upsc essay paper questions

UPSC Essay Topic wise Question Papers of last 31 years (1993-2023) for Civil Services IAS/IPS Exam Free Download

In the UPSC mains examination, essay paper is worth 250 marks and three hours. Here is the topic wise questions from the earlier years for the benefit of civil service IAS IPS aspirants.

1.1 India Since Independence

1.2 federalism, decentralization, 1.3 administration, 1.4 judiciary, 1.5 poverty, social justice, 1.6 indian society, culture and values, 1.7 media, tv & cinema, literature, 2.1 growth vs development, 2.2 environment vs development, 2.4 sectors of economy, 3.1 values in education, 3.2 scheme implementation, 3.3 higher education, 4.1 character, honesty, ethics, 4.2 knowledge, 4.3 compassion, 4.4 truth and reality, 4.5 youth, discipline, 4.6 towards excellence, 5.1 @national politics, 5.2 @world / quote type, 5.3 empowerment overall, 5.4 compared to men, 6.1 globalization, 6.2 international org./ bilateral, 6.3 security, 6.4 history, 7.1 science and religion, 7.2 science and education, 7.3 computer and internet, 7.4 sci-tech: others, appendix: linear paper of upsc essay 2023, appendix: linear paper of upsc essay 2022, appendix: model answer pe free lecture & powerpoint, appendix: syllabus of essay paper in upsc, 1 india: democracy, administration, society, culture.

  • Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success? -2013
  • In the context of Gandhiji’s views on the matter, explore, on an evolutionary scale, the terms ‘Swadhinata’, ‘Swaraj’ and ‘Dharmarajya’. Critically comment on their contemporary relevance to Indian democracy -2012
  • Dreams which should not let India sleep. -2015
  • Why should we be proud of being Indians? -2000
  • Whither Indian democracy? -1995
  • How far has democracy in India delivered the goods? -2003
  • What we have not learnt during fifty years of independence. -1997
  • What have we gained from our democratic set-up? -2001
  • My vision of India in 2001 a.d. -1993
  • Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India. -2017
  • Water disputes between States in federal India. -2016
  • Cooperative federalism : Myth or reality. -2016
  • Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative, economic and developmental implication -2011
  • Evaluation of panchayati raj system in India from the point of view of eradication of power to people. -2007
  • Water resources should be under the control of the central government. -2004
  • The language problem in India: its past, present and prospects. -1998
  • There are better practices to “best practices”. -2021
  • How should a civil servant conduct himself? -2003
  • Politics without ethics is a disaster. -1995
  • The VIP cult is a bane of Indian democracy -1996
  • Need for transparency in public administration -1996
  • The country’s need for a better disaster management system. -2000
  • Politics, bureaucracy and business – fatal triangle. -1994
  • We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws. -2017
  • Justice must reach the poor -2005
  • Judicial activism and Indian democracy. -2004
  • Judicial activism. -1997
  • A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity. (- जिस समाज में अधिक न्याय होता है उस समाज को दान की कम आवश्यकता होती है।) – 2023
  • There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless (बिना आर्थिक समृद्धि के सामाजिक न्याय नहीं हो सकता, किन्तु बिना सामाजिक न्याय के आर्थिक समृद्धि निरर्थक है ) -2020
  • Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness. -2019
  • The focus of health care is increasingly getting skewed towards the ‘haves’ of our society. -2009
  • Food security for sustainable national development -2005
  • Reservation, politics and empowerment. -1999
  • Culture is what we are, civilization is what we have (जो हम है, वह संस्कार; जो हमारे पास है, वह सभ्यता ) -2020
  • Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? -2000
  • Modernism and our traditional socio-ethical values. -2000
  • The composite culture of India. -1998
  • The Indian society at the crossroads. -1994
  • From traditional Indian philanthropy to the gates-buffet model-a natural progression or a paradigm shift? -2010
  • New cults and godmen: a threat to traditional religion -1996
  • Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy. -2019
  • Responsibility of media in a democracy. -2002
  • Role of media in good governance -2008
  • Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? -2011
  • How has satellite television brought about cultural change in Indian mindsets? -2007
  • Is sting operation an invasion on privacy? -2014
  • Mass media and cultural invasion. -1999
  • The misinterpretation and misuse of freedom in India. -1998
  • Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world (कवि संसार के अनधिकृत रूप से विधायक होते हैं) – 2022

2 Economy, Development

  • Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere. -2018
  • Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality. -2016
  • Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare. -2016
  • Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms. -2016
  • Crisis faced in India – moral or economic. -2015
  • Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country? -2014
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country-2013
  • Can capitalism bring inclusive growth? -2015
  • Resource management in the Indian context. -1999
  • Economic growth without distributive justice is bound to breed violence. -1993
  • Forests are the best case studies for economic excellence (आर्थिक समृद्धि हासिल करने के मामले में वन सर्वोत्तम प्रतिमान होते हैं।) – 2022
  • Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India. -2018
  • Should a moratorium be imposed on all fresh mining in tribal areas of the country? -2010
  • Urbanisation and its hazards -2008
  • Protection of ecology and environment is essential for sustained economic development. -2006
  • Urbanization is a blessing in disguise. -1997
  • Ecological considerations need not hamper development. -1993
  • Globalization would finish small-scale industries in India. -2006
  • Multinational corporations – saviours or saboteurs -1994
  • Special economic zone: boon or bane -2008
  • Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context, justified ?-2012
  • Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for majority of farmers in India. -2017
  • BPO boom in India. -2007
  • Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India? -2014
  • Are our traditional handicrafts doomed to a slow death? -2009

3 Education

  • Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in – school. (- शिक्षा वह है जो विद्यालय में विधालय में सीखी गई बातों को भूल जाने के बाद भी शेष रह जाती है।)
  • Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms. -2017
  • Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil-2015
  • Independent thinking should be encouraged right form the childhood. -2007
  • Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? -2014
  • Irrelevance of the classroom. -2001
  • Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? -2014
  • Literacy is growing very fast, but there is no corresponding growth in education. -1996
  • Is an egalitarian society possible by educating the masses ? -2008
  • What is real education? -2005
  • “Education for all” campaign in India: myth or reality. -2006
  • Restructuring of Indian education system. -1995
  • Privatization of higher education in India. -2002
  • Credit – based higher education system – status, opportunities and challenges -2011

