistance remain relevant in addressing contemporary challenges, such as conflict resolution, human rights, and environmental sustainability.

Conclusion :

Mahatma Gandhi’s life and teachings continue to inspire generations. His philosophy of nonviolence, his unwavering commitment to truth and justice, and his emphasis on equality and social change make him a transformative figure in the history of India and the world. Gandhi’s legacy serves as a reminder that change can be achieved through peaceful means and the power of moral conviction. His ideals inspire us to strive for a more just, compassionate, and equitable world, and his influence continues to shape the path towards peace and social transformation.

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Essay on Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle

Students are often asked to write an essay on Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle

The birth of a leader.

Mahatma Gandhi was born in India in 1869. He studied law in England before returning to India. He later moved to South Africa, where he first used nonviolent resistance.

Gandhi’s Philosophy

Gandhi believed in ‘Satyagraha’, or truth-force. He thought peaceful protests were the best way to resist unfair laws. This was a new idea in the fight for freedom.

Gandhi and India’s Freedom Struggle

Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He led the Indian National Congress, guiding India towards independence. He organized nonviolent protests against British rule.

Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi’s nonviolent methods inspired many, and India gained independence in 1947. His ideas continue to influence people worldwide.

250 Words Essay on Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle

Introduction.

Mahatma Gandhi, fondly referred to as the ‘Father of the Nation,’ played an instrumental role in India’s struggle for independence. He employed non-violent civil disobedience methods, setting a unique paradigm for freedom struggles worldwide.

Non-Violent Approach

Gandhi’s primary weapon in the struggle was non-violence or ‘Ahimsa.’ His philosophy was grounded in the belief that moral superiority could not be achieved through violent means. This approach resonated with the masses and enabled widespread participation, thereby intensifying the struggle against the British Raj.

Mass Mobilization

Gandhi’s leadership was marked by his ability to mobilize the masses. His simple lifestyle and empathetic nature helped him connect with the common people. He initiated campaigns like the Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, and Quit India Movement, which saw mass participation unprecedented in the history of the Indian freedom struggle.

Championing Swaraj

Gandhi’s concept of ‘Swaraj’ or self-rule was not just political independence but also economic and social self-reliance. He advocated for the boycott of British goods and promoted indigenous industries, enhancing India’s economic independence and providing a blueprint for post-colonial economic development.

Mahatma Gandhi’s role in India’s freedom struggle was transformative. His non-violent approach, ability to mobilize the masses, and vision for Swaraj were instrumental in shaping the course of India’s freedom struggle. His philosophies have left an indelible mark on India’s ethos and continue to inspire movements for civil rights and freedom across the globe.

500 Words Essay on Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, famously known as Mahatma Gandhi, played a pivotal role in the Indian freedom struggle against British rule. His unique approach of ‘Satyagraha’ (insistence on truth) and ‘Ahimsa’ (non-violence) left an indelible mark on the world and significantly contributed to India’s independence.

Advent of Satyagraha

Gandhi’s principle of Satyagraha was a revolutionary method in the fight for freedom. It was a non-violent resistance against the oppressor, where the oppressed demonstrated their moral superiority. The first significant application of Satyagraha was in South Africa, where Gandhi led the Indian community against racial discrimination. This laid the foundation for his future endeavors in India.

Non-Cooperation Movement

Returning to India in 1915, Gandhi transformed the Indian National Congress from an elitist party into a mass movement. The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922) was the first large-scale initiative against British rule under his leadership. Gandhi called for a complete boycott of British goods and services, which included schools, courts, and government services. The movement stirred the nation, uniting Indians across regions, religions, and classes. Despite its abrupt end due to the Chauri Chaura incident, the movement marked the beginning of a nationwide struggle for freedom.

Civil Disobedience Movement

The Civil Disobedience Movement, initiated with the Dandi March in 1930, was another milestone in India’s struggle for freedom. Gandhi and his followers marched about 240 miles from Sabarmati Ashram to the coastal village of Dandi, where they made salt, defying the British salt laws. This act was a symbolic defiance of the British monopoly and a peaceful protest against their oppressive regime.

Quit India Movement

In 1942, Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement, demanding an end to British rule in India. His call for ‘Do or Die’ resonated with the masses, leading to widespread protests across the country. The movement was a significant blow to the British, shaking the foundations of their rule in India.

