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r words in speech therapy

1000+ R Words, Phrases, Sentences, and Reading Passages Grouped by Place, Syllable, & Blend

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r words in speech therapy

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Br - blends, cr - blends, dr - blends, fr - blends, gr - blends, pr - blends.

prairie dog

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r words in speech therapy

Initial R by Syllables

wrist watch

racquet ball


Rhode Island

right handed

rolling pin

wrestling match






riding safety

Rocky Mountains





roasting marshmallows

Roman Catholic

Roman numeral



Republican Party

Medial R by Syllables



maple syrup

waffle iron


Memorial Day






Final R by Syllables

falling star



shooting star


El Salvador

SEE ALSO:   The Best Books for Speech Therapy Practice

Speech therapy books for targeting multiple goals

Initial R Phrases and Sentences

cute rabbit

raccoon tail

tennis racquet

pretty rainbow

scoop of raisins

rake leaves

reach up high

read quietly

recycle bin

old rhinoceros

bowl of rice

ride safely

diamond ring

small wrench

write it out

I see a rabbit in the grass.

The raccoon has a striped tail.

They all wanted to race together.

He hit the ball with the racquet.

I am listening to an old radio.

Use the rag to clean the floor.

The rain was pouring down.

I see more than one rainbow.

I want raisins in my cereal.

We rake leaves in the fall.

The rat was looking for some cheese.

She is trying to reach the rings.

It was fun to read about princesses.

She is showing people how to recycle.

Red is my favorite color.

The rhinoceros has big horns.

She is holding a ribbon.

We want rice for dinner.

He went on a motorcycle ride.

She had a beautiful diamond ring.

Don't rip the paper we need it.

The rock is heavy.

There is a big rug in my house.

He likes to run by himself.

He used the wrench to fix the leaky faucet.

He is holding his wrist.

She writes in her journal every week.

Medial R Phrases and Sentences

suspect arrest

charged battery

fresh blueberries

digital camera

fresh carrots

cherry on top

breakfast dairy

beaded earring

erase a mistake

fairy costume

thick forest

tall giraffe

small hearing aid

dry macaroni

married couple

peel orange

talking parrot

pirate ship

nice squirrel

number zero

The police officer made an arrest.

She is holding an arrow.

He needed a battery for his game.

He ate blueberries for breakfast.

She has a digital camera.

We pick carrots from the garden.

I would like a milkshake with a cherry on top.

Dairy is always good for breakfast.

Her earring was too heavy.

If you make a mistake, erase it.

She dressed up as a fairy.

Many trees are in the forest.

Their house has two garage doors.

The giraffe has a long neck.

He puts the hearing aid in his ear.

He dressed up like a hero.

We want macaroni and cheese for dinner.

They are a married couple.

He is going to eat the orange.

How does a parrot talk?

The pirate is looking for treasure.

The squirrel was looking for nuts.

Mom read a story to her son.

I want syrup on my pancakes.

The walrus has huge tusks.

The doctor showed her the x-ray.

Our address has a zero in it.

Final R Phrases and Sentences

hungry bear

butter popcorn

wooden chair

family dinner

clothes dryer

roaring fire

tall ladder

near the hole

white paper

nice to share

ocean shore

square block

classroom teacher

whisper softly

The bear was hunting for food. 

I put butter on my popcorn.

The car is fast.

Matthew sat down on the chair.

They did a cheer at the pep rally.

They sat down for a family dinner.

We knocked on the door three times.

She put the clothes into the dryer.

The fire kept them warm.

The wood floor made the room look great.

She will be four years old in October.

She has long, pretty hair.

Use the ladder to reach the fruit.

The ball is near the hole.

Please take out a sheet of paper.

Can I have a bite of your pear?

Can I pour you a glass of water?

She is nice to share her ice cream.

Let's go play by the sea shore.

The spider waited for flies in the web.

A square has four sides.

The star was hanging on the tree.

She is our 5th grade teacher.

Don't make me tear these papers.

She whispered into the girl's ear.

The fence had barb wire on it.

It is almost the end of the school year.

R Reading Paragraphs

Garage scientist.

Whenever I have free time, I race to my garage. I have all kinds of crazy experiments going on in there. I don't mean testing rats or anything. I mean really cool experiments. 

For example, right now I am experimenting to see if carrots can recharge batteries. I have had other experiments that have gone longer. My experiment to see if raisins will make the speakers in my radio louder has been going on for over a year now. 

There are so many more ideas that I want to experiment with - making a fireproof door, testing to see what rainbows are made of, trying to see if I can teach rats to read. 

If my brain was made of trees, it would be a forest of ideas. Science is radical!

My buddy Randy is my hero. He has won many awards, ribbons, and trophies. But he doesn't care about all of that. He does what he does to help others. Here are a few things he has done that make him such a great guy. 

First of all, he is married and is an awesome dad. He has been a teacher for 15 years and has won teacher of the year three times! He volunteers to read to students at after school programs and pick up garbage on the side of the road on the weekends. 

He recycles paper, plastic, and glass which is good for the environment. He helps people with hearing aids get them for less money. He once saved a baby giraffe from drowning at the zoo. He is writing two books. One about ways to improve classroom education and another with fun short stories for kids. 

There are hundreds of other examples I could share with you. Randy puts his heart and strength into everything he does. He is a real role model and I try to follow the example he sets.

Pirate Fanatic

My sister has a friend who thinks he is a pirate. He wears a red bandana on his head, has a pet parrot that he keeps on his shoulder, and walks around saying, "Arrr matey." 

As if this wasn't strange enough, he also has a really big collection of earrings. Not normal earrings either, weird ones.

He has earrings that look like rocks, wrenches, raccoons, cameras, walrus, and even a pair that look like rakes. I understand that some pirates wear earrings, but I thought they would be scarier like hooks, or circles, or daggers. 

I feel like I should tell my sister's friend to research the type of earrings that pirate's wear. Without the right gear, a person who is trying to look like a pirate will just look strange. If he ever met a real pirate, the pirate would probably make fun of him for how he looked. 

Return to Top of R Words Page

Initial BR by Syllables

breast stroke


British Isles

broken down

Brooklyn Bridge


Brussels sprouts

Medial BR by Syllables

paint brush

white bread


London Bridge

paint brushes


whole wheat bread


Golden Gate Bridge

Initial BR Phrases and Sentences

metal bracelet

smart brain

sliced bread

eat breakfast

long bridge

broken plate

big brother

fresh baked brownie

Her grandmother gave her the bracelet.

Her friends say she is a brain.

The bread was cut in slices.

I love bacon, eggs, and orange juice for breakfast.

The bridge connects the two cities.

The plate was broken.

He swept the area with a broom.

He loves his brother.

She had a fresh baked brownie for her treat.

Medial BR Phrases and Sentences

scary cobra

cornbread muffin

bushy eyebrow

fabric store

wood hairbrush

new paintbrush

orange toothbrush

piece of white bread

The cobra wanted to strike.

She had a cornbread muffin for dinner.

He had a bushy eyebrow.

She got her fabric at the store.

She just bought the hairbrush.

Grab a paintbrush and get started.

The dentist gave her a new toothbrush.

I bought a loaf of white bread.

We saw a zebra in the jungle.

BR Reading Paragraphs

Lucky bride.

My brother is getting married on Friday. He wants the wedding day to be perfect for his bride. He is planning to visit her house early and make her breakfast in bed. Two of her favorite things to eat are brownies and cornbread, so he is actually going to make her brownie oatmeal and cornbread muffins. 

She loves zebras and he bought her a picture of a baby zebra from a store, just east of the Brooklyn Bridge. He bought her a beautiful bracelet to wear at the wedding. 

He has other gifts that he wants to bring her, but I told him to wait until after the wedding for some of them. She is really smart so he is getting her a squishy foam brain that she can put on her desk at work. He also wants to give her a new set of paintbrushes for her studio. 

If he treats her this good all of the time, I'm sure she won't break his heart.

World Records

The Guinness Book of World Records is full of amazing facts that will raise your eyebrows. From broken bones to tiny brains, it covers the world's most interesting, fanatical, and dedicated people. 

Some records have never been broken even though many people try. There are records for people who own entire houses full of brown fabric, barns full of toothbrushes, and cars full of moldy white bread. One person holds a record for riding a broom over a thousand miles. 

Some records are held by more than one person. Like the four bread store owners who sold a bridge, or the three brothers who hold a record for having cobras on their head for the longest amount of time. 

Why would anyone wear a cobra on their head? Some might think that is brave, but I would think something was wrong with their brain. 

If you visit a city with a Guinness Book of World Records museum, I recommend getting up early, eating a big breakfast and spending all day in one. You will have fun and wild stories to bring home to your friends and family.

Initial DR by Syllables

drawing board

dressing room

dressing up

driver's seat

driving range

drummer boy

dry cleaner



drawing table

Medial DR by Syllables

fruit drink

eye dropper

hair dresser

lemon drink

line drawing

orange drink

race driver


truck driver

driving safety

lemon-lime drink


pineapple drink

salad dressing

taxi driver

ambulance driver




Initial DR Phrases and Sentences

chinese dragon

draw a picture

night dream

wood dresser

drink water

The statue was of a dragon.

The drain was not clogged.

He started to draw a picture.

She had a happy dream.

The dresser is made of wood.

She wanted to drink water.

The faucet started to drip.

They went for a drive on a dusty road.

The snare drum is played in a marching band.

Medial DR Phrases and Sentences

new address

tidy bedroom

playing children

cherry cough drop

one hundred

laundry basket

heavy raindrops

high snowdrift

light sundress

Every home has a unique address.

I always keep my bedroom tidy.

The children are best friends.

The cough drop made him feel better.

He is one hundred years old today.

The laundry basket is full.

Raindrops are falling on her.

The car was covered by a snowdrift.

She wore her sundress to the beach.

DR Reading Paragraphs

Snowdrift drama.

In the winter, wind blows the snow to create snowdrifts. Some storms are so drastic that snowdrifts bury cars on our street in snow. 

Snowdrifts can be anything you can dream up. The neighborhood children and I always played in snowdrifts around our houses. We would dig the snow out and pretend to drive the drifts like cars. 

I would sit in the driver's seat and my friend Drew would be co-pilot. One time we shaped the snowdrift into the shape of a dragon. Another time, we shaped the snow into a bunch of little drums. 

We would also make snowmen. We took dirty laundry and clothes we found in our dresser drawers, and dressed our snowmen head to toe. 

Once we accidentally used my sister Drea's dress. Drea got pretty mad at us and took her dress to the dry cleaners right away. If you ask me she was a little too dramatic about the whole thing. 

I dreaded that she would tell my mom and I would get in a lot of trouble. I pictured my mom dragging me all over the store to help buy Drea a new dress. Luckily, Drea and I made a deal. I promised to bring her favorite drink to her anytime of the day for one month. 

Now I'm worried I will drop the drinks I take to her.

Unique Drummers

My cousin Drake is a professional drummer. He's not the typical kind of drummer though. At his shows, he and the other drummers will drum on almost anything. 

I have seen them drum on people's drink cups, drill bits, drain pipes, a washer and dryer, and a hundred other things. His drumming group is very entertaining to watch. 

They mostly perform on stage in concert halls. They perform outside concert halls too though. They have performed at a driving range, in someone's bedroom, at a drag race, and at a drugstore. 

The drummers usually don't ask questions about where they play, as long as they get paid for their time. They have dreams to play in New York City some day. The band is saving their money to drive there, but don't have enough yet. 

Next month they are holding a special performance at the drive-in theater. It is a Halloween based concert so one of the band members is going to dress up as Dracula and drum on a mummy. The drummers hope this concert will raise the extra money they need to drive to New York. 

As a band of drummers, they are very driven to meet their goals and dreams. 

That's what it takes to be a performer. 

Initial FR by Syllables

French fries

French toast

fresh water


frontal lobe

front runner



fruit salad





Medial FR by Syllables

girl friend

Good Friday







San Francisco

South Africa







Initial FR Phrases and Sentences

picture frame

freckle face

French fries and Ketchup

delicious french toast

Friday night

best friend

pink frosting 

Her picture was in the frame.

Her freckle face is gorgeous.

Give me a lot of Ketchup for my French fries.

She had French toast for breakfast.

Our date is on Friday night.

He is my best friend.

The frog caught the fly with its tongue.

She wanted pink frosting on her cupcake.

They had their choice of fruit.

Medial FR Phrases and Sentences

kind boyfriend

ugly bullfrog

deep-fry food

cute girlfriend

cut grapefruit

play leapfrog

refresh yourself

beautiful sea front

The thunder scared me and I was afraid.

Her boyfriend is very kind and respectful.

A bullfrog is gross.

Deep-fry foods for a better taste.

I like being with my girlfriend.

I eat grapefruit in the morning.

They are playing leapfrog.

She used the water to refresh herself.

Their house was right on the sea front.

FR Reading Paragraphs

Freaky french toast.

Fran's boyfriend, Fred, enjoyed making her breakfast on Friday.

This Friday he said he would make her French toast with frosting, fruit, and whip cream. Fred's French toast recipe was amazing. It had been passed down from his great grandmother who made French toast in France.

Fred never told anyone the recipe.

All Fran knew was that he deep-fried the bread in a special mixture that had frozen grape juice, cinnamon, and nutmeg in it. The French toast was so good it was freaky.