4 Quote based, Philosophy, Ethics

  • A smile is the chosen vehicle for all ambiguities (हर असमंजस के लिए मुस्कराहट ही चुनिन्दा साधन है) – 2022
  • Philosophy of wantlessness is a Utopian, while materialism is a chimera. -2021
  • Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me. -2021
  • Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication (सरलता चरम परिष्करण है ) -2020
  • Ships don’t sink because of water around them ships sink because of water that gets into them (जहाज अपने चारों तरफ के पानी के वजह से नहीं डूबा करते, जहाज पानी के अंदर समां जाने की वजह से डूबता हैं ) -2020
  • Life is a long journey between being human and being humane.  (मनुष्य होने और मानव बनने के बीच का लम्बा सफर ही जीवन है)-2020
  • Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be -2019
  • Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society -2019
  • Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success -2019
  • Wisdom finds truth -2019
  • A people that values its privileges above its principles loses both. -2018
  • Customary morality cannot be a guide to modem file. -2018
  • Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed. -2016
  • Character of an institution is reflected in its leader. -2015
  • With greater power comes greater responsibility. -2014
  • Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. -2014
  • Attitude makes, habit makes character and character makes a man. -2007
  • He would reigns within himself and folds his passions and desires and fears is more than a king. -1993
  • Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team. (- सोच एक खेल की तरह है, यह तब तक शुरू नहीं होता है जब तक कि एक विपरीत टीम/पक्ष न हो।) – 2023
  • Mathematics is the music of reason. (- गणित ज्ञान का संगीत है।) – 2023
  • The real is rational and the rational is real. -2021
  • Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self (विचारपरक संकल्प स्वयं के शांतचित्त रहने का उत्प्रेरक है )-2020
  • ‘The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values. -2018
  • A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge. -2018
  • There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so. -2003
  • Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. -1995
  • Joy is the simplest form of gratitude. -2017
  • Compassion is the basic of all morality of the world -1993
  • Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole. -2015
  • Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)-2013
  • Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right (केवल इसलिए कि आपके पास विकल्प हैं, इसका यह अर्थ कदापि नहीं है कि उनमें से किसी को भी ठीक होना ही होगा) – 2022
  • Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it. -2018
  • Truth is lived, not taught -1996
  • When money speaks, the truth is silent. -1995
  • Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002
  • The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining (छप्पर मरम्मत करने का समय तभी होता है, जब धूप खिली हुई हो) – 2022
  • You cannot step twice in the same river (आप उसी नदी में दोबारा नहीं उतर सकते) – 2022
  • Discipline means success, anarchy means ruin -2008
  • Youth is a blunder, manhood a struggle, old age a regret -1994
  • If youth knew, if age could. -2002
  • Youth culture today. -1999
  • Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? -2014
  • Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic. (- दूरदर्शी निर्णय तभी लिए जाते है अंतर्ज्ञान और तर्क का परस्पर मेल होता है।) – 2023
  • Not all who wander are lost. (- भटकने वाले सभी गुम नहीं हो जाते।) – 2023
  • Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane (- रचनात्मकता की प्रेरणा अलौकिक ता में चमत्कार ढूंढने के प्रयास से उपजति है) – 2023
  • A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for (जहाज बन्दरगाह के भीतर सुरक्षित होता है, परन्तु इसके लिए तो वह होता नहीं है) – 2022
  • Quick but steady wins the race. -2015
  • Useless life is an early death. -1994
  • Our deeds determine us, as much as we determine our deeds. -1995
  • The paths of glory lead but to the grave. -2002
  • The pursuit of excellence. -2001

5 Women empowerment

  • Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. -1997
  • Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. -2006
  • The new emerging women power: the ground realities. -1995
  • Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world. -2021
  • If women ruled the world -2005
  • The hand that rocks the cradle -2005
  • Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality (पितृ-सत्ता की व्यवस्था नजर मैं बहुत काम आने के बावजूद सामाजिक विषमता की सबसे प्रभावी संरचना है) -2020
  • Fulfilment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth. -2017
  • If development is not engendered, it is endangered. -2016
  • Whither women’s emancipation? -2004
  • Empowerment alone cannot help our women. -2001
  • Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. -1999
  • Woman is god’s best creation. -1998
  • Men have failed: let women take over. -1993
  • Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal ?-2012

6 International issues, Internal Security, History

  • South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities. -2019
  • Modernisation and westernisation are not identical concepts. -1994
  • ‘globalization’ vs. ‘nationalism’ -2009
  • National identity and patriotism -2008
  • Globalizations and its impact on Indian culture. -2004
  • The masks of new imperialism. -2003
  • As civilization advances culture declines. -2003
  • The implications of globalization for India. -2000
  • My vision of an ideal world order. -2001
  • India’s contribution to world wisdom. -1998
  • The world of the twenty-first century. -1998
  • Preparedness of our society for India’s global leadership role. -2010
  • Technology as the silent factor in international relations (अंतर्राष्ट्रीय संबंधों मैं मौन करक के रूप मैं प्रौद्योगिकी) -2020
  • Has the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) lost its relevance in a multipolar world ? -2017
  • Restructuring of UNO reflect present realities -1996
  • The global order: political and economic -1993
  • India’s role in promoting ASEAN co-operation. -2004
  • Importance of Indo-US nuclear agreement -2006
  • Management of Indian border dispute is a complex task. -2018
  • In the Indian context , both human intelligence and technical intelligence are crucial in combating terrorism -2011
  • Are we a ‘soft’ state ? -2009
  • Good fences make good neighbours -2009
  • Is autonomy the best answer to combat balkanization? -2007
  • Terrorism and world peace -2005
  • True religion cannot be misused. -1997
  • History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce. -2021
  • Geography may remain the same ; history need not. -2010

7 Science-Technology

  • Spirituality and scientific temper. -2003
  • Science and Mysticism : Are they compatible ?-2012
  • What is research, but a blind date with knowledge! -2021
  • Modern technological education and human values. -2002
  • Value-based science and education. -1999
  • The march of science and the erosion of human values. -2001
  • The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced. -2021
  • Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling. -2019
  • ‘Social media’ is inherently a selfish medium. -2017
  • Cyberspace and Internet : Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run -2016
  • Increasing computerization would lead to the creation of a dehumanized society. -2006
  • The cyberworld: its charms and challenges. -2000
  • Computer: the harbinger of silent revolution. -1993
  • Technology cannot replace manpower. -2015
  • Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation-2013
  • The modern doctor and his patients. -1997
  • The lure of space. -2004

Section-A (write any one)

  • Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team. (- सोच एक खेल की तरह है, यह तब तक शुरू नहीं होता है जब तक कि एक विपरीत टीम/पक्ष न हो।)
  • Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic. (- दूरदर्शी निर्णय तभी लिए जाते है अंतर्ज्ञान और तर्क का परस्पर मेल होता है।)
  • Not all who wander are lost. (- भटकने वाले सभी गुम नहीं हो जाते।)
  • Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane (- रचनात्मकता की प्रेरणा अलौकिक ता में चमत्कार ढूंढने के प्रयास से उपजति है)

Section-B (write any one)

  • Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands – two equally harmful disciplines. (-लड़कियां बंदिशों के तथा लड़के अपेक्षा के बोझ तले दबे हुए होते हैं दोनों ही समान रूप से हानिकारक व्यवस्थाएं हैं।)
  • Mathematics is the music of reason. (- गणित ज्ञान का संगीत है।)
  • A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity. (- जिस समाज में अधिक न्याय होता है उस समाज को दान की कम आवश्यकता होती है।)

Answer one-one essay from each section in 1000-1200 words

  • History is a series of victories won by the scientific man over the romantic man (इतिहास वैज्ञानिक मनुष्य के रूमानी मनुष्य पर विजय हासिल करने का एक सिलसिला है।) – 2022
  • A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for (जहाज बन्दरगाह के भीतर सुरक्षित होता है, परन्तु इसके लिए तो वह होता नहीं है) & 2022
  • Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right (केवल इसलिए कि आपके पास विकल्प हैं, इसका यह अर्थ कदापि नहीं है कि उनमें से किसी को भी ठीक होना ही होगा) – 2022

Essay: Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

upsc essay paper questions

Table of Contents

Essay (UPSC Mains) – Previous Year Questions

  • Thinking is like a game; it does not begin unless there is an opposite team.
  • Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic.
  • Not all who wander are lost.
  • Inspiration for creativity springs from the effort to look for the magical in the mundane.
  • Girls are weighed down by restrictions, boys with demands — two equally harmful disciplines.
  • Mathematics is the Music of Reason.
  • A society that has more justice is a society that needs less charity.
  • Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.

Value based / Ethical Issues

  • A smile is the chosen vehicle for all ambiguities.
  • Just because you have a choice, it does not mean that any of them has to be right.

Philosophical

  • The time to repair the roof is when the sun is shining.
  • You can not step twice in the same river.
  • A ship in harbour is safe, but that is not what ship is for.

Miscellaneous / Mixed

  • Forests are the best case studies for economic excellence. (Environment / Economics)
  • Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world ( Literature / Socio-political-economic impacts)
  • History is a series of victories won by the scientific man over the romantic man ( History / Values / Philosophy)
  • Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me.
  • Philosophy of wantlessness is Utopian, while materialism is a chimera.
  • The real is rational and the rational is real.
  • Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.

History / Culture

  • History repeats itself, first as a tragedy, second as a farce.