Gandhi’s Philosophy and Its Impact

Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence and truth was not merely a strategy for the freedom struggle, but a way of life. His principles of simplicity, self-reliance, and communal harmony continue to inspire millions around the world. His innovative methods of civil resistance have influenced numerous freedom struggles globally, including the civil rights movement in the U.S. led by Martin Luther King Jr.

Mahatma Gandhi’s role in the Indian freedom struggle was monumental. His non-violent resistance against British rule united the diverse Indian population and instilled in them a sense of national pride. His principles and methods, though criticized by some, proved to be effective in achieving India’s independence. Gandhi’s legacy continues to influence and inspire movements for civil rights and social change worldwide, making him a global icon for peace and justice.

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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English for Students and Kids

mahatma gandhi essay

Mahatma Gandhi Essay:  Get an Essay on Mahatma Gandhi ( Gandhiji ) in English in 100, 150, 200, 300, 500 and 1000 words for Class 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. These short and long essays on Mahatma Gandhi were also used for Class 8, 9, or Higher Classes. Use these Gandhiji Essay to improve your Essay Writing Skill.

Mahatma Gandhi is one of the great freedom fighters who fought for freedom and influenced the people to make their own right decisions. Every Indian will never forget his sacrifices, and he will always stay alive in our hearts.

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Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 150 Words

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar in Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas’s mother’s name was Putlibai, and she was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi.

Gandhi Ji was the last child of his father’s fourth wife, Putlibai. Mahatma Gandhi is considered the leader of the Indian national movement against British rule, and he is also called the ‘Father of the Nation.’ This identification was first given to him by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.

After enrollment, Mahatma Gandhi went to England, where he studied jurisprudence. After that, he started working as a lawyer. He returned to India from London as a barrister and worked as an advocate in Mumbai. Mahatma Gandhi was a great political leader of India and the Indian independence movement.

He gained international fame for his theory of non-violent protest to achieve social progress all over India. The whole world will always keep such a great social reformer and revolutionist immortal in its mind.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 250 Words 

The great Mahatma Gandhi’s name is kept at the top among all the great people of India. Mahatma Gandhi, one of the world’s most incredible superpowers, boycotted the British Raj by non-violence and succeeded in getting India independence. Even after his death, the whole world considers him his role model.

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, a small town on the west coast of India. He was born in a middle-class family of the Vaishya caste. His father’s name was Karamchand, and his mother was Putlibai. Mohandas Gandhi studied in a primary school in Porbandar. Mahatma Gandhi had two brothers and a sister and was the youngest.

Gandhi was still in school, and at 13, he was get married to Kasturba. Gandhiji went to England to study law and returned as a lawyer in 1890. Gandhiji lived a simple life. He taught us the lesson of non-violence. He was a social reformer. Mahatma Gandhi tried to remove untouchability. The great Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead on January 30, 1948.

Gandhiji will always be remembered as the era man of Indian history. Today the whole world bows to him with reverence. Various Films were made on the life of Gandhiji in many languages ​​so that today’s men can take inspiration from him. The whole world celebrates Gandhiji’s birthday with reverence and respect.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 500 Words

Many great men were born in the land of India. In which the name of our father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi is prominent. Even today, there are crores of people following the path of Mahatma Gandhi. Who overthrew the British rule established in India for 200 years with his policy of truth and non-violence?

Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. Born in a prosperous family, Gandhi’s father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, who was Diwan in Porbandar. His mother’s name was Putlibai, a woman with religious views. The spiritual atmosphere of the house had a significant impact. Even after joining politics, he remained associated with religion.

Mahatma Gandhi’s family

Mahatma Gandhi’s father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi. This was the Diwan of Rajkot. The mother’s name was Putlibai, and she was religious. Mahatma Gandhi was the youngest in his family. He had one elder sister and two elder brothers, Raliyat (Sister) (Laxmidas Nand, Kunwarben) brother Krishnadas (Ganga) brother. His wife’s name was Kasturba Gandhi.

Mahatma Gandhi’s son’s name was Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi, and Devdas Gandhi; he had four sons, 13 of whom were grandchildren; Gopal Krishna Gandhi was also the grandson of Mahatma Gandhi. That he was the Governor of West Bengal from 2004 to 2009 was discussed in the election of the Vice President in 2017.

