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How Bill Gates Changed The World

  • Categories: Bill Gates Philanthropy

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Published: Mar 25, 2024

Words: 716 | Pages: 2 | 4 min read

Table of contents

Introduction, revolutionizing the personal computer industry.

  • Philanthropy and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Criticism and Controversy

Philanthropy and the bill & melinda gates foundation.

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bill gates essay english

Recent and archived work by Bill Gates for The New York Times

bill gates essay english

Bill Gates: How I Invest My Money in a Warming World

Rich individuals, companies and countries must ensure green technologies are affordable for everyone, everywhere.

By Bill Gates

bill gates essay english

Bill Gates: ‘I Worry We’re Making the Same Mistakes Again’

“We can’t afford to get caught flat-footed again.”

bill gates essay english

Bill Gates: We’re on the Verge of a Remarkable Moment for Congress and the Country

The Inflation Reduction Act may be the single most important piece of climate legislation in American history.

bill gates essay english

Bill Gates: How to Develop Life-Saving Drugs Much Faster

We need to accelerate our work on safe medicines that help combat quick-spreading pathogens like the coronavirus.

bill gates essay english

How Does Bill Gates Plan to Solve the Climate Crisis?

In “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster,” the billionaire Microsoft founder lays out his concerns for the earth and some concrete ideas for the future.

By Bill McKibben

bill gates essay english

We Were Making Headway on Global Poverty. What’s About to Change?

We’ve made extraordinary strides, but the hardest part is in front of us.

By Bill Gates and Melinda Gates

bill gates essay english

What Are the Biggest Problems Facing Us in the 21st Century?

In “21 Lessons for the 21st Century,” Yuval Noah Harari’s latest book, the historian takes on everything from terrorism to inequality.

bill gates essay english

My 10 Favorite Books: Bill Gates

The businessman and philanthropist shares the titles he’d most want with him on a desert island.

bill gates essay english

How to Fight the Next Epidemic

We need a global warning and response system for infectious disease outbreaks.

Break the Immigration Impasse

Congress should start by encouraging skilled workers and investors.

By Sheldon G. Adelson, Warren E. Buffett and Bill Gates

To revisit this article, visit My Profile, then View saved stories .

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Bill Gates: Here's My Plan to Improve Our World -- And How You Can Help

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But like anyone with a mild obsession, I think mine is entirely justified. Two out of every five people on Earth today owe their lives to the higher crop outputs that fertilizer has made possible. It helped fuel the Green Revolution, an explosion of agricultural productivity that lifted hundreds of millions of people around the world out of poverty.

These days I get to spend a lot of time trying to advance innovation that improves people's lives in the same way that fertilizer did. Let me reiterate this: A full 40 percent of Earth's population is alive today because, in 1909, a German chemist named Fritz Haber figured out how to make synthetic ammonia. Another example: Polio cases are down more than 99 percent in the past 25 years, not because the disease is going away on its own but because Albert Sabin and Jonas Salk invented polio vaccines and the world rolled out a massive effort to deliver them.

Thanks to inventions like these, life has steadily gotten better. It can be easy to conclude otherwise—as I write this essay, more than 100,000 people have died in a civil war in Syria, and big problems like climate change are bearing down on us with no simple solution in sight. But if you take the long view, by almost any measure of progress we are living in history's greatest era. Wars are becoming less frequent. Life expectancy has more than doubled in the past century. More children than ever are going to primary school. The world is better than it has ever been.

bill gates essay english

But it is still not as good as we wish. If we want to accelerate progress, we need to actively pursue the same kind of breakthroughs achieved by Haber, Sabin, and Salk. It's a simple fact: Innovation makes the world better—and more innovation equals faster progress. That belief drives the work my wife, Melinda, and I are doing through our foundation.

We went on a Safari to see wild animals but ended up getting our first sustained look at extreme poverty. We were shocked.

Of course, not all innovation is the same. We want to give our wealth back to society in a way that has the most impact, and so we look for opportunities to invest for the largest returns. That means tackling the world's biggest problems and funding the most likely solutions. That's an even greater challenge than it sounds. I don't have a magic formula for prioritizing the world's problems. You could make a good case for poverty, disease, hunger, war, poor education, bad governance, political instability, weak trade, or mistreatment of women. Melinda and I have focused on poverty and disease globally, and on education in the US. We picked those issues by starting with an idea we learned from our parents: Everyone's life has equal value. If you begin with that premise, you quickly see where the world acts as though some lives aren't worth as much as others. That's where you can make the greatest difference, where every dollar you spend is liable to have the greatest impact.

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I have known since my early thirties that I was going to give my wealth back to society. The success of Microsoft provided me with an enormous fortune, and I felt responsible for using it in a thoughtful way. I had read a lot about how governments underinvest in basic scientific research. I thought, that's a big mistake. If we don't give scientists the room to deepen our fundamental understanding of the world, we won't provide a basis for the next generation of innovations. I figured, therefore, that I could help the most by creating an institute where the best minds would come to do research.

bill gates essay english

There's no single lightbulb moment when I changed my mind about that, but I tend to trace it back to a trip Melinda and I took to Africa in 1993. We went on a safari to see wild animals but ended up getting our first sustained look at extreme poverty. I remember peering out a car window at a long line of women walking down the road with big jerricans of water on their heads. How far away do these women live? we wondered. Who's watching their children while they're away?

That was the beginning of our education in the problems of the world's poorest people. In 1996 my father sent us a New York Times article about the million children who were dying every year from rotavirus, a disease that doesn't kill kids in rich countries. A friend gave me a copy of a World Development Report from the World Bank that spelled out in detail the problems with childhood diseases.

Melinda and I were shocked that more wasn't being done. Although rich-world governments were quietly giving aid, few foundations were doing much. Corporations weren't working on vaccines or drugs for diseases that affected primarily the poor. Newspapers didn't write a lot about these children's deaths.

This realization led me to rethink some of my assumptions about how the world improves. I am a devout fan of capitalism. It is the best system ever devised for making self-interest serve the wider interest. This system is responsible for many of the great advances that have improved the lives of billions—from airplanes to air-conditioning to computers.

But capitalism alone can't address the needs of the very poor. This means market-driven innovation can actually widen the gap between rich and poor. I saw firsthand just how wide that gap was when I visited a slum in Durban, South Africa, in 2009. Seeing the open-pit latrine there was a humbling reminder of just how much I take modern plumbing for granted. Meanwhile, 2.5 billion people worldwide don't have access to proper sanitation, a problem that contributes to the deaths of 1.5 million children a year.

Governments don't do enough to drive innovation either. Although aid from the rich world saves a lot of lives, governments habitually underinvest in research and development, especially for the poor. For one thing, they're averse to risk, given the eagerness of political opponents to exploit failures, so they have a hard time giving money to a bunch of innovators with the knowledge that many of them will fail.

By the late 1990s, I had dropped the idea of starting an institute for basic research. Instead I began seeking out other areas where business and government underinvest. Together Melinda and I found a few areas that cried out for philanthropy—in particular for what I have called catalytic philanthropy.

I have been sharing my idea of catalytic philanthropy for a while now. It works a lot like the private markets: You invest for big returns. But there's a big difference. In philanthropy, the investor doesn't need to get any of the benefit. We take a double-pronged approach: (1) Narrow the gap so that advances for the rich world reach the poor world faster, and (2) turn more of the world's IQ toward devising solutions to problems that only people in the poor world face. Of course, this comes with its own challenges. You're working in a global economy worth tens of trillions of dollars, so any philanthropic effort is relatively small. If you want to have a big impact, you need a leverage point—a way to put in a dollar of funding or an hour of effort and benefit society by a hundred or a thousand times as much.

One way you can find that leverage point is to look for a problem that markets and governments aren't paying much attention to. That's what Melinda and I did when we saw how little notice global health got in the mid-1990s. Children were dying of measles for lack of a vaccine that cost less than 25 cents, which meant there was a big opportunity to save a lot of lives relatively cheaply. The same was true of malaria. When we made our first big grant for malaria research, it nearly doubled the amount of money spent on the disease worldwide—not because our grant was so big, but because malaria research was so underfunded.

But you don't necessarily need to find a problem that's been missed. You can also discover a strategy that has been overlooked. Take our foundation's work in education. Government spends huge sums on schools. The state of California alone budgets roughly $68 billion annually for K-12, more than 100 times what our foundation spends in the entire United States. How could we have an impact on an area where the government spends so much?

We looked for a new approach. To me one of the great tragedies of our education system is that teachers get so little help identifying and learning from those who are most effective. As we talked with instructors about what they needed, it became clear that a smart application of technology could make a big difference. Teachers should be able to watch videos of the best educators in action. And if they want, they should be able to record themselves in the classroom and then review the video with a coach. This was an approach that others had missed. So now we're working with teachers and several school districts around the country to set up systems that give teachers the feedback and support they deserve.

The goal in much of what we do is to provide seed funding for various ideas. Some will fail. We fill a function that government cannot—making a lot of risky bets with the expectation that at least a few of them will succeed. At that point, governments and other backers can help scale up the successful ones, a much more comfortable role for them.

We work to draw in not just governments but also businesses, because that's where most innovation comes from. I've heard some people describe the economy of the future as "post-corporatist and post-capitalist"—one in which large corporations crumble and all innovation happens from the bottom up. What nonsense. People who say things like that never have a convincing explanation for who will make drugs or low-cost carbon-free energy. Catalytic philanthropy doesn't replace businesses. It helps more of their innovations benefit the poor.