Science and Technology

  • What is research, but a blind date with knowledge!
  • There are better practices to “best practices”. ( Multiple Themes )
  • The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced. ( Philosophy / Technology)
  • Life is long journey between human being and being humane.
  • Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self.
  • Ships do not sink because of water around them; ships sink because of water that gets into them.
  • Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.
  • Culture is what we are, civilization is what we have.

Social Issues

  • There can be no social justice without economic prosperity but economic prosperity without social justice is meaningless.
  • Patriarchy is the least noticed yet the most significant structure of social inequality.
  • Technology as the silent factor in international relations ( Technology / International Relation ).
  • Values are not what humanity is, but what humanity ought to be.
  • Courage to accept and dedication to improve are two keys to success.
  • Wisdom finds truth.
  • South Asian societies are woven not around the state, but around their plural cultures and plural identities.
  • Best for an individual is not necessarily best for the society.
  • Neglect of primary health care and education in India are reasons for its backwardness.

Science & Technology

  • Rise of Artificial Intelligence: the threat of jobless future or better job opportunities through reskilling and upskilling.
  • Biased media is a real threat to Indian democracy.
  • A good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge.
  • A people that value its privileges above its principles lose both.
  • “The past’ is a permanent dimension of human consciousness and values.
  • Customary morality cannot be a guide to modern life.
  • Reality does not conform to the ideal, but confirms it.
  • Poverty anywhere is a threat to prosperity everywhere.

Environment

  • Alternative technologies for a climate change resilient India.

IR & Security

  • Management of Indian border disputes – a complex task.
  • Joy is the simplest form of gratitude.
  • Fulfilment of ‘new woman’ in India is a myth.
  • Social media is inherently a selfish medium Domain.
  • Has the Non- Alignment Movement (NAM) lost its relevance in a multi-polar world Domain.
  • Farming has lost the ability to be a source of subsistence for majority of farmers in India Domain. ( Agriculture )
  • Impact of the new economic measures on fiscal ties between the union and states in India Domain.
  • Destiny of a nation is shaped in its classrooms.

Polity & Governance

  • We may brave human laws but cannot resist natural laws Domain.
  • Need brings greed, if greed increases it spoils breed.
  • If development is not engendered, it is endangered.
  • Cyberspace and internet: Blessing or curse to the human civilization in the long run Domain.
  • Near jobless growth in India: An anomaly or an outcome of economic reforms.
  • Water disputes between states in federal India Domain.
  • Cooperative federalism: Myth or reality India.
  • Digital economy: A leveller or a source of economic inequality. ( Technology / Economy)
  • Innovation is the key determinant of economic growth and social welfare Domain. ( Technology / Economy / Social Sector)
  • Character of an institution is reflected in its leader.
  • Lending hands to someone is better than giving a dole.
  • Quick but steady wins the race.
  • Technology cannot replace manpower.
  • Can capitalism bring inclusive growth?
  • Education without values, as useful as it is, seems rather to make a man more clever devil. ( Education / Ethics)
  • Crisis faced in India – moral or economic. ( Morality / Economics)
  • With greater power comes greater responsibility.
  • Words are sharper than the two-edged sword.
  • Is sting operation an invasion on privacy?
  • Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country?
  • Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?
  • Is the growing level of competition good for the youth?
  • Are the standardized tests, good measure of academic ability or progress?
  • Dreams which should not let India sleep. ( Multiple themes )
  • Fifty Gold’s in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? ( Sports / Governance )
  • Be the change you want to see in others – Gandhiji
  • Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation.
  • GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the well-being of a country.
  • Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success? ( History / Culture / Growth & Development / Ethics )

upsc essay paper questions

  • IAS Preparation
  • UPSC Preparation Strategy
  • UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Question Paper

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Question Paper - Download PDF

The UPSC Mains 2021 was conducted on 7th, 8th, 9th, 15th and 16th January 2022. The Essay paper has been conducted on 7th January 2022 in the forenoon session (9 AM to 12 PM). 

The Mains (Written) Examination consists of nine papers in total. The first stage, that is, Prelims, was conducted on October 10, 2021. 

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Question Paper:- Download PDF Here

Download compulsory language papers from the links below:

  • UPSC Mains 2021 Indian Language Paper PDF
  • UPSC Mains 2021 English Language Paper PDF

To download all question papers of UPSC Mains 2021 from the linked article. 

UPSC 2021 Mains Essay Question Paper PDF

In the UPSC Essay paper, there are two sections, namely Section A and Section B. Each section consists of four questions. The aspirants have to choose one topic from each section and in total have to answer 2 essay questions. Each essay question has to be answered with a word limit ranging from 1000-1200 words. One essay question has been awarded 125 marks and the total marks allotted to the essay paper is 250 marks. This paper is counted for merit ranking. 

The Essay Topics asked in the UPSC Mains 2021 are given below:

  • The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced.
  • Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me.
  • Philosophy of wantlessness is Utopian, while materialism is a chimera.
  • The real is rational and the rational is real.
  • Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.
  • What is research, but a blind date with knowledge!
  • History repeats itself, first as a tragedy, second as a farce.
  • There are better practices to ‘best practices’.

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Question Paper

Some of the useful links for the candidates to prepare for an essay paper are as follows:

The candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. While answering the essay questions, the aspirants are expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in an orderly manner and to write concisely. It is important to remember that credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

To download the question paper PDFs of General Studies papers, the aspirants can check the links below:

The candidates can also download the question paper PDFs of UPSC Mains 2021 Optional Paper from the linked article. 

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Paper:- Download PDF Here

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Topic Wise UPSC Prelims Questions

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UPSC Previous Year Question Paper

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Daily Prelims Pointers

Topic-wise UPSC Prelims questions are very important for CSE Prelims preparation. The UPSC 2024 Prelims Exam is scheduled for May 26, 2024. At this point in time, the best way to revise and practise for the exam is to use topic-wise UPSC Prelims questions.

In this article, aspirants will find topic-wise UPSC Prelims questions carefully compiled from the last 10 years' question papers, from 2023 to 2013.

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Topic Wise UPSC Prelims Questions PDF

By going through the topic-wise UPSC Prelims questions PDF, aspirants can assess their knowledge and identify areas where they need to improve. It also helps them practise time management and develop a strategic approach towards solving questions effectively.

UPSC Prelims Questions Topic-Wise Analysis

The UPSC Prelims GS Paper 1 consists of 100 multiple choice questions that cover a variety of topics. The specific topics covered in the exam vary each year, but the overall distribution of questions across subjects is relatively consistent. You can find a breakdown of the subject-wise weightage and questions in the table below. This will help you to prepare for the upcoming UPSC Prelims 2024 Exam.

UPSC Prelims Topic Wise Questions Analysis - Last 10 Years

Topic wise history prelims questions (pyqs).

The UPSC Prelims History subject covers the following topics: Ancient History, Medieval History, Modern History and Art & Culture. The questions in the UPSC Prelims History exam are designed to test the candidate's knowledge of the major events, personalities, and trends in Indian history. Candidates are also expected to be able to analyze and interpret historical data, and to identify the interconnections between different historical periods and events.

Ancient History Questions 2023

Q.1. In which one of the following regions was Dhanyakataka, which flourished as a prominent Buddhist centre under the Mahasanghikas, located ?

(b) Gandhara

(c) Kalinga

(d) Magadha

Q.2. With reference to ancient India, consider the following statements:

  • The concept of Stupa is Buddhist in origin.
  • Stupa was generally a repository of relics.
  • Stupa was a votive and commemorative structure in Buddhist tradition.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

Q.3. With reference to ancient South India, Korkai, Poompuhar and Muchiri were well known as

(a) capital cities

(c) centers of iron-and-steel making

(d) shrines of Jain Tirthankaras

Q.4. Which one of the following explains the practice of Vattakirutal' as mentioned in Sangam poems ?

(a) Kings employing women bodyguards.

(b) Learned persons assembling in royal courts to discuss religious and philosophical matters

(c) Young girls keeping watch over agricultural fields and driving away birds and animals

(d) A king defeated in a battle committing ritual suicide by starving himself to death

Q.5. With reference to ancient Indian History, consider the following pairs:

How many of the above pairs are correctly matched?