Mahatma Gandhi’s education

Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, Mahatma Gandhi’s real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi was neither brilliant in class nor better in the playground since childhood. At that specific time, no one would have guessed that the boy would unite millions in the country and lead millions worldwide.

Mahatma Gandhi’s education has played an essential role in making him one of the most incredible people in the world. He attended a primary school in Porbandar, where he won prizes and scholarships, but his attitude towards studies was modest. In 1887, Gandhi passed his matriculation examination at Bombay University and joined Samaldas College in Bhavnagar.

The beginning of Mahatma Gandhi’s political career

After completing his law studies, Mahatma Gandhi went to  South Africa . There he faced apartheid and was treated humiliatingly also In South Africa, Indians and other black people were treated inhumanely and harassed. This apartheid was not tolerated by Gandhiji at all; and then he decided to go into politics, which he could end apartheid on Indians and other people.

To eradicate apartheid, on November 6, 1913, Mahatma Gandhi led “The Great March” against the policies of apartheid in South Africa. This march accompanied 57 children, 127 women, and 2037 men. But this march led by Mahatma Gandhi was unsuccessful, and he and his supporters were arrested.

But Mahatma Gandhi did not stop here, and he again raised his voice against it; this apartheid struggle continued for seven years in South Africa.

All the movements under the leadership of Gandhi played an essential role in the freedom struggle. Gandhi’s ideology inspired thousands of Indians during his time and continues to influence today’s youth. That’s why there is no wonder why Gandhi Ji is called the father of the nation.

Frequently Asked Questions G andhiji Essay

Why gandhi ji known as the ‘father of the nation’.

Answer: The great Mahatma Gandhi is also known as the ‘Father of the Nation’ because he laid the proper foundation of independent India with his novel ideas.

Why did Mahatma Gandhi decide to stop the Non-cooperation movement?

Answer:  Mahatma Gandhi decided to stop the Non-cooperation movement due to the infamous Chauri-Chaura incident. There was significant violence during this incident. Furthermore, Gandhiji was strictly against any violence.

Name any two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi.

Answer:  Two leaders influenced by Mahatma Gandhi are Martin Luther King Jr and Nelson Mandela.

Who killed Mahatma Gandhi?

Answer:  A young man named Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi when he was going to attend an evening prayer meeting.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi – The Father Of The Indian Nation

mahatma gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was the father of Indian Nation. He led the country in the struggle for freedom. His sacrifices and sacred life impressed the people of this country and the world. He believed in simple living and high thinking. He used to live in\simple Khadi and take Goat’s milk. He was a pure vegetarian. He had faith in God. He read out the Bhagwat Gita and followed the lines (as) laid down in that great volume written by the ancient and learned seers. He studied the Ramayana as well and thus was attracted towards the principles of lofty spiritualism. He knew that the performance of duty was quite necessary.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 1000 Words pdf

It is indeed very sad that our country saw the martyrdom of this great patriot at the hands of an Indian. But he lived and died for his own principles of life. He wanted the people of all the religions to live peacefully with one another. He treated all the human beings as the children of God. He, therefore preached the gospel of brotherhood of mankind. Shri Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 at Porbandur in Gujarat. Gandhiji received higher education in England and there also he remained as a pure vegetarian.

When he completed his studies, he returned to his country and worked as a lawyer. He went back to South Africa where he took part in the non- co-operation movement of the Indians and other people of Asiatic Origin. He was arrested along with his wife.

Thus, after helping the Indians in South Africa and taking part in many movements Gandhiji returned to India in 1914 after 20 years’ stay in South Africa. Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagrah Ashram in India and took the vow of truth. He believed in non-violence. He started helping the textile workers of Ahmadabad in 1918. Gandhiji started taking part in the non-co-operation movement against the British. He had started the famous Dandi March. Gandhiji was arrested many times and stayed in jail.

About Mahatma Gandhi Thousand Words in English

In 1942, he led the famous Quit India Movement. The slogan ‘Britishers leave India’ echoed from every nook and corner of the country. He was thrown behind the bars. Gandhiji was the moving spirit behind the Congress organization and the freedom movement. It was under his guidance that the country became free. In 1947, India became free, after centuries of slavery. The people heaved a sigh of relief but the country was divided into two Dominions — Indian Union and Pakistan. Besides this, the country got another setback.