Being Fred's girlfriend was great and getting French toast every Friday was a huge perk. Fran hoped that Fred would tell her the secret French toast recipe one day.

Until then, she would just enjoy how frequently she could eat them.

Freckle Watcher

In my free time I like to freckle watch. Freckle what? I know, it sounds like a weird hobby. I tried to refrain from it, but the truth is, I can't. I think freckles are so cool.

I have seen freckles that look like frogs, French fries, and even Africa. I get different responses when I ask to see people's freckles. Unfortunately, people aren't always the most friendly when you ask if you can look at their freckles.

Sometimes I go days without looking at any. It can be frustrating. Most people are friendly and unafraid and will show theirs to me. I have made good friends with complete strangers because I asked to see their freckles.

I was introduced to my girlfriend, Francesca, by one stranger. He said Francesca was interested in art and thought freckle shapes would be a fresh idea for one of her projects.

I wouldn't give up my hobby of freckle watching for anything. 

Initial GR by Syllables

grade school

grass snake

ground floor






Great Britain

grizzle bear

Ground Hog Day

grounds keeper

ground zero


grandfather clock

grand piano


group therapy

Medial GR by Syllables

concord grapes


study group



















Initial GR Phrases and Sentences

her grandpa

tiny grasshopper

green crayon

brown grizzly bear

cute groundhog

She loves her grandpa.

Grapes come in many colors.

I need to cut the grass.

The grasshopper has big legs.

I always color the grass green.

It is fun to grill in the summer.

The grizzly bear is hungry for fish.

The groundhog came out of its hole.

Medial GR Phrases and Sentences

Let's agree

blue-green feathers

one hundred degrees

white egret

hand engrave

flowery fragrance

hungry birds

migrate north

You shake hands when you agree.

You can see when she is angry.

The bird has blue-green feathers.

One hundred and six degrees is hot.

The egret was walking in the water.

He learned how to engrave from his father.

The perfume had a flowery fragrance.

The baby birds are hungry.

Every year they migrate north.

GR Reading Paragraphs

Hungry grizzly.

My grandpa and I ran away from a grizzly bear in the woods. We were camping near a stream. We had caught some fish and put it on the grill for dinner. When the grizzly ran toward us, grandpa said he could tell it wasn't angry. It was just hungry.

We both agree that the fragrance of the fish was strong and was all the grizzly wanted. We are grateful he wasn't hungry for us and that the fish and our other groceries were enough to gratify his hunger. We are also grateful that we parked our truck close to camp so we could get in it for protection.

It is the best camping story my grandpa and I have together and, even though it was scary, I don't regret going.

Phil the Groundhog

I grew up in a town that has a large group of people who are passionate about our town groundhog Phil.

During the year, Phil meets and greets people at our local library. He lives there in his groundhog habitat. Our town has Groundhog Phil statues all over it to show our pride for Groundhog Day - a bagpipe playing groundhog, statue of liberty groundhog, a mayor groundhog, and a firefighter groundhog to name a few. Phil even has his own official souvenir shop.

Every year on Groundhog Day, we all meet at Gobbler's Knob to see Phil predict the weather. The town officials go on the grandstand and have a ceremony where they talk to Phil and see if we will have a long or short winter.

We have a great time and look forward to it every year. 

Initial CR/KR by Syllables

cream cheese

crow's nest

cruise ship



crop duster




cracker barrel

cranberry tree


credit rating

credit union

critical mass

cross-country skis

cross reference

crossword puzzle

Medial CR/KR by Syllables

bike crossing



water craft



railroad crossing

aircraft carrier


micro detector

Initial CR/KR Phrases and Sentences

hard shell crab

start to crawl

box of crayons

crave chocolate

busy crosswalk

start to cry

I think a crab just pinched me.

The wall had a big crack.

The baby just started to crawl.

He shares his box of crayons.

They were acting crazy in the kitchen.

Our crib was hard to put together.

I crave a big chocolate bar.

Cross the street at the crosswalk.

The baby started to cry.

Medial CR/KR Phrases and Sentences

broke and bankrupt

gross cockroach

wet concrete

cold ice cream

messy packrat

soft pie crust

garden scarecrow

tell the secret

fluffy whip cream

The company went bankrupt last month.

Do you see that cockroach?

Sidewalks are made out of concrete.

Here is your bowl of ice cream.

He is a packrat, he keeps everything.

Wrap the pie crust around the dish.

The scarecrow keeps birds away from the garden.

She is telling her a secret.

May I have some whip cream on my pie?

CR/KR Reading Paragraphs

Ice cream cake.

The ice cream cake was melted all over the floor. Kristina's party had gone perfectly until her friend, Crystal, had forgot to put the ice cream cake in the freezer. Kristina wanted to cry! She had been craving ice cream cake for days. It was her favorite ice cream cake - mint with cookie crust, topped with whip cream and cherries.

She wanted to try and save the cake, but a cockroach had crawled into it and then hid in a crack in the wall. Cockroaches drove her crazy and it made her feel worse about losing the ice cream cake.

"I'll go buy another one," said Crystal. She ran outside, crossed the street, and went to the cake shop. She was back in minutes with a new ice cream cake - mint with cookie crust, topped with whip cream and cherries. It was exactly like the one that melted.

"How did you get another one so fast?" Kristina asked.

"I have a secret to tell you," Crystal responded, "I had two cakes made just in case something like this happened. I forget to do stuff like this all the time. I would probably go bankrupt if I bought ice cream cakes all the time. Thank goodness I don't!"

Crystal, Kristina, and their friends laughed and all enjoyed a slice of ice cream cake.

Creative Uncle Creed

People I know say my Uncle Creed is crazy. He lives across from the beach. Every day he goes to the beach and finds crabs. Then he takes them home and puts them in a crib.

Not a box, not a cage, a crib.

Then he takes crayons and colors the tops of their shells.

"When the crabs move around they create what I call 'moving art'," he says. Some call it crazy, I call it creative.

He also collects scarecrows, broken pieces of concrete, crumbs, and fake crystals. He keeps them all in crates in his front yard, but I don't know where he gets them all from. People call him a packrat, but they shouldn't criticize. We all collect "stuff."

He has done some pretty incredible things. He has given a crow a bath in a creek, fed a cricket cream cheese, and crawled on cranberries to make his own cranberry sauce.

He is amazing at crossword puzzle. It has never taken him more than two minutes to finish any crossword.

He is building his own spacecraft too - not to go to space, just to learn how to build one.

People call me crazy, but I want to be like my Uncle Creed some day.

Initial PR by Syllables


practical joke


praying mantis














Medial PR by Syllables

sound proof



low pressure




April Fools Day


life preserver

vice president

word processor








Initial PR Phrases and Sentences

pray quietly

fierce predator

nice present

salty pretzel

cute princess

desk printer

win the prize

She kneeled by her bed to pray.

Predators are animals that hunt for their food. 

He has a small present.

We bought a pretzel at the store.

This coat has a high price.

She is wearing a princess crown.

Will you please fix our printer?

He won the prize.

He is proud of his paper.

Medial PR Phrases and Sentences

approved message

ripe apricot

month of April

cook's apron

architect blueprint

ink fingerprint

making a footprint

be surprised

waterproof boots

The business request was approved.

An apricot is delicious.

My birthday is in April.

The cook had an apron on to keep clean.

The architect created the blueprint.

Security clearance requires a fingerprint card.

She left a footprint in the sand.

He was surprised when he opened the gift.

His yellow boots are waterproof.

PR Reading Paragraphs

Pretzel prank.

You have heard the story of the princess who pricked her finger. This is the story of the prince who ate a pretzel.

Everyone in the kingdom loved the prince. He was proud of his kingdom. He protected the people and ruled with humility. The people gave him presents. The people in the kingdom rarely had any problems with one another.

Once when the prince was in the marketplace, he bought and ate a pretzel from one of the shops. While eating the pretzel, there was a puff of smoke, and then the people saw a prune on the ground. The people gasped and didn't know what to do. They asked the man who sold the prunes what they could do, but he didn't know.

Finally, someone stepped out of the crowd revealed the prince high up on the castle wall. "It was just a prank," he said, "The prince is not a prune. We played a magic trick on you."

The people all breathed a sigh of relief and were happy to have their prince back.

Predators and Prey

Predators are animals that hunt for their food. Prey are the animals that predators try to eat.

Typically, predators will prowl around and watch their prey to see what kind of movements they make. Even though prey are the animals being hunted, they are not dumb. Many types of prey are pretty smart.

For example, prairie dogs use a variety of pitched, warning barks to warn each other of different predators. Some birds will protect their eggs by pretending to be hurt. This lure predators away from their eggs.

Both predators and prey have their own problems. Predators don't always know if they will eat and prey don't always know if they will live. Personally, I'm glad I can go to the store to get my food. 

Initial TR by Syllables

train station






treasure chest

treasure hunt














Medial TR by Syllables


country club

railroad track

rainbow trout

state trooper











no trespassing

remote control

St. Patrick's Day





Initial TR Phrases and Sentences

red tractor

horse trailer

hidden treasure

silver truck

loud trumpet

The tractor helps plant the crops.

They pulled the trailer into the yard.

The train was moving fast.

Take the trash out today.

The pirates found the hidden treasure.

The tree was 50 feet tall.

He rode his trike in the driveway.

A silver truck drives by.

He practiced the trumpet in the living room.

Medial TR Phrases and Sentences

stage actress

red fire truck

good orchestra

short pinetree

horse race track

down the railroad track

old remote control

subtract numbers

nice waitress

The actress rehearsed for her performance.

The fire truck was standing by in case of a fire.

The orchestra will perform tonight.

The snow had fallen on the tree.

The horses ran fast down the race track.

The railroad track turns at the mountain.

I use the remote control to fly the plane.

You need to subtract for these problems.

The waitress took her order.

TR Reading Paragraphs

Tracy's training.

Tracy was an actress and she was going to be in a movie about farms. To play her role, she had to learn to drive a tractor, clean a pig trough, take out trash, and hike on trails during short camping trips. But that was just the beginning of the things she needed to learn.

She put a lot of trust in Troy, the farmer who taught her how to do these things. She grew up in a big city and never had the type of training that Troy gave her.

In the beginning, Tracy thought living on a farm in the country, driving a truck, and living in a trailer would be a tough transition. It didn't take her long to realize how much hard work living on a farm was.

She learned how to trust others, work hard, and even jump on a trampoline. After she finished filming the movie, she had a lot of great memories and thought to herself, "I wouldn't have traded anything for this experience."

Caution! Train Tracks

Tre rode his trike all over the neighborhood. He did just what his mom asked. "Stay in control, don't do tricks, and never go near the train tracks," she said.

One day when Tre was out riding, he heard the siren on a fire truck. Tre rode his trike as fast as he could toward the sound. Just before he got to the train tracks, he saw the fire truck. Then he saw another thing that looked like a truck. It was smashed everywhere.

Tre saw someone close by and asked what had happened.

"The truck got stuck on the train tracks," the man said. "Luckily he got out before the train hit the car," he continued, "That would have been tragic."

Tre realized right then why his mom had warned him to stay away from the train tracks.

He had wanted to try and ride over the tracks just to see if he could, without getting into trouble. He was glad he had listened and not tried.

"Train tracks are dangerous," Tre said. From then on Tre watched the train go by from the tree house in his yard. That was close enough for him.

This list of functional words was professionally selected to be the most useful for a child or adult who has difficulty with producing the "R" sound.

We encourage you to use this list when practicing at home.

Home practice will make progress toward meeting individual language goals much faster.

Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) are only able to see students/clients 30-60 mins (or less) per week.

This is not enough time  for your child to overcome an articulation disorder with the "R" sound. But with high caseloads...

...it's all SLPs can do.

There's  only so much time  in the day.

Every day that your child goes without practice  it becomes more and more difficult  to correct an "R" error because he/she continues to say it incorrectly. 

r words in speech therapy

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R Words, Lists, Materials, and Everything You Need!

Shannon February 28, 2022 Leave a Comment

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r words list words with R

If you are in need of some /r/ words for your therapy right now, you’ve come to the right place! Just scroll down for my /r/ word lists!

If you’d like to stay and chat awhile about our very favorite little sound and learn more about some of my favorite evidence-based no-prep materials, then pull up a chair and join me!

Establish a solid R sound before you move on to R words

Sometimes I think we SLPs are in a rush to get to the good stuff and forget to spend the time on the establishment phase. We need to make sure that our kids can make a good /r/ sound in isolation and at the syllable level before we jump into words, phrases, and sentences. I know we are worried about getting stuck at sounds and want to hurry and generalize, but it’s important to give the sound level its due diligence!

If you need some help getting a good /r/ sound out of your students, make sure to check out my best /r/ tips , and even more /r/ tips !

High Frequency Words

r words in speech therapy

When you’re ready to move on, I recommend using high frequency words for articulation practice. When you pick high frequency words, now your students are hearing and practicing their sound all day long!

That’s why I created my No Prep Articulation Activities Using High Frequency Words for R  product. You’ll find all the easy, no-prep worksheets and words you need to target words with /r/ at the syllable, word, phrase, sentence, and conversation level. It’s a no-nonsense packet that will get your kids in and out the door (and in and out of therapy when they master their skills quickly and efficiently!)

Make it into a game!

There are a ton of different ways you can quickly turn any targeted practice into an engaging articulation game!