(c) Only three

(d) All four

Q.6 . " Souls are not only the property of animal and plant life, but also of rocks, running water and many other natural objects not looked on as living by other religious sects. "

The above statement reflects one of the core beliefs of which one of the following religious sects of ancient India?

(a) Buddhism

(b) Jainism

(c) Shaivism

(d) Vaishnavism

Medieval History Questions 2023

Q1. Consider the following dynasties:

How many of the above dynasties established their kingdoms in early eighth century AD?

Correct answer: d

Q2. Who among the following rulers of Vijayanagara Empire constructed a large dam across Tungabhadra River and canalcum- aqueduct several a kilometres long from the river to the capital city ?

a) Devaraya I

(b) Mallikarjuna

(c) Vira Vijaya

(d) Virupaksha

Correct answer: a

Modern History Prelims Questions 2023

Q1. Who among the following rulers of medieval Gujarat surrendered Diu to Portuguese ?

(a) Ahmad Shah

(b) Mahmud Begarha

(c) Bahadur Shah

(d) Muhammad Shah

Correct answer: c

Q2. With reference to the Indian History, Alexander Rea, A. H. Longhurst, Robert Sewell, James Burgess and Walter Elliot were associated with

(a) archaeological excavations

(b) establishment of English Press in Colonial India

(c) establishment of Churches in Princely States

(d) construction of railways in Colonial India

Q3. By which one of the following Acts was the Governor General of Bengal designated as the Governor General of India ?

(a) The Regulating Act

(b) The Pitt's India Act

(c) The Charter Act of 1793

(d) The Charter Act of 1833

Q4. Consider the following statements :

  • Statement-I: 7th August is declared as the National Handloom Day.
  • Statement-II: It was in 1905 that the Swadeshi Movement was launched on the same day.

Which one of the following is correct in respect of the above statements?

(a) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I.

(b) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I.

(c) Statement-I is correct but Statement-II is incorrect.

(d) Statement-I is incorrect but Statement-II is correct.

Polity Questions in UPSC Prelims

The Polity subject in the UPSC Prelims exam covers the following topics: Indian Constitution, Organs of government, Fundamental rights and duties, Directive principles of state policy, Federalism , Centre-state relations , and local government , Political system and parties, Electoral system, Civil services, Panchayati Raj and Nagar Palika, Public policy, Rights issues. The questions in the Polity exam are designed to test the candidate's knowledge of the Indian Constitution, the political system, and the various institutions of government. Candidates are also expected to be able to understand and analyse current political issues.

Q1. In essence, what does Due Process of Law' mean ?

(a) The principle of natural justice

(b) The procedure established by law

(c) Fair application of law

(d) Equality before law

Q2. In India, which one of the following Constitutional Amendments was widely believed to be enacted to overcome the judicial interpretations of the Fundamental Rights ?

(a) 1st Amendment

(b) 42nd Amendment

(c) 44th Amendment

(d) 86th Amendment

Q3. Consider the following organizations/bodies in India:

  • The National Commission for Backward Classes
  • The National Human Rights Commission
  • The National Law Commission
  • The National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission

How many of the above constitutional bodies?

Q4. Consider the following statements:

  • If the election of the President of India is declared void by the Supreme Court of India, all acts done by him/her in the performance of duties of his/her office of President before the date of decision become invalid.
  • Election for the post of the President of India can be postponed on the ground that some Legislative Assemblies have been dissolved and elections are yet to take place.
  • When a Bill is presented to the President of India, the Constitution prescribes time limits within which he/she has to declare his/her assent.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Q5. With reference to Scheduled Areas in India, consider the following statements :

  • Within a State, the notification of an area as Scheduled Area takes place through an Order of the President.
  • The largest administrative unit forming the Scheduled Area is the District and the lowest is the cluster of villages in the Block.
  • The Chief Ministers of the concerned States are required to submit annual reports to the Union Home Ministry on the administration of Scheduled Areas in the States.

Correct answer: b

UPSC Prelims Geography PYQs

The Geography subject in the UPSC Prelims exam covers the following topics: Physical Geography, Human Geography, Indian Geography. The questions in the Geography exam are designed to test the candidate's knowledge of the basic concepts of geography, as well as their understanding of the specific features of Indian geography. Candidates are also expected to be able to understand and analyse current geographical issues.

Q1. Consider the following statements:

  • Statement-I: India, despite having uranium deposits, depends on coal for most its electricity production.
  • Statement-II: Uranium, enriched to the extent at of least 60%, is required for the production of electricity.

(a) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-I

(b) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-1

(c) Statement-I is correct but Statement-II is incorrect

(d) Statement-I is incorrect but Statement-II is correct"

Correct Answer: Option c

Q2. Consider the following statements:

  • Jhelum River passes through Wular Lake.
  • Krishna River directly feeds Kolleru Lake.
  • Meandering of the Gandak River formed Kanwar Lake.

How many of the statements given above are correct ?

Correct Answer: Option b

Q3. Consider the following trees:

  • Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
  • Mahua (Madhuca indica)
  • Teak (Tectona grandis)

How many of the above are deciduous trees ?

  • India has more arable area than China.
  • The proportion of irrigated area is more in India as compared to China.
  • The average productivity per hectare in Indian agriculture is higher than that in China.

How many of the above statements are correct ?

Q5. Ilmenite and rutile, abundantly available in certain coastal tracts of India, are rich sources of which one of the following ?

(a) Aluminium

(d) Titanium

Correct Answer: Option d

For the rest of the UPSC Prelims Geography PYQ, download the PDF .

UPSC Prelims Environment & Ecology Questions

Environment and ecology are two of the most important subjects covered in the UPSC Prelims exam. The environment is the physical and biological world that surrounds us, while ecology is the study of the interactions between living organisms and their environment.

The UPSC Prelims exam covers a wide range of topics related to environment and ecology, including Biodiversity and conservation, Climate change and pollution, Natural resources management, Environmental policies and laws, and Sustainable development.

Once the Central Government notifies an area as a 'Community Reserve'

  • the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State becomes the governing authority of such forest
  • hunting is not allowed in such area
  • people of such area are allowed to collect non-timber forest produce
  • people of such area are allowed traditional agricultural practices

(d) All four 

  • Statement-1: Marsupials are not naturally found in India.
  • Statement-II: Marsupials can thrive only in montane grasslands with no predators.

(b) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is not the correct explanation for Statement-I

(c) Statement-1 is correct Statement-II is incorrect

(d) Statement-1 is incorrect but Statement-II is correct

Q3. Invasive Species Specialist Group’ (that develops Global Invasive Species Database) belongs to which one of the following organizations ?

(a) The International Union for Conservation of Nature

(b) The United Nations Environment Programme

(c) The United Nations World Commission for Environment and Development

(d) The World Wide Fund for Nature

Q4. Consider the following fauna:

  • Lion-tailed Macaque
  • Malabar Civet
  • Sambar Deer

How many of the above are generally nocturnal or most active after sunset ?

Q5. Which of the following organisms perform waggle dance for others of their kin to indicate the direction and the distance to a source of their food ?

(a) Butterflies

(b) Dragonflies

(c) Honeybees

For rest of the UPSC Prelims Environment and Ecology PYQs, download the PDF .

UPSC Prelims Science & Technology Questions

The Science and Technology subject in the UPSC Prelims exam covers a wide range of topics, including General Science, Information Technology, Space Science, Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, New and Emerging Technologies. The questions in the Science and Technology exam are designed to test the candidate's basic knowledge of science and technology concepts, as well as their awareness of current scientific and technological developments.

Q1. Consider the following:

  • Foam agents
  • Fire retardants

In the making of how many of the above are hydrofluorocarbons used ?

Q2. ‘Wolbachia method’ is sometimes talked about with reference to which one of the following ?