On January 30, 1948, he was assassinated when offering prayers at Birla Hall. The words ‘Hey Rain’, escaped his lips thrice before he breathed his last. One of the reasons for resentment against him was that he had asked the Indian Government to give Rs. 55crore to Pakistan as their due on certain accounts. The whole nation mourned his death. People all over the world were moved over the ironic tragedy.

Mahatma Gandhi was a great leader. He had his own principles of life. He believed in selfless service. He upheld moral principles. He followed the path of truth and non-violence throughout life.

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English Download

He wanted to create an ideal society by removing untouchability. He wanted to establish a society based on the Panchayati Raj. He favoured the establishment of cottage industries. He did not believe in the caste-system. Mahatma Gandhi died, but he has become immortal. He is respected all the world over. His principles are known as Gandhism.

His Samnadhi is at Raj Ghat in New Delhi. The people from different countries visit his Samadhi in a large number every day and pay him their homage.

He is the guiding spirit of the Indian Government. He was a philosopher and politician. He was a saint and a non-violent fighter. The whole world respects him as a great man, who served the whole of the humanity.

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Mahatma Gandhi: Unique Books That Shed Light On His Life & Philosophies

January 30th is the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, who was assassinated on this day in 1948 by Nathuram Vinayak Godse. 

Martyr's Day or Shaheed Diwas, also observed on this day, is a solemn occasion to honor and remember not only Mahatma Gandhi but also all the other martyrs who made the ultimate sacrifice for their country. 

While the book 'The Story of My Experiments with Truth', written by Mahatma Gandhi himself, is an informative insight into the mind of the Mahatma, but there are a number of unique books on the Father of the Nation that few would have read. 

5 must-read books on Mahatma Gandhi for students 

Here are five books about Mahatma Gandhi that students can read to gain knowledge on the lesser-known aspects of Mahatma Gandhi's life and beliefs: 

Gandhi's Religion: A Homespun Shawl by J. T. F. Jordens 

Gandhi's ideas on religion were an enigma to many Hindus in his lifetime. 

The book touches on Mahatma Gandhi's religious ethic, illustrating how he crafted his personal religious ethos by intertwining his life experiences with the teachings of the Gita and other sacred texts. 

Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolent Power in Action by Dennis Dalton 

This book by Dennis Dalton focuses on two major events in Mahatma Gandhi's life - the civil disobedience movement (or salt satyagraha) of 1930 and the Calcutta fast of 1947 . 

The book is unique in its comparison of Gandhi's non-violent methods and the strategies with that of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X . It presents a captivating juxtaposition that enhances the biographies of all three figures. 

'The Death and Afterlife of Mahatma Gandhi' by Makarand R Paranjape 

This book delves into the assassination of the father of our nation, and it's implications thereafter. 

The book provides an in-depth exploration of the final six months of Gandhi's life , highlighting his efforts to prevent bloodshed as the nation he ardently fought for was being torn apart. 

'I am Gandhi' by Brad Meltzer 

For parents that want their children to know more about the Father of the Nation, this simple book by Brad Meltzer does the work. 

A light read, the 'I am Gandhi' book uses few words and detailed images to summarise Gandhi's life and philosophy for children . 

Other than these books on Gandhi, a lesser-mentioned book is the ​'Why I Assassinated Mahatma Gandhi' book.  This book narrates the story of Nathuram Godse, the individual who fatally shot Gandhi three times in the chest. Authored by his brother Gopal Godse, it recounts the events surrounding the assassination and the subsequent period, concluding with Nathuram Godse's execution by hanging.  

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 Mahatma Gandhi: Unique Books That Shed Light On His Life & Philosophies

Home — Essay Samples — Business — Effective Leadership — Leaders are Made, Not Born

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Leaders Are Made, not Born

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Published: Jan 29, 2024

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Definition and understanding of leadership, examples of leaders who were made, debate points supporting leaders are made, counterarguments and rebuttals, case study 1: abraham lincoln's transformation into a great leader, case study 2: mahatma gandhi's growth as a leader, the importance of education and knowledge in leadership development, the role of experience and practice in developing leadership skills, the significance of personal growth and self-awareness in leadership development, counterargument 1: some individuals possess innate leadership traits from birth, counterargument 2: the influence of genetics and personality on leadership.