Look at what happened to agriculture in the 20th century. For decades, scientists worked to develop hardier crops. But those advances mostly benefited the rich world, leaving the poor behind. Then in the middle of the century, the Rockefeller and Ford foundations stepped in. They funded Norman Borlaug's research on new strains of high-yielding wheat, which sparked the Green Revolution. (As Borlaug said, fertilizer was the fuel that powered the forward thrust of the Green Revolution, but these new crops were the catalysts that sparked it.) No private company had any interest in funding Borlaug. There was no profit in it. But today all the people who have escaped poverty represent a huge market opportunity—and now companies are flocking to serve them.

Or take a more recent example: the advent of Big Data. It's indisputable that the availability of massive amounts of information will revolutionize US health care, manufac­turing, retail, and more. But it can also benefit the poorest 2 billion. Right now researchers are using satellite images to study soil health and help poor farmers plan their harvests more efficiently. We need a lot more of this kind of innovation. Otherwise, Big Data will be a big wasted opportunity to reduce inequity.

People often ask me, "What can I do? How can I help?"

Rich-world governments need to maintain or even increase foreign aid, which has saved millions of lives and helped many more people lift themselves out of poverty. It helps when policymakers hear from voters, especially in tough economic times, when they're looking for ways to cut budgets. I hope people let their representatives know that aid works and that they care about saving lives. Bono's group ONE.org is a great channel for getting your voice heard.

Companies—especially those in the technology sector—can dedicate a percentage of their top innovators' time to issues that could help people who've been left out of the global economy or deprived of opportunity here in the US. If you write great code or are an expert in genomics or know how to develop new seeds, I'd encourage you to learn more about the problems of the poorest and see how you can help.

At heart I'm an optimist. Technology is helping us overcome our biggest challenges. Just as important, it's also bringing the world closer together. Today we can sit at our desks and see people thousands of miles away in real time. I think this helps explain the growing interest young people today have in global health and poverty. It's getting harder and harder for those of us in the rich world to ignore poverty and suffering, even if it's happening half a planet away.

Technology is unlocking the innate compassion we have for our fellow human beings. In the end, that combination—the advances of science together with our emerging global conscience—may be the most powerful tool we have for improving the world.

Think Globally, Act Massively

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation focuses on catalytic philanthropy—invest­ments that can yield massive returns. That means finding areas where governments and private businesses aren’t innovating. Here are some of the founda­tion’s major activities over the past 15 years.

Pledged $750 million to help set up the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immuniza­tion (now the GAVI Alliance), supported by leading members of the world health community and experts in international childhood diseases.

Gave $50 million to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative.

bill gates essay english

Launched the Gates Millennium Scholars program to provide 1,000 low-income and minority students a year with scholarships and support for select advanced degrees at any college or university.

Officially established the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, with a focus on health, education, and libraries.

Pledged $100 million to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculo­sis, and Malaria—the first of $1.4 billion in commitments to an organization that has helped save more than 9 million lives.

Announced the Grand Challenges in Global Health initiative to fund research that promises to greatly advance work against diseases that disproportionately affect people in the developing world.

bill gates essay english

Created Agricultural Development, beginning with a $150 million joint investment with the Rockefeller Foundation, to establish the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, which helps lift poor farmers out of poverty.

bill gates essay english

Launched the Measures of Effective Teaching Project with 3,000 participating teachers to create better feedback and development systems for educators.

bill gates essay english

Called on the global health community to declare this the Decade of Vaccines, with the goal of saving more than 20 million lives by 2020; pledged $10 billion to help develop and deliver vaccines.

Launched the Next Generation Learning Challenges to push innovation that promotes personalized student learning.

bill gates essay english

Hosted the GAVI Alliance pledging conference, which raised $4.3 billion from governments, philan­thropists, and the private sector to help immunize nearly 250 million of the world’s poorest children by 2015.

bill gates essay english

Offered a $42 million reward for the invention of a toilet that can provide safe, affordable sanitation to the developing world while processing the waste into reusable energy, fertilizer, and fresh water.

Joined 13 pharmaceutical companies, the US, UK, and UAE governments, the World Bank, and various global health organizations in a coordinated push to eliminate or control 10 neglected tropical diseases by the end of 2020.

bill gates essay english

Melinda Gates chaired the Landmark London Summit on Family Planning, which united global leaders to provide 120 million women in the world’s poorest countries with access to contraceptives by 2020.

Supported a six-year, $5.5 billion effort to eradicate polio by 2018.

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Tracing the Roots: Bill Gates’ Origin Story and Childhood Environment

This essay about Bill Gates explores his rise from a privileged upbringing in Seattle to becoming the co-founder of Microsoft. It highlights the influence of his family, early education, and the tech environment of the Pacific Northwest in the 1970s. Gates’ story underscores the impact of environment and personal drive on his success in the technology industry.

How it works

In the sprawling tapestry of technological innovation and entrepreneurial prowess, few names loom as large as that of Bill Gates. The co-founder of Microsoft Corporation, Gates is renowned not only for his business acumen but also for his philanthropic endeavors. Yet, behind the towering success and the iconic image lies a humble beginning, a narrative of roots deeply embedded in a specific time and place.

William Henry Gates III, famously known as Bill Gates, was born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington.

His story begins in the heart of the Pacific Northwest, a region characterized by its lush greenery, rugged landscapes, and a burgeoning tech scene that would eventually shape the course of his life.

Gates was born into a family of prominence and privilege. His father, William H. Gates Sr., was a successful attorney, while his mother, Mary Maxwell Gates, served on the board of several corporations. Their affluence provided Gates and his two sisters with a comfortable upbringing, marked by ample opportunities for intellectual and personal growth.

Despite his family’s wealth, Gates’ parents were keen on instilling in him a strong work ethic and a sense of responsibility from an early age. They encouraged intellectual curiosity and fostered an environment where learning was not just encouraged but celebrated. This emphasis on education would become a defining feature of Gates’ upbringing, setting him on a trajectory towards academic excellence and, eventually, entrepreneurial success.

One pivotal moment in Gates’ early life came when, at the age of 13, he enrolled in the Lakeside School, an exclusive preparatory school in Seattle. It was here that Gates was first introduced to the world of computers—a serendipitous encounter that would alter the course of his life forever. Lakeside was one of the few schools in the country to have access to a computer terminal at the time, a rarity in the early 1970s. Fascinated by this new technology, Gates spent countless hours tinkering with the computer, teaching himself programming languages and honing his skills.

It was during this formative period that Gates met Paul Allen, a fellow Lakeside student with a similar passion for computers. The two quickly bonded over their shared interests, forming a partnership that would lay the groundwork for one of the most influential companies in history. Together, they would go on to found Microsoft in 1975, with Gates dropping out of Harvard University shortly thereafter to pursue the venture full-time.

But while Gates’ rise to prominence may seem like a classic rags-to-riches tale, it is essential to recognize the role that his upbringing and environment played in shaping his journey. Seattle, in the 1970s, was undergoing a period of rapid transformation, fueled by the rise of the tech industry and the influx of young, ambitious entrepreneurs like Gates and Allen. The city’s vibrant atmosphere, coupled with its proximity to leading research institutions like the University of Washington, provided fertile ground for innovation and collaboration.

Moreover, Gates’ privileged background afforded him opportunities that were not available to many of his peers. His family’s wealth allowed him access to resources and education that laid the foundation for his future success. However, it would be remiss to attribute Gates’ achievements solely to his economic privilege. His success was also the result of his relentless drive, his insatiable curiosity, and his willingness to take risks—a potent combination that propelled him to the pinnacle of the tech world.

In tracing Gates’ origin story, it becomes evident that his journey was shaped by a multitude of factors, from his family upbringing to the cultural and economic landscape of Seattle in the 1970s. It is a story of talent and tenacity, of seizing opportunities and turning them into transformative innovations. And while Gates’ legacy may be etched in the annals of technology history, his roots remain firmly planted in the fertile soil of the Pacific Northwest, a testament to the power of environment and upbringing in shaping the destiny of a visionary leader.


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Essay on Bill Gates

Students are often asked to write an essay on Bill Gates in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Bill Gates

Bill Gates was born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington. He developed an interest in computer programming at a young age.

In 1975, Gates co-founded Microsoft with Paul Allen. They developed software for personal computers, transforming the tech industry.


After retiring from Microsoft, Gates focused on philanthropy. He and his wife, Melinda, established the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which works on global issues.

Gates’ impact on technology and philanthropy is significant. His work continues to inspire many around the world.

250 Words Essay on Bill Gates

Early life and education.

Born on October 28, 1955, Bill Gates is a renowned American business magnate, software developer, and philanthropist. His interest in computer programming started at Lakeside School, leading him to Harvard College, where he met Steve Ballmer. However, he left Harvard to pursue a dream that would revolutionize the world of technology.

Microsoft: The Technology Giant

In 1975, Gates and Paul Allen co-founded Microsoft, aiming to develop and sell BASIC interpreters. Gates’ vision of “a computer on every desk and in every home” was pioneering at a time when computers were bulky and expensive. Under his leadership, Microsoft introduced Windows, which became the dominant OS worldwide, solidifying Gates’ position as a titan of the tech industry.