(a) Controlling the viral diseases spread by mosquitoes

(b) Converting crop residues into packing material

(c) Producing biodegradable plastics

(d) Producing biochar from thermo-chemical conversion of biomass

Q3. ‘Aerial metagenomics’ best refers to which one of the following situations ?

(a) Collecting DNA samples from air in a habitat at one go

(b) Understanding the genetic makeup of avian species of a habitat

(c) Using air-bome devices to collect blood samples from moving animals

(d) Sending drones to inaccessible areas to collect plant and animal samples from land surfaces and water bodies

Q4. ‘Microsatellite DNA’ is used in the case of which one of the following ?

(a) Studying the evolutionary relationships among various species of fauna

(b) Stimulating ‘stem cells’ to transform into diverse functional tissues

(c) Promoting clonal propagation of horticultural plants

(d) Assessing the efficacy of drugs by conducting series of drug trials in a population"

Q5. Consider the following statements:

  • Carbon fibres are used in the manufacture of components used in automobiles and aircraftes.
  • Carbon fibres once used cannot be recycled.

Which of the statements give above is/are correct?

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q6. Consider the following actions:

  • Detection of car crash/collision which results in the deployment of airbags almost instantaneously.
  • Detection of accidental free fall of a laptop towards the ground which results in the immediate turning off of the hard drive
  • Detection of the tit of smartphone which results in the rotation of display between portrait and landscape mode

In how many of the above action is the function of accelerometer required?

Q7. Which one of the following countries has its own Satellite Navigation System ?

(a) Australia

UPSC Prelims Economics PYQs

UPSC Prelims Economics subject covers important topics like microeconomics, macroeconomics, monetary and fiscal policies and other important documents released by the Government like Economic Survey and Economic Budget.

  • Statement-I: Interest income from the deposits in Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs) distributed to their investors is exempted from tax, but the dividend is taxable.
  • Statement-II: InviTs are recognized as borrowers under the 'Securitization and Recon struction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002'.

(a) Both Statement-I and Statement-II are correct and Statement-II is the correct explanation for Statement-1

(c) Statement-1 is correct but Statement-II is incorrect

(d) Statement-I is incorrect Statement-II is correct

Correct Answer: D

  • Statement-I: In the post-pandemic recent past, many Central Banks worldwide had carried out interest rate hikes.
  • Statement-II: Central Banks generally assume that they have the ability to counteract the rising consumer prices via monetary policy means.

(d) Statement-I is incorrect but Statement-II is correct

Correct Answer: a

Q3. Which one of the following activities of the Reserve Bank of India is considered to be part of 'sterilization' ?

(a) Conducting 'Open Market Operations'

(b) Oversight of settlement and payment systems

(c) Debt and cash management for the Central and State Governments

(d) Regulating the functions of Non-banking Financial Institutions"

Q4. Consider the following markets:

  • Government Bond Market
  • Call Money Market
  • Treasury Bill Market
  • Stock Market

How many of the above are included in capital markets ?

Correct Answer: b

Q5. Consider the investments in the following assets:

  • Brand recognition
  • Intellectual property
  • Mailing list of clients

How many of the above are considered intangible investments ?

Correct Answer: c

Q6. Consider the following:

  • Demographic performance
  • Forest and ecology
  • Governance reforms
  • Stable government
  • Tax and fiscal efforts

For the horizontal tax devolution, the Fifteenth Finance Commission used how many of the above as criteria other than population area and income distance?

(a) Only two

(b) Only three

(c) Only four

(d) All five

Q7. Consider the following infrastructure sectors:

  • Affordable housing
  • Mass rapid transport
  • Health care
  • Renewable energy

On how many of the above does UNOPS Sustainable Investments in Infrastructure and Innovation (S3i) initiative focus for its investments?

Q8. Consider, the following statements :

  • Statement-I : India accounts for 3.2% of global export of goods.
  • Statement-II : Many local companies and some foreign companies operating in India have taken advantage of India's ‘Production-linked Incentive’ scheme.

Q9. Consider the following statements :

The ‘Stability and Growth Pact’ of the European Union is a treaty that: 

  • limits the levels of the budgetary deficit of the countries of the European Union 
  • makes the countries of the European Union to share their infrastructure facilities
  • enables the countries of the European Union to share their technologies

Q10. Consider the following statements with reference to India:

  • According to the ‘Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006, the ‘medium enterprises’ are those with investments in plant and machinery between ₹ 15 crore and ₹ 25 crore.
  • All bank loans to the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises qualify under the priority sector .

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Correct Answer: d

Q11. With reference to Central Bank digital currencies, consider the following statements :

  • It is possible to make payments in a digital currency without using US dollar or SWIFT system.
  • A digital currency can be distributed with condition programmed into it such as a time-frame for spending it.

Q12. In the context of finance, the term ‘beta’ refers to

(a) the process of simultaneous buying and selling of an asset from different platforms

(b) an investment strategy of a portfolio manager to balance risk versus reward

(c) a type of systemic risk that arises where perfect hedging is not possible

(d) a numeric value that measures the fluctuations of a stock to changes in the overall stock market.

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UPSC Free Study Material For Preparation of Prelims and Mains_1.1

UPSC Free Study Material For Preparation of Prelims and Mains

StudyIQ online notes for IAS study materials are simple and easy-to-learn. Explore UPSC study materials provided by StudyIQ for UPSC CSE Prelims and Mains Exam

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UPSC is in charge of overseeing the renowned Civil Services Exam each year. Candidates for the IAS exam should keep in mind that although these UPSC notes are in line with the UPSC Prelims and Mains syllabus, the review strategy must differ depending on whether the questions are objective (for the Prelims) or subjective (for the Mains).

UPSC Civil Services Exam is one of the most prestigious and challenging examinations in India. UPSC Prelims Exam is the first stage of a three-stage recruitment process to select officers for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and Indian Police Service (IPS), along with other central services.

UPSC Preliminary exam is approaching and candidates who are planning to crack the CSE Prelims exam should be deep into the preliminary exam Preparation. UPSC Prelims is a test of knowledge, analytical ability and clarity of thought and understanding.

UPSC Study Material

UPSC is responsible for conducting various competitive exams in India, including the Civil Services Examination (CSE), which includes the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Foreign Service (IFS), among others.

While UPSC does provide some resources and information for free on its official website, the comprehensive UPSC Notes for UPSC exams are usually not available for free due to the extensive nature of the exams and the specialized knowledge required. StudyIQ is the only online website for UPSC Preparations that provides all the study material for UPSC for free for candidates preparing for the UPSC CSE Exam. Other Sources for free UPSC Materials are:

  • Official UPSC Website : Visit the official UPSC website (www.upsc.gov.in) regularly to find notifications, the UPSC Syllabus , previous year’s question papers, and other important updates. They may occasionally provide some free resources or sample papers.
  • NCERT Books : The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes textbooks that can be very useful for UPSC exam preparation, especially for the Preliminary stage. You can find these books for free or at a low cost at local bookstores or online.
  • Public Libraries : Your local public library may have UPSC Books and study materials available for borrowing. Check with your library to see what resources they have.
  • Government Initiatives : Some state governments and educational institutions offer free coaching and study materials for UPSC aspirants as part of government initiatives to promote civil services.

UPSC Prelims Study Material

NCERT books are the foundation for UPSC preparation. They are crucial for building a strong conceptual base in various subjects like History, Geography, Polity, Economics, Science, and Environment. Staying updated on current events is vital for the UPSC Prelims exam. Several online resources like websites, apps, and YouTube channels offer UPSC preparation material, mock tests, and expert guidance.

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Notes

UPSC Exams Mains is one of the four GS Papers for UPSC Mains . It is a subjective type of paper consisting of subjects like History , Geography , Art and Culture, and Indian Society. The GS 1 Syllabus and Structure for UPSC Preparation are provided in this article.