Anything can turn into an articulation game when you carefully pick your targets. Play with toys and give everything an /r/ name. Is Robby the race car faster than Russel the truck? Is baby Ruby ready for her bath?

You can also play a simple game like Duck Duck Goose and turn it into articulation practice. How about Roar Roar Run? Your kids will be racking up the trials and they won’t even realize!

My R Articulation Playing Cards – Outline + Color Printable Deck for Speech Therapy are perfect for any regular card game, but now played with /r/ targeted words!

For something even more open-ended, I like to use my Mini Articulation Cards for Speech Therapy for easy targets that I can use in just about any activity, even crafts! If you like more traditional articulation targets with pictures, these are for you!

For my bigger groups, I like to set up Speech Therapy Centers for Articulation . Everybody has a fun task that encourages them to practice their sound and I get some solid focus time with each student one on one to monitor progress and give feedback.

I like to use my Articulation Menus for /r/ for Speech Therapy to both practice words and to move on to generalization tasks. Kids love to play waiter or restaurant and order silly dishes, all while practicing their /r/’s.

Another great carryover game is”Would You Rather?” You’ll get lots of conversational /r/ practice every time you even ask anybody a question!

/R/ Words Needed Stat!

But for those days when you just need some quick words and you need them now, I’ve put together a few basic /r/ word lists for you!

Initial /R/ Words

I hope that’s helpful! Good luck with those tricky /r/’s!

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About the Author

Shannon is a pediatric SLP and the creator behind Speechy Musings. As an SLP, she is most passionate about language, literacy, and AAC. Outside of being an SLP, she loves hiking, camping, dogs, and travel.

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R Speech Therapy Tips for SLPs

Do you need some therapy ideas to teach r in speech therapy that actually work? I’m sharing my 5 favorite tips for teaching the R sound in speech therapy with you in this blog post. Ohh, and P.S. Don’t forget to download my FREE 5 Minute Manual for Teaching R before you go. It’s got all the handy tips I’m sharing today in a tidy little SLP e-book that you can refer to over and over again.

r words in speech therapy

Teaching R in Speech Therapy Doesn’t Need To Be So Frustrating

I understand that many SLPs absolutely DREAD teaching R in speech therapy . BUT that does NOT need to be you, because I can promise you this. If I can successfully treat – and dismiss – my R speech therapy students, then you can too.

I am not magical, mythical, and do not possess any special superhuman speech therapy powers. I’ve just taken some extra CEUs and have had tons of clinical experience along the way. This has resulted in a bag of speech therapy tips and tricks that never let me down when teaching the R sound.

Today, I will share my favorite tips with you for teaching the R sound in speech therapy.

How To Get Started

I always preface teaching R with this. I explain to my speech therapy students that their tongue is a muscle. They can control it, shape it, move it, and keep it where it needs to be.

It just takes lots of practice.

Step 1: Grab a Tongue Depressor to Elicit the R Sound in Speech Therapy

My “go-to” for teaching the R sound in speech therapy is to start with “ER” in isolation. This was a cool trick I learned from taking Sandra Holtzman’s R: Techniques and Interventions to Correct R CEU course. This has not failed me since I started with this step. One way you can get the “ER” sound in isolation is to use a tongue depressor. I tell my students to smile with their teeth slightly apart. We use a tongue depressor to slowly and carefully lift the tongue up and back. This will help if you are trying to achieve a bunched R tongue position . While they smile, I have them say, “ER”. I will caution you that this can take several tries- and sometimes, several speech therapy sessions. Teaching r requires patience, so don’t rush things!

Step 2: Use Your Arms as a Visual to Teach R in Speech Therapy

You can use your arms as the perfect way to help your students “visualize” how to say the R sound. Clasp your hands together in front of you to make a “tongue”. Use your elbows and move them to demonstrate when your speech therapy student has said R or “uh”. The sides of the tongue need to lift and push against the inner back teeth.

If my speech therapy student has said R correctly, I know the lingual positioning is spot on. If I hear “uh”, then I know that their tongue is flat. While keeping my hands clasped together in front of me, I droop my elbows when I hear “uh” and let my speech therapy student know that he forgot to lift the sides of his tongue.

using your arms to teach the r sound in speech therapy

Step 3: Use Your Hands To Show Bunched or Retroflexed Tongue Positoning

You don’t need anything fancy! Your hand is the perfect way to illustrate the positioning of the tongue during either a bunched r or retroflex R tongue positioning. I show how we lift the tongue up and back using my hand for a bunched R. For a retroflex R, I lay my hand flat with the palm facing the ceiling. Then, I curl the tips of my fingers toward the ceiling to demonstrate the tongue tip lifting up towards the alveolar ridge.

ideas for teaching R in speech therapy - bunched r vs retroflex r

Step 4: Use “Another” R to Teach R in Speech Therapy

I had a student who could say R perfectly in the word “ring”- but couldn’t say “ER” in isolation. No problem. I ended up using the R position my student COULD SAY to elicit the “er” sound. This simply involved a sticky note. I wrote “ER- Ring” on the sticky note.

“I want you to say the word ring,” I explained to my student. “I just need you to say the beginning sound a little bit longer.”

I modeled the R I was trying to elicit for my student and slowly and carefully blended it into the word “ring”.

It worked like a charm!

Step 5: Watch the Jaw Closely

If there’s one thing I’ve noticed while teaching the R sound, it’s that my students tend to shift their jaw. Lingual-mandibular differentiation sounds a little fancy, or scary maybe- but just take it down to the basics. If your student is shifting the jaw when saying his R sound – the tongue is moving with it. That is going to distort things.

Many of my speech therapy students move the jaw side to side when trying to say R. Some of my speech therapy students shift the jaw forward.

Draw their attention to this using a mirror. Have your speech therapy student place his hands on his cheeks and feel the movement.

This task takes focus and concentration, but it is a crucial step when teaching the R sound in speech therapy.

Need some more R help?

I hope this blog post provided you with some actionable tips for teaching R.

For even more help with teaching R in speech therapy, check out my Correct that R resource on Teachers Pay Teachers. It contains a detailed, step-by-step approach, that ensures success when tackling R!

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Parent's Academy › Speech Disorders › Speech Sound Disorders › R Sound Articulation Therapy: A Guide for Parents

R Sound Articulation Therapy: A Guide for Parents

Natalie barnes.

Speech Therapist and Audiologist , Cape Town , South Africa

Jan 20, 2022 The R sound is a very unusual sound that has multiple variations. There are as many as 32 different sounding types of the R sound. Yikes!

This article focuses on the R consonant sound and how your child can use our app to practice saying it correctly. Download the app and start your at-home practice today.

As a speech therapist, I can tell you that though the R sound is commonly used in the English language, it is also one of the trickiest. In fact, the R sound is one of the last sounds to be mastered by children. And though it begins to emerge at 3-years-of-age, it often only matures at the ages of 6 or 7.

When will your child learn certain sounds?

What is the /R/ Sound?

As already mentioned, the /r/ sound is one of the hardest sounds to master. Children usually master it by the ages of 6-7. Whether a child struggles with the pre-vocalic /r/ (where the R is produced at the beginning of a word) or the vocalic /r/ (when the R sound is produced after a vowel), many speech therapists agree that it can be one of the most challenging sounds to teach. With that being said, there are many tips we can use to help a child practice their /r/ sound.

The key to helping your child correctly say the /r/ sound is to look at three important oral structures used in speech: the lips, the tongue, and the throat.

When producing the /r/ sound, we want to make sure to have our lips more in a neutral position or more of a square shape. Some SLPs may also have a child smile.

We can produce the /r/ sound using two tongue positions: 

  • the retroflex position , where the tip of the tongue is raised or curled at the roof of the mouth;
  • the bunched position , where we move our tongue towards the back of our teeth while the tongue tip points a bit down.

The upper part of the throat right behind the tongue, also known as the pharynx, must constrict or tighten in order for the correct R sound to be produced. The vocal cords need to vibrate to produce the sound correctly.

Check out the following video:

After watching the video, open our app and practice the words that include the R consonant in them.

Let’s make the R-sound easy!

Take this quiz and get a report on your child’s milestones and a personalized learning plan to start progressing with Speech Blubs!

r words in speech therapy

Teaching the R Consonant Sound to Your Child

Explain to your child that you are going to practice saying the R sound, like in the word “rabbit.”

Tell your child that when they say the R sound in “rabbit” you’d like to see their lips make an “O” shape . Make sure you show them how if they don’t understand.

Next, to get your child’s tongue in the correct placement position, tell them that their tongue needs to create a hump in the middle of their mouth like a little hill.

This is so that when they say the R sound in “rabbit,” they can pretend that there is a little rabbit hopping over the hill in their mouth to get outside. If there’s no hill, then there’s no correct R sound and the rabbit can’t get out.

Lastly, explain to your child that they need to tighten the back part of their throat so that they can push enough air up into their mouth and along their tongue in order to help the rabbit jump over the hill.

Once they can correctly say the R consonant sound in isolation, follow the articulation error hierarchy which you can read about in this article , or watch in this video.

r words in speech therapy

Some Mo/r/e T/r/icks

Tell your child to make a “fish face” to help them achieve the correct “O” lip placement. This can become a game to see who can make the funniest face while moving their lips into the correct position.

If this doesn’t work, exaggerate sticking your lips out and telling them to copy you or use a mirror so they can see their own progress. Once they can do this you can refine the positioning of their lips into the correct “O” shape.

Visual cueing and modeling are powerful learning aids that can be used in where you say the correct R consonant sound while your child imitates what your lips are doing. Our app is a wonderful imitation tool, as it develops your child’s articulation skills and other desirable behaviors by promoting learning through watching video demonstrations given by real kids. Download the app for iOS or Android devices.

You can read more about video modeling and imitation by reading the following article: Mirror Neurons, Video Modeling, and Your Child’s Speech .

Physically showing your child where to place their tongue is very effective. Most children who experience difficulty with the R sound are unable to position their tongue correctly because it all happens behind the visual barrier of the front teeth. This can also make it quite frustrating for them.

Once you have reached the word level and are practicing words that start with the R consonant sound, touch the tip of your child’s tongue with your finger or a tongue depressor and tell them that you want them to lift that part up as far as they can without touching the roof of their mouth.

Once you have reached the word level and are practicing words that have the R consonant sound in other places, touch the middle of your child’s tongue with your finger or a tongue depressor and tell them that you want them to lift that part up to create an arch without touching the roof of their mouth.

Have your child gargle with water to help them learn how to tighten their throat muscles the way they would when correctly saying the R consonant sound.

You can also draw their attention to this kind of throat tightening by having them drink through a straw and explaining how the muscles work.

When your child says the R sound, place their hand on their neck to feel the vibration made by their vocal cords. If they have trouble creating this vibration, then place their hand on your throat to show them how it’s done. Pretend that the vibration is the “rabbit” hopping. If there’s no vibration, then the “rabbit” isn’t hopping and he can’t get out.

To assist with the voicing and correct articulation of the R consonant sound, tell your child to pretend that they are growling like an angry dog. You can also turn this into game by seeing who can come up with the scariest or funniest growl.

More tips and tricks

  • Have your child try and think of their own words that contain the R consonant sound.
  • Make up silly phrases or sentences and even imitate appropriate phrases and sentences that you see in more than 1000 bonus video stories anywhere within Speech Blubs 2 or elsewhere.
  • Give your child an R consonant word and ask them to make up silly phrases or sentences – this is great language practice!
  • Use a mirror within the app at all levels of the hierarchy so that your child can see what they are doing and learn the skill of self-monitoring.
  • Put objects or toys that start with or contain a letter R in their name in a bag. Ask your child to draw one by one, and say the name of the object out loud to you.
  • When you are outside playing, play a game where you have to name the objects that have the letter R. For example, Road, Bricks, Tree, Branch, Mary-go-round, Water, Stream, River, Car, Truck, Train . . . try to spot as many as you can!
  • Play a game called “Rabbit Runs to . . .” Tell your child that they are a rabbit that has to run to a certain place in the house. Each time they reach the place you name, they have to answer the question: “Where did the rabbit run to?” “Rabbit Runs to the Rug.” “Rabbit Runs to the Refrigerator.” “Rabbit Runs to the Door.”
  • Make a dictionary of R words. You can use the store free advertisements of products they send to your house. Cut out all the things they sell that have a letter R: broccoli, rice, bread . . . and paste them in a special book. You can write down the names of the objects, and look at them every day to name the objects.

r words in speech therapy

How to Play Articulation Bingo?

  • Use the button below to download our Articulation Bingo Board
  • Print out the board and give it to your child or cut out the pictures and put them into a bag
  • Let your child pick a word from the board/bag
  • Find the word in Speech Blubs App and practice it, play with fun filters, and watch educational videos
  • Your child is a winner when he practices three pictures in a row (across, down, or horizontally) or the entire board.

Medial R Articulation

Use Speech Blubs app every day for at least 5-10 minutes to achieve the best results.

If you’re worried about your child’s ability to say the R consonant sound or have any other concerns about their pragmatics, comprehension, or talking, use our free screener within the app. Our speech and language pathologist-developed tool will even give you a personalized report with actionable advice with the results.

For more information about the app visit our FAQ section or write to us . Know that you have an ally in Speech Blubs and that our biggest success is seeing your child achieve their greatest potential.