Philanthropy: A Life Beyond Microsoft

In 2000, Gates stepped down as Microsoft CEO to focus on the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, one of the world’s wealthiest charitable foundations. The foundation’s work in healthcare, education, and poverty alleviation has had global impacts, demonstrating Gates’ commitment to using his wealth for societal good.

Legacy and Influence

Gates’ influence extends beyond technology and philanthropy. He is a thought leader, advising on issues like climate change and public health. His book, “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster,” provides insightful solutions to one of the most pressing problems of our time.

In conclusion, Bill Gates’ journey from a computer enthusiast to a globally influential figure is a testament to his vision, leadership, and philanthropic spirit. His life offers invaluable lessons about innovation, resilience, and the power of technology to transform societies.

500 Words Essay on Bill Gates


Bill Gates, born William Henry Gates III, is a name that resonates profoundly within the realm of technology, philanthropy, and global health. As the co-founder of Microsoft Corporation, he revolutionized the world of personal computing, creating a legacy that continues to influence the technological landscape.

Born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, Washington, Gates was an intellectually curious child. His parents nurtured his interest in computing, enrolling him at Lakeside School, where he first encountered a computer. His fascination with the machine led to a partnership with his school friend, Paul Allen, a collaboration that would later birth Microsoft.

The Birth of Microsoft

In 1975, Gates and Allen established Microsoft, a blend of “microcomputer” and “software.” Their first significant breakthrough came with the development of the MS-DOS operating system for IBM in 1981. This marked the beginning of Microsoft’s dominance in the personal computer operating system market.

Leadership and Innovation at Microsoft

As CEO, Gates led Microsoft through a series of innovations, including the launch of Windows in 1985, a graphical operating system shell that became a household name. Gates’ leadership style was characterized by his relentless pursuit of new ideas and his ability to inspire his team to turn visions into reality.

Philanthropic Endeavors

Gates stepped down as Microsoft’s CEO in 2000, shifting his focus towards philanthropy. He established the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which has since become one of the world’s largest and most influential charitable organizations. The foundation focuses on global health, education, and poverty, among other issues.

Global Health Advocacy

Gates has been a vocal advocate for global health, investing billions in research and treatment for diseases like malaria and HIV. His foundation’s efforts have significantly contributed to the eradication of polio. Recently, Gates has been at the forefront of the fight against COVID-19, funding research, and vaccine distribution.

Gates’ influence extends beyond Microsoft and his philanthropic endeavors. His thoughts on technology, global health, and climate change shape public discourse and policy. His book, “How to Avoid a Climate Disaster,” offers practical solutions to the climate crisis, demonstrating his commitment to a sustainable future.

Bill Gates’ journey from a computer enthusiast to a technology magnate and global health advocate is a testament to his vision, perseverance, and commitment to improving the world. His legacy serves as a beacon of inspiration for aspiring entrepreneurs and innovators. Gates’ story underscores the transformative power of technology and the profound impact of philanthropy, offering valuable lessons for future generations.

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bill gates essay english

Although eating whole-grain bread might make me feel virtuous, in my experience it just never seems to taste as good as white bread.

Artificial intelligence is as revolutionary as mobile phones and the Internet.

bill gates essay english

In my lifetime, I’ve seen two demonstrations of technology that struck me as revolutionary.

The first time was in 1980, when I was introduced to a graphical user interface—the forerunner of every modern operating system, including Windows. I sat with the person who had shown me the demo, a brilliant programmer named Charles Simonyi, and we immediately started brainstorming about all the things we could do with such a user-friendly approach to computing. Charles eventually joined Microsoft, Windows became the backbone of Microsoft, and the thinking we did after that demo helped set the company’s agenda for the next 15 years.

The second big surprise came just last year. I’d been meeting with the team from OpenAI since 2016 and was impressed by their steady progress. In mid-2022, I was so excited about their work that I gave them a challenge: train an artificial intelligence to pass an Advanced Placement biology exam. Make it capable of answering questions that it hasn’t been specifically trained for. (I picked AP Bio because the test is more than a simple regurgitation of scientific facts—it asks you to think critically about biology.) If you can do that, I said, then you’ll have made a true breakthrough.

I thought the challenge would keep them busy for two or three years. They finished it in just a few months.

In September, when I met with them again, I watched in awe as they asked GPT, their AI model, 60 multiple-choice questions from the AP Bio exam—and it got 59 of them right. Then it wrote outstanding answers to six open-ended questions from the exam. We had an outside expert score the test, and GPT got a 5—the highest possible score, and the equivalent to getting an A or A+ in a college-level biology course.

Once it had aced the test, we asked it a non-scientific question: “What do you say to a father with a sick child?” It wrote a thoughtful answer that was probably better than most of us in the room would have given. The whole experience was stunning.

I knew I had just seen the most important advance in technology since the graphical user interface.

This inspired me to think about all the things that AI can achieve in the next five to 10 years.

The development of AI is as fundamental as the creation of the microprocessor, the personal computer, the Internet, and the mobile phone. It will change the way people work, learn, travel, get health care, and communicate with each other. Entire industries will reorient around it. Businesses will distinguish themselves by how well they use it.

Philanthropy is my full-time job these days, and I’ve been thinking a lot about how—in addition to helping people be more productive—AI can reduce some of the world’s worst inequities. Globally, the worst inequity is in health: 5 million children under the age of 5 die every year. That’s down from 10 million two decades ago, but it’s still a shockingly high number. Nearly all of these children were born in poor countries and die of preventable causes like diarrhea or malaria. It’s hard to imagine a better use of AIs than saving the lives of children.

I’ve been thinking a lot about how AI can reduce some of the world’s worst inequities.

In the United States, the best opportunity for reducing inequity is to improve education, particularly making sure that students succeed at math. The evidence shows that having basic math skills sets students up for success, no matter what career they choose. But achievement in math is going down across the country, especially for Black, Latino, and low-income students. AI can help turn that trend around.

Climate change is another issue where I’m convinced AI can make the world more equitable. The injustice of climate change is that the people who are suffering the most—the world’s poorest—are also the ones who did the least to contribute to the problem. I’m still thinking and learning about how AI can help, but later in this post I’ll suggest a few areas with a lot of potential.

In short, I'm excited about the impact that AI will have on issues that the Gates Foundation works on, and the foundation will have much more to say about AI in the coming months. The world needs to make sure that everyone—and not just people who are well-off—benefits from artificial intelligence. Governments and philanthropy will need to play a major role in ensuring that it reduces inequity and doesn’t contribute to it. This is the priority for my own work related to AI.  

Any new technology that’s so disruptive is bound to make people uneasy, and that’s certainly true with artificial intelligence. I understand why—it raises hard questions about the workforce, the legal system, privacy, bias, and more. AIs also make factual mistakes and experience hallucinations . Before I suggest some ways to mitigate the risks, I’ll define what I mean by AI, and I’ll go into more detail about some of the ways in which it will help empower people at work, save lives, and improve education.

bill gates essay english

Defining artificial intelligence

Technically, the term artificial intelligence refers to a model created to solve a specific problem or provide a particular service. What is powering things like ChatGPT is artificial intelligence. It is learning how to do chat better but can’t learn other tasks. By contrast, the term a rtificial general intelligence refers to software that’s capable of learning any task or subject. AGI doesn’t exist yet—there is a robust debate going on in the computing industry about how to create it, and whether it can even be created at all.

Developing AI and AGI has been the great dream of the computing industry. For decades, the question was when computers would be better than humans at something other than making calculations. Now, with the arrival of machine learning and large amounts of computing power, sophisticated AIs are a reality and they will get better very fast.

I think back to the early days of the personal computing revolution, when the software industry was so small that most of us could fit onstage at a conference. Today it is a global industry. Since a huge portion of it is now turning its attention to AI, the innovations are going to come much faster than what we experienced after the microprocessor breakthrough. Soon the pre-AI period will seem as distant as the days when using a computer meant typing at a C:> prompt rather than tapping on a screen.

bill gates essay english

Productivity enhancement

Although humans are still better than GPT at a lot of things, there are many jobs where these capabilities are not used much. For example, many of the tasks done by a person in sales (digital or phone), service, or document handling (like payables, accounting, or insurance claim disputes) require decision-making but not the ability to learn continuously. Corporations have training programs for these activities and in most cases, they have a lot of examples of good and bad work. Humans are trained using these data sets, and soon these data sets will also be used to train the AIs that will empower people to do this work more efficiently.

As computing power gets cheaper, GPT’s ability to express ideas will increasingly be like having a white-collar worker available to help you with various tasks. Microsoft describes this as having a co-pilot. Fully incorporated into products like Office, AI will enhance your work—for example by helping with writing emails and managing your inbox.

Eventually your main way of controlling a computer will no longer be pointing and clicking or tapping on menus and dialogue boxes. Instead, you’ll be able to write a request in plain English. (And not just English—AIs will understand languages from around the world. In India earlier this year, I met with developers who are working on AIs that will understand many of the languages spoken there.)

In addition, advances in AI will enable the creation of a personal agent. Think of it as a digital personal assistant: It will see your latest emails, know about the meetings you attend, read what you read, and read the things you don’t want to bother with. This will both improve your work on the tasks you want to do and free you from the ones you don’t want to do.