  • Art and Culture
  • Ancient History
  • Medieval History
  • Modern History
  • Physical Geography of India & World
  • Human Geography

Indian Society

  • Social Issues
  • Developments in Indian Society

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 2 Notes

In the UPSC Civil Services Exam General Studies Paper 2 encompasses governance, constitution, Indian polity , social justice, and international relations,

Indian Polity Notes

  • Indian Constitution
  • Features of Indian Constitution
  • Amendments in Indian Constitution
  • Constitutional and non-constitutional bodies
  • Government policies and interventions
  • Transparency
  • Accountability
  • E-governance applications

Social Justice

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger

International Relations

  • Bilateral Groupings
  • Regional and global groupings
  • Agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests  

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 3 Notes

UPSC Mains General Studies 3 paper contains topics on economic development, technology, biodiversity, disaster management, environment and security. You can use the complete GS 3 syllabus and structure in this post to help you prepare for the IAS Exam.

  • Economic Development in India
  • Macroeconomics

Science & Technology

  • Dark Matter
  • Higgs Boson
  • Rare Earth Elements
  • Gene Editing
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Space Technology
  • Defence Technology

Biodiversity

  • Types of Biodiversity
  • Biodiversity and Environment
  • Internal Security Challenges in India
  • Money-Laundering

Disaster Management

  • Disaster Management in India
  • PM Cares Fund
  • National Disaster Management Plan 2016

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 4 Notes

UPSC Mains General Studies Paper IV (GS-IV) is about Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. The candidate’s approach to resolving conflicts and solving problems is also examined.

Although there may be a little topical overlap, this paper is mostly independent of the curriculum of other GS papers. It may have a few subjects in common with Governance and Social Justice Subjects from General Studies II in the Civil Service Examination mains exams.

  • Ethics and Human Interface
  • Human Values
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world
  • Public or Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration
  • Ethical issues in international relations and funding corporate governance
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; information
  • Codes of Ethics & Citizen’s Charters

StudyIQ Strategies for UPSC Civil Services Exam

Success in the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) examinations, particularly the Civil Services Examination (CSE), requires a well-structured and disciplined approach. Here are some strategies followed by StudyIQ to help UPSC aspirants prepare effectively and increase their chances of success:

  • Understand the Exam Pattern by UPSC Expert of StudyIQ : Before you start preparing, thoroughly understand the UPSC exam pattern, which includes three stages: the Preliminary Examination (Objective), the Main Examination (Written), and the Personality Test (Interview). Understand the syllabus for each stage.
  • Study Plan Created by StudyIQ : Develop a comprehensive study plan that covers the entire syllabus. Allocate time to each subject and topic, giving more time to areas where you are weaker. Be realistic in setting your daily and weekly study targets.
  • Refer to Standard Textbooks : UPSC exams demand in-depth knowledge. Refer to standard textbooks for each subject. NCERT books are a good starting point for basic concepts, and then you can move on to more advanced texts.
  • Current Affairs by StudyIQ : Stay updated with current affairs, especially issues relevant to India and international events. Read newspapers, magazines, and watch news programs regularly. Make notes of important events and issues.
  • Practice Previous Year Papers : Solve previous years’ question papers to understand the exam pattern and gain familiarity with the type of questions asked. This will also help you manage time during the actual exam.
  • Take Mock Tests : Enroll in a good test series and take mock tests regularly. Mock tests simulate exam conditions and help you evaluate your performance. Analyze your mistakes and work on improving them.
  • Essay Writing Practice Classes : Practice essay writing regularly. Develop the skill of presenting your thoughts coherently and concisely. Read the essays of previous toppers to understand their approach.
  • Revision Sessions : Regular revision is crucial. Make concise notes for quick revision before the exam. Revision helps reinforce your knowledge and ensures you remember important facts.
  • Optional Subject Preparation with expert faculties : If you have an optional subject, focus on it intensively. Solve previous year’s question papers and practice answer writing. Join a coaching class if necessary.
  • Answer Writing Practice : The main exam involves extensive answer writing. Practice answer writing regularly, and get feedback from mentors or experienced candidates. Pay attention to the presentation, clarity, and structuring of your answers.
  • Time Management : Manage your time wisely. Allocate more time to subjects or topics where you need improvement. Divide your time well during the actual exams to ensure you attempt all questions.
  • Keep Motivating Candidate : UPSC preparation can be a long and challenging journey. Stay motivated by setting short-term goals, celebrating small successes, and visualizing your success.

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There is no single best source for UPSC exam. The best notes for you will depend on your individual learning style and preferences.

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While studying, underline key points, make margin notes, and summarize information in your own words. Use visual aids to organize complex topics and relationships between concepts.

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No. UPSC notes are supplements, not replacements for standard textbooks and reference materials. Candidates can use notes to revise and consolidate knowledge, not as your primary source of information.

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Not necessarily, but they can be a powerful tool for UPSC preparation for both prelims and mains exam. Condensed and well-structured notes help you revise vast amounts of information efficiently.

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upsc essay paper questions

UPSC Mains GS 1 Paper Analysis, Subjects Weightage and Trends!

upsc essay paper questions

UPSC mains GS 1 paper analysis will help aspirants tackle the subjects in a better way. You can check more information about UPSC mains GS 1 paper here!

upsc essay paper questions

UPSC mains GS 1 paper is one of the papers of UPSC mains examination. Candidates have to prepare the subjects well to score maximum marks in this paper. UPSC mains GS 1 paper analysis is the best way to predict the themes that may be repeated.

UPSC mains GS 1 paper is not a single subject. It consists of multiple subjects that are combined together to form the syllabus. To score well in the GS 1 paper, performance in all the subjects mentioned is important.

UPSC mains GS 1 paper analysis will serve as the necessary tool that will help candidates perform well in this paper and subsequently in the UPSC mains exam.

UPSC Mains Exam Overview

The UPSC mains exam consists of nine papers that have to be answered in descriptive format. The marks scored in the essay, 4 GS papers, and 2 optional papers will be considered to prepare the merit list. The 2 language papers are only qualifying in nature. The details of the UPSC mains exam are provided below.

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UPSC Mains GS 1 Paper Overview

UPSC mains GS paper 1 is one of the nine papers candidates have to attempt in the UPSC mains exam. The marks scored in GS paper 1 will be considered while preparing the merit list and hence is important for candidates. Details of GS paper 1 are provided in the table below.

UPSC Mains GS 1 Paper Subject-wise Division

UPSC mains GS 1 paper consists of four subjects viz Geography, History, Indian Society and Indian Art and Culture. The detailed breakdown of these subjects into subtopics are as follows.

UPSC Mains GS 1 Paper 2024

UPSC mains GS 1 paper 2024 will be held on 21 st September 2024 (tentative). Going by the trends from past few years, questions are likely to be at moderate and difficult level. A subject-wise breakdown of UPSC mains GS 1 paper will be available after the exam. You can also download the paper as and when it becomes available.

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UPSC Mains GS 1 Paper Analysis 2023

UPSC mains GS 1 paper 2023 was held on 16 th September 2023. Following were the trends observed in the UPSC mains GS 1 paper 2023.

  • The examiner had asked many open-ended questions in GS Paper 1. This increased the difficulty level.
  • The questions from ancient history tested the analytical skills and knowledge depth of the candidate. 
  • Modern history questions were tricky, as ideologies of famous personalities and the impact of colonial rule were also asked.
  • Post independence India and medieval history questions were simple and did not go much into analytical aspects.
  • The world history question was based on colonisation across the world. The question can be considered a little challenging.
  • There was no direct question related to art and culture in this year’s paper. 
  • In Indian society, candidates must be able to present the current challenges. The impact of modern trends and technology on society must be known.
  • In geography, climate change has added a new dimension to the subject. Questions have been asked linking climate change and its effects on geographical phenomena.

UPSC Mains GS 1 Paper Analysis Last Five Years

UPSC mains GS 1 paper has subjects such as History and Geography. UPSC does not ask an equal number of questions from all these subjects. Candidates can check the weightage of subjects in the past few years by analysing the graph below.