If your child has difficulties with other sounds, here are the articles that can help you with speech therapy, speech exercises, and articulation activities ideas:

  • Articulation Therapy: An All-in-One Guide for Parents
  • B Sound Articulation Therapy
  • H Sound Articulation Therapy
  • JJ and CH Sounds Articulation Therapy
  • L Sound Articulation Therapy
  • Lisp Articulation Therapy
  • M Sound Articulation Therapy
  • N Sound Articulation Therapy
  • NG Sound Articulation Therapy
  • S Sound Articulation Therapy
  • SH Sound Articulation Therapy
  • T and D Sounds Articulation Therapy
  • W Sound Articulation Therapy

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The author’s views are entirely his or her own and may not necessarily reflect the views of Blub Blub Inc. All content provided on this website is for informational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgement, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

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Hi there, my child is turning 5 in June and is pronouncing the r sound like a y. What age is it appropriate to start speech therapy for this? I see this page suggests by 6 years old children should have mastered this sound. Is this without speech therapy? Thank-you kindly, Shea

Hi, thank you for you question! R sound is very difficult to learn, that is why kids on average master it by the time they are 6 years old. If your child won’t start using the R sound by the age of 6, get them evaluated for a speech therapy. But if you are worried, you can start practicing the sounds at home, click here for articulation game ideas . Also try Speech Blubs app, where you will find many words with the R sound!

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400+ Prevocalic R Words List for Speech Therapy

As speech-language pathologists, we know that certain speech sounds can be more challenging for some individuals to produce than others. One such sound is the prevocalic r, which is the r sound that occurs at the beginning of a word or syllable. 

The production of this sound involves the coordination of the lips, tongue, and vocal cords, making it a complex sound to master.

I mean what speech therapist doesn’t love working on the pesky sound of /r/?!

If you are a speech therapist or parent looking for prevocalic r words to practice with your child or student then this blog post is just what you need! It has over 400 prevocalic r words that will help strengthen your child or student’s /r/ sound. 

Key Takeaways

  • Prevocalic r is a complex sound that can be challenging for some individuals to produce.
  • Correct production of prevocalic r is crucial for effective communication in the English language.
  • Speech-language pathologists can use a variety of techniques and strategies to teach and practice prevocalic r production.


What is a Prevocalic R?

A prevocalic r is a feature of the English language that refers to the pronunciation of the sound /r/ before a vowel in a word.

Articulation Therapy and Prevocalic R

When it comes to treating speech sound disorders, in the schools or in a private practice setting, the speech therapist will begin with a complete evaluation of the client’s speech sound system. 

During assessment, we collect a detailed case history and conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the client’s speech sound system, including an analysis of prevocalic r production. We also consider other factors that may be impacting speech production, such as oral motor skills, hearing, and language abilities.

Based on the assessment results, we develop an individualized treatment plan that targets the specific needs of the client. Treatment may involve direct therapy, where we work one-on-one with the client, or indirect therapy, where we collaborate with family members, teachers, and other professionals to support the client’s communication development.

This evaluation helps determine whether prevocalic R is the only intervention target or if other sounds are also in need of remediation. Once it has been determined that prevocalic R is a good intervention target, we can begin working on this sound specifically. 

Our primary goal is to help individuals achieve effective communication by improving their speech intelligibility and overall communication skills.

The speech therapist may use a variety of techniques and strategies to help the client produce prevocalic R correctly. These may include auditory bombardment, modeling, and shaping.

During therapy sessions, the speech therapist will provide feedback and guidance to the client as they practice producing prevocalic R in various words and phrases. 

It is important to note that progress in therapy can take time, and clients may need multiple sessions to master the sound.


Correct Sound Production

In the English language the r sound is one of the most difficult sounds as well as one of the last sounds to develop. There are two different ways a Speech Language Pathologist can teach tongue placement for r remediation. 

First, let’s review the two different variations for tongue movements for producing the correct r sound:

  • Retroflexed R

The two different tongue positions are very similar and vary in mid-tongue and tongue tip placements:

  • Teeth: The /r/ sound is made by having a slight gap between the teeth.
  • Lips: Lips should be in a neutral position and not rounded. (A rounded lip shape might lead to a w sound in place of an /r/ sound, such as “wed” for the word “red”.
  • Sides of the Tongue: Be sure to place the sides of the tongue and back of the tongue against the upper side of your teeth to allow for the passage of air to go down the center of the tongue.
  • Retroflexed Tongue Position: Have the mid-tongue somewhat tense but not bunched up. Then place the tip of the tongue pointing up to the roof of their mouth just past the alveolar ridge.
  • Bunched Tongue Position: Have the mid-tongue bunched up near the roof of the mouth. Then place the tip of the tongue pointing down or straight.
  • Air: Then blow a skinny stream of air over the center of your tongue (you do not want the air to come out the sides of the tongue).
  • Voice: The next step is that the r sound is also a voiced sound so your voice box or vocal cords should vibrate. You can tell that their voice is turned on by touching your voice box on your neck and feeling it vibrate (the upper part of the throat).

r words in speech therapy

Hardest Sounds

Please keep in mind that the r sound is a later developing sound and one of the hardest aspects is teaching the complexity of speech movements. 

Teaching the right way to place the child’s tongue can give you a hard time. 

That’s why it’s important to work closely with a licensed Speech-Language Pathologist to give you professional help to work with your child to find the right position for their tongue to produce a great sounding r sound.

R Speech Sounds

  • Prevocalic R – is when the r sound comes before a vowel sound, such as initial r words as in “red”. 
  • Vocalic R  Sound – is when the r sound comes after a vowel sound, such as: or, ar, er, ear, ire, air.

r words in speech therapy

Target Words

When selecting target words and word lists, it’s important to consider the individual needs and abilities of the client. A speech-language pathologist can help identify appropriate target words and develop a plan for therapy sessions that is tailored to the client’s specific needs and goals.

Here’s a list of prevocalic articulation sounds for you to use in therapy or at home practice to work on your student or child’s new skill.

  • For Example: red, rain, rest, right, race, rat, ride, ruin, rope, rake, read, rode, root, ripe, racket, raspberry, recess, retreat, run, rubber

See full list of words, phrases, and sentences below.

Be sure to grab my one page freebie of prevocalic sounds below. Simply scroll to the bottom of this post and grab your free copy!

Need Medial or Final R Words?

See full list of 1220+ R words at the word level, phrase level, and sentence level here. Plus this list provides words in the initial position of words, medial r words, and final r words. (I’m hoping to have an r blend list coming soon!)


Need a Different Sound?

You won’t want to miss out on my complete growing list of all my articulation word lists !

Word Positions: R Words Speech Therapy 

Initial position of words.

The initial position of the r sound is at the beginning of the word. For example, “rock” or “rain”.

Medial Position of Words

Some words have the r sound in the medial position of a word, such as “parrot”, “carseat”, and “pirate”.

Final Word Position

The final positions of words are when the target sound is at the end of the word. For example, “baker” or “tiger”.


Prevocalic R Words at Word Level

Some ways to practice include having your child or student say each prevocalic /r/ word one by one as they go through a list. 

Using a dot marker can also be a fun way to practice having your child put a dot under each prevocalic r sound. 

In addition, I’ve compiled an easy-to-download dot game of the prevocalic r sound below. Simply scroll down to the bottom of this post and download your free copy.

  • 1 Syllable: ring, rich, red, rain, rock, rose, ray, ron, room, ram, rest, Ryan, rat, royal, rap, rage, rice, race, rush, Rome, ross, right, real, road, rad, run, row, roof, ride, rope, risk, rise, rum, rip, Rick, robe, rule, rep, rug, reach, rent, read, rod, rant, roll, rust, rob, rack, rough, Ruth, round, rhythm, ride, root, rag, ranch, ridge, raw, rot, ring, reign, rale, rim, rig, rave, rude, rub, reed, raft, rut, rear, rib, ritz, rye, rails, rouge, route, roe, rash, raid, reef, ruin, rocks, roar, roast, roach, rung, rein, rare, raise, ripe, rank, reek, role, roll, realm, rack, ruse, ramp, rink, runt, react, rasp, ratch, realy, reel, roost 
  • 2 Syllable: Rachel, river, Rio, range, russia, robbery, rhyme, running, respect, riddle, rodent, raven, reason, rocket, robbin, roman, ready, rodger, reading, rainbow, rasta, random, Riley, reindeer, rising, rhino, reagan, region, rapper, riot, rabbit, racing, research, reaction, relief, ripple, romance, rosa, ruler, reward, romeo, raining, really, return, resource, runner, ruby, recall, roster, robot, recess, reptile, rally, randy, russell, rubber, rascal, rocky, ringing, ribbon, realize, routine, recipe, rooster, rifle, respite, robber, rubish, raddish, resist, rebel, raffle, rapture, regret, rowing, rustic, racket, redneck, rugby, retail, report, reject, request, rover, rubble, rodeo, raptor, royalty, reveal, radar, release, rapid, riches, rumor, roommate, repeat, rhyming, rusty, racist, resort, rumble, recon, repent, raided, rampage, records, runway, ruthless, roller, reunion, review, realtor, rooky, resume, relay, radar, retire, redo, ranger, rescue, rhombus, rental, relax, raising, reaching, recipt, rejoice, reggae, replace, regard, railway, results, raccoon, regain, richness, rancid, ruckus, refuge, reverse, raging, riser, runoff, refuse, realty, rival, realness, rocking, rematch, richer, refund, raincoat, remorse, roaring, rutter, railing, rabi, reeling, reckless, racer, remark, repair, recieve, restless, rabid, raisin, ruining, rupture, risking, reset, ruling, rifling, reflux, railroad, rinsing, remain, reform, rower, roaming, rider, rusting, ringer, replay, reply, rambler, respawned, rumbling, rested, raiser, rockies, rebate, ransom, rasping, rover, rotor, regards, redness, roomie, remote, refresh, rinse, relate, rattle, restart, recount, refine
  • 3 Syllable: revenge, radio, remember, realty, republic, restaurant, recycle, radical, recycling, rainforest, receiver, register, resolve, religion, racism, relative, ration, raspberry, reminder, rebellion, Ramadan, radiant, Robinson, righteous, Russian, reflection, resistance, respectful, relentless, retina, remedy, recession, retriever, revival, rosary, rejection, reasoning, resentment, replica
  • 4 Syllable: relaxation, retirement, relationship, righteousness, renovation, revolution, reciprocal, resolution, responsible, reference, retribution, resurrection, reservation, republican, remembering, rambunctious, revelation, relatable, recovery, remarkable, reciprocate, ravioli, renewable, recreation, restoration, reproduction, radiator, rosemary, recognition, registration, rhinoceros, reliable, remodeling, reinforcement, relocation, regulation, requirement, reformation, resignation, repercussion, regurgitate, respirator, reasonable, regenerate, repairable, reversible

Prevocalic R Words Speech Therapy

See also: 21 best reinforcement games for speech therapy.


Short Sentences or Phrases

When working on prevocalic r sound production, it’s important to work on short phrases once your child or student has mastered the sound at the word level at or near 80% or higher accuracy.

Here is a list of prevocalic word phrases to try:

Prevocalic R Words Speech Therapy in Phrases


Sentence Level: Prevocalic R Words Speech Therapy

The next step after working at the word and phrase levels is to work on the prevocalic r sound at the sentence level.

For example, you could give your child or student a list of sentences to read aloud while they work on their prevocalic r sound. 

Another idea would be to give your child or student pictures with their prevocalic r sound in them and then have them create a sentence about those pictures.

Below is a list of sentences to use with your child or students.

Prevocalic R Words Speech Therapy in Sentences

See also: free articulation games for speech therapy, correct production – effective r therapy.

Do you have any r kids who are struggling with the incorrect production of the r sound? 

If so, here are a handful of new strategies that therapists have had great success with helping their speech students produce the tricky sound of R. 

Start with one simple program below and if that doesn’t work you can keep working through the different strategies until you find one that your student finds success with.

You can even grab a tongue depressor to use as a tactile cue to help correct speech errors.

  • Teach Tongue and Mouth Anatomy: The first step you can start with is by teaching the parts of the tongue and mouth that will help with cueing for articulation placement. Grab the R Sound Freebie – Anatomy of Tongue and Mouth for Speech Therapy by Speechy Things.
  • Phonemic Awareness, Auditory Discrimination, & Articulation: Practice targeting all three skills with this free trial of Locate! Discriminate! Articulate! – /r/: FREE TRIAL VERSION by OTTeR Speech.
  • Phonemic Awareness: Have your students start by identifying where they hear the r sound in a word. Use this Phonemic Awareness – R Freebie by michjco to get started.
  • Perception Training: Start with R Perception Training by having the student identify the difference between the correct R sound and the incorrect R sound. Grab the R Sound Perception Training FREEBIE: Early R Speech Therapy Activities from Speechy Things.
  • Vocalic R Sounds Visual Cue: Have students working on the vocalic R? Grad this free Vocalic R Visual Support- Free / English Only worksheet from The Spanish Speechie.
  • Minimal Pairs: Use minimal pairs to work on the r sound. Have your students identify the /r/ vs. the /w/ sound with the Free r/w Minimal Pairs Hide & Seek Speech – School Theme – Boom Cards & PPT by Little Speech Shop.

r words in speech therapy

Different Ways to Practice

Finally, there are many different ways to practice prevocalic r. These can include tongue twisters, reading aloud, singing, and other exercises. By practicing in different ways, students can become more comfortable with the sound and learn how to produce it more naturally.