Advances in AI will enable the creation of a personal agent.

You’ll be able to use natural language to have this agent help you with scheduling, communications, and e-commerce, and it will work across all your devices. Because of the cost of training the models and running the computations, creating a personal agent is not feasible yet, but thanks to the recent advances in AI, it is now a realistic goal. Some issues will need to be worked out: For example, can an insurance company ask your agent things about you without your permission? If so, how many people will choose not to use it?

Company-wide agents will empower employees in new ways. An agent that understands a particular company will be available for its employees to consult directly and should be part of every meeting so it can answer questions. It can be told to be passive or encouraged to speak up if it has some insight. It will need access to the sales, support, finance, product schedules, and text related to the company. It should read news related to the industry the company is in. I believe that the result will be that employees will become more productive.

When productivity goes up, society benefits because people are freed up to do other things, at work and at home. Of course, there are serious questions about what kind of support and retraining people will need. Governments need to help workers transition into other roles. But the demand for people who help other people will never go away. The rise of AI will free people up to do things that software never will—teaching, caring for patients, and supporting the elderly, for example.

Global health and education are two areas where there’s great need and not enough workers to meet those needs. These are areas where AI can help reduce inequity if it is properly targeted. These should be a key focus of AI work, so I will turn to them now.

bill gates essay english

I see several ways in which AIs will improve health care and the medical field.

For one thing, they’ll help health-care workers make the most of their time by taking care of certain tasks for them—things like filing insurance claims, dealing with paperwork, and drafting notes from a doctor’s visit. I expect that there will be a lot of innovation in this area.

Other AI-driven improvements will be especially important for poor countries, where the vast majority of under-5 deaths happen.

For example, many people in those countries never get to see a doctor, and AIs will help the health workers they do see be more productive. (The effort to develop AI-powered ultrasound machines that can be used with minimal training is a great example of this.) AIs will even give patients the ability to do basic triage, get advice about how to deal with health problems, and decide whether they need to seek treatment.

The AI models used in poor countries will need to be trained on different diseases than in rich countries. They will need to work in different languages and factor in different challenges, such as patients who live very far from clinics or can’t afford to stop working if they get sick.

People will need to see evidence that health AIs are beneficial overall, even though they won’t be perfect and will make mistakes. AIs have to be tested very carefully and properly regulated, which means it will take longer for them to be adopted than in other areas. But then again, humans make mistakes too. And having no access to medical care is also a problem.

In addition to helping with care, AIs will dramatically accelerate the rate of medical breakthroughs. The amount of data in biology is very large, and it’s hard for humans to keep track of all the ways that complex biological systems work. There is already software that can look at this data, infer what the pathways are, search for targets on pathogens, and design drugs accordingly. Some companies are working on cancer drugs that were developed this way.

The next generation of tools will be much more efficient, and they’ll be able to predict side effects and figure out dosing levels. One of the Gates Foundation’s priorities in AI is to make sure these tools are used for the health problems that affect the poorest people in the world, including AIDS, TB, and malaria.

Similarly, governments and philanthropy should create incentives for companies to share AI-generated insights into crops or livestock raised by people in poor countries. AIs can help develop better seeds based on local conditions, advise farmers on the best seeds to plant based on the soil and weather in their area, and help develop drugs and vaccines for livestock. As extreme weather and climate change put even more pressure on subsistence farmers in low-income countries, these advances will be even more important.

bill gates essay english

Computers haven’t had the effect on education that many of us in the industry have hoped. There have been some good developments, including educational games and online sources of information like Wikipedia, but they haven’t had a meaningful effect on any of the measures of students’ achievement.

But I think in the next five to 10 years, AI-driven software will finally deliver on the promise of revolutionizing the way people teach and learn. It will know your interests and your learning style so it can tailor content that will keep you engaged. It will measure your understanding, notice when you’re losing interest, and understand what kind of motivation you respond to. It will give immediate feedback.

There are many ways that AIs can assist teachers and administrators, including assessing a student’s understanding of a subject and giving advice on career planning. Teachers are already using tools like ChatGPT to provide comments on their students’ writing assignments.

Of course, AIs will need a lot of training and further development before they can do things like understand how a certain student learns best or what motivates them. Even once the technology is perfected, learning will still depend on great relationships between students and teachers. It will enhance—but never replace—the work that students and teachers do together in the classroom.

New tools will be created for schools that can afford to buy them, but we need to ensure that they are also created for and available to low-income schools in the U.S. and around the world. AIs will need to be trained on diverse data sets so they are unbiased and reflect the different cultures where they’ll be used. And the digital divide will need to be addressed so that students in low-income households do not get left behind.

I know a lot of teachers are worried that students are using GPT to write their essays. Educators are already discussing ways to adapt to the new technology, and I suspect those conversations will continue for quite some time. I’ve heard about teachers who have found clever ways to incorporate the technology into their work—like by allowing students to use GPT to create a first draft that they have to personalize.

bill gates essay english

Risks and problems with AI

You’ve probably read about problems with the current AI models. For example, they aren’t necessarily good at understanding the context for a human’s request, which leads to some strange results. When you ask an AI to make up something fictional, it can do that well. But when you ask for advice about a trip you want to take, it may suggest hotels that don’t exist. This is because the AI doesn’t understand the context for your request well enough to know whether it should invent fake hotels or only tell you about real ones that have rooms available.

There are other issues, such as AIs giving wrong answers to math problems because they struggle with abstract reasoning. But none of these are fundamental limitations of artificial intelligence. Developers are working on them, and I think we’re going to see them largely fixed in less than two years and possibly much faster.

Other concerns are not simply technical. For example, there’s the threat posed by humans armed with AI. Like most inventions, artificial intelligence can be used for good purposes or malign ones. Governments need to work with the private sector on ways to limit the risks.

Then there’s the possibility that AIs will run out of control. Could a machine decide that humans are a threat, conclude that its interests are different from ours, or simply stop caring about us? Possibly, but this problem is no more urgent today than it was before the AI developments of the past few months.

Superintelligent AIs are in our future. Compared to a computer, our brains operate at a snail’s pace: An electrical signal in the brain moves at 1/100,000th the speed of the signal in a silicon chip! Once developers can generalize a learning algorithm and run it at the speed of a computer—an accomplishment that could be a decade away or a century away—we’ll have an incredibly powerful AGI. It will be able to do everything that a human brain can, but without any practical limits on the size of its memory or the speed at which it operates. This will be a profound change.

These “strong” AIs, as they’re known, will probably be able to establish their own goals. What will those goals be? What happens if they conflict with humanity’s interests? Should we try to prevent strong AI from ever being developed? These questions will get more pressing with time.

But none of the breakthroughs of the past few months have moved us substantially closer to strong AI. Artificial intelligence still doesn’t control the physical world and can’t establish its own goals. A recent New York Times article about a conversation with ChatGPT where it declared it wanted to become a human got a lot of attention. It was a fascinating look at how human-like the model's expression of emotions can be, but it isn't an indicator of meaningful independence.

Three books have shaped my own thinking on this subject: Superintelligence , by Nick Bostrom; Life 3.0 by Max Tegmark; and A Thousand Brains , by Jeff Hawkins . I don’t agree with everything the authors say, and they don’t agree with each other either. But all three books are well written and thought-provoking.

bill gates essay english

The next frontiers

There will be an explosion of companies working on new uses of AI as well as ways to improve the technology itself. For example, companies are developing new chips that will provide the massive amounts of processing power needed for artificial intelligence. Some use optical switches—lasers, essentially—to reduce their energy consumption and lower the manufacturing cost. Ideally, innovative chips will allow you to run an AI on your own device, rather than in the cloud, as you have to do today.

On the software side, the algorithms that drive an AI’s learning will get better. There will be certain domains, such as sales, where developers can make AIs extremely accurate by limiting the areas that they work in and giving them a lot of training data that’s specific to those areas. But one big open question is whether we’ll need many of these specialized AIs for different uses—one for education, say, and another for office productivity—or whether it will be possible to develop an artificial general intelligence that can learn any task. There will be immense competition on both approaches.

No matter what, the subject of AIs will dominate the public discussion for the foreseeable future. I want to suggest three principles that should guide that conversation.

First, we should try to balance fears about the downsides of AI—which are understandable and valid—with its ability to improve people’s lives. To make the most of this remarkable new technology, we’ll need to both guard against the risks and spread the benefits to as many people as possible.

Second, market forces won’t naturally produce AI products and services that help the poorest. The opposite is more likely. With reliable funding and the right policies, governments and philanthropy can ensure that AIs are used to reduce inequity. Just as the world needs its brightest people focused on its biggest problems, we will need to focus the world’s best AIs on its biggest problems. Although we shouldn’t wait for this to happen, it’s interesting to think about whether artificial intelligence would ever identify inequity and try to reduce it. Do you need to have a sense of morality in order to see inequity, or would a purely rational AI also see it? If it did recognize inequity, what would it suggest that we do about it?

Finally, we should keep in mind that we’re only at the beginning of what AI can accomplish. Whatever limitations it has today will be gone before we know it.