UPSC mains GS 1 paper

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difficulty level of questions asked in upsc mains gs 1 paper, what is the average score of candidates in upsc mains gs 1 paper, can upsc ask history and geography optional questions in upsc mains gs 1 paper, which subject has more weightage in upsc mains gs 1 paper, is art and culture part of upsc mains gs 1 paper.

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UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Question Paper: PDF Download

img src="https://img.jagranjosh.com/images/2024/May/1752024/UPSC-ESIC-Nursing-Officer-PYP.jpg" width="1200" height="675" />

The UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Paper 2024 is a valuable tool for successfully preparing for the recruitment exam. Candidates preparing to take the upcoming exam can download the nursing officer question paper to plan their approach based on the most recent exam requirements. This will provide helpful knowledge about the topics that have been asked often on the examination.

There are numerous benefits to solving questions from the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous year question papers. It helps candidates focus more on the areas that require improvement. 

In this article, we have provided the download link to UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer question paper PDFs along with the latest exam details and requirements.

UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Paper

Candidates can download the UPSC ESIC nursing officer previous year paper from the direct links provided below and analyse the question pattern, weightage, and topics covered in the examination. Those preparing to take the upcoming test must solve an unlimited number of questions from the provided question papers to evaluate their preparation level. Nursing officer question papers will help applicants to identify which topics are relevant from an exam point of view. Get the direct link to the previous paper PDF on this page.

UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Papers PDF

Aspirants must solve questions from the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous year paper pdf to get an insight into topics frequently asked over the last years. Also, they must practice questions from the previous year paper to know their strengths and strategies accordingly. Check out the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Question Papers for the written exam shared below.

Benefits of Solving UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Papers

There are numerous benefits of solving questions from the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous year papers shared below:

  • It will help them keep a check on their progress in preparation and learn from their mistakes to improve their overall performance.
  • Solving UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous year papers will increase their speed of accurately solving questions in the exam.
  • Practising UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous year question papers will help them to identify the weak areas and devise the strategy accordingly.
  • UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous question papers with solutions PDFs offer valuable insights into the trending chapters, question weightage and difficulty level.

How to Attempt UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Question Paper?

To solve the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer question paper accurately, follow the steps detailed below:

  • Read the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous year paper carefully.
  • Set a timer to solve the questions in a real-time environment.
  • Attempt easy topics first and keep the difficult ones for last in the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer's previous year papers.
  • After solving the entire question paper, compare your responses with the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer answer key to improve performance.

UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Question Paper Pattern

Candidates should check the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer question paper pattern to understand the paper format, number of questions and marking scheme. The test will be objective-type questions with multiple choices of answers. There will be a penalty of one-third mark for every incorrect answer in the exam. The UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer exam pattern 2024 is shared below.

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Essay Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam UPSC

Last updated on April 3, 2024 by Alex Andrews George

Essay Syllabus – Civil Services Mains Exam UPSC

Table of Contents

Tips for UPSC Essay Paper from ClearIAS.com

Do keep in mind the below-mentioned tips. Following these strategies can make a huge boost in your Essay Paper marks .

  • Try to write a few essays in full during your preparation, simulating the environment in the examination hall.
  • Familiarize yourself with previous essays asked by UPSC so that you will have a clear picture of the type and standard of questions to be expected.
  • UPSC/the examiner normally gives credit to new perspectives and fresh analysis.
  • Avoid verbosity and flowery language. Use a simple style instead.
  • You may use relevant quotes to reinforce your arguments. But never try to alter the quotes of great personalities.
  • Good handwriting is always an asset. If your handwriting is not legible, put some effort into that area.
  • Make your statements precise. Avoid guesses.
  • The introductory paragraph should have clear indications about what you are going to write in the essay.
  • You may show your inferences in the concluding paragraph.

Also read:   ClearIAS launches Essay Writing Course for UPSC

Additional Links:

  • Useful Civil Services Books .
  • Civil Services Study Materials for Online Preparation .
  • IAS Question Papers .

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Alex Andrews George is a mentor, author, and social entrepreneur. Alex is the founder of ClearIAS and one of the expert Civil Service Exam Trainers in India.

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A trusted mentor and pioneer in online training , Alex's guidance, strategies, study-materials, and mock-exams have helped many aspirants to become IAS, IPS, and IFS officers.

Reader Interactions

upsc essay paper questions

October 16, 2015 at 12:03 am

Hello sir…. May I know what is the language to write an essay…. I mean English or hindi…thanks

upsc essay paper questions

August 8, 2016 at 7:44 pm

Your exam medium is essay langauge

upsc essay paper questions

July 7, 2022 at 1:37 am

What types of eassy come in upsc?

upsc essay paper questions

May 12, 2016 at 12:59 am

Hello sir…… May I know that what is trade under in IAS. & which is the best course after 12th & which is the best subjects for IAS preparation.

upsc essay paper questions

August 28, 2020 at 7:20 am

Make any one of the optional subject as your UG stream .it will help you in the preparation

upsc essay paper questions

May 23, 2016 at 7:03 am

plz suggest me books for essay in hindi and english language

upsc essay paper questions

October 5, 2016 at 12:25 pm

pls tell me good essay book of bengali version.

December 2, 2016 at 9:15 pm

upsc essay paper questions

January 7, 2017 at 4:53 pm

Wt is the medium of essay writing Any language…? We can choose

February 18, 2017 at 9:25 pm

suggest some topics for essay writing

October 13, 2017 at 3:24 pm

Which syllabus for essay writing

October 13, 2017 at 3:26 pm

which topics for essay writing tell me please

April 7, 2017 at 4:45 pm

One of the most discriptive and very helpful website for civil services aapirants..

November 8, 2018 at 1:36 pm

Sir IAS yaa IPS Ke liye physical yaa medical exam bhi dena hota h kya

upsc essay paper questions

November 22, 2018 at 11:45 am

PLEASE CLEAR CIVIL SERVICE MAINS PAPER A & B

upsc essay paper questions

August 5, 2019 at 9:49 am

my mother tongue is Bengali .can I give the mains exam in Bengali??

August 10, 2019 at 1:15 pm

Hello sir!! Can I know from which topic these essays will be given. Like, generally or from optional subjects we choose?!

upsc essay paper questions

September 14, 2019 at 12:39 pm

Go through the previous years question papers to find out what type of essay do UPSC ask

upsc essay paper questions

October 13, 2019 at 10:52 am

Sir , What are those tips & advices you are gonna give for school students who’s aim is to become an IAS officer ?

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COMMENTS

  1. UPSC Essay Topic wise Question Papers of last 30 years (1993-2022)

    In the UPSC mains examination, essay paper is worth 250 marks and three hours. Here is the topic wise questions from the earlier years for the benefit of civil service IAS IPS aspirants. 1 India: Democracy, administration, Society, culture. 1.1 India Since Independence. 1.2 Federalism, Decentralization.

  2. Essay Previous Year Papers

    UPSC Prelims Syllabus; GS Prelims Strategy; Prelims Analysis; Previous Years Papers. GS Paper-I (Year Wise) GS Paper-I (Subject Wise) CSAT. CSAT Strategy; CSAT MCQs; Previous Years Papers; Prelims Special. 60 Steps To Prelims; Prelims Refresher Programme 2020; Sambhav. 2024; 2023; PT Sprint. 2024; 2023; 2022; UPSC CSE Results; Practice Quiz ...

  3. ESSAY QUESTION PAPER : UPSC Civil Services IAS Exam MAINS 2023

    DOWNLOAD ESSAY QUESTION PAPER : UPSC CSE MAINS 2023 [here] Thinking is like a game, it does not begin unless there is an opposite team. Visionary decision-making happens at the intersection of intuition and logic. Not all who wander are lost.