Overall, teaching prevocalic r can be challenging, but with the right techniques and practice, students can learn to master this important sound.

Prevocalic R Words Speech Therapy Ideas

Below are some therapy materials that you might find helpful when it comes to working on prevocalic r with your clients.

It is important to have materials that are easy access and can be used in a variety of settings. This may include materials that can be printed out and used in therapy sessions or materials that can be accessed through a digital platform. We have found that having a variety of materials that are easy to access and use has been essential in our practice.

Boom Cards are digital task cards that can be accessed through a computer, tablet, or smartphone. They are a fantastic way to have a little speech therapy fun while engaging your clients in a fun and interactive way. We have found that Boom Cards are particularly helpful when working on prevocalic r because they provide visual cues and immediate feedback.

  • FREE Articulation Sudoku Prevocalic /r/ BOOM CARD™ Deck – Distance Learning by KI Speech Therapy – Kristin Immicke is a great boom card resource that has students practice prevocalic r while playing a sudoku style game.
  • FREE Prevocalic R Activity Boom Cards for Speech Therapy | Distance Learning by Talking with Rebecca is a fine scramble style game that is highly rated and engaging for students practicing prevocalic R! 
  • FREE-Prevocalic R Superhero BOOM Cards by Leap into Speech is a really fun and engaging super hero themed boom card set! 


Using books in therapy is a great way to engage clients in a fun and entertaining way. There are many great books available that can be used to target prevocalic r. 

For Example:

The Little Old Lady That Wasn’t Afraid of Anything by Linda D. Williams and Megan Lloyd is one of the best children’s books out there. This story follows a little old lady who goes on a walk through the forest looking for herbs, nuts, and seeds and on her way home meets various clothing items that try to scare her, but she keeps telling them that she is not afraid of anything! This book is great for your older children who wouldn’t be afraid of scary clothing items following a lady home. 

Digital Version:


  • R Sound – ran, rocked

Get the complete list of children’s books for speech therapy .


A flip book is a tool that can be used to target a variety of speech sounds, including prevocalic r. It consists of a series of pages with different word lists that can be flipped through to practice different sounds. We have found that flip books are particularly helpful when working on prevocalic r because they provide a visual representation of the sound and allow clients to practice in a structured way.

  • Phonic Flip Books (Bossy R) by Kaitlyn Campbell is a print and go flip book that is great for practicing prevocalic R!
  • The 3 R’s of Earth Day Flipbook {FREEbie} by The Treasured Schoolhouse is a highly rated fip book that focuses on /r/ with an earth day theme!
  • R.A.P. Flip book by Jessica Stearns is a fun flip book for younger ages! It is easy to print and go or to use interactively!


Digital Downloads

There are many digital downloads available that can be used to target prevocalic r. These include worksheets, flashcards, and games. We have found that digital downloads are particularly helpful when working with clients who are learning remotely or who need additional practice outside of therapy sessions.

  • R Activities I Spy Game by Speech Therapy Store – If you’re looking for an amazing freebie and a great resource then you’re in the right spot. I’ve created a fun and engaging I Spy activity that any student is sure to love!


  • R Word Search by Speech Therapy Store – Here is a fun and engaging Word Search that your students are sure to enjoy.


  • 43+ Best R Speech Therapy Activities by Speech Therapy Store – You won’t want to miss out on this list of just over 43 different activities for working on the r sound in therapy.  


Home Practice

As speech-language pathologists, we understand the importance of home practice for our clients. 

When working with children’s speech, we know that consistent practice is key to improving their skills. Without regular practice, children may struggle to retain what they have learned in therapy sessions. This is why we encourage parents to work with their child at home, in addition to attending therapy sessions with us.

Home practice allows children to practice their skills in a comfortable and familiar environment. By practicing at home, children can work on their speech skills at their own pace, without the pressure of a therapy session.

We recommend that parents practice with their child for at least 10-15 minutes per day, 3-5 times per week. This can include practicing specific words or phrases that contain the prevocalic /r/ sound, as well as reading books or engaging in other activities that promote speech development.

It is important to note that every child is different, and what works for one child may not work for another. That is why we work closely with parents to develop a home practice plan that is tailored to their child’s individual needs.

In conclusion, home practice is an essential component of speech therapy for children who struggle with the prevocalic /r/ sound. By practicing at home, children can reinforce what they have learned in therapy and make progress towards their speech goals. As speech-language pathologists, we are committed to working with parents to develop effective home practice plans that meet the unique needs of each child.

  • R Sound Articulation Lists by Speech Therapy Store – Grab my one page freebie of initial r words, medial r, and final r sounds with real-life photos perfect for older students working on the word, phrase, and sentence levels.


  • Interactive Flash Cards by Speech Therapy Store – Have fun using our interactive r flash cards right from your computer! We’ve included 25 flash cards for the initial r, medial r, and final r for a total of 75 interactive flash cards to use with your students or clients right from your computer. 


SEE ALSO: 279+ Free Speech Therapy Digital Materials


In Conclusion: Prevocalic R Words Speech Therapy

We hope you have found this article helpful for working on your child or student’s prevocalic r sound. 

Be sure to grab your freebie of 86 Prevocalic R Words in a Dots and Boxes game!

Grab Your Free Prevocalic R Word Dots and Boxes Game!

Simply enter your name and email to have this free Prevocalic R Words Dots and Boxes game emailed directly to your inbox! 

Grab our Prevocalic R Words List!

Frequently asked questions, what are some activities to teach prevocalic r.

There are many fun and engaging activities that can help teach prevocalic r. Some examples include tongue twisters, word games, and singing songs that emphasize the r sound. You can also use visual aids such as mirrors or videos to help children see how their mouth moves when producing the r sound.

How can I improve my child’s prevocalic r pronunciation?

Consistent practice and repetition are key to improving prevocalic r pronunciation. Encourage your child to practice saying words with the r sound every day, and provide positive feedback and reinforcement when they make progress. You should also work with a speech therapist to help guide your child’s practice.

What are some common postvocalic r words?

Postvocalic r refers to the r sound that comes after a vowel in a word. Some common postvocalic r words include “car,” “bird,” and “star.” It is important to note that postvocalic r can be pronounced differently depending on the dialect or region.

What is the difference between prevocalic r and postvocalic r?

Prevocalic r refers to the r sound that comes before a vowel in a word, while postvocalic r refers to the r sound that comes after a vowel in a word. The two sounds can be pronounced differently and require different techniques for proper pronunciation.

Are there any online resources for teaching prevocalic r?

Yes, there are many online resources available for teaching prevocalic r. Some examples include speech therapy websites, YouTube videos, and educational apps. It is important to ensure that the resources are reputable and evidence-based before using them for practice.

How can I incorporate prevocalic r practice into daily routines?

Incorporating prevocalic r practice into daily routines can be easy and fun. You can encourage your child to say words with the r sound during mealtime, playtime, and even while reading books. You can also make a game out of finding words with the r sound in everyday objects or signs. Consistent practice and repetition are key to improving prevocalic r pronunciation.

Want Even More Prevocalic R Words Speech Therapy?

  • 1,220+ R Words Speech Therapy {Interactive Flashcards!}
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r words in speech therapy

Techniques for Eliciting the R Sound in Speech Therapy : How to Make Teaching R Tongue Placement Easy for your Students

r words in speech therapy

I have so so many R kids on my caseload right now. In that past, that statement would be followed with a mournful sigh, or possibly with me throwing my head back and shaking my fists in the air cursing, “why me!?” Let me tell you… I used to  struggle with how to teach the R sound.

Not anymore.

Years ago, for my own sanity, I began to develop a systematic approach to teaching the R. Does it work for every student? Of course not! Every child is different. Does it work for most of them?

You betcha.

(Before you read any further, let me say two things:

  • There is a freebie for you at the end of this post. It’s a helpful visual for explaining bunched vs retroflex Rs.
  • In this post, I am specifically discussing retroflex R. The reason being I find about 80% of my students prefer retroflex and find it easier to produce. That being said, even if you’re working on bunched- keep reading this post ! A lot of same ideas apply.

If you are unsure of the types of R (bunched vs. retroflex), you can check out THIS  helpful video. Or, again, keep scrolling for that freebie.

If you want to know my favorite articulation trick for determining which type of R suits a student best (bunched or retroflex), visit this other R speech therapy blog post I wrote.

Now, down to business. .

As a part of my epic quest to conquer the R sound, I began to develop various visuals (I am big on using visuals ) and handouts to help my students, their parents (and me) along the way in speech therapy. I’ve compiled a bunch of these resources in my handy dandy R packet . You will see a few previews from this packet, as well as a few helpful youtube videos, in this post.

r words in speech therapy

^There it is! My pride and joy / labor of love.

Now for the steps I use! (They’re the same as in the packet above.)

Make sure your student can HEAR and SEE the difference between a correct and incorrect production of R. If a child can’t use visual or auditory discrimination, there is really no point in going further. This step is a must! Many kids will fly right through this.

image of R pre-checks for speech therapy

I like to start with vocalic AR and I am typically able to teach it in 3 steps: tongue flat (“ahhh”), curl tongue slowly, close the jaw a little bit.

To help kids grasp this, go nice and slow, and give them a model. Perhaps even bust out the ol’ mirror and flashlight. I also like to use my hands as a cue (either by counting or mimicking what movement my tongue is making). I’ve demonstrated these steps in yet another video – just for you!

3 steps to the r sound in speech therapy

Shape AR into vocalic ER. First we produce AR using our 3-steps, then we FREEZE on the 3rd step and say ER again immediately after. Continue practicing in this progression until the child is comfortable enough to produce vocalic ER without an “AR warm-up”. You can check out this helpful R sound video for further explanation. I find once we perfect our ER, the rest typically comes more easily. I want slow, careful, intentional movements. If a kiddo misses a step, I want them to know exactly which one was in error and how . Knowledge of performance is critical to motor learning! Besides, when students become “their own therapist”, they are better off!

how to elicit the r sound tongue placement in speech therapy

Use ER as our springboard for ALL THE REST! You heard me. If a kiddo can consistently and independently produce ER, then we are well on our way to saying the remaining vocalic R’s (ear, air, ire, or), initial (or prevocalic) R, and even R blends.

The general concept is the ER sound we have been teaching now simply represents R in the remaining forms. For example, each vocalic R turns into a little math equation.

Example: OH + ER = OR

Start practicing this segmented and slow so the vowel doesn’t distort the lovely retroflex R we have achieved. Smooth it out over time. I like to give my kids a visual support to help them speed up their production. Same goes for initial R (red becomes “errrrrred”) and try becomes (“terrrrrry”). We can speed things up once the articulators are consistent.

image for visual support used  to teach vocalic r in speech therapy

But what if…

As we all know, some kids just need more help “getting it.” If you’re finding that the R sound is eluding your student (and you!) then Eliciting R may be more helpful.

Speech therapy resource product cover for eliciting the r sound

It provides even more support, visuals, cueing strategies, tongue/jaw dissociation activities, and even video examples.

You’ve probably guessed by now that I love treating the R sound in articulation therapy. I have spent hours and hours creating resources that help you tackle just about every obstacle you might come across with the “dreaded R sound.” They are all available on both my website and on TpT in my Ultimate R Bundle . I’ve even created a Digital R Bundle for those of us who love no-prep materials.

. I’ve put in the time and I am here to tell you…

It doesn’t have to be scary.

That about sums it up! Keep in mind every kid is different. This method is simply something I have had a ton of success with ( as have so many others !).

Feel free to take and leave whatever you find useful to you and your individual students. While I find that most students find incredible success with retroflex R, nothing is one size fits all. Get your free handout that gives visuals and descriptions for the difference between bunched and retroflex R. It’s pictured below! As a VIP, you’ll also receive exclusive R tips here and there.

r words in speech therapy

If you’r emore of a visual/auditory kind of person, check out this youtube video! It may help you get those 3 steps to AR.

You’ve got this!

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r words in speech therapy

Hi! I'm Lindsey!

I’m a pediatric SLP who specializes in the R sound. Fun fact- I actually used to dread the R but after dedicating a lot (like…  a lot a lot ) of time to researching and troubleshooting… I now love it! So much, in fact, that I currently spend my days treating “R kids” via my private practice and creating R resources and continuing education for SLPs via Speechy Things. I’m so glad you found me! Let’s “Rock the R” together!

r words in speech therapy

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ER Video Artic Boom Cards

"something i looked forward to every week.".

“I’m so grateful I was able to work with Lindsey. As a teenager, it has been a blessing to find an SLP as encouraging and approachable as Lindsey. Her method of self reflection has really helped me realize the flaws in my speech, and through that I was able to improve. Every session was met with a smile, and Lindsey’s supportive practices made therapy not only fun, but something I looked forward to every week. Thanks to Lindsey I was able to undo fifteen years of poor R’s, and replace it with strong, understandable speech.”

- Anna, 15-year-old client


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r words in speech therapy

Comprehensive Vocalic R Words List for Speech Therapy

r words in speech therapy

While one of the most common sounds in the English language, the vocalic /r/ can be challenging to pronounce. 

This can be because it’s hard to understand what is happening with the mouth when it’s pronounced, it requires better muscle control and appears alongside vowels, requiring additional articulation skills. 