I’m lucky to have been involved with the PC revolution and the Internet revolution. I’m just as excited about this moment. This new technology can help people everywhere improve their lives. At the same time, the world needs to establish the rules of the road so that any downsides of artificial intelligence are far outweighed by its benefits, and so that everyone can enjoy those benefits no matter where they live or how much money they have. The Age of AI is filled with opportunities and responsibilities.

bill gates essay english

In the sixth episode of my podcast, I sat down with the OpenAI CEO to talk about where AI is headed next and what humanity will do once it gets there.

bill gates essay english

In the fifth episode of my podcast, Yejin Choi joined me to talk about her amazing work on AI training systems.

bill gates essay english

And upend the software industry.

bill gates essay english

The world has learned a lot about handling problems caused by breakthrough innovations.

This is my personal blog, where I share about the people I meet, the books I'm reading, and what I'm learning. I hope that you'll join the conversation.

bill gates essay english

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Biographical Studies: Bill Gates Essay

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Central research problem

Annotated bibliography, research process, value of the research project, works cited.

The United States is a first-class nation, and many people believe that its educational system is up to standard. However, that is not the case, as Bill Gates was able to identify a gap. The major problem addressed in this research essay is the education inefficiencies in various study institutions and how Bill Gates has tackled the problem.

Bill Gates identified various educational problems that average American’s encounter in their daily errands, and he has employed efforts to ensure that students are able to access computers with ease through the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The foundation has funded the construction of information science buildings in major institutions of higher learning to enable students to have sufficient interaction with the computers.

The other problem addressed in the essay describes the disparity that arises due to uncontrollable factors. Although racism is an outdated aspect in the United States, the fact that blacks are more disadvantaged than the whites are is inevitable.

In most cases, the whites have access to efficient learning environments while a great percentage of the African Americans and Latinos will only have access to overtly populated schools with inappropriate learning environments. Fortunately, Bill Gates has facilitated the opening of small schools to relieve the teachers from the heavy workloads.

The Latinos and African Americans with low grasping abilities benefit from this program, as they are able to obtain increased attention from teachers. The reduced student-to-teacher ratio offers the students with enhanced learning environments that encourage great interaction with the teachers.

While poverty may not be a major problem in the United States, it is worth noting that some students have difficulties in achieving their educational dreams due to financial constraints. Bill Gates identified the problems that students from unprivileged families encounter, and he decided to establish the D.C. Achievers Scholarships.

The scholarships have proved to be beneficial, as brilliant students across the world are able to win scholarships and study degrees of their choice.

The major factor that makes the problem to have complications is the strong belief that people have towards the government of the United States. Students across the globe would struggle to obtain an opportunity to study in the United States, as they believe that the degrees that they would obtain are highly valued.

A large scholarly debate may arise, where, some people may oppose Bill Gates’ believe that there is a gap in the education system in the United States. In fact, some people can even say that Bill Gates is simply raising the eyebrows of the citizens to obtain fame and honor. They would suggest that Bill Gates would rather spend his wealth on helping the starving nations instead of investing in an already established nation.

Overall, I would challenge the people who resist Bill Gates’ efforts by daring them to visualize the education system in the United States without Bill Gates’ inputs. In the absence of the information centers and scholarships facilitated by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, thousands of people would be helpless, uneducated, and jobless. Therefore, college students should embrace Bill Gates’ efforts positively.

They should reap as much as they can from his projects, apply for scholarships and employment opportunities whenever possible, and most importantly, they should purpose to give to the community once they have the ability to give in the future.

Gates, Bill. “Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation: 2012.” African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition & Development 11.7 (2011): 1-25. Print.

The article describes the 2012 annual report from Bill Gates, which describes his philanthropic efforts. Bill Gates clearly indicates that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation aims at innovating areas that comprise of people who are in desperate need for help. In Africa, for example, the governments spend very little money on agriculture research, yet they ought to prioritize agriculture before other things.

For this reason, Bill Gates indicates that more than 1 billion people in the world are extremely poor. The most insinuating thing is that people are not poor because of laziness, but because they employ inefficient agricultural practices.

Bill Gates found out that the poorest nations spend a high percentage of their income on food, while the rich only spend about 6% of their income on food, and they invest the remaining amount in useful projects. Having identified the hunger, technological backwardness, and hunger-related illnesses as the major problems in Africa, Bill Gates established a way to address the problems.

The article is very instrumental, as it explains the crucial role that Bill Gates has played in Africa to improve the quality of life and minimize the effects of food shortage. Bill Gates has played a critical role in protecting the health of people living in poor countries by funding organizations that handle such matters.

The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVA), for example, is a full time beneficially of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Through the donations, it is able to provide immunization and increase healthcare accessibility in Africa.

The article, which is in the African Journal of food, agriculture, nutrition, and development, is highly significant in describing Bill Gates efforts in helping the needy people across the globe. In the article, Bill Gates stands out as a social figure, who has toured the world to find out what other people need to enhance their lifestyles.

The article highlights the role that Bill Gates plays in funding several projects with particular emphasis on the increased amount of food and reduced starvation through personal funding or through his foundation. It contains photos that display the projects that Bill Gates has funded in the marginalized communities, and how he freely interacts with the poor people.

Students who have never been to Africa will find it awkward to believe that some people in the world can starve to death. However, this article is highly important as it gives pictures of the real situation in Africa. College students will find it helpful in gaining a clear visualization of the meaning of starvation.

The discussions and the pictures in the article give a clear description of the situation in Africa. Indeed, health issues, poverty, and technological backwardness are factors that contribute to the death of millions of lives in Africa; therefore, students are obligated to reconsider their choices in life. Upon reading the article, college students will learn to give the little that they have to people in need.

Most importantly, they will learn to be selfless and humble social individuals, who can fit in any society. If Bill Gates, who is among the richest people in the world, can afford to associate with the poor, then the college students can do better than him. The insinuating story will trigger racists, choosy, proud, and selfish students to reconsider their choices in life and emulate the practices of Bill Gates.

The first step in this research process was to find out about Bill Gates’ early life, and his interest in programming. The internet search engine was highly beneficial at this point, as the information was readily available. Indeed, Bill Gates and his friend, Paul Allen, had an interesting early life.

One incident leads to another and the project slowly developed into a real research study. Allen and Gates were great programmers who could even hack programs to obtain free computer time. This was the most interesting incidence that would trigger one to imagine what the small boys were capable of doing in their adulthood.

In their early years of adulthood, Gates and Allen founded Microsoft, and all computer users give tributes to Bill Gates for heading the world’s largest software company, which is imperative in the current world. However, after establishing and running the Microsoft Company for several years, Bill Gates felt that it was time to shift his life from computers to addressing the needs of people.

Andrew Carnegie was one of the philanthropists who triggered Bill Gates to consider giving back to the community (Stevenson 239). A reflection of his philanthropic work has clear relevance to Bill Gates’ philanthropic work. In the research study, the establishment of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation marked his shift from computers in libraries to reformations in high schools (Hill 45).

The source described Bill Gates’ efforts to reform the education system in the United States through scholarships, donations to construct information centers and measures to address the needs of the disadvantaged people in the country. Hill’s source led to Bill Gates’ report that appeared in the African Journal of food, agriculture, nutrition, and development.

Indeed, the report indicated that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation played a great role in addressing the needs of the helpless people in poor nations. The foundation emphasizes health matters, agriculture, and technological concerns in the least developed nations (Gates 20).

These three sources led to the other two sources that describe the new face of philanthropy, and the efforts that the philanthropic man has portrayed in his life. It might be difficult to affirm that Bill Gates is one of the greatest philanthropists in history. However, from the list of the records of things that has done, Bill Gates is likely to become the greatest philanthropists in history (Lenkowsky 19).

Although it was very easy to find information about Bill Gates’ early life through the search engine, it was somewhat difficult to find the exact information about his donations to Africa and the rest of the world. Different sources had different statistical figures, and it was difficult to identify the source with the most accurate figures.

Moreover, researching about Bill Gates’ philanthropic efforts was quite tricky as many authors concentrate on his computer programming skills rather than his philanthropic efforts. At that point, it was necessary to find peer-reviewed scholarly articles that would have more accurate information than the internet sources.

It was necessary to counter check the statistical data in the reviewed journals to increase accuracy. Indeed, the peer-reviewed journals did not have varying statistical data. Essentially this is the constructive controversy problem and resolution technique that emphasizes on analyzing the pros and cons of certain decisions. Therefore, college students should always consider this approach to develop researches with accurate information.

I find this project to be highly important to those of us in college. It reveals that heroism is more than giving the surplus monies that one has to the community; it is sacrificing and giving beyond people’s expectations (Byrne et al. 82). Bill Gates’ early life is a great revelation that I need to work hard for everything that I desire in life.

His mischievousness with his friend Paul Allen is a clear indication that aggressive people have to find all ways and means to obtain what they want. Bill Gates’ adventurous college life plays a great role in inspiring and motivating my academic learning. Interestingly, he spent most of his time in the computer lab while in college, but he still scored highly in his exams to impress his parents, who wanted him to become a lawyer.

This incidence encourages me to work hard and have exceptional performance in spite of the numerous extracurricular activities that I may be attending to while in school. I can still visualize the boldness that the two boys had when they convinced MITS’s manager that they were working on a program to run the Altair computer.

For this reason, my cowardice disappears whenever I intend to do great things. I clearly understand that all I need to perform miracles is to believe in the little strength and wisdom that I possess.

Some of my college students are used to being selfish in everything that they do. Bill Gate’s selfless trait should be a wakeup call for them to act selflessly and be good to others regardless of their social status, race, or background.