  • Buffet, W. E. (2013). Benjamin Graham, "The Intelligent Investor." (Revised Edition). New York: Harper Collins Publishers.
  • Isaacson, W. (2011). Steve Jobs. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • Nadella, S. (2017). Hit Refresh: The Quest to Rediscover Microsoft's Soul and Imagine a Better Future for Everyone. New York: Harper Collins Publishers.

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mahatma gandhi essay in simple words

mahatma gandhi essay in simple words

Martyr's Day 2024: 5 Inspirational Quotes By Mahatma Gandhi To Share On This Day

Martyrs day 2024: martyrs’ day, or shaheed diwas, is observed every year on january 30, marking the death anniversary of mahatma gandhi. here are some of his quotes that inspire us even today..

Martyrs Day 2024: Martyrs’ Day, or Shaheed Diwas, is observed every year on January 30, marking the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. Here are some of his quotes that inspire us even today.

Martyr's Day 2024: 5 Inspirational Quotes By Mahatma Gandhi (Image Source: Getty)

Every year, January 30 is marked as Martyr's Day or Shaheed Diwas to commemorate the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. He was assassinated in 1948 by Nathuram Godse, in the compound of Birla House in New Delhi, after one of his routine multi-faith prayer meetings. It is said that the last words Gandhi uttered were 'Hey Ram'. (Image Source: Getty)

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  1. Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

    500+ Words Essay on Mahatma Gandhi Essay on Mahatma Gandhi - Mahatma Gandhi was a great patriotic Indian, if not the greatest. He was a man of an unbelievably great personality. He certainly does not need anyone like me praising him. Furthermore, his efforts for Indian independence are unparalleled.

  2. Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

    Aug 5, 2023 7 minute read 451 views 10 shares Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi was a proponent of non-violence and truth, earning him the title of a truth messenger. Coming from a well-to-do family, he was known by his full name, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.

  3. Mahatma Gandhi Essay for Students in English

    Download PDF Gandhiji was a great believer in ahimsa, or nonviolence, and pursued the path of Satya vachan, or truthfulness. He was a humble person who taught the people of India to be simple and self-sufficient. People from all walks of life adored and admired him. 100 Words Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

  4. Mahatma Gandhi Essay for Students in English

    NCERT Solutions CBSE CBSE Study Material Textbook Solutions CBSE Notes Important Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students in English Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, often called the 'Father of the Nation', was a leader who fought for India's freedom from British rule. He believed in non-violence.

  5. Mahatma Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi See all media Category: History & Society Byname of: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Born: October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India Died: January 30, 1948, Delhi (aged 78) Political Affiliation: Indian National Congress Notable Family Members: spouse Kasturba Gandhi Role In: British raj Poona Pact Round Table Conference Salt March

  6. Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi [100, 200, 400 Words] With PDF

    Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, played a significant role in the Indian freedom movement against the British rule in India that reigned for over 200 years. As one of the greatest leaders of India, he struggled for our freedom, not through bloodshed, but through non-violence or Ahimsa.

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    Here is an essay on Mahatma Gandhi for classes 1, 2 and 3 that will help school children with their assignments. Writing an essay includes preparation and strategies. To begin with an essay, we need to understand the topic of the essay. When we are aware of the topic of the essay, we can write the essay easily.

  8. 5 Best Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English: The Great Soul of India

    Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 300 Words: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, affectionately known as Mahatma, was more than just a leader; he was a revolutionary who redefined the very meaning of resistance and political struggle. ... Also Read: My Vision For India In 2047 Essay In English | Simple 10 Lines, 100, 150, 500, 1000 words. Mahatma Gandhi ...

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    Below we have provided Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English, written in easy and simple words for class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 school students. Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English Mahatma Gandhi was a man of power, honesty, sacrifices, and simplicity. He was a patriotic personality. His life was unbelievable. He never liked others' appreciation.

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    Prize-winning essays on the relevance of Mahatma Gandhi in present time ... One man changed the World for all times! Comprehensive Website on the life and works of Mahatma Gandhi +91-23872061 +91-9022483828 ... Gandhi was a great leader, a saint and a great social reformer. He was pious, truthful and religious. He believed in simple living and ...

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    Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Students and Children (1500+ Words) India is a land of great women and men who have done such ideal works for the country that Indians will always remember. Many great men surrendered their bodies, minds, and wealth to our freedom struggle. Mahatma Gandhi was one of such great men.