If your child struggles with this sound, they may substitute the /r/ sound with /w/, saying ‘fair-wee’ instead of ‘fairy’ or ‘here-wo’ instead of ‘hero’. As a result, they can appear younger than their peers and struggle to communicate effectively. 

In this article, we’ll be focusing on the /vocalic /r/ sound and sharing a list of /r/ words, phrases, and sentences that you can use in home speech therapy or as a resource to support your professional speech therapy practice. 

You’ll also learn which fun games and activities can provide extra practice, discover how to pronounce the sound effectively, and how the patented Forbrain headset can help. 

Word list: Vocalic /r/ word list 

Improving your child’s pronunciation of the vocalic /r/ sound at home can feel like a daunting task because of the many variations of this sound. 

However, if you can help them understand where this sound appears in real-life language and give them plenty of varied practice, you will soon see a difference. 

To help you out, we’ve created a comprehensive list of the most common vocalic /r/ sounds used in English. This includes words where this sound appears in the middle (medial vocalic /r/) or end (final vocalic /r/) of the word. 

Use this list as an easy reference or encourage your child to read through them for extra practice. 

What is the vocalic /r/ sound?

Before we introduce the list of words, let’s take a quick look at what this sound is. 

The vocalic /r/ sound is a type of /r/ that happens when the letter appears after one of the vowels; a, e, i, o, and u. 

For example, the /r/ at the beginning of the word ‘ripe’ is pronounced differently from the /r/ that appears at the end of the word ‘pour’. 

There are six of these combinations in English:

  • [-ar] as in the word STAR
  • [-er] as in the word GIRL
  • [-air] as in the word FAIRY
  • [-ear] as in the word FEAR 
  • [-or] as in the word SWORD
  • [-ire] as in the word FIRE 

Further vocalic /r/ sound practice using short phrases and sentences

Your child should now be able to pronounce the vocalic /r/ sound in isolation, even if it does take a certain amount of effort and focus. The key to actually mastering this sound is to provide them with plenty of practice, using the word lists we provided above and then moving on to short phrases and eventually sentences. 

By doing so, their fluency will significantly improve, they’ll grow in confidence and they’ll also learn how to use their new skills to communicate effectively in a variety of contexts. 

Here’s a short home speech therapy program to help you do exactly this, recommended by the team of experts at Forbrain. 

  • Check that your child is articulating the vocalic /r/ sound correctly by working through the wordlist we shared earlier. If not, repeat the articulation exercises until they are reasonably comfortable. 
  • Next, use carrier phrases to encourage them to use these words in real-life contexts. 
  • Practice using short phrases and sentences for the vocalic /r/ sound. 
  • Play child-friendly games and activities and read with your child
  • Perfect their skills using our easy-to-use, scientifically proven Forbrain headset.

Carrier phrases

If you want to help your child use these vocalic /r/ words in everyday contexts and get plenty of practice, carrier phrases should be your go-to- speech therapy tool. Just choose a phrase, insert a vocalic /r/ word then practice saying it aloud. 

Considering that there are six variations of the vocalic /r/ sound, we recommend that you practice with at least three words from each category in the word list. 

Here are some of our favorite carrier phrases: 

  • “I found a…”
  • “I want a…”
  • “He found a…”
  • “She found a…”
  • “I have a…”
  • “He has a…”
  • “She has a…”
  • “I like to…”
  • “He likes to…”

Put into practice, it looks like this:

  • “I want POPCORN”
  • “I like VAMPIRES
  • “She has a SPIDER”
  • “I see a MARBLE”
  • “I found a STAR” 
  • “He has CEREAL” 

Short phrases for the vocalic /r/ sound

Keep reading to find useful short phrases that include the vocalic /r/ sound in the middle or the end of the word. 

Use these with your child for extra practice and you’ll help them further improve their pronunciation of the /r/ sound. 


Short sentences for the vocalic /r/ sound

Let’s now take it up a level and start practicing those longer sentences that help further boost confidence, and fluency, and help your child use this sound comfortably in real-world contexts. 

As before, these include the vocalic /r/ sound in the middle and the end of the word. 

Games & Activities with Vocalic /r/ Sound Words 

The best way to learn anything is to make it fun! That’s why playing games and activities with your child is an excellent way to master those tricky speech sounds. 

By doing so, they’ll also grow in confidence and be more likely to want to keep practicing the vocalic /r/ sound. 

Below are some excellent vocalic /r/ sound games and activities that are sure to tick all the boxes and are ideal for use with the patented Forbrain headset.

Play the Roar! Game

The easiest way to practice that vocalic /r/ sound is to encourage your child to roar like a lion.  If you can, find a fun picture of a lion and together, produce an exaggerated /r/ sound then repeat as many times as you like. 

Play the Pretty Parrot Game

This game encourages your child to repeat the sound that they hear. Find a picture of a parrot or even a stuffed toy then place it in front of you. Next, print the list of vocalic /r/ words and cut them out so they become flashcards. 

Hold the cards in your hand and ask your child to pull one from the stack. If your child can’t read the word yet, read it for them and then encourage them to repeat it after you. Every time they get the word right, give them a small reward. 

Play the Lucky Dip Game

If you have the resources available, playing the Lucky Dip game can be a fun way to reinforce their learning and encourage accurate pronunciation. 

Find a box or basket and fill it with items that include the vocalic /r/ sound (check the word list above for ideas), or find free images online and print them out. 

Then cover the box or basket and encourage your child to put their hand inside and pull out an item or picture. When they pull an item or image, encourage them to name it, using the carrier phrase, “ I found a [insert word] ”. 

There’s perhaps no better way to improve overall language skills, spark your child’s imagination and strengthen your parent-child bond than reading a good book with your child. 

Find books that include the vocalic /r/ sound and you’ll reinforce the home speech therapy you’ve been doing and have fun at the same time. 

Read the books in our recommended vocalic /r/ sound list and encourage your child to repeat every /r/ word you come across for the best effect. 

  • Scaredy Squirrel by Melanie Watt
  • We’re Going On A Bear Hunt by Michael Rosen
  • Are You My Mother by P.D. Eastman
  • Clark The Shark by Bruce Hale
  • Bear Wants More by Karma Wilson

How to Pronounce the Vocalic /r/ Sounds

Understanding the difference between the ‘normal’ /r/ sound and the vocalic /r/ sound can be tricky because they often appear to be the same sound. 

However, to teach others how to articulate this sound correctly, we need to start by checking what happens with our mouth, airflow, tongue position, teeth alignment, and vocal cords beforehand. 

The vocalic /r/ sound is a voiced sound made primarily by lifting your tongue back and up allowing it to move towards the roof of your mouth. Then the air should pass from your lungs, and over your tongue while you allow your vocal cords to vibrate. 

Here is more specific guidance. 

Pronouncing the vocalic /r/ sound 

Let’s choose one of the words we shared in the /r/ word list above such as ‘dark’ then practice saying it aloud, repeating it several times. 

As you do so, pay close attention to the shape of your mouth and lips, where your tongue is positioned, how the air flows from your lungs, and whether your vocal cords are vibrating or not.

You’ll see that your vocal cords are indeed vibrating, your tongue is pulled back and towards the roof of your mouth, your lips are slightly rounded and the air passes through your mouth and lightly over your tongue. 

Additionally, you’ll see just why it can be so hard for children to articulate this sound. Not only do they need to have excellent control over their tongue position, lips, and airflow but it’s very difficult to see how the sound is made from the outside. 

Despite this fact, most children can master this sound anywhere between three and nine years of age after they have mastered the ‘normal’ /r/ sound. If problems do occur, it’s usually because it’s difficult to transition from these vowel sounds to the /r/, and with practice, it can soon be fixed. 

Work through the vocalic /r/ sound list, phrases, sentences, games, and activities, read together, and use the patented Forbrain headset and your child will get the practice they need and have fun doing it. 

How to help your child produce the vocalic /r/ sound correctly

Ready to help your child get to grips with the vocalic /r/ sound? Follow these steps:

1) Ask your child to relax their tongue. You can encourage them to stick it out as far as they can and wiggle it around like a snake, ask them to blow a whistle, or try touching their nose with their tongue. 

2) Then ask them to find the back of their tongue and ask them to lift it to the roof of their mouth. You can tell them to imagine they are catching a fairy with their tongue if they need extra encouragement. 

3) Finally, ask them to push air from their lungs and use their vocal cords to say the word ‘fairy’. 

If they still find this difficult, keep practicing until they master how to articulate the sound. You can also watch this excellent video by The Speech Scoop for extra speech therapy help.

Using Forbrain to Upgrade Sound Practice

Enhance your child’s learning and mastery of the tricky vocalic /r/ sound by using our patented Forbrain headset. 

Used for just 10 minutes per day, your child will learn how to distinguish the sound, get instant feedback from the enhanced auditory feedback loop, and get the targeted practice they need to overcome speech challenges and grow in confidence. 

Scientifically proven and widely used by professional speech therapists, it uses cutting-edge technology and an innovative design to optimize learning, stimulate neural pathways, finely tune pronunciation, and sharpen articulation for effective, natural communication. 

Unlock your child’s potential with Forbrain today. 

Final Words

If your child is struggling to pronounce the vocalic /r/ word, don’t worry. Use the list of vocalic /r/ words, phrases, and sentences alongside the patented Forbrain headset and you’ll soon see a huge improvement. 

Reinforce their learning and make it fun by using games, activities, and books to help your child can improve their articulation, grow in confidence, and effortlessly use this tricky sound in everyday spoken language. 

Charlotte Witts

r words in speech therapy

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Vocalic R For Speech Therapy

Treating the vocalic R in speech therapy can be TOUGH; however, there are ways to ease the pain. Keep reading to learn about my teaching techniques and favorite new materials

*vocalic R is when R comes after a vowel: or, ar, air, ire, er, ear

vocalic R

The Vocalic R Overview

Vocalic R is when R comes after a vowel. In English, there are 7 of them:

  • rl (I  just threw that one in here because it is not prevocalic and it is difficult to teach!)

Personally, I believe that the vocalic R is difficult for some to learn because

  • the slight variations of R due to the preceding vowel
  • it is hard to see what the tongue is doing
  • vowels and R are very similar in their voice/place/manner

How To Teach The Vocalic R

1st: assess all r  variations.

When a child is having difficulty with R, I first assess if he or she is having difficulty with ALL Rs. Most likely a child will be able to say one variation correctly. I assess:

  • Initial or Prevocalic R
  • R Blends: gr, fr, br, kr, dr, pr, tr
  • Vocalic R: or, er, air, ar, ear, ire, RL

Anecdotally , I have the most success with GR and KR

  • The tongue is already in the back for the K and G.  
  • Start with "green" or "cream" since the tongue will naturally anchor to the top molars when saying saying the vowel "eeee.

2nd: Review anatomy

  • get our your favorite "mouth" 
  • review what the tongue, teeth, and jaw have to do to say R
  • my tips : tongue back, sides of tongue touch back teeth, tongue is a tight ball
  • I love the mouth below from Amazon. It is affordable, small, and durable. I have a few! I have the child use playdoh to make a tongue. Then we shape that tongue for an R. I use that playdoh tongue and mouth all session for feedback. Click the image below to grab it!

r words in speech therapy

  • You can also use print or no-print cue cards to review anatomy. The ones below are available on the membership site.

r words in speech therapy

3rd: Practice the R the child CAN say

  • use the R the child can say correctly to "train the ears" on how an R is suppose to sound 
  • the child will start to discriminate between a right and wrong R
  • the child will learn how a correct R feels in the mouth

4th: For vocalic R, start with the vowel!

If you want tips on prevocalic R, click here.

  • many times, the child isn't saying the vowel correctly when R succeeds it
  • use the cues/worksheets below to teach/review vowels
  • these cues are now up Speech Therapy Talk's Membership Site.

r words in speech therapy

5th: Combine vowel with R

  • I use the cue sheets to start combing the vowel with R.
  • I move SLOWLY and NEVER break voicing
  • Moving slow gives the child time to get his/her tongue in the right position

6th: Move to word practice

  • Once the child can say R at the syllable level with visual and verbal cues, I move to words, etc....
  • I like to use the worksheets below to review anatomy and then jump to drill practice. They are great for home practice too.

r words in speech therapy

Vocalic R Materials

When teaching prevocalic and vocalic R, we need the right cues and teaching materials. I added the new materials to the membership site.

Animated Cue Cards

  • animated cue cards for OR, AR, IRE, EAR, EAR, ER, AND RL
  • Great for teaching and providing the specific feedback each child needs (not too much or too little)

vocalic R

Printable Cue Cards

  • Printable cue cards for OR, AR, IRE, EAR, EAR, ER, AND RL
  • These are great handouts and help to keep all caregivers on the same page!

vocalic R

Teaching Material

  • visual cues for how to combine the vowel to R
  • use for teaching phase and review as needed

vocalic R

Specific Vocalic R Warm Up

  • Warm-Up for: OR, AR, IRE, EAR, EAR, ER, AND RL
  • Use for goal review, anatomy review, and to "warm up" muscles
  • plus get quick drill practice

vocalic R

Prevocalic & Vocalic R Practice

  • If a child can either say the prevocalic R but not the vocalic R (and vice versa), you can use that!
  • Use phonetic placement to facilitate the needed R. 

r speech therapy memory

New Print and No-Print Materials

  • web memory game
  • no-print flashcards
  • print flashcards
  • leveled flashcards

Want To Grab These Materials?