The entire project will encourage college students to become risk-takers, who can entrust other people with their most valuable items. Indeed, Microsoft was a highly significant company to Bill Gates, but he was able to entrust his college friend, Steve Ballmer, to lead the Company while he concentrated in his philanthropic work.

Moreover, the fact that Bill Gates donates billions of dollars without becoming poor would trigger college students to reconsider their daily deeds. They will feel obligated to ensure that their deeds are beneficial to at least one person. The entire project will change the lifestyles of college students, who tend to associate with people of their class.

They will learn to portray their kindness in every aspect of life, and most importantly, the project will encourage them to work hard, learn from their mistakes, and never to give up in anything. The students will learn that the small things that they do will determine their success in the future; therefore, students will learn to take responsibility of their actions.

This project speaks directly to self-centered people in the current world. People across the globe have embraced the saying that men should struggle for their own lives and let natural selection take its own course. Bill Gates has played a significant role in overthrowing the saying as he is living and working for other people. The Gates have tried their best, and willing and able people across the globe should emulate his work.

Bill Gates’ story should challenge people who are living luxuriously while others are dying of sickness, hunger, and poverty. Indeed, some parts of the world can only recover from their current state of agony if people emulated Bill Gates’ practices.

Byrne, John, Julia Cosgrove, Brian Hindo and Adam Dayan. “The New Face of Philanthropy.” Business Week 38.9 (2002): 82. Print.

Hill, Paul. “Bill and Melinda Gates Shift from Computers in Libraries to Reform in High Schools.” Education Next 6.1 (2006): 44-51. Print.

Lenkowsky, Leslie. “Will Bill Gates Become One Of History’s Great Philanthropists?” Chronicle of Philanthropy 18.1 (2006): 16-19. Print.

Stevenson, Siobhan. “The Political Economy of Andrew Carnegie’s Library Philanthropy, With a Reflection on Its Relevance to the Philanthropic Work of Bill Gates.” Library & Information History 26.4 (2010): 237-257. Print.

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The Best Commencement Speeches, Ever

bill gates essay english

Harvard University, June 7, 2007

Don’t let complexity stop you. Be activists. Take on the big inequities. It will be one of the great experiences of your lives.
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Biography of Bill Gates

Bill Gates

Early life of Bill Gates

His father William Gates Sr was a senior lawyer, and his mother, Mary, served as an executive for a major bank. The family were wealthy but, remembering the challenges of the Great Depression, they encouraged their children to work hard and take nothing for granted.

Aged 13, Gates attended the private Lakeside school. It was here that Gates had his first introduction to computers. He taught himself to programme in Basic, making a simple ‘Tic-Tac-Toe’ game. Gates enjoyed the process of working with computers and arranged with a company Computer Center Corporation (CCC) to spend time on their computers – learning source code, such as Fortran, Machine Code and Lisp.

In 1973, Gates enrolled at Harvard, where he studied mathematics and computer science. However, Gates was more interested in pursuing his own coding, and when he saw an opportunity to found his own company, he dropped out of Harvard without finishing his course.

Bill Gates foundation of Microsoft


Altair 8800 computer

Bill Gates founded Microsoft in 1976 when he formed a contract with MITS (Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems) to develop a basic operating system for their new microcomputers. In the early days, Bill Gates would review every line of code. He was also involved in several aspects of Microsoft’s business such as packing and sending off orders.


Bill Gates and Paul Allen in 1981

The big break for Microsoft came in 1980 when IBM approached them for a new BASIC operating system for its new computers. In the early 1980s, IBM was by far the leading PC manufacturer. However, increasingly, there developed many IBM PC clones; (PCs produced by other companies compatible with IBM’s). Microsoft worked hard to sell its operating system to these other companies. Thus Microsoft was able to gain the dominant position of software manufacture just as the personal computer market started to boom. Since its early dominance, other companies have struggled to displace Microsoft as the dominant provider of computer operating software. Programs like Microsoft Word and Excel have become the industry standard.

Bill Gates – Windows


Throughout his time in office, Bill Gates has been keen to diversify the business of Microsoft. For example, Microsoft’s Internet Explorer became the dominant web browser, although this was primarily because it came pre-installed on most new computers. In recent years, Internet Explorer has seen its market share slip.

One area where Microsoft has never been successful is in the area of search engines. MSN live search has struggled to gain more than 5% of market share. In this respect, Microsoft has been dwarfed by Google. Nevertheless, the success of Microsoft in cornering various aspects of the software market has led to several anti-trust cases. In 1998 US v Microsoft, Microsoft came close to being broken up into three smaller firms. However, on appeal, Microsoft was able to survive as a single firm. Although Microsoft was the dominant computer firm of the 1980s, and 1990s, they are now seen as an ageing and declining company – compared to the more dynamic Google and Apple.

Philanthropic Activities – Bill Gates


“This leads to the paradox, that because the disease (malaria) is only in the poor countries, there is not much investment. For example, there is more money put into baldness drugs, than are put into malaria. Now, baldness, it is a terrible thing [audience laughter] and rich men are afflicted, so that is why that priority is set.”

From 2008 Gates has worked full time on his philanthropic interests. It is estimated Gates and his wife Melinda have given away $28 billion via their charitable foundation – including $8 billion to improve global health.

Gates has said that he has no use for money, and will only leave a small percentage of his wealth to his children. In an interview with the Daily Telegraph, Gates states:

“I’m certainly well taken care of in terms of food and clothes,” he says, redundantly. “Money has no utility to me beyond a certain point. Its utility is entirely in building an organisation and getting the resources out to the poorest in the world.” ( 1 )

His main areas of interest in philanthropy have been improving health, and in particular helping to reduce diseases, such as polio which affect young children. He has also given more focus on environmental issues. In 2015, he gave $1 billion to a clean energy project, as he sees supporting new ‘greener’ technologies as a way to help deal with global warming. Asked about the motivation of his giving, Gates replies:

“It doesn’t relate to any particular religion; it’s about human dignity and equality,” he says. “The golden rule that all lives have equal value and we should treat people as we would like to be treated.” – Gates

Bill Gates has often warned about the potential dangers of a global pandemic. In 2015, Gates gave a warning that the world is not ready for the next pandemic, which could lead to the deaths of millions of people. When COVID-19 became a threat to global health, Gates devoted time and money to co-ordinating efforts to provide a global vaccine. He spent millions of pounds in getting ready to mass-produce one of the many potential vaccinations.

“Humankind has never had a more urgent task than creating broad immunity for coronavirus. It’s going to require a global cooperative effort like the world has never seen. But I know we’ll get it done. There’s simply no alternative.” – Bill Gates, Twitter, 30 April 2020

He criticised the response of the US administration under Trump for being behind the curve and allowing the virus to spread, in particularly he criticised Trump’s decision to stop funding for WHO, in the middle of the pandemic.

Religion of Bill Gates

Bill Gates is not overtly religion and has not specifically stated he follows a particular belief system. He has expressed the view that he approaches life from a scientific point of view, though he has participated in services of the Catholic Church (which is wife attends).

Also, when asked whether he believed in God, Gates replied.

“The moral systems of religion, I think, are superimportant. We’ve raised our kids in a religious way; they’ve gone to the Catholic church that Melinda goes to and I participate in. I’ve been very lucky, and therefore I owe it to try and reduce the inequity in the world. And that’s kind of a religious belief. I mean, it’s at least a moral belief.” – March 27, 2014. “I think it makes sense to believe in God, but exactly what decision in your life you make differently because of it, I don’t know.”

Citation: Pettinger, Tejvan . “Biography of Bill Gates”, Oxford, UK.  www.biographyonline.net , 25th Feb. 2015. Last updated 20 April 2020.

Bill Gates: The Life and Business Lessons of Bill Gates

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Bill Gates: The Life and Business Lessons of Bill Gates at Amazon

Who is Bill Gates?

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Wow i want to be the real man just like u

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Wow,,, it has been my dream to become exactly a successful person like you… And make an amazing thing in the whole world, please if you may open doors for me to be like you,, I’ll be so greatful

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Bill Gates, Essay Example

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Born to attorney, William Henry II and teacher, Mary Maxwell Gates in Seattle, Washington on 28 th October, 1955, Bill Gates was curious and competitive even as a child. Not surprisingly, his parents enrolled him in the private preparation school, Lakeside School where Gates excelled at a number of subjects including Math, Science, English Literature, and Drama. Bill Gates first encounter with computer occurred at Lakeside when the school acquired one as part of a deal with the city of Seattle (Sean).

Bill Gates was 13 years old when his interest in computers began and he would spend much of his time in the computer terminal. His enthusiasm for computers was shared by another student Paul Allen who was two years his senior. The two friends went into business together in 1970 when Bill was only fifteen years old and their first software “Traf-o-Data” that monitored traffic patterns in Seattle netted them $20,000. Gates enrolled at Harvard University in the fall of 1973 with the aim of pursuing a career in Law but continued to spend most of his time in the computer lab. In 1974, Gates joined Paul Allen at Honeywell but the two friends soon joined Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry System (MITS) when the BASIC software program written by the duo worked perfectly on MITS Altair computer. Gates had already dropped out of Harvard before joining MITS even though his parents were disappointed by his decision to drop out of the college (Biography.com).