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  14. An Analysis of The Leadership Style of Mahatma Gandhi

    Mahatma Gandhi, also known as the "Father of the Nation" in India, was a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. His leadership style, characterized by nonviolent resistance, the ability to inspire and mobilize masses, and an emphasis on moral integrity, has had a profound impact on the world.

  15. Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 500 Words

    He had a noble soul. He wore very simple clothes and took simple vegetarian food. He was not only a man of words but also of action. He practiced what he preached. His approach to various problems was non-violent. He was a God-fearing person. He was the cynosure of all the eyes. He hated communalism in every shape or form.

  16. Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English for Children and Students

    Mahatma Gandhi Essay 1 (100 words) Mahatma Gandhi is famous in India as "Bapu" or "Rastrapita." His full name of him is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was a great freedom fighter who led India as a leader of nationalism against British rule. He was born on the 2 nd of October in 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat, India.

  17. Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for all Class in 100 to 500 Words in English

    10 Lines Essay on Mahatma Gandhi (100 - 120 Words) 1) Mahatma Gandhi, born on October 2, 1869, was an Indian political leader. 2) His mother was Putlibai and father was Karamchand Gandhi. 3) He played a vital role in India's struggle for independence against British rule. 4) He led several peaceful protests and movements, including the ...

  18. Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 200 Words,500 Words in English

    A Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi 200 words is as follows Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, was the person who fought against British rule so that Indi can be free and independent. For the work and efforts he had done, he is given the title of Father of the Nation.

  19. Best Mahatma Gandhi Essay for Kids

    Mahatma Gandhi, a follower of non-violence and a messenger of truth, was born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, and he belonged to an affluent family. He was a good student with a shy nature. As he grew up, he went to England to study law and soon became a barrister.

  20. Essay On Mahatma Gandhi In 1000+ Words » ️

    Let's Start… Essay On Mahatma Gandhi Gandhi Ji was born in Porbandar (Gujarat), on 2 Oct 1869. He was the son of Putli Bai and Karamchand Gandhi. The father of Mahatma Gandhi became the Deewaans of the state. he gets services mainly from Porbandar and Rajkot. at this time, Gandhi Ji got married to Kasturba.

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    Gandhi practiced what he preached, adopting a simple lifestyle, wearing homespun cloth (khadi) to promote self-sufficiency, and advocating for economic self-reliance. ... 400, 500, or 1000 words. Essay on Mahatma Gandhi. You can use this Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in any assignment or project whether you are in school (class 10th or 12th), college ...

  22. Essay on Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle

    Introduction Mahatma Gandhi, fondly referred to as the 'Father of the Nation,' played an instrumental role in India's struggle for independence. He employed non-violent civil disobedience methods, setting a unique paradigm for freedom struggles worldwide. Non-Violent Approach Gandhi's primary weapon in the struggle was non-violence or 'Ahimsa.'

  23. Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English for Students and Kids

    Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English 150 Words. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar in Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. His father's name was Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas's mother's name was Putlibai, and she was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi Ji was the last child of his father's ...

  24. Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 1000 words

    Mahatma Gandhi was the father of Indian Nation. He led the country in the struggle for freedom. His sacrifices and sacred life impressed the people of this country and the world. He believed in simple living and high thinking. He used to live in\simple Khadi and take Goat's milk. He was a pure vegetarian. He had faith in God.

  25. Mahatma Gandhi: Unique Books That Shed Light On His Life ...

    Here are five books about Mahatma Gandhi that students can read to gain knowledge on the lesser-known aspects of Mahatma Gandhi's life and beliefs: Gandhi's Religion: A Homespun Shawl by J. T. F ...

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    Case Study 2: Mahatma Gandhi's Growth as a Leader. Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most revered leaders in India's history, renowned for his commitment to non-violent resistance, and his impact in securing India's independence from British rule. Gandhi was not born a leader but transformed into one through experience, self-reflection, and learning.

  27. Martyrs Day 2024 Five Inspirational Quotes by Mahatma Gandhi to Share

    Every year, January 30 is marked as Martyr's Day or Shaheed Diwas to commemorate the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. He was assassinated in 1948 by Nathuram Godse, in the compound of Birla House in New Delhi, after one of his routine multi-faith prayer meetings. It is said that the last words Gandhi uttered were 'Hey Ram'. (Image Source: Getty)