  4. Essay Paper UPSC 2023 (Mains) Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Civil Service Mains exam for essay paper on 15 September 2023. The CSE mains essay paper comprises two sections. Each section contains 4 essay topics. Out of which 2 topics of choice from each section need to be picked. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000-1200 words for each essay.

  5. Essay Paper UPSC 2022 (Mains): Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Essay Paper, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2022 on 16-09-2022. The question paper was not as shocking as last year. There were 8 Essay topics, out of which candidates were asked to write on two topics in 3 hours. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000 words for each essay (about 10-12 pages).

  6. Essay Paper UPSC 2021 (Mains): Question Paper and Analysis

    UPSC conducted the Essay Paper, as part of the Civil Services Main Exam 2021 on 07-01-2022. There were 8 Essay topics, out of which candidates were asked to write on two topics in 3 hours. Candidates were supposed to answer about 1000 words for each essay (about 10-12 pages).

  7. Previous Year Question Papers

    Previous Year Question Papers. Search Exam Name. Apply. Year: 2024. National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination (I), 2024. General Ability Test. Mathematics. Combined Defence Services Examination (I), 2024. Elementary Mathematics.

  8. UPSC Essay Topics From Last 25 Years

    In this article, we have listed all the essay topics asked in the UPSC mains exam from 1994 to 2018. We have also classified the last 25 years essay questions into topics to make your preparation easier. Latest - See the UPSC Essay Topics in the IAS Mains 2020 Essay Paper. Download UPSC Mains 2020 Essay Paper from the linked article.

  9. WEEKLY UPSC IAS ESSAY WRITING CHALLENGE

    WEEKLY UPSC IAS ESSAY WRITING CHALLENGES - 2024. April 28, 2024 : We come nearest to the great when we are great in humility. April 21, 2024 : Well done is better than well said. April 14, 2024 : Consistency is the last refuge of the unimaginative. April 07, 2024 : Came from plant, use it; made in plant, don't.

  10. Essay (UPSC Mains)

    2021. Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me. Philosophy of wantlessness is Utopian, while materialism is a chimera. The real is rational and the rational is real. Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world. History repeats itself, first as a tragedy, second as a farce.

  11. UPSC Essay Topics

    Here are some UPSC Essay Topics on Science and Technology: Deglobalisation is good for the world. Science is organised Knowledge. Wisdom is Organised life. Technology is a Weapon against Poverty. Prioritising Education Technology for Global Growth. Technology is the silent factor in International Relations.

  12. UPSC Previous Year Question Paper

    UPSC previous year question papers offer a window into the variety of question types that the Commission employs. UPSC Questions are designed to test candidates' analytical, problem-solving, and decision-making abilities. These may include multiple-choice questions, essay-type questions, and those requiring subjective responses.

  13. Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2023

    Question Paper : Essay General Studies Paper - I, General Studies Paper - II, General Studies Paper - III, General Studies Paper - IV Assamese Compulsory, Bengali Compulsory, Bodo Compulsory, English Compulsory, Gujarati Compulsory, Hindi Compulsory, Kannada Compulsory, Maithili Compulsory, Malayalam Compulsory, Manipuri Compulsory, Marathi ...

  14. Essay Writing for Civil Services Examination

    Essay writing for CSE. For the CSE essay paper, two essays have to be written under 3 hours in the 1000-1200 word limit. Each essay carries 125 marks for a total of 250. The essay paper is divided into two sections - A and B, each carrying a choice of 4 essays each, and the aspirant has to choose only one essay from each section.

  15. UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Question Paper

    The Essay paper has been conducted on 7th January 2022 in the forenoon session (9 AM to 12 PM). The Mains (Written) Examination consists of nine papers in total. The first stage, that is, Prelims, was conducted on October 10, 2021. UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Question Paper:- Download PDF Here. Download compulsory language papers from the links below:

  16. UPSC Civil Services Exam Previous Year Question Papers (IAS/IPS)

    Analysis of UPSC CSE Mains Previous Year Question Papers. Essay Paper; GS 1 Paper; GS 2 Paper; GS 3 Paper; GS 4 Paper; Official UPSC Answer Keys. You can find the official UPSC answer key for various exams conducted last year from the link - UPSC Answer Keys. Note: You will get answer keys for only the latest exams from the above link.

  17. Topic Wise UPSC Prelims Questions (PYQs), PDF Download

    The UPSC Prelims GS Paper 1 consists of 100 multiple choice questions that cover a variety of topics. The specific topics covered in the exam vary each year, but the overall distribution of questions across subjects is relatively consistent. You can find a breakdown of the subject-wise weightage and questions in the table below.

  18. Prelims Previous Year Papers Downloads

    Download UPSC prelims previous year papers for free and prepare for the civil services exam with Drishti IAS, a leading online portal for IAS aspirants.

  19. UPSC Question Paper: Check Previous Year Question Papers

    The UPSC prelims exam consists of two papers - General Studies (GS) and Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT). Candidates have to attempt 100 questions in the GS paper while 80 questions in the CSAT paper. Both the papers are of 2 hour duration each. The CSAT paper is of qualifying nature only. Candidates can check the UPSC exam syllabus from the ...

  20. Previous Year Question Papers

    Previous Question Papers; Cut-off Marks; Answer Keys; Marks Information; Public Disclosure of marks & other details of non-recommended willing candidates; Specimen Question Cum Answer Booklet (QCAB) Common mistakes committed by the candidates in Conventional Papers; Revised Syllabus and Scheme; Representation on Question Papers; Demo Files

  21. UPSC Free Study Material For Preparation of Prelims and Mains

    UPSC Mains General Studies Paper 1 Notes. UPSC Exams Mains is one of the four GS Papers for UPSC Mains. It is a subjective type of paper consisting of subjects like History, Geography, Art and Culture, and Indian Society. The GS 1 Syllabus and Structure for UPSC Preparation are provided in this article. ... Solve previous years' question ...

  22. Essay Paper UPSC 2020 (Mains): Question Paper and Analysis

    Essay Question Paper - UPSC Civil Services Main Exam (Written) 2020. Write two essays, choosing one topic from each of the following Sections A and B, in about 1000-1200 words each: Section A. Life is long journey between human being and being humane; Mindful manifesto is the catalyst to a tranquil self;

  23. UPSC Mains GS 1 Paper Analysis, Subjects Weightage and Trends!

    The UPSC mains exam consists of nine papers that have to be answered in descriptive format. The marks scored in the essay, 4 GS papers, and 2 optional papers will be considered to prepare the merit list. The 2 language papers are only qualifying in nature. The details of the UPSC mains exam are provided below. Enroll now for UPSC Online Course.

  24. Model Essays

    Reach Us 12, Main AB Road, Bhawar Kuan, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, 452007 641, 1 st Floor, Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi-110009 ; 21, Pusa Rd, WEA, Karol Bagh, Delhi-110005

  25. UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Question Paper: PDF Download

    The UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer question paper pdf consists of objective-type questions with multiple-choice answers for 300 marks. The exam duration will be two hours. UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer ...

  26. UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer Previous Year Question Paper: PDF Download

    There are numerous benefits to solving questions from the UPSC ESIC Nursing Officer previous year question papers. It helps candidates focus more on the areas that require improvement. In this ...

  27. Essay Syllabus

    UPSC Civil Service Mains Paper 1 (popularly known as essay paper) is now of 250 marks. Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to keep close to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

  28. UP PCS Mains

    UP PCS Mains - 2024 Test Series | Test No-3 , Essay | Day 5 | Question Paper | |Manthan iQ#uppcsmains #answer #roaroreexam #currentaffairs #uppcs #uppcspr...

  29. Prelims Previous Year Papers 2 CSAT Downloads

    Paper -2 (CSAT) UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Examination (CSAT Question Paper) 2023 29 Nov 2023 download. UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Examination (CSAT Answer Key) 2023 28 May 2023 download. UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Examination (CSAT Question Paper) 2022 06 Jun 2022 download. CSAT Paper 2022 (Answer Key) 05 Jun 2022 download.