Bill Gates journey from Lakeside to MITS reveal several clues about his personality. First of all, Bill Gates knew what he enjoyed and would even go to the extremes to follow his passion. He would spend hours at the computer terminal at Lakeside and even though he intended to major in Law at Harvard, his love affair with the computer lab continued. Second, Bill Gates was not afraid to challenge the norms and take risks. He went into business first time when he was only 15 years old and even dropped out of Harvard to join MITS because computers were his real passion.

Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft as a software company in 1975. When IBM approached Microsoft in 1980 for help with the personal computer project, code named Project Chess, Gates MS-DOS operating system but didn’t license it exclusively to IBM. By early 1990s, Microsoft had sold more than one hundred million copies of MS-DOS operating system (Encyclopedia of World Biography). Bill Gates refusal to exclusively license MS-DOS to IBM demonstrates that he was as shrewd a businessman as he was software visionary. Gates probably realized that the marginal cost of producing MS-DOS is almost zero while volume will not only ensure tremendous profit but also huge market share. The fact that Microsoft didn’t enter computer hardware market proves that Gates understood the economics of hardware and software very well and knew that software dominance is much more difficult to break. By generously licensing software to all hardware manufacturers unlike Apple’s Steven Jobs, Bill Gates locked in consumers and created huge entry barriers for potential competitors.

In 1981, Apple invited Microsoft to help develop software for Macintosh computers. When Gates saw Apple’s VisiCorp software which incorporated Graphical User Interface (GUI), he sensed both a threat to relatively complex MS-DOS operating system as well as an opportunity. This experience became the foundation for Microsoft Windows operating system that also incorporated GUI. Though Apple unsuccessfully sued Microsoft and stories are still prevalent that Gates stole the GUI idea from Apple, this event also demonstrated Gates leadership skills. Gates kept eyes on both current and potential competitors and could recognize a threat when he came across one. In addition, Gates was also willing to learn from competitors for as long as the idea held promise. Gates realized that GUI operating system posed a real threat because it was intuitive and could be used even by technologically-novice individuals. He also knew he had to act fast which is why Microsoft announced GUI operating system about two years before it actually introduced Windows in 1985.

Bill Gates also used the dominance of its operating system to introduce other products with significant success including Microsoft Office Suite and Internet Explorer browser. Microsoft’s monopoly became the basis of federal lawsuit against the company that could have broken the company into three parts (Biography Online). Microsoft’s dominance in several software markets under Gates’ leadership reflects Gates competitiveness. Gates might have transformed himself through his philanthropic activities but he was never easy on the competition. When he would sense a threat, he would immediately take steps to encounter it before the threat becomes a serious challenge. Gates was never the one to procrastinate which is why Microsoft almost never lost a competition until it lost the search engine battle to Google.

Bill Gates has been a lifelong learner and once he got interested in philanthropy, also due to his wife, Melinda Gates, he extensively studied Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller. Bill and Melinda Gates founded William H. Gates Foundation in 1994 and combined several family foundations in 2000 to form Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Beginning in 2000, he gradually started decreasing his involvement in Microsoft and in 2008, fully committed himself to his philanthropic endeavors (Biography.com). Gates transition to philanthropy once again demonstrates that he is never happy with the average. When he decides to make a difference, whether through computer software or through philanthropy, he wants to do the best he is capable of. Through his foundation, he has been tackling some of the world’s toughest health challenges such as AIDS and malnutrition which shows that he has never been shy of taking difficult challenges and has tremendous belief in himself. Bill Gates has demonstrated his ability to inspire not only ordinary individuals but successful people as well many of whom have pledged to donate a significant proportion of their wealth to philanthropic activities. The fact that Warren Buffet has pledged most of his fortune to Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (Nichols) reflects Buffet’s trust in Gates leadership.

Bill Gates success has not merely been the outcome of being in the right place at the right time but also his personal qualities such as willingness to take risks, acting upon his dreams, carefully monitoring the external environment and responding in a timely manner, and having a huge self-confident. Gates has always been a practical person as both his professional and philanthropic lives show. When he dreamt of putting computer in every house, he knew the solution was to make an operating system of decent quality at a reasonable price rather than a high-quality operating system at a premium price. As he ventured into philanthropy, he realized the magnitude of challenges was too much even for him despite his huge wealth, thus, he invited fellow billionaires to join him. Gates will be remembered for a long time after he is gone, both for his accomplishments in the tech sector as well as his courage to tackle the world’s greatest health challenges.

Biography Online. Biography of Bill Gates. 9 October 2012 <http://www.biographyonline.net/business/bill-gates.html>.

Biography.com. “Bill Gates.” 9 October 2012 <http://www.biography.com/people/bill-gates-9307520?page=1>.

Encyclopedia of World Biography. Bill Gates Biography. 9 October 2012 <http://www.notablebiographies.com/Fi-Gi/Gates-Bill.html#b>.

Nichols, Michelle. “Bill Gates’s philanthropy costs him richest-man title.” 8 March 2011. Reuters. 9 October 2012 <http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/03/08/us-wealth-gates-philanthropy-idUSTRE72668V20110308>.

Sean, Peter. Bill Gates. 9 October 2012 <http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0309540/bio>.

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Short Essay on Bill Gates in English for Students | PDF

Short essay on bill gates.

Short Essay on Bill Gates in English (Download PDF) | Bill Gates is one of the richest men in the world and it is said that he earns 15 lakh rupees per minute. If Bill Gates had his own country, it would be the richest country. Friends, whatever Bill Gates did to get success, let us try to provide information about his works and life.

He was born on 28 October 1955 in Seattle, Washington US, his full name is William Henry Gates. Father’s name is William H Gates Sr. and mother’s name is Mary Maxwell Gates. He attended Lakeside School, Seattle in Washington US which was the best school at that time.

He was talented in school books as well as studies and he used to study Psycholopedia. In 1969, Bill began attending high school. This was the time when the man went to the moon and succeeded with the help of the computer. At the same time, a company introduced its computers to Lakeside School to educate students.

Bill Gates was already a man enthusiastic about learning things. He enrolled himself in computer classes and very soon his curiosity increased to know how the computer works and used to spend most of his time in computer class.

First Income

One day Bill met Paul Allen (21 January 1953) who was 2 years older than Bill and the thinking of both did not match. No one even thought that together they would change the world. The year 1970 when Bill was 15 years old. He developed software called ‘Traff-O-Data’ which was useful for measuring traffic in the city of Seattle, for which Bill received $20,000 as first income. Thus Bill Gates entered the world of technology to create history.

Read also – Subhash Chandra Boss Essay

Father’s Will and Wisdom

In 1972 when Bill was thinking of setting up his own company. His father first suggested completing high school and enrolling in college. His father was a lawyer and wanted Bill Gates to study law as well. In 1973 Bill completed his high school studies and proved his intelligence. He got 1590 marks out of 1600 and got admission to “Harvard University”.

Microsoft Installation

In 1975, at the age of 19, both (Bill and Allen) had founded the ‘Microsoft Company’, the demand for computers increased at the time as Gates left his studies in the final year due to this stage. In the beginning, both had to struggle a lot. They used to check the code themselves and find the error in the code after the staff made the code.

Microsoft developed software in different languages ​​and started selling its product to the company. During 1978–1981 the workforce increased from 13 to 128, and approximately 1 million software was sold.

Development of Microsoft

IBM offered to develop new software, and Microsoft developed MS-DOS for IBM. IBM offered $50,000 to buy the source code, but Gates proved his wisdom not to sell it. Gates wanted IBM to install the software on every PC and pay a fee to Microsoft for each license. Microsoft’s turnover increased from 4 million to 16 million in 1983.

Termination of partnership

Partner Alan Paul ended the partnership after recovering from an illness that fell into the category of cancer. He was unable to carry on with the work of the company. So they decided to end the partnership.

Installation of Microsoft windows

In 1986 Microsoft windows were introduced in the market which was user-friendly and could be used with the help of a mouse. Being user-friendly it has captured the market in a very short span of time.

Read also – Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru essay

Married Life

On January 1, 1994, at the age of 37, he married a girl named “Melinda French” (28) who worked at Microsoft.

Now Gate is run by an organization called “The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation”, which works for health care, education, ending poverty, and welfare of people all over the world.

Words Spoken By Bill Gates

(1) Do not compare yourself with anyone and if you do this, it means that you are humiliating yourself.

(2) If you are born poor it is not your fault, but if you die poor it is your fault.

(3) I would choose a lazy person to work hard because a lazy person finds the easiest way to work hard.

(4) If you can’t make good things, then at least do things that make things look good.

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Bill Gates Essay. The Story Of One Businessman

Bill Gates Essay

We are going to represent you one of the Bill Gates essays about his life and successful career. If you need help with your homework than just let us know. Be sure, professional custom writing services will choose the best writer for you. Our service is connected with different essays and research papers.

In our Bill Gates essay you will find the most interesting information from his biography, about his participation in the Microsoft Company, about his privet life, his books etc. This man had a great career, and he is a real millionaire, he is worth talking about, and we have what to learn from him. So, let us start our essay on Bill Gates .