I've got you! If you want to grab these R materials and thousands of other materials, please join my awesome membership!

  • Word Lists For Speech Therapy
  • R Word List For Articulation Practice
  • Vocalic R Tips For Speech Therapy

Book cover

Education of Children with Special Needs pp 193–201 Cite as

Dyslexia: An Attempt to Define the Notion

  • Olga E. Gribova   ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-6289-4703 3  
  • First Online: 04 November 2022

327 Accesses

The paper focuses on the term “dyslexia” to refer to reading disorders as a type of speech activity. Nowadays, there is no clear definition and understanding of the structure of this speech disorder, its causes, and ways of correction. The scientific community has two main approaches to the study of dyslexia. The first approach—psychological and pedagogical—is implemented mainly in Russia and assumes a diagnosis of dyslexia based on the analysis of the phenomenology of errors and the identification of the mechanisms causing them through speech therapy and psychology. The second approach—the medical and biological or clinical-psychological approach—is based on objective instrumental studies of brain activity and the identification of genetic predisposition. It is implemented in foreign studies. However, the qualification of dyslexia varies not only depending on the traditions of countries but also on the point of view of a particular author. The author attempts to define the notion of dyslexia and designate the scope of its application considering the traditions established in Russian defectology. The search for ways to intersect the content of the concept of dyslexia available in different countries and cultures allows us to expand the understanding of the nature of this defect and its mechanisms, which, in turn, will contribute to the further development of the theory and practice of correction and prevention of dyslexia in preschool age. This will positively impact the development of comprehensive approaches to methods and technologies for dyslexia correction and will be useful for a wide range of learners, their parents, teachers, and specialists in the system of comprehensive support for children with dyslexia.

  • Reading disorders
  • Definition of dyslexia
  • Symptoms of dyslexia
  • Forms of dyslexia
  • Mechanisms of disorder

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Olga E. Gribova

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Center for Learning Content and Technology, Institute of Education Management of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia

Anna A. Arinushkina

Igor A. Korobeynikov

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Gribova, O.E. (2022). Dyslexia: An Attempt to Define the Notion. In: Arinushkina, A.A., Korobeynikov, I.A. (eds) Education of Children with Special Needs . Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-13646-7_20

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How much does speech therapy cost?

How much does speech therapy cost?

$100 – $250 average cost per 1-hour session (without insurance).

Tara Farmer

Average cost of speech therapy

Speech therapy costs $100 to $250 per session on average with a private speech therapist not covered by insurance. The cost of speech and language therapy with insurance depends on your state, insurance plan, and medical diagnoses. Early intervention speech therapy is free for qualifying children under the age of 3.

*Average cost for a 1-hour session

Speech therapy sessions are typically 30 or 60 minutes long. Half-hour sessions cost $65 to $175 on average.

Children often qualify for free or low-cost speech therapy services through early intervention services and special education services required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

Most patients need an initial assessment appointment before starting speech therapy, which lasts longer and costs more than a regular session.

Speech therapy evaluation cost

Before starting speech therapy, you’ll need an initial assessment to determine the areas of difficulty, establish goals, and design an appropriate therapy plan. Evaluation appointments last 60 to 90+ minutes and cost $250 to $700+ . Some therapists charge extra for the report write-up time needed after the appointment.

During the evaluation, the speech-language pathologist (SLP) reviews medical history, interacts with the client through conversation, play, or formal testing, assesses speech and language skills, and gathers additional information from teachers or parents if needed.

Speech therapy cost without insurance

Private speech therapy costs $65 to $250 per session on average without insurance, depending on the session type and length. Some private practices don't accept health insurance at all, while others accept insurance or use a sliding scale fee structure to make therapy more affordable if you're uninsured.

Children often qualify for free or reduced-cost speech therapy through publicly funded programs.

Online speech therapy sessions typically cost a little less than in-person sessions, though some practices charge equal pricing for both.

Some families choose private therapy in addition to or instead of public services to have greater control over the therapy location, session frequency, or certain techniques not covered by state programs.

Speech therapy cost with insurance

Health insurance—Medicare, Medicaid, or private insurance—often covers speech therapy, but coverage amounts vary depending on the state, plan, and medical diagnosis. If you have a flexible spending account (FSA) or health savings account (HSA), you can also use those funds for speech therapy.

Contact your insurance provider to discuss your coverage and the required steps. Ask for the details listed below to make sure you understand your plan's benefits and limitations:

Prior authorization requirements

Qualifying diagnoses and coverage details

Number of allowed visits per year

Copays and deductibles; your out-of-pocket cost per session

In-network providers and locations, if applicable

A speech therapist working with a young girl

Factors that affect speech therapy prices

One of the biggest factors that influence the cost of speech and language therapy is whether it's covered by your health insurance. Age is also a major factor, as there are more free or low-cost therapy options for toddlers and school-age children than for adults. Other cost factors include:

Geographic Location: Like most healthcare services, speech therapy costs more in major cities compared to rural areas. Location also factors in overhead expenses like rent.

Treatment Setting: University clinics often offer lower-cost services where graduate students administer therapy under supervision of a licensed therapist. Private practices charge higher rates. In-home therapy is typically the most expensive due to the added travel costs.

Clinician Experience: Therapists with more experience and advanced certifications tend to charge higher rates.

Number, frequency, & duration of sessions: 1 to 2 sessions per week is common, but the treatment schedule and timeline vary depending on the severity of the condition and the speed of progress.

Discounts: Some therapists offer packages that lower the cost per session.

Additional costs: Speech therapists may recommend books, tools, or activities to use at home in between sessions.

Early Intervention: under age 3

Early Intervention speech therapy programs provide free speech therapy and other developmental services for qualifying babies and children younger than 3 years old. If a toddler demonstrates language delays or disorders, early intervention speech therapy will improve communication skills.

Early Intervention programs are publicly funded and available in every state and territory.

A speech-language pathologist oversees the therapy 1 to 2 times per week—either in the home or at a community site—and there are no limits on the authorized number of sessions annually.

Contact your local Early Intervention program directly for an evaluation if you're concerned about your child's communication skills and development. You do not need a doctor's referral.

Public school: over age 3

By law, qualifying children over age 3 may receive free or low-cost school-based speech therapy services. After a formal evaluation determines eligibility, therapy is arranged via an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) outlining the therapy amount, frequency, and setting based on the child's specific challenges and needs.

Reach out to your state contact for details about how your state implements the speech therapy services required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) .

Online: any age

Online speech therapy costs 10% to 15% less than in-person services due to the lower overhead compared to traditional therapy offices. Virtual sessions with video-calling allow greater flexibility and access to more providers and specialists, making it easier to find the best fit for your needs and budget.

Some online speech therapy services charge per session, while others charge a weekly rate that includes one or more weekly sessions, practice opportunities, and progress reports.

Some practices offer 15-, 30-, 45-, and 60-minute therapy sessions to make therapy affordable for more people.

You may not need a formal evaluation to start online speech therapy sessions, but an evaluation helps ensure your therapy plan that follows will address your specific needs.

Ways to make speech therapy more affordable

While speech therapy is expensive, there are several options to help pay for needed services. In addition to health insurance and the public programs available for toddlers and school-age children, here are some other potential ways to save:

Look for therapy services at universities offering supervised treatment by student clinicians at a lower cost.

Apply for grants or scholarships through non-profit organizations like UnitedHealthcare Children's Foundation (UHCCF) that offer financial assistance for speech therapy based on financial need.

Enroll in therapy groups which cost less per child than individual services.

Ask about discounted rates for cancellations, no-shows, or for multiple-session packages.

Look for clinics that use a sliding fee scale based on income.

Schedule sessions for every other week instead of weekly.

Opt for shorter 30- or 45-minute sessions that cost less.

Take advantage of free screenings and workshops.

Ask your school district about free extended school year services.

Speech therapy FAQs

How does speech therapy work.

Speech therapy is a customized intervention tailored to each individual’s needs. After thoroughly evaluating a person’s abilities and challenges, the speech-language pathologist designs a treatment plan targeting specific speech, language, cognition, or swallowing goals.

Therapy focuses on improving the underlying muscles and coordination involved in speech production, building language comprehension and use, and practicing communication skills. Depending on the client's age and skill level, sessions may involve:

Direct one-on-one instruction

Interactive activities and games

Listening and reading exercises

Role playing

Workbooks and flashcards

Speech practice techniques

Assigning homework to practice between sessions

Speech therapy plans evolve as skills improve. Ongoing assessments track progress to ensure sessions remain productive.

How do I know if my child needs speech therapy?

When it comes to child development, acting quickly when problems emerge can prevent further developmental impacts down the road. Common warning signs of speech and language disorders include:

Difficulty learning and saying new words

Trouble putting words together into sentences

Rambling or incomplete sentences

Strangers have difficulty understanding their speech

Stuttering or stammering

Frustration when trying to communicate

Difficulty understanding questions or following directions

Minimal babbling or vocalizing by 12 months

Not using gestures like waving, pointing, or showing by 12 months

Not reaching developmental speech and language milestones for their age group

What conditions does speech therapy treat?

Speech therapy treats a wide range of communication disorders and swallowing difficulties in both children and adults.

Common pediatric conditions include:

Speech disorders like Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)

Language disorders and delays

Articulation and phonological disorders

Fluency and stuttering

Autism spectrum disorder

Down syndrome

Hearing loss

Common adult conditions treated with speech therapy include:

Speech disorders after stroke or brain injury

Speech and language difficulties (dysarthria and dysphasia) from neurological diseases

Voice disorders like Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder (PVFMD) and Vocal Cord Dysfunction (VCD)

Cognitive communication disorders

Swallowing disorders

Is speech therapy covered by insurance?

Many health insurance plans cover speech therapy when it's considered medically necessary. The specific diagnosis may impact the level of coverage. Some plans cover rehabilitative therapy after illness or injury differently than developmental therapy.

Confirm your coverage, options, and limitations with your insurance provider before starting therapy.

How long are speech therapy sessions?

Speech therapy sessions typically last 30 or 60 minutes , with one hour being most common. The therapist tailors the duration and frequency to the individual's needs and insurance requirements.

Are schools required to provide speech therapy?

Yes, the law requires public and private schools to provide speech therapy services at no cost to parents if a student's communication disorder interferes with their ability to access curriculum and learn. Common qualifying diagnoses include language disorders, articulation disorders, and voice disorders.

Finding a speech therapist

Follow these guidelines to find a qualified speech and language pathologist near you or through an online speech therapy service :

Look for a professional certified by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA).

Ask for a referral from your doctors. You may need this for some insurance plans.

Check platforms like Thervo and Google for client reviews and testimonials.

Confirm they have relevant experience, as therapy methods and techniques vary for different age groups and medical conditions.

Write a formal request for an evaluation when seeking public therapy services. Some states have a time limit for following up.

Make sure the practice has appointments that fit your schedule.

Ask about discounts or sliding scale fees.

Questions to ask a speech and language pathologist

Asking the right questions can give you peace of mind and ensure you find the best local or online speech therapy services for your needs:

How long have you been providing speech therapy?

What experience do you have with this age group and medical condition?

Are you certified by the ASHA? What other professional certifications do you have?

Do you offer a free consultation?

How much does the initial evaluation appointment cost?

Is a written report included in the cost of the initial assessment?

How many sessions do I need for this age and disorder?

How often do you re-evaluate to confirm progress and establish new goals?

How and when do I pay for sessions?

What is your cancellation policy?

Do you take insurance?

Do you charge by the session or by the hour?

Do you have sliding scale fees?

Do you offer package deals or discounts for self-pay clients?

Using our proprietary cost database, in-depth research, and collaboration with industry experts, we deliver accurate, up-to-date pricing and insights you can trust, every time.

Therapy cost

201 episodes

Pediatric Developmental Therapy (PDT) was founded by Haden Boliek with a mission focused on providing quality speech therapy, occupational therapy and physical therapy to children. As part of our mission, Haden here provides tools and strategies to help therapists and parents to develop and carry over therapy principles to the home.

The Working Therapist Haden Boliek - Speech Language Pathologist, Entrepreneur, and Business Owner

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On today's episode of The Working Therapist, Haden gives some endorsed tips and tricks for targeting the letter r in articulation therapy.

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Quick and Effective Oral Motor Exam

Join Haden today as she talks about how evaluate the tongue, cheeks, lips and jaw for strength and coordination in only 5-7 min.

  • MAY 20, 2022

Gestures to Single Words: Intervention Strategies for the Speech Language Pathologist

Haden's take on how to develop words and language skills using cause and effect toys in a therapy session!

  • MAR 11, 2022

Setting Up Therapy to Promote a Successful Home Exercise Program

Haden and Kjirsti review writing a home exercise program (H. E. P.) that follows C. A. N. in that it is clear, achievable, and noteworthy.

  • FEB 25, 2022

Strategies to Make S.M.A.R.T. Goal-Writing Easy

F. S. M. A. R. T. - In this podcast, Haden Boliek SLP and Kjirsti Myles PT talk about S. M. A. R. T. goals and the one "F" component that makes goal-writing easy.

  • FEB 4, 2022

4 Key Elements to Consider Prior to Discharging a Patient from Speech, Occupational or Physical Therapy

Haden and Kjirsti introduce a helpful acronym to help Speech, Occupational and Physical Therapists when approaching discharge for their patient.

  • © 2024 Pediatric Developmental Therapy

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Spring | Adjectives Describing Words Game | Speech Therapy

Show preview image 1


Make teaching adjectives fun with this hands on spring adjectives describing words game! It is a sure winner for small group therapy. This set includes everything you need to create a game that is perfect for learning how to describe spring objects. Creating the game is easy and once done can be used for years to come.

You can increase vocabulary by improving your students understanding of describing words. Students love to play games and this one will keep them involved as there are no turns to take. Everyone plays at once to slap their cards down!

If you loved my original Slap it Game you then you'll love this spring version!

Spring themed pictures and many new adjectives!

FEATURES 2 DECKS: • a deck of 52 picture cards • a deck of 35 calling cards T he 35 describing words taught are:

  • lightweight

Each of the 52 picture cards will fit at least two or more of the describing words.

Each describing word can be used to describe more than one picture! So the game is different each time it is played.

I have provided OPTIONAL game card backs for the cards, if you so chose to use them but they are not necessary to the game.

Instructions for printing and playing the game are included .

Game play is simple, the SLP or teacher will take the top card from the calling card deck (describing words) and read the descriptive word out loud. ALL players who have a picture that fits that descriptive word will “slap it” down in the center of the table. The instructor and students discuss the pictures to make sure pictures played are appropriate to the descriptive word. All appropriate pictures are accepted by the SLP and discarded. Any picture

played that does not fit the description goes back to the player who played it. The SLP then reads the next descriptive word aloud and play continues in this fashion. The first player to get rid of all his cards is the winner!


◈ Use the materials in this game to do a sorting activity!

◈ Reverse the activity and let your students find as many descriptive words that fit the picture!

Disclaimer: I cannot be held responsible for the loud engaging fun that this product evokes! ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

You might also like:

Slap It Adjectives

Slap It Antonyms & Synonyms

Boom Slap It Adjectives


Don't forget to leave feedback to earn credits for your future purchases!

Also, don't forget to click that little green star by my name to follow me , so you'll know first when I have updated a product or created something new. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Copyright ©Dean Trout's Little Shop of SLP All rights reserved by author. Permission to copy for single classroom use only.

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'It won’t be his party forever': GOP governor rips Trump in profanity-laced speech

N ew Hampshire Governor Chris Sununu (R) didn't mince words when asked about former President Donald Trump's ongoing hold over the Republican Party.

While speaking at Politico's Governor's Summit, in which governors and political reporters discuss policy at the state level, Sununu — the son of former George H.W. Bush chief of staff John Sununu — spoke candidly about the former president . When the moderator of the forum pointed out that today's GOP was "Trump's party," Sununu didn't disagree. However, he countered that America had outlasted worse political conditions than today's and that Trump would soon be a non-factor.

"It won't be his party forever, right? It just won't. At some point, Donald Trump won't be here, one way or another. We all have our time," Sununu said. "I'm very optimistic about the Republican Party. I'm very optimistic about where we're going as a country."

READ MORE: GOP gov fears Trump nomination would doom Republicans in down-ballot races: 'I don't want losers'

"This country has gone through hell and back a lot," he added. "Let me put it a different way — a-----es come and go, but America is here to stay!"

Sununu and Trump butted heads frequently in the lead-up to the New Hampshire primary, which Trump eventually won by double-digits despite Sununu's endorsement of former UN ambassador Nikki Haley. During one campaign event, Trump called Sununu a "terrible" governor who "didn't have the guts" to run for president. Notably, Sununu is also not running for a fifth two-year term as New Hampshire governor.

While Sununu has loudly and repeatedly attacked Trump, he has already indicated that he would vote for the former president if he becomes the Republican nominee this summer — even if he's convicted of a felony in one of his four upcoming criminal trials.

"I think most of us are all going to support the Republican nominee – there’s no question," the Granite State governor said in January. We all need [President Joe] Biden to lose."

READ MORE: 'Nobody cares': NH governor backing Haley laughs off Tim Scott's Trump endorsement

Watch Sununu's remarks below, or by clicking this link.

Related Articles:

・ Revealed: Jack Smith interviewed GA governor in Trump election case 'months ago'

・ 'Funeral for pre-Trump GOP': Dem strategist explains why 'worst may still be ahead' for Republican Party

・ 'Compare us to Hitler': Rep. Greene directs profanity at UK leader in response to Ukraine aid question

 New Hampshire Governor Chris Sununu (Image: Screengrab via X / @POLITICOlive)


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    r words in speech therapy

  6. R Intensive Free Homework

    r words in speech therapy


  1. 1,000+ R Words, Phrases, Sentences, & Paragraphs by Place, Syllable

    R words, phrases, sentences, and reading passages for targeted speech therapy practice... Menu. Main. Homepage; WV App Login; Site Search; Resources. Blog; Word Lists; Activities; ... SEE ALSO: The Best Books for Speech Therapy Practice. Initial R Phrases and Sentences. cute rabbit raccoon tail long race tennis racquet old radio dish rag heavy ...

  2. R Word List For Articulation Practice

    R Word List For Articulation Practice - Speech Therapy Talk R Word List Speech Therapy Materials If your child is having trouble saying the sound R, my R Word List page can help you! If you are a speech therapist and you need some R speech therapy materials, you have come to the right place! Below you will find lots of free materials!

  3. R Words, Lists, Materials, & All You Need!

    You'll find all the easy, no-prep worksheets and words you need to target words with /r/ at the syllable, word, phrase, sentence, and conversation level. It's a no-nonsense packet that will get your kids in and out the door (and in and out of therapy when they master their skills quickly and efficiently!) Make it into a game!

  4. R Words for Speech Therapy (Lists and Activities)

    Looking for R words for speech therapy? Speech-language pathologists looking for a quick list of initial r words, medial r, and final r target words to practice during speech therapy, make sure to bookmark this post.

  5. PDF r-initial words

    ring rock roof radio rabbit roses raisins rectangle red rain run raccoon rope rice rocket read remote robot ride rug /r/ initial words Created by Heidi Hanks, M.S.CCC ...

  6. 1,211+ R Words Speech Therapy {Interactive Flashcards!}

    There are two different ways language therapists can teach tongue placement for r remediation. First, let's review the two different variations of tongue movements for producing the r sound: Both ways are very similar and vary in mid-tongue and tongue tip placements: The /r/ sound is made by having a slight gap between the teeth.

  7. R Blends: List of Words, Phrases & More for Home Speech Therapy

    With /r/ blends, the /r/ sound is always the strongest. Examples of simple /r/ blend words include: /fr/ is in FRog /dr/ as in DRop /cr/ as in CRy /br/ as in BRown /gr/ as in GRow /pr/ as in PRint /tr/ as in TRap Other /r/ blends include those more complex consonant combinations such as: /str/ as in STRong /thr/ as in THRow /shr/ as in SHRek

  8. Teaching the R Sound in Speech Therapy

    June 6, 2021 Teaching the R sound in speech therapy can be stressful for a speech therapist. Children with speech sound disorders may have difficulty with saying r words. In this blog post, I'm sharing a simple, 5-step strategy SLPs can use to teach the r sound successfully and without frustration.

  9. R Speech Therapy Tips for SLPs

    Step 2: Use Your Arms as a Visual to Teach R in Speech Therapy. You can use your arms as the perfect way to help your students "visualize" how to say the R sound. Clasp your hands together in front of you to make a "tongue". Use your elbows and move them to demonstrate when your speech therapy student has said R or "uh".

  10. R Blends: Materials and Games

    Articulation Games for R Blends. Take turns with your child saying the desired words during the games listed below. It is important to practice hearing and saying the words.. Brush - A child can brush his/her hair, brush your hair, brush a doll's hair, or use a paintbrush.Make sure to say "brush" before taking a turn.

  11. R Sound Articulation Therapy: A Guide for Parents

    The key to helping your child correctly say the /r/ sound is to look at three important oral structures used in speech: the lips, the tongue, and the throat. The Lips When producing the /r/ sound, we want to make sure to have our lips more in a neutral position or more of a square shape. Some SLPs may also have a child smile. The Tongue

  12. R Speech Therapy

    R Speech therapy is quite common since R is one of the harder sounds to say for many good reasons. It's abstract, multi-step, and hidden in the mouth and production varies due to phonetic placement! It's a lot! Despite all this, children should be able to say R correctly by 6 years of age.

  13. R Sound Speech Therapy: Tips to Make an R Sound

    It may be appropriate to start r words speech therapy earlier, around age six, if a parent or child considers the sound an issue that needs attention. Some parents wait for the production of /r/ to correct itself over time rather than seeking speech therapy services for their child; however, help from a speech therapist is needed in many cases ...

  14. 400+ Prevocalic R Words List for Speech Therapy

    Correct Sound Production In the English language the r sound is one of the most difficult sounds as well as one of the last sounds to develop. There are two different ways a Speech Language Pathologist can teach tongue placement for r remediation.

  15. Techniques for Eliciting the R Sound in Speech Therapy

    If you are unsure of the types of R (bunched vs. retroflex), you can check out THIS helpful video. Or, again, keep scrolling for that freebie. If you want to know my favorite articulation trick for determining which type of R suits a student best (bunched or retroflex), visit this other R speech therapy blog post I wrote. … Now, down to ...

  16. Vocalic R Word List for Home Speech Therapy

    What is the vocalic /r/ sound? Before we introduce the list of words, let's take a quick look at what this sound is. The vocalic /r/ sound is a type of /r/ that happens when the letter appears after one of the vowels; a, e, i, o, and u.

  17. R words

    "R" is considered a later developing sound. According to the American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA), most children can correctly articulate the /r/ sound by age 4. Other sources provide norms that state this sound can be expected to develop between ages 3 and 8 years old. Why R sounds are difficult

  18. Vocalic R Tips For Speech Therapy

    Most likely a child will be able to say one variation correctly. I assess: Initial or Prevocalic R. R Blends: gr, fr, br, kr, dr, pr, tr. Vocalic R: or, er, air, ar, ear, ire, RL. Anecdotally, I have the most success with GR and KR. The tongue is already in the back for the K and G. Start with "green" or "cream" since the tongue will naturally ...

  19. Dyslexia: An Attempt to Define the Notion

    Sequence of speech therapy work to correct dyslexia caused by systemic underdevelopment of speech (phonemic dyslexia (II form) with elements of optical dyslexia) in fourth grade children with mental impairment. In A. R. Alikov (Ed.), Current issues of modern science: Theory, technology, methodology and practice (pp. 207-212). Scientific ...

  20. New aphasia therapy app helps stroke victims recover speech

    Users were able to improve their accuracy on the 200 most common words by 13%, compared to those who didn't use the app, the researchers found. "Most health care systems massively under dose people with aphasia in terms of the hours of speech language therapy that they are provided with," study author Alex Leff said in a statement. "App ...

  21. How Much Does Speech Therapy Cost? (2024)

    Initial evaluation/assessment. $250 - $700. 30-minute session. $65 - $175. 60-minute session. $100 - $250. Children often qualify for free or reduced-cost speech therapy through publicly funded programs. Online speech therapy sessions typically cost a little less than in-person sessions, though some practices charge equal pricing for both.

  22. ‎The Working Therapist on Apple Podcasts

    Apple Podcasts. Pediatric Developmental Therapy (PDT) was founded by Haden Boliek with a mission focused on providing quality speech therapy, occupational therapy and physical therapy to children. As part of our mission, Haden here provides tools and strategies to help therapists and parents to develop and carry over therapy principles to the home.

  23. Spring

    Description. Make teaching adjectives fun with this hands on spring adjectives describing words game! It is a sure winner for small group therapy. This set includes everything you need to create a game that is perfect for learning how to describe spring objects. Creating the game is easy and once done can be used for years to come.

  24. PDF Using Digital Technologies for Formation of Oral Speech in Hearing

    words and phrases audibly and visually, independently reproduces words approximately, in the form of voice responses, sound combinations, and the outline of the word. The work of a speech therapist consists of formation of primary pronouncing skills, development of auditory and auditory-visual perception.

  25. What's the difference between the sounds Щ and Ш when part of a word

    Nope, this may create a lot of confusion. "Ша!" - rude, demanding "Silence!", rarely used, an equivalent of "STFU!" "Ща" - an extremely short version of "сейчас" (now), can be both affirmative and ironic, and a completely negative if used in a sarcastic tone. An example. (husband to wife) Ша, женщина! (STFU woman!)

  26. 'It won't be his party forever': GOP governor rips Trump in ...

    New Hampshire Governor Chris Sununu (R) didn't mince words when asked about former President Donald Trump's ongoing hold over the Republican Party. While speaking at Politico's Governor's Summit ...

  27. Conquer communication challenges: Speech therapy for adults at Sunshine

    The goal of speech therapy is to enhance communication skills and overall quality of life. Tailored to individual needs, speech therapy for older adults typically incorporates a blend of exercises, activities, and compensatory strategies. Speech and language therapy typically involves both assessment sessions and actual therapy sessions.

  28. Travis Kelce said these three words to Taylor Swift after winning the

    Kelce, in his championship era, made his way to the two most important women in his life, took off his hat as he kissed and embraced his mother first. He quickly pivoted to Swift and said, "Come ...