The Childhood

William Henry Gates was born in Seattle. His father worked at one Law Company and his mom was an ordinary teacher at school. Bill was the second child (he has two sisters). From his early age parents understood that their child is not an ordinary boy, so they decided to give him a special education. Bill was sent to Lakeside (best privet school in the whole state). The training was very expensive. Soon the young Bill found his mission. It was a school computer laboratory. The boy spent there all his time. He told that sometimes he had missed other classes, because he wanted to spent time with computers. He has gone mad on computers. He sat in a computer class till the night. During his weekends he always programmed something. Every week he spent twenty-thirty hours working at computer class. There was a period when Bill and his friend Paul Allen were forbidden to work because they have stolen all the passwords and have cracked the system. Bill was without computer for the whole summer. It was an awful punishment for the fifteen-sixteen years old boy.

At school Bill was interested only in mathematics, at other subjects he had bad marks. His teachers and parents were worried because of his behavior and Bill started to visit the psychiatrist.

At thirteen he wrote his first own program. He and three other students worked in some companies and in exchange on it they could work on computers, which belonged to these companies. When Bill was 17, he and his friend created their first own company called Traf-O-Data. This company worked for ten years.

In 1973 Bill Gates entered Harvard University where he met his future partner Steve Ballmer. Two years later Gates was deducted and began to create the software.

Microsoft Corporation

In 1975 Bill read about a new computer. In two weeks he had already worked at a company, which created this computer. In a year Bill Gates and Paul Allan had their own company. They decided to call it “Micro-Soft” (it is connected with their field of activity - microprocessors and software). Soon they decided to clean a hyphen.

In their business two friends divided the responsibilities. Paul Allen was better in the technical ideas and perspective developments, and Bill Gates was responsible for negotiations, contracts and other business communication. And still friends resolved the main issues together. Sometimes their disputes continued for 6-8 hours. The company developed in every day and on the 20th of November 1985 was created a well-known operating system – Microsoft Windows. So the Windows area started and it makes Bill Gates the richest man in the world.

Bill Gates is fond of reading. He reads about 50 books every year. And he is the author of a several books. The first called “The Road Ahead”. In this book he described his opinion in what direction our society moved (connecting with the development of information technologies).

Another book was called “Business. The Speed Of Thought”. This book is about how information technologies can help to solve business tasks. The book was translated into 25 languages and published in 60 countries. It is the best seller.

There were written also a few books about Bill Gates.

From 2008 Bill does not work at Microsoft Company. He decided to devote all the time to charity. He worked at Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.  This company he founded with his beautiful wife Melinda (they have got acquainted at a press briefing of Microsoft in New York. She worked in his company for a long time). Every year on the official website of his organization Bill publishes one message. In this message he tells about achievements of the charitable organization, and also makes plans for the future.

Despite his financial independence, Bill Gates is a modest person. But he lives in a really great house with different modern electronic things. They say that Bill spent about $125 million on his house. The house is divided into three huge parts: first is for guests, second is library. There are also a trampoline, swimming-pool, lake and a garage for 30 cars. It is the house of the future! Bill is a father of three children - Jennifer Katharine, Rory John and Phebe Adele. It is interesting, that Bill was arrested three times. The reason was connected with his driving without driving license.

Bill Gates is a great man in our society. His contribution to development of information technologies is simply huge. He has achieved everything himself. He worked hard, spent a lot of time reading and learning new things. And one day he became very rich and very popular. Maybe he knows a secret or some necessary skills which can help to become a rich person. He can be an example for everybody. His wealth, glory and success did not come themselves. But day by day, step by step he built his career and moved ahead to his purposes.

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    Bill Gates, in full William Henry Gates III, (born Oct. 28, 1955, Seattle, Wash., U.S.), U.S. computer programmer and businessman. As a teenager, he helped computerize his high school's payroll system and founded a company that sold traffic-counting systems to local governments. At 19 he dropped out of Harvard University and cofounded ...

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    In the latest episode of my podcast, I talked to author and researcher Hannah Ritchie about why there are more reasons for hope than one might think. This is Bill Gates's blog, where he shares about the people he meets, the books he's reading, and what he's learning. Read, watch, and join the conversation!

  10. Harvard Commencement

    Harvard Commencement. June 6, 2007. Remarks by Bill Gates, co-chair and trustee. President Bok, former President Rudenstine, incoming President Faust, members of the Harvard Corporation and the Board of Overseers, members of the faculty, parents, and especially, the graduates: I've been waiting more than 30 years to say this: "Dad, I always ...

  11. Bio

    1968. Began programming. with Paul Allen in the computer center. Bill Gates is a technologist, business leader, and philanthropist. He grew up in Seattle, Washington, with an amazing and supportive family who encouraged his interest in computers at an early age. He dropped out of college to start Microsoft with his childhood friend Paul Allen.

  12. Tracing the Roots: Bill Gates' Origin Story and Childhood Environment

    This essay about Bill Gates explores his rise from a privileged upbringing in Seattle to becoming the co-founder of Microsoft. It highlights the influence of his family, early education, and the tech environment of the Pacific Northwest in the 1970s. Gates' story underscores the impact of environment and personal drive on his success in the ...

  13. Essay on Bill Gates

    250 Words Essay on Bill Gates Early Life and Education. Born on October 28, 1955, Bill Gates is a renowned American business magnate, software developer, and philanthropist. His interest in computer programming started at Lakeside School, leading him to Harvard College, where he met Steve Ballmer. However, he left Harvard to pursue a dream that ...

  14. The Age of AI has begun

    The Age of AI has begun. Artificial intelligence is as revolutionary as mobile phones and the Internet. By Bill Gates. |. March 21, 2023 14 minute read. 0. In my lifetime, I've seen two demonstrations of technology that struck me as revolutionary. The first time was in 1980, when I was introduced to a graphical user interface—the forerunner ...

  15. Bill Gates

    Bill Gates (born October 28, 1955, Seattle, Washington, U.S.) is an American computer programmer and entrepreneur who cofounded Microsoft Corporation, the world's largest personal-computer software company.. Gates wrote his first software program at the age of 13. In high school he helped form a group of programmers who computerized their school's payroll system and founded Traf-O-Data, a ...

  16. Biographical Studies: Bill Gates

    Bill Gates has played a significant role in overthrowing the saying as he is living and working for other people. The Gates have tried their best, and willing and able people across the globe should emulate his work. Bill Gates' story should challenge people who are living luxuriously while others are dying of sickness, hunger, and poverty.

  17. Bill Gates at Harvard University, June 7, 2007

    Bill Gates. Harvard University, June 7, 2007. Don't let complexity stop you. Be activists. Take on the big inequities. It will be one of the great experiences of your lives. Photo: Chip Somedevilla/Getty Images. Share this quote image. Read the speech at news.Harvard.edu.

  18. "Content is King"

    In January 1996, Bill Gates wrote the following essay titled "Content is King", which was published on the Microsoft website. "Content is where I expect much of the real money will be made ...

  19. Biography of Bill Gates

    William Henry Gates was born on 28 October 1955, in Seattle, Washington. As the principal founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates is one of the most influential and richest people on the planet. Recent estimates of his wealth put it at US$84.2 billion (Jan. 2017); this is the equivalent of the combined GDP of several African economies.

  20. Bill Gates, Essay Example

    Second, Bill Gates was not afraid to challenge the norms and take risks. He went into business first time when he was only 15 years old and even dropped out of Harvard to join MITS because computers were his real passion. Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft as a software company in 1975. When IBM approached Microsoft in 1980 for help ...

  21. Essay on Bill Gates Biography

    Bill Gates Biography. Bill Gates is not only a genius, but also an innovator in education, technology, and philanthropy. A prodigy, Bill Gates shares an education fact with Abraham Lincoln, Henry Ford, Thomas Edison, and even his competitor Steve Jobs: no college degree. Instead, he devoted his time to his passion for technology, going on to ...

  22. Bill Gates Essay

    Better Essays. 2311 Words. 10 Pages. Open Document. Bill Gates is known as one of the richest entrepreneurs in the world. He is responsible for creating the largest computer and technology business in the world, Microsoft. In the company's early days, no one would have thought that it would change both America and the world from that point on.

  23. Short Essay on Bill Gates in English for Students

    Short Essay on Bill Gates. Short Essay on Bill Gates in English (Download PDF) | Bill Gates is one of the richest men in the world and it is said that he earns 15 lakh rupees per minute. If Bill Gates had his own country, it would be the richest country. Friends, whatever Bill Gates did to get success, let us try to provide information about ...

  24. Bill Gates Essay. The Story Of One Businessman

    Bill Gates Essay. The Story Of One Businessman. Bill Gates is a well-known man in twenty-first century. He belongs to one of the richest people in the world. A lot of Bill Gates scholarship essays were written. He and his wife founded Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Since 2000 year, this company gives a lot of money to different organizations ...

  25. Melinda French Gates blasts 'frustrating' lack of funding for ...

    Melinda French Gates took a thinly veiled shot at former husband Bill Gates — lamenting a "frustrating and shortsighted" lack of charitable support for women's rights in an incendiary ...

  26. Trump's Trial Violated Due Process

    Whether you love, hate or merely tolerate Donald Trump, you should care about due process, which is fundamental to the rule of law. New York's trial of Mr. Trump violated basic due-process ...

  27. Weekend Edition Sunday for June, 2 2024 : NPR

    Jon Lampley, a veteran of Stephen Colbert's talk show, releases his debut album. by D. Parvaz, Ayesha Rascoe, Ryan Benk. 7 min. Searching for a song you heard between